The University of Reading is a public university located in Reading, England. It was founded in 1892 as Reading, a University of Oxford extension college; the institution received the power to grant its own degrees in 1926 by royal charter from King George V and was the only university to receive such a charter between the two world wars. The university is categorised as a red brick university, reflecting its original foundation in the 19th century. Reading has four major campuses. In the United Kingdom, the campuses on London Road and Whiteknights are based in the town of Reading itself, Greenlands is based on the banks of the River Thames, Buckinghamshire, it has a campus in Iskandar Puteri, Malaysia. The university has been arranged into 16 academic schools since 2016; the annual income of the institution for 2016–17 was £275.3 million of which £35.4 million was from research grants and contracts, with an expenditure of £297.5 million. In worldwide rankings, Reading is ranked 195th by QS World University Rankings 2020, 201-250 by Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2020 and 90th by CWTS Leiden Ranking 2020.
98% of the university's research is labelled as'internationally recognised', 78% as'internationally excellent and 27% as'world leading'. It was the first university to win a Queen's Award for Export Achievement, in 1989. In 2019 it was reported; the university owes its first origins to the Schools of Art and Science established in Reading in 1860 and 1870. In 1892 the College at Reading was founded as an extension college by Christ Church, a college of the University of Oxford; the first President was the geographer Sir Halford John Mackinder, the college's first home was the old hospitium building behind Reading Town Hall. The Schools of Art and Science were transferred to the new college by Reading Town Council in the same year; the new college received its first treasury grant in 1901. Three years it was given a site, now the university's London Road Campus, by the Palmer family of Huntley & Palmers fame; the same family supported the opening of Wantage Hall in 1908, of the Research Institute in Dairying in 1912.
The college first was unsuccessful at that time. However a second petition, in 1925, was successful, the charter was granted on 17 March 1926. With the charter, the college became the University of Reading, the only new university to be created in the United Kingdom between the two world wars, it was added to the Combined English Universities constituency in 1928 in time for the 1929 general election. In 1947 the university purchased Whiteknights Park, to become its principal campus. In 1984 the University started a merger with Bulmershe College of Higher Education, completed in 1989. In October 2006, the Senior Management Board proposed the closure of its Physics Department to future undergraduate application; this was ascribed to financial reasons and lack of alternative ideas and caused considerable controversy, not least a debate in Parliament over the closure which prompted heated discussion of higher education issues in general. On 10 October the Senate voted to close the Department of Physics, a move confirmed by the Council on 20 November.
Other departments closed in recent years include Music, Sociology and Mechanical Engineering. The university council decided in March 2009 to close the School of Health and Social Care, a school whose courses have been oversubscribed. In January 2008, the university announced its merger with the Henley Management College to create the university's new Henley Business School, bringing together Henley College's expertise in MBAs with the University's existing Business School and ICMA Centre; the merger took formal effect on 1 August 2008, with the new business school split across the university's existing Whiteknights Campus and its new Greenlands Campus that housed Henley Management College. A restructuring of the university was announced in September 2009, which would bring together all the academic schools into three faculties, these being the Faculty of Science, the Faculty of Humanities and Social sciences, Henley Business School; the move was predicted to result in the loss of some jobs in the film and television department, which has since moved into a brand new £11.5 million building on Whiteknights Campus.
In late 2009 it was announced that the London Road Campus was to undergo a £30 million renovation, preparatory to becoming the new home of the university's Institute of Education. The Institute moved to its new home in January 2012; the refurbishment was funded by the sale of the adjoining site of Mansfield Hall, a former hall of residence, for demolition and replacement by private sector student accommodation. The university is a lead sponsor of UTC Reading, a new university technical college which opened in September 2013. In 2016 a move to reorganise the structure of Reading University provoked student protests. On 21 March 2016, staff announced a vote of no confidence in the Vice Chancellor Sir David Bell. 88% of those who voted backed the no confidence motion. In 2019 The Guardian reported that the university was in "a financial and governance crisis" after reporting itself to regulators over a £121 million loan; the university is sole trustee of the charitable National Institute for Research in Dairying trust, after selling trust land had borrowed the £121 million proceeds from the trust, despite the potential conflict of interest in the decision making.
Including this loan, the university has debts of £300 million, as well as having an operating deficit of over £40 million for the past two years. The university
Lifeline is a fictional character from the G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero toyline, comic books and animated series, he is the G. I. Joe Team's rescue trooper and debuted in 1986, his real name is Edwin C. Steen, his rank is that of sergeant E-5. Lifeline was born in Washington. Lifeline's primary military specialty is medic. Lifeline worked as a paramedic with the Seattle Fire Department for five years, before discovering that EMS personnel were not eligible for pensions if they became disabled while giving aid off-duty. Since he figured rescue personnel were never off-duty, he decided to make his status permanent by enlisting in the army as a medic. Lifeline is an avowed pacifist; the filecard for the 2002 Real American Hero Collection version of Lifeline inexplicably altered his backstory, changing his real name to Greg Scott and his hometown to Spring Valley, New York. This incarnation of Lifeline is depicted separately alongside the original Lifeline on the cover of G. I. Joe: American Elite #25, but never had a significant role in the comics or any other media outside the toyline.
Lifeline was first released as an action figure in 1986. Kellogg's cereal offered this figure as a mail-in premium in 1991; the figure was repainted and released as part of the Tiger Force line in 1988. A new version of Lifeline was released in 1994 as part of the Battle Corps line; this was re-released in 2002 as part of The Real American Hero Collection, but with different arms and a new head sculpt. A second repaint was released in 2010 as a G. I. Joe Convention exclusive, with this version retaining all the original parts; as part of the 30th Anniversary toy line, a new version of Lifeline has been released in 2011 In the Marvel Comics G. I. Joe series, he first appeared in G. I. Joe: Special Missions #4, his fellow Joes become angry at him due to his unwillingness to fire assault an enemy. Lifeline saves the day by utilizing aikido against the Oktober Guard member'Horrowshow', he supervises the calm evacuation of wounded after the first Cobra Island civil war. Lifeline answers the call when gathered intelligence proves Cobra is a threat yet again and as such, the Joe team needs to be revived.
Is one of the many veterans to encounter the new class of'Joes', who are called'Greenshirts'. Lifeline and Mainframe lead neutralization efforts when many Joe soldiers and Greenshirts are poisoned by Cobra-created nanites, they succeed. In the Devil's Due Joe series, Lifeline joins Duke and other Joe members in investigating a long abandoned arctic science facility. During the course of the story, Lifeline uses a pistol for the first time against mutated humanoids, he comes to believe he is infected but tests indicate he has avoided any mutation. Lifeline is captured by'Coil', the army Serpentor has created and imprisoned on Cobra Island. Joining him are the Joes Roadblock, Rock'N'Roll, Snake Eyes, Cover-Girl and Firewall, they are freed when Cobra Commander neutralizes the guards. Lifeline focuses on Cover-Girl and Snake Eyes, who both become injured. All imprisoned make their way to the Joe lines. Lifeline is seen helping the wounded transfer after Cobra soldiers attack the Joe base known as'The Rock'.
Lifeline is one of the background characters in the 2003 Transformers/G. I. Joe crossover, set in World War II. Lifeline is sent on medical support for a mission involving the rescue of peace activist Adele Burkhart. He's seen sympathizing with Adele's peaceful ways, in contrast to Rock'N'Roll, who points out Adele disagrees with the Joe's mission. Lifeline appeared in the original G. I. Joe animated series, he first appeared in the animated series in the second-season episode "Arise, Arise!: Part I". He is voiced by Stan Wojno Jr. Lifeline plays a major role in the episode "Million Dollar Medic", where he befriends Brittany "Bree" Van Mark after saving her and her father Owen Van Mark when their yacht gets caught in a crossfire between G. I. Joe and Cobra. After befriending Bree, Lifeline develops a relationship with her and protects her when Cobra threatens Owen to relinquish his factory to them, he and Doc are both seen with Lifeline helping Roadblock regain his sight. Lifeline appeared in the 1987 animated film G.
I. Joe: The Movie. Lifeline appears as a supporting character in the G. I. Joe novel The Sultan's Secret by Peter Lerangis. Lifeline's figure is featured in the fiction novel 6 Sick Hipsters. In the story, the character Paul Achting spent four years collecting G. I. Joe figures to set up a battle scene between the Cobra; as he imagined the characters in his head, he described three of the Joes hanging back from the front lines: Lifeline and Iceberg. High above Iceberg and Mainframe "on the chair at the desk was Lifeline, his steely gaze trained upon the battlefield and rescue medic kit at his side, he was ready. His time with the Seattle Fire Department had prepared him for anything. He'd seen more in his five years with the S. F. D. than most men see in an entire lifetime." Lifeline at JMM's G. I. Joe Comics Home Page
Pueblo Deco is an American regional architectural style, popular in the early 20th century. Pueblo Deco fused elements of Pueblo Revival design. Early Pueblo Deco design was influenced by architect Mary Colter's work, which incorporated Native American elements; the term was popularized by author Carla Breeze, whose 1984 Pueblo Deco: The Art Deco Architecture of the Southwest and 1990 Pueblo Deco books described the fusion of southwestern motifs with the popular Deco style. Notable examples of buildings incorporating Pueblo Deco elements include the KiMo Theater in Albuquerque, New Mexico and the Arizona Biltmore Hotel in Phoenix, Arizona. Pueblo Revival style is associated with Art Deco's borrowing of non-Western stylistic elements, principally from Egyptian and Native American sources; the style emphasizes applied ornament in metalwork, together with extensive tilework and wall murals. Additional structures incorporating Pueblo Deco design include the El Navajo Hotel and the McKinley County Courthouse, both in Gallup, New Mexico