University of Nottingham

The University of Nottingham is a public research university in Nottingham, United Kingdom. It was founded as University College Nottingham in 1881, was granted a royal charter in 1948. Nottingham's main campus with Jubilee Campus and teaching hospital are located within the City of Nottingham, with a number of smaller campuses and sites elsewhere in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. Outside the UK, the university has campuses in Semenyih and Ningbo, China. Nottingham is organised into five constituent faculties, within which there are more than 50 schools, departments and research centres. Nottingham has about 45,500 students and 7,000 staff, had an income of £656.5 million in 2017/18, of which £120.1 million was from research grants and contracts. In 2010, Nottingham was ranked 13th in the world in terms of the number of alumni listed among CEOs of the Fortune Global 500, together with the Tohoku and Stanford University It is ranked 2nd in the 2012 Summer Olympics table of British medal winners.

In the 2011 and 2014 GreenMetric World University Rankings, University Park was ranked as the world's most sustainable campus. The institution's alumni have been awarded a variety of prestigious accolades, including 3 Nobel Prizes, a Fields Medal, a Turner Prize, a Gabor Medal and Prize. Nottingham was ranked No. 11 overall in the UK by the 2019 QS Graduate Employability Rankings. The QS Graduate Employability Rankings measure how successful students are at securing a top job after graduation from university. In addition, the 2017 High Fliers survey stated Nottingham was the seventh most targeted university by the UK's top employers between 2016–17; the university is a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the European University Association, the Russell Group, Universitas 21, Universities UK, the Virgo Consortium, participates in the Sutton Trust Summer School programme as a member of the Sutton 30. The University of Nottingham traces its origins to the founding of an adult education school in 1798, the University Extension Lectures inaugurated by the University of Cambridge in 1873—the first of their kind in the country.

However, the foundation of the university is regarded as being the establishment of University College Nottingham, in 1881 as a college preparing students for examinations of the University of London. In 1875, an anonymous donor provided £10,000 to establish the work of the Adult Education School and Cambridge Extension Lectures on a permanent basis, the Corporation of Nottingham agreed to erect and maintain a building for this purpose and to provide funds to supply the instruction; the foundation stone of the college was duly laid in 1877 by the former Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone, the college's neo-gothic building on Shakespeare Street was formally opened in 1881 by Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany. In 1881, there were four professors – of Literature, Physics and Natural Science. New departments and chairs followed: Engineering in 1884, Classics combined with Philosophy in 1893, French in 1897 and Education in 1905; the university college underwent significant expansion in the 1920s, when it moved from the centre of Nottingham to a large campus on the city's outskirts.

The new campus, called University Park, was completed in 1928, financed by an endowment fund, public contributions, the generosity of Sir Jesse Boot who presented 35 acres to the City of Nottingham in 1921. Boot and his fellow benefactors sought to establish an "elite seat of learning" committed to widening participation, hoped that the move would solve the problems facing University College Nottingham, in its restricted building on Shakespeare Street. Boot stipulated that, whilst part of the Highfields site, lying south-west of the city, should be devoted to the University College, the rest should provide a place of recreation for the residents of the city, and, by the end of the decade, the landscaping of the lake and public park adjoining University Boulevard was completed; the original University College building on Shakespeare Street in central Nottingham, known as the Arkwright Building, now forms part of Nottingham Trent University's City Campus. D. H. Lawrence commented on the endowment and the architecture in the wordsIn Nottingham, that dismal town where I went to school and college,they've built a new university for a new dispensation of knowledge.

Built it most grand and cakeily out of the noble lootderived from shrewd cash-chemistry by good Sir Jesse Boot. University College Nottingham was accommodated within the Trent Building, an imposing white limestone structure with a distinctive clock tower, designed by Morley Horder, formally opened by King George V on 10 July 1928. During this period of development, Nottingham attracted high-profile lecturers, including Albert Einstein, H. G. Wells, Mahatma Gandhi; the blackboard used by Einstein during his time at Nottingham is still on display in the Physics department. Apart from its physical transfer to surroundings that could not be more different from its original home, the College made few developments between the wars; the Department of Slavonic Languages was established in 1933, the teaching of Russian having been introduced in 1916. In 1933–34, the Departments of Electrical Engineering and Geography, combined with other subjects, were made independent.

Charles Macintosh (composer and naturalist)

Charles Macintosh, known as'the Perthshire Naturalist', was a musician and self-taught amateur naturalist from Inver, near Dunkeld, Scotland. He, with his younger brother James, a fiddler and himself a composer, represented the third generation of an important musical family in the area, their grandfather James had learned fiddle from Niel Gow, who lived in Inver. Charles spent nearly all his life in the small cottage in Inver where he was born, only moving in with his brother in Dunkeld for the last few months of his life, he worked as a postman, after losing the fingers of his left hand in an accident at a sawmill when young. This disability stopped him playing the fiddle, but he was able to play the cello, stopping the strings with the edge of his hand, he was precentor in the local Free Church, as his father Charles, had been before him. He was superintendent of the Sunday School, he composed several dance tunes, including the strathspey "The Auld Boat of Logierait", a reel, "Miss Murray Threipland of Fingask".

He had a collection of old tune books. This, dating from 1733, is the oldest collection of bagpipe music from the British Isles, the most extensive source known of music for the Border pipes, he was a keen amateur naturalist, with a particular interest in fungi, was an active associate member of the Perthshire Society of Natural Science. This Society published the Flora of Perthshire, by Francis Buchanan White, in 1898, using records provided by members, including Macintosh, he identified 13 species of fungi unknown in the British Isles, four of them new to science. He shared this interest with Beatrix Potter, who had visited the area since she was a child, they exchanged specimens and drawings, he left his collection of specimens, together with some botanical illustrations by Beatrix Potter, to Perth Museum and Art Gallery. He died in 1922, at the age of 82, is buried in Little Dunkeld Churchyard, Birnam; the two books "Charlie Macintosh: post-runner and musician", "A Perthshire naturalist: Charles Macintosh of Inver", both by Henry Coates, commemorate his life and work.

The latter includes a chapter on Scottish traditional music, including several of Macintosh's compositions

High Performance Polymers

High Performance Polymers is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that covers the field of polymer chemistry, in particular molecular structure/processability/property relationships of high performance polymers such as liquid crystalline polymers. It is published eight times a year by Sage Publications; the editor-in-chief is John Connell. The journal is abstracted and indexed in Engineered Materials Abstracts, the Materials Science Citation Index and the Science Citation Index Expanded. According to the Journal Citation Reports, its 2013 impact factor is 1.090, ranking it 53rd out of 82 journals in the category "Polymer Science". Official website