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University of Turku

The University of Turku, located in Turku in southwestern Finland, is the third largest university in the country as measured by student enrollment, after the University of Helsinki and Tampere University. It was established in 1920 and has facilities at Rauma, Pori and Salo; the university is a member of the Coimbra Group. The first university to be established in Turku was The Royal Academy of Turku, in 1640, transferred to the new Capital, after the Great Fire of Turku in 1827. Three famous Finns began their studies in Turku in 1822; these were Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Elias Lönnrot, Johan Ludvig Runeberg who have a statue on University Hill. Another reminder of the Royal Academy is the Old Academy Building near the University's campus; the modern University of Turku was founded in 1920. The Finnish intelligentsia wanted the first of its kind in Finland. 22,040 people contributed to the fund-raising campaign. Newly gained independence and the campaign are reflected in the motto of the University about a free people's gift to free science.

To honour the memory of these donors, the University has named its specially created liqueur "22 040". Developed by the University's own food chemists, the liqueur does homage to some of the distinctive fruits of the Finnish landscape: the cloudberry, the rowan and the sea buckthorn; the first premises of the University of Turku were by the market square. In the 1950s a new campus was built on Ryssänmäki. In the 1960s the University started to expand a process that still continues; the University was made a public institution in 1974. Since 1995 the University of Turku has been a member of the Coimbra Group. In January 2010, the Turku School of Economics merged with the University of Turku, forming a seventh faculty of the university; the University has 20,000 students, of which 5,000 are postgraduate students having completed their MSc or MA. The largest faculties are the Faculty of Science and Technology; the university management consists of the Board, The Rector and the vice rectors and the University Collegiate Council.

The Board is the highest decision-making organ of the University and is made up of 10 individuals both from academia and studentship. It develops the University's operating processes and approves plans concerning its financing and activities; the Rector directs the activities and processes of the University and solves any issues concerning its general management. The Rector represents the University and uses the University's right to speak in courts of law and in dealings with the authorities. Professor Kalervo Väänänen is the elected Rector; the University Collegiate Council consists of 30 members: ten professors, ten other teaching and research personnel and other staff and ten students. The university is divided into seven faculties. All departments and some of their research units are listed under the faculty header. Faculty of HumanitiesSchool of History, Cultural Research and Art Studies School of Languages and Translation Studies Faculty of Science and EngineeringDepartment of Biochemistry and Food Chemistry Department of Biology Department of Chemistry Department of Geography and Geology Department of Future Technologies Department of Mathematics and Statistics Department of Physics and Astronomy Biodiversity Unit of the University of Turku Faculty of MedicineInstitute of Biomedicine Institute of Dentistry Turku Biomaterials Centre Department of Nursing Science Department of Clinical Medicine Special Units Functional Foods Forum The Research Centre for Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine Research Centre for Child Psychiatry Turku Brain and Mind Center Turku Institute for Child and Youth Research Turku PET Centre Faculty of Law Faculty of Social SciencesDepartment of Psychology and Speech-Language Pathology KiVa antibullying program Multiprofessional teaching clinic Centre for Learning Research Turku Brain and Mind Center Department of Philosophy, Contemporary History and Political Science Finnish Centre for Democracy Studies Centre for Parliamentary Studies Public Choice Research Centre John Morton Center for North American Studies Department of Social Research Turku Center for Welfare Research Faculty of EducationDepartment of Education Department of Teacher Education Turku Department of Teacher Education Rauma Teacher training school in Turku Teacher training school in Rauma Centre for Research on Lifelong Learning and Education Centre for Learning Research Turku School of Economics Department of Management and Entrepreneurship Department of Accounting and Finance Department of Marketing and International Business Department of Economics Finland Futures Research Centre Centre for Collaborative ResearchThe university has number of independent units not affiliated with the faculties: Brahea Centre of University of Turku Areal Research and Development Centre for Maritime Studies Centre for Language and Communication Studies Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO Turku Bioscience Centre Turku PET CentreIn addition to being a destination for international exchange, the University has several English-language bachelor's and master's degree programmes and one Finnish-language master's degree programme for international degree students: Primary Teacher Education Early Childhood Teacher Education Biomedical Sciences: Biomedical Imaging Biomedical Sciences:Drug Discovery and Development Biomedical S

List of listed buildings in Inverkip, Inverclyde

This is a list of listed buildings in the parish of Inverkip in Inverclyde, Scotland. The scheme for classifying buildings in Scotland is: Category A: "buildings of national or international importance, either architectural or historic. Category B: "buildings of regional or more than local importance. Category C: "buildings of local importance. Of these, 8 per cent were Category A, 50 per cent were Category B, with the rest listed at Category C. List of listed buildings in Inverclyde All entries and coordinates are based on data from Historic Scotland; this data falls under the Open Government Licence

George Choiroboskos

George Choiroboskos, Latinized as Georgius Choeroboscus, was an early 9th-century Byzantine grammarian and priest. Little is known about his life, he held the positions of deacon and chartophylax at the Patriarchate of Constantinople, is referred in some of his works, known as oikoumenikos didaskalos, i.e. as one of the three teachers at the Patriarchal School of the Hagia Sophia. Earlier scholars used to date him in the 6th century, but he is now placed in the early 9th century, during the second period of Byzantine Iconoclasm or shortly after it; this would explain his pejorative sobriquet as well as the only fragmentary survival of his works, as he may have been an adherent of Iconoclasm. His reputation was blackened, so that the 12th-century bishop and scholar Eustathius of Thessalonica, who quotes from his works, fulminates against those who gave the "wise teacher" this nickname out of envy, thereby condemned him to oblivion. Indeed, many of his works were attributed to iconophile authors.

George Choiroboskos wrote a number of works on grammar, which have survived only in fragments, as well as in the notes of his pupils. He wrote a commentary on the canons of Theodosius of Alexandria on declension and conjugation, which survives complete. According to Robert Browning in the Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, "the dry and detailed treatises of Choiroboskos played a major part in transmitting ancient grammatical doctrine to the Byzantine world", were mined by Renaissance scholars like Constantine Lascaris and Urban of Belluno for information on literary Greek. Georgii Choerobosci diaconi et oecumenici magistri Prolegomena et scholia in Theodosii Alexandrini Canones isagogicos de flexione nominum, subscriptis discrepantiis scripturae codicum, ed. Alfredus Hilgard in Grammatici Graeci partis quartae volumen prius, Lipsiae 1889, pp. 103–417. The previous edition was by Thomas Gaisford in 1842: Georgii Choerobosci Dictata in Theodosii Canones necnon Epimerismi in Psalmos, e codicibus manuscriptis edidit Thomas Gaisford, Aedis Christi Decanus necnon Graecae Linguae Professor Regius, Oxonii 1842.

Before Gaisford, Immanuel Bekker had edited only the section dealing with the accent of the cases: Anecdota Graeca vol. III, pp. 1209–70. Original Greek texts