The University of Tennessee is a public research university in Knoxville, Tennessee. Founded in 1794, two years before Tennessee became the 16th state, it is the flagship campus of the University of Tennessee system, with ten undergraduate colleges and eleven graduate colleges, it hosts 28,000 students from all 50 states and more than 100 foreign countries. In its 2020 universities ranking, U. S. News & World Report ranked UT 104th among all national universities and 44th among public institutions of higher learning. Seven of its alumni have been selected as Rhodes Scholars. James M. Buchanan, M. S.'41, received the 1986 Nobel Prize in Economics. UT's ties to nearby Oak Ridge National Laboratory, established under UT President Andrew Holt and continued under the UT–Battelle partnership, allow for considerable research opportunities for faculty and students. Affiliated with the university are the Howard H. Baker Jr. Center for Public Policy, the University of Tennessee Anthropological Research Facility, the University of Tennessee Arboretum, which occupies 250 acres of nearby Oak Ridge and features hundreds of species of plants indigenous to the region.
The university is a direct partner of the University of Tennessee Medical Center, one of two Level I trauma centers in East Tennessee. The University of Tennessee is the only university in the nation to have three presidential papers editing projects; the university holds collections of the papers of all three U. S. presidents from Tennessee—Andrew Jackson, James K. Polk, Andrew Johnson. UT is one of the oldest public universities in the United States and the oldest secular institution west of the Eastern Continental Divide. On September 10, 1794, two years before Tennessee became a state and at a meeting of the legislature of the Southwest Territory at Knoxville, Blount College was established with a charter; the new, all-male, non-sectarian institution struggled for 13 years with a small student body and faculty, in 1807, the school was rechartered as East Tennessee College as a condition of receiving the proceeds from the settlement devised in the Compact of 1806. When Samuel Carrick, its first president and only faculty member, died in 1809, the school was temporarily closed until 1820.
When it reopened, it began experiencing growing pains. Thomas Jefferson had recommended that the college leave its confining single building in the city and relocate to a place it could spread out. Coincidentally, in the Summer of 1826, the trustees explored "Barbara Hill" as a potential site and relocated there by 1828. In 1840, the college was elevated to East Tennessee University; the school's status as a religiously non-affiliated institution of higher learning was unusual for the period of time in which it was chartered, the school is recognized as the oldest such establishment of its kind west of the Appalachian Divide. Tennessee was a member of the Confederacy in 1862 when the Morrill Act was passed, providing for endowment funds from the sale of federal land to state agricultural colleges. On February 28, 1867, Congress passed a special Act making the State of Tennessee eligible to participate in the Morrill Act of 1862 program. In January 1869, ETU was designated as Tennessee's recipient of the Land-Grant designation and funds.
In accepting the funds, the university would focus upon instructing students in military and mechanical subjects. ETU received $396,000 as its endowment under the program. Trustees soon approved the establishment of a medical program under the auspices of the Nashville School of Medicine and added advanced degree programs. East Tennessee University was renamed the University of Tennessee in 1879 by the state legislature. During World War II, UT was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission. African-American attorney Rita Sanders Geier filed suit against the state of Tennessee in 1968 alleging that its higher education system remained segregated despite a federal mandate ordering desegregation, she claimed that the opening of a University of Tennessee campus at Nashville would lead to the creation of another predominantly white institution that would strip resources from Tennessee State University, the only state-funded Historically black university.
The suit was not settled until 2001, when the Geier Consent Decree resulted in the appropriation of $77 million in state funding to increase diversity among student and faculty populations among all Tennessee institutions of higher learning. The University of Tennessee, Knoxville is the flagship campus of the statewide University of Tennessee system, governed by a 12-member board of trustees appointed by the Governor of Tennessee; the Board of Trustees appoints a president to oversee the operations of the system, four campuses, two statewide institutes. Randy Boyd, a former candidate for governor, is serving as interim president while a search is conducted for a replacement following the retirement of Joseph A. DiPietro; the president appoints, with Board of Trustees approval, chancellors for each campus. The Knoxville campus is headed by interim Chancellor Wayne Davis who functions as the chief executive officer of the campus and is responsible for its daily administration and management. Beginning July 1, 2019, Chancellor-Elect Donde Plowman will take leadership of the Knoxville campus.
Provost and Senior Vice Chancellor David Manderscheid is responsible for the academic administration of the Knoxville campus and is a member of the Chancellor's Cabinet. Campus policing and security is provided by the
Dennis Ray Spurgeon is a former Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy within the United States Department of Energy. He was sworn in on April 3, 2006, becoming the most senior nuclear technology official in the American government. In addition, he is the leader of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership, a strategy aimed at accelerating the demonstration of a more proliferation resistant closed fuel cycle and reducing the possibility that nuclear energy could be used for non-peaceful purposes. In his capacity as Assistant Secretary, he has served as Acting Under Secretary of Energy for Energy and Environment. Prior to becoming Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy, Dennis Spurgeon was Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Office for USEC, Inc. an international supplier of enriched uranium for nuclear plants. Prior to that, he was Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, principal owner of Swiftships, an international company in shipbuilding for commercial and military markets, he had held posts in the Gerald Ford administration, including Assistant Director for Fuel Cycle in the U.
S. Energy Research and Development Administration, he was a member of a White House task force that developed Ford's policy on nuclear energy. Spurgeon served in the United States Navy. During his time as a U. S. Naval officer, he served as technical assistant to Commissioner Tommy Thompson and to Dr. Glenn Seaborg, Chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission and the predecessor agency of the department, he held executive positions at the former United Nuclear Corporation, where, as Chief Operating Officer, he managed the manufacturing of reactor cores for the Navy and operation of the Department's former N-reactor, located at the Hanford Reservation. He worked for the General Atomic Company, where he assisted in the development of nuclear reactor plants for electric power generation. Dennis Spurgeon graduated from the U. S. Naval Academy, he holds a Master of Science degree in nuclear engineering and a degree of Nuclear Engineer from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dennis Spurgeon has said that because of the Nuclear Power 2010 Program, under which the Department of Energy is cost-sharing the preparation of early nuclear power plant site permits, he expects announcements of new power plants before President George W. Bush leaves office, the beginning of construction by 2010.
He told the U. S. Senate Subcommittee on Water and Development Appropriations that additional repositories for nuclear waste are needed, as the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository will be oversubscribed by 2010, he manages the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative program. Under the program, the U. S. attempts to recycle spent nuclear fuel using advanced technology while reducing nuclear proliferation and the amount of nuclear wastes requiring permanent geological disposal. Assistant Secretary Spurgeon has termed the conditions brought about by popular demand for a clean alternative to fossil fuels and global warming a "global renaissance" for the nuclear industry, he has said that Australia and Canada would be given special consideration in the development of the uranium enrichment industry, because they would play a pivotal role in a new nuclear suppliers club that the United States is trying to establish. Appearances on C-SPAN
Sean Charles Watkins is a guitarist and songwriter. He is a member of the contemporary folk band Nickel Creek, the duo Fiction Family and the supergroup Works Progress Administration, he is the brother of Sara Watkins. Sean Watkins began his tenure with Nickel Creek playing mandolin, but switched to guitar; the band has released three albums and a CD composed of their hits and won a Grammy for This Side – a coveted trophy that Watkins put on top of his toilet at home. Explaining the somewhat odd situation, Watkins said. I didn't want to put it out in plain view of my house. I didn't feel like displaying it right. It's a nice crown for the porcelain." In addition to playing with Nickel Creek, Watkins has released 4 solo albums. As a solo musician, his early material was contemporary bluegrass, but he has since incorporated other influences into his music Watkins' solo music career seems to reflect Nickel Creek's: turning from traditional bluegrass songs to indie rock with bluegrass instrumentation.
He is the oldest member of Nickel Creek. Sean qualified for the National Flatpicking Championship in 1993 at age 16. "My first instrument was the piano when I was six", Sean recalled. "I took classic instruction for seven years, but three years into that I discovered bluegrass music, through my piano teacher's son, who had a bluegrass band that played every Saturday night at a pizza place in Carlsbad. I got into it, when Sara and I met Chris, we started playing with him on Saturday nights too." His sister Sara Watkins a member of Nickel Creek, plays violin and sings background vocals on the two latest of his three solo albums. In 2004, Nickel Creek participated in a project dubbed Mutual Admiration Society, a collaboration with former Toad The Wet Sprocket singer Glen Phillips. Sean and Sara are part of the 2007 soundtrack for the psychological thriller Bug with the track "No Way to Live". In 2006, Sean and Switchfoot frontman Jon Foreman started a collaborating duo called The Real SeanJon. In March 2008, the duo announced.
In a spring 2008 interview, Jon Foreman said that the album would have a summer 2008 release and the duo was considering having the album be distributed by Starbucks. However, a September 2008 press release by Nickel Creek confirmed that the album, Fiction Family, is to be released on January 20, 2009, on ATO Records. In January 2008, it was reported by Billboard that a new supergroup octet tentatively named The Scrolls had formed, now known as Works Progress Administration; the octet is composed of Watkins, his sister Sara Watkins, Glen Phillips, Benmont Tench, Luke Bulla, Greg Leisz, Pete Thomas, Davey Faragher. The group released their self-titled debut album on August 28, 2009; as the group continued, the lead singer-songwriters Watkins and Bulla were considered the core group and were supported by others when their projects made it possible. Bulla is no longer considered part of the group and as of summer 2011, their most recent lineup was Watkins and Phillips supported by Jerry Roe on drums and Sebastian Steinberg on bass guitar.
Sean and sister Sara play at the Largo nightclub in Los Angeles as "The Watkins Family Hour". Keyboardist Benmont Tench and bassist Sebastian Steinberg are regular participants and other guest musicians from the Largo family show up as well, including Jon Brion, Fiona Apple, Don Heffington, Greg Leisz, former Nickel Creek bandmate Chris Thile when he is in town; the irregular collaboration lead to tour under the same name. Sean has frequently supported his sister Sara on guitar and vocals for her solo dates since the release of her debut album in April 2009. In addition, Watkins plans to release what he calls "15 minutes of noise" as a digital download on his website, he said that the final product was "very strange", that there would "be some cool art to go with it". In October 2013, Sean announced that he had completed a record entitled All I Do Is Lie, released in June 2014. Let It Fall 26 Miles Blinders On All I Do Is Lie What to Fear This Is Who We Are – with The Bee Eaters 2015: Watkins Family Hour Sean's website Nickel Creek's website LAist Interview with Sean Watkins Fiction Family Website Works Progress Administration website Career Retrospective Interview from April 2016 with Pods & Sods