University of Windsor

The University of Windsor is a public comprehensive and research university in Windsor, Canada. It is Canada's southernmost university, it has 12,000 full-time and part-time undergraduate students and 4,000 graduate students. Founded in 1963, the University of Windsor has graduated more than 100,000 alumni; the University of Windsor has nine faculties, including the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, the Faculty of Education, the Faculty of Engineering, Odette School of Business, the Faculty of Graduate Studies, the Faculty of Human Kinetics, the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of Nursing, the Faculty of Science. Through its faculties and independent schools, the university has demonstrated its primary research focuses of automotive, social justice, international trade research. In recent years, it has begun focusing on health, natural science, entrepreneurship research; the University dates to the founding of the Roman Catholic Assumption College in Windsor, Ontario in 1857. Assumption College, a theological institution, was founded by the Basilian Fathers of the priestly teaching Congregation of St. Basil, in 1857.

The college grew expanding its curriculum and affiliating with several other colleges over the years. In 1919, Assumption College in Windsor affiliated with the University of Western Ontario. Assumption was one of the largest colleges associated with the University of Western Ontario. Escalating costs forced Assumption University, a denominational university, to become a public institution to qualify for public support, it was granted university status in 1953. In 1950, Assumption College welcomed its first women students. In 1953, through an Act of the Ontario Legislature, Assumption College received its own university powers, ended its affiliation with the University of Western Ontario. In 1956, the institution's name was changed to Assumption University of Windsor, by an Act of the Ontario Legislature, with Reverend Eugene Carlisle LeBel, C. S. B. named as its first President. The created non-denominational Essex College, led by Frank A. DeMarco, became an affiliate, with responsibility for the Pure Sciences, Applied Sciences, as well as the Schools of Business Administration and Nursing.

In the early 1960s, the City of Windsor's growth and demands for higher education led to further restructuring. A petition was made to the Province of Ontario for the creation of a non-denominational University of Windsor by the board of governors and regents of Assumption University and the board of directors of Essex College; the University of Windsor came into existence through its incorporation under an Act of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario on December 19, 1962. The transition from an historic Roman Catholic university to a non-denominational provincial university was an unprecedented development. On July 1, 1963, the entire campus with all of its facilities and faculty became known as the University of Windsor; as a'federated member', Assumption University remained as an integrated institution, granting degrees only in its Faculty of Theology. Father Eugene Carlisle LeBel from Assumption became the inaugural president of the University of Windsor, Frank A. DeMarco, holding both positions of Principal, as well as Dean of Applied Science at Essex College, became the inaugural Vice President.

The University's coats of arms were designed by heraldic expert Alan Beddoe. Six months Assumption University of Windsor made affiliation agreements with Holy Redeemer College, Canterbury College and the new Iona College. Canterbury College became the first Anglican college in the world to affiliate with a Roman Catholic University. In 1964, when E. C. LeBel retired, Dr. John Francis Leddy was appointed President of the University of Windsor, presided over a period of significant growth. From 1967 to 1977, Windsor grew from 1,500 to 8,000 full-time students. In the 1980s and early 1990s, this growth continued. Among the new buildings erected were the CAW Student Centre. Enrollment reached record heights in Fall 2003 with the elimination of Grade 13 in Ontario; the university has developed a number of partnerships with local businesses and industry, such as the University of Windsor/Chrysler Canada Ltd. Automotive Research and Development Centre and Maple Leaf Entertainment. Windsor offers more than 120 majors and minors and 55 master's and doctoral degree programs across nine faculties: Faculty of Arts, Humanities & Social ScienceArgumentation Studies.

Odette School of BusinessAccounting, Management, Human Resources and StrategyFaculty of Graduate Studies Faculty of Human KineticsSport Studies, Movement Science and Sport ManagementFaculty of Law Faculty of Nursing Faculty of ScienceBiological Sciences and Biochemistry, Computer Science and Environmental Sciences, Economics and Statistics, General Science. University of Windsor provides Inter-Facul


The Lokayukta is an anti-corruption ombudsman organization in the Indian states. Once appointed, Lokayukta can not be dismissed nor transferred by the government, can only be removed by passing an impeachment motion by the state assembly. Naresh Kadyan moved public interest litigation before High Court and contempt of court order petition for not appointing Lokayukta in Haryana; the Administrative Reforms Commission headed by Morarji Desai submitted a special interim report on "Problems of Redressal of Citizen's Grievances" in 1966. In this report, the ARC recommended the setting up of two special authorities designated as'Lokpal' and'Lokayukta' for the redressal of citizens' grievances; the Lokayukta, along with the Income Tax Department and the Anti Corruption Bureau helps people publicise corruption among the Politicians and Government Officials. Many acts of the LokAyukta have resulted in other consequences for those charged. Maharashtra was the first state to introduce the institution of Lokayukta through The Lokayukta and Upa-Lokayuktas Act in 1971.

This was followed by similar acts that were enacted by the states of Odisha, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and the union territory of Delhi. The Maharashtra Lokayukta is considered the weakest Lokayukta due to lack of powers, funds and an independent investigating agency. On the other hand, the Karnataka Lokayukta is considered the most powerful Lokayukta in the country. There are no Lokayuktas in Kashmir and Puducherry. Lokayukta was established in Tamil Nadu On 9 July 2018, the Arunachal Pradesh assembly passed a Lokayukta bill. On 28 February 2019, the Mizoram assembly passed a Lokayukta Bill. Lokayukta investigates cases of corruption, it is a great check on corruption, brings about transparency in the system, makes administrative machinery citizen friendly. His functions depend upon jurisdiction vested in him and facilities provided for taking cognizance of citizens’ grievances promptly and expeditiously through simple, informal mechanism devoid of technicalities.

Corruption is internationally recognized a major problem, capable of endangering stability and security of society, threatening social and political development and undermining the values of democracy and morality. It has assumed alarming proportions resultantly public funds going into private hands leading to enrichment of bribe givers and bribe takers. Ultimate result is. Corruption, inefficiency and insensitivity to people’s grievances can be identified key problems besetting the nation. Citizens bitterly feel the distance; this distance, makes them feel abandoned or rejected and they lose interest in public matters and become marginalized. Corruption does not mean only taking bribe, it is used in a much larger sense, "Conduct", morally unsound and debased. It includes conduct, blame-worthy or improper (See Dr. S. Dutt Vs State of UP AIR 196. Corruption and maladministration are like twin sisters each acts in complement to the other. Corruption has ruined Empires. After completion of his book, "The Decline of Rome Empire" Edward Gibbon, the Great Historian and Philosopher was asked to reply in one word the reason for the decline Roman Empire, he remarked "Corruption."

Corruption in a civilized society, is described "disease like cancer.&rdquo, which if not detected in time is sure to malignise the polity of a country leading to disastrous consequences." Pylee points out: "Corruption at the bureaucratic level operated like a subterranean monster, aiding and colluding with the political bosses. Service to the public has long given way to careerism with a work culture of 19th century aristocracy dealing with the citizens as ‘subjects.’ Burke cautioned, “Among people corrupt, liberty cannot last long". Supreme Court said that corruption in a civilized society is a disease like cancer and if not detected in time, will malignise the polity of the country leading to disastrous consequence, it is like plague, it is contagious and if not controlled, spreads like a fire in a jungle. Its virus is compared with HIV leading to AIDS. Corruption in public life is a gross violation of human rights, it is anti-people, anti-development, anti-national. Rampant corruption is major national malady.

It is the single big factor retarding the progress of our country, responsible for millions to live below poverty line despite astronomical amount being spent on development. It is garbage, required to be removed otherwise it would hamper development of the country and bring bad name to the nation. Supreme Court observed in Lucknow Development Authority Vs M. K. Gupta: "... Harassment of a common man by public authorities is abhorring and impermissible, it may harm him but the injury to society is far more grievous. Crime and corruption prosper in the society due to lack of public resistance. Nothing is more damaging than the feeling of helplessness. An ordinary citizen instead of complaining and fighting succumbs to the pressure of undesirable functioning in offices instead of standing against it...." An honest man is the noblest work of God – Pope. When men are pure, laws are useless. Citizens realize that corruption is dominant factor keeping India a poor c

Loose Id

Loose Id is a single-movement composition for brass quintet and percussion—later expanded for orchestra—by the American composer Steven Bryant. The original brass quintet version premiered November 1995 at the University of North Texas and the full orchestral version premiered at Alice Tully Hall, New York City on April 1, 1997, with conductor Jeffrey Milarsky leading the Juilliard Symphony; the piece was Bryant's first composition for orchestra. In the program notes for the work, Bryant described the inspiration for the work, writing:This piece is an abstract realization in sound of the energy of the Id. Unleashed, without the counterbalance of Ego or Superego, the Id generates unbridled instinctual energy, resulting in an orgiastic frenzy. Distinct from a state of dementia, this piece represents a lucid and intentional rampage of self-indulgence; the brass quintet version of Loose Id is scored for two trumpets, French horn, bass trombone, percussion. The orchestral expansion of the piece is scored for piccolo, two flutes, two oboes, two clarinets, bass clarinet, two bassoons, four French horns, three trumpets, three trombones, timpani, three percussionists, strings.

The composer Samuel Adler lauded the piece as being "orchestrated like a virtuoso" and said "it out-'Infernal Machines"The Infernal Machine,'" referring to the second movement from Christopher Rouse's triptych Phantasmata. AllMusic praised the composition as "an exhilarating piece of writing that, in its short, four-minute timespan isn't to wear out its welcome under any circumstances."