An unsigned highway is a highway, assigned a route number, but does not bear road markings that would conventionally be used to identify the route with that number. Highways are left unsigned for a variety of reasons, examples are found throughout the world. Depending on the policy of the agency that maintains the highway, the reason for not signing the route, the route may instead be signed a different designation from its actual number, with small inventory markers for internal use, or with nothing at all. There are a variety of cases where roads are designated, but have no markings to show that designation. Many highway maintenance agencies assign some form of number to all highways and other features they maintain for tracking and inventory purposes. However, policies vary regarding when to publicly post these assigned numbers. Several highway maintenance agencies have multiple numbering systems for the different classes of routes they maintain In such cases, one or more class of numbers may be reserved for minor routes and these may or may not be signed.
Roads that serve as a connector to a major highway are signed to show the connection to the major road, rather than the road's actual designation. Some highways are not signed to avoid multiple designations, such as when the entire route runs concurrent with other highways. There are several instances where a route has been given a name by government agencies, is signed with that name, but the route is assigned a number by the highway maintenance agencies as to fit in their maintenance and inventory systems. Another common reason to not sign a highway is where the highway is government maintained, but is of little value to the general public; the C, D, U road systems in the Great Britain road numbering scheme are systems of routes considered less important than B roads and left unsigned. Delaware has a unsigned network of maintenance road numbers assigned to every road maintained by the Delaware Department of Transportation, including Interstate, U. S. and state routes. For example, Road 268 is the Kings Highway in Lewes.
In New York, reference route designations are signed only with reference markers, small green signs posted alongside the highway that bear the route number on the first line. The reference route system includes parkways and other named highways, which are given a reference route designation for inventory purposes. Pennsylvania maintains a set of quadrant routes, that are not signed with standard confirming markers. Pennsylvania assigns unsigned designations to state maintained, wye connections, rest areas, truck escape ramps as unsigned state highways. Numbers may repeat in each county. In general, the northeast quadrant is in the 1000s, southeast in 2000s, southwest in 3000s, northwest in the 4000s. Business, alternate, or old routes are the 6000s. Highway ramps are 8000s; the 5000s, 7000s, 9000s are rare and are for special situations. Secondary highways in Montana are unsigned when they pass through city or urban limits. Queen Elizabeth Way in Ontario Florida's Turnpike in Florida Several parkways and toll roads in New Jersey, including: Garden State Parkway, southern portion of the New Jersey Turnpike, the Palisades Interstate Parkway and the Atlantic City Expressway.
All roads in the Kentucky parkway system of former toll roads were signed with their names, although all carry an unsigned designation. Current signage status for said roads: Bert T. Combs Mountain Parkway, Bluegrass Parkway, Cumberland Parkway, Hal Rogers Parkway – All remain signed with only their names, with no current plans to number them. Audubon Parkway – Remains signed with only the name, although plans call for it to be incorporated into the Interstate Highway System. Purchase Parkway – Signed as I-69 north of Mayfield. Section south of Mayfield scheduled to become part of I-69 in the near future, now signed with both the name and "Future I-69". Western Kentucky Parkway – The westernmost 38.3 miles of the original route, running from I-24 near Eddyville to the former Pennyrile Parkway, is now signed as I-69. The remaining 98.5 miles, extending to I-65 at Elizabethtown, remains signed with the name. There are numerous cases in the United States where the same physical roadbed has designations in the Interstate Highway System, U.
S. Highway system and the state route system. In many cases one or more of the official designations is omitted. Many examples exist in the western United States where an Interstate highway runs concurrent with a U. S. or state highway, but only the Interstate designation is signed. Examples include U. S. Route 6, unsigned while concurrent with Interstate 70 throughout Colorado and U. S. Route 77 through the Dallas metropolitan area. Conversely, there are several urban Freeways in the U. S. that are signed only with their U. S. Highway designation, not the Interstate Highway designation. Examples include: Interstate 444 in Oklahoma, Interstate 345 in Texas, Interstate 305 in California, Interstate 595 in Maryland; the Interstate Highway System includes highways outside the contiguous United States. While the interstate highways in Hawaii are signed similar to those in the contiguous United States, those in Alaska and Puerto Rico are signed with their state/territory route designation, not Interstate Highway shields.
In the states of Alabama and Tennessee, every US High
USS LST-934 was an LST-542-class tank landing ship in the United States Navy. Like many of her class, she is properly referred to by her hull designation. LST-934 was laid down on 23 June 1944, at Massachusetts, by the Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard. During World War II, LST-934 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific theater and participated in the Palawan Island landings in March 1945, the Mindanao Island landings in March and April 1945, the Visayan Island landings in April 1945, the assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto in June 1945. Following the war, LST-934 performed occupation duty in the Far East and saw service in China until early May 1946, she was decommissioned on 13 May 1946, transferred to the State Department that same day. On 19 June 1946, the ship was struck from the Navy list. LST-934 earned two battle star for World War II service. Photo gallery of USS LST-934 at NavSource Naval History
Emanuel "Book" Richardson is a former American college basketball coach most an assistant coach for the Arizona Wildcats men's basketball program, where he had been since the 2009–10 season. He has been an assistant coach at Xavier, Marist College, Monroe College, the University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown, his alma mater. Richardson has had head-coaching experience at the high school level with the Amateur Athletic Union New York Gauchos. Growing up in Harlem and the South Bronx Richardson played high school basketball at Riverside Church and St. Raymond High School for Boys. Richardson played his freshman year at Florida Atlantic University where he collected 81 assists and earned a place on the 1993 Trans-American Conference all-freshman team, he next played for Monroe College in the 1994–95 season where he averaged 11.3 assists per game and led the team to a record of 28–3. He finished his playing career at the University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown where he led all NCAA Division II players in assists in both his junior and senior years, recording 8.7 apg and 9.0 apg respectively.
Richardson was the head coach for the AAU New York Gauchos U-16 team in 2003. From 2002 to 2004 he was an assistant coach at St. Raymond's before returning to the Gauchos as director and coach from 2005 to 2007. Richardson coached the USA Basketball U-18 Red team to the gold medal at the 2007 USAB Men's Youth Development Festival, he was the youngest head coach to do so and the first AAU coach to be selected as a festival head coach by USA Basketball. After graduating in 1998 from Pitt-Johnstown with a degree in business marketing and management Richardson became the associate head coach of the school's 1998–99 Mountain Cats men's basketball team, which recorded a program-best record of 23–4. From 2001 to 2004 Richardson was an assistant coach at Monroe College, whose 2002–03 team went 31–3 and finished fifth in the NJCAA tournament, he was an assistant coach at Marist College for the 2004–05 season. Richardson was an assistant coach at Xavier for two seasons, starting in 2007, before following the Musketeers' head coach Sean Miller to Arizona in 2009.
Richardson took two months of medical leave from his position at Arizona prior to the start of the 2013–14 season. In Manhattan on September 26, 2017, the acting United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York Joon H. Kim announced the arrest of Richardson for federal bribery and other corruption charges. Kim stated that, had been investigating “the criminal influence of money on coaches and student-athletes who participate in intercollegiate basketball governed by the NCAA” Besides Arizona, the Division I universities of Auburn, Oklahoma State and USC, as well as a senior executive at sportswear manufacturer Adidas, were implicated. In addition to the alleged bribes taken by assistant coaches, some unnamed student-athletes' families accepted money; the indictments describe wire fraud and money laundering where collegiate students were enticed to commit during college to work with specific agents and companies after they turned professional, or to convince coveted high schoolers to attend specific universities.
Richardson was suspended with pay by the University of Arizona the day after his arrest. Three separate indictments were filed. Case number 17-MAG-7119 in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York is a sealed criminal complaint against Richardson, Lamont Evans, Anthony Bland, Christian Dawkins, Munish Sood. Chuck Person, an assistant coach at Auburn, was arrested on six counts. Person was suspended without pay by Auburn University on the same day of his arrest. Adidas employee James Gatto and others were named as defendants in a separate complaint released the same day. On January 11, 2018, UA fired assistant basketball coach Book Richardson after his appeal failed