Utica is a city in the Mohawk Valley and the county seat of Oneida County, New York, United States. The tenth-most-populous city in New York, its population was 62,235 in the 2010 U. S. census. Located on the Mohawk River at the foot of the Adirondack Mountains, Utica is 95 miles northwest of Albany, 55 mi east of Syracuse and 240 mi northwest of New York City. Utica and the nearby city of Rome anchor the Utica–Rome Metropolitan Statistical Area, which comprises all of Oneida and Herkimer counties. A river settlement inhabited by the Mohawk tribe of the Iroquois Confederacy, Utica attracted European-American settlers from New England during and after the American Revolution. In the 19th century, immigrants strengthened its position as a layover city between Albany and Syracuse on the Erie and Chenango Canals and the New York Central Railroad. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the city's infrastructure contributed to its success as a manufacturing center and defined its role as a worldwide hub for the textile industry.
Utica's 20th-century political corruption and organized crime gave it the nickname "Sin City."Like other Rust Belt cities, Utica underwent an economic downturn beginning in the mid-20th century. The downturn consisted of industrial decline due to globalization and the closure of textile mills, population loss caused by the relocation of jobs and businesses to suburbs and to Syracuse, poverty associated with socioeconomic stress and a depressed tax base. With its low cost of living, the city has become a melting pot for refugees from war-torn countries around the world, encouraging growth for its colleges and universities, cultural institutions and economy. Several theories exist regarding the history of the name "Utica". Although surveyor Robert Harpur stated that he named the village, the most accepted theory involves a 1798 meeting at Bagg's Tavern where the name was picked from a hat holding 13 suggestions. Utica was included because Utica is a city of antiquity: several other upstate New York cities had adopted classical Mediterranean city names earlier, such as Troy and Rome, or would as with Syracuse.
Utica was established on the site of Old Fort Schuyler, built by English colonists for defense in 1758 during the French and Indian War, the North American front of the Seven Years' War against France. Prior to construction of the fort, the Mohawk and Oneida tribes had occupied this area south of the Great Lakes region as early as 4000 BC; the Mohawk were the largest and most powerful tribe in the eastern part of the Mohawk Valley. Colonists had a longstanding fur trade with them, in exchange for firearms and rum; the tribe's dominating presence in the region prevented the Province of New York from expanding past the middle of the Mohawk Valley until after the American Revolutionary War, when the Iroquois were forced to cede their lands as allies of the defeated British. The land housing Old Fort Schuyler was part of a 20,000-acre portion of marshland granted by King George II to New York governor William Cosby on January 2, 1734. Since the fort was located near several trails, its position—on a bend at a shallow portion of the Mohawk River—made it an important fording point.
The Mohawk called the bend Unundadages, the Mohawk word appears on the city's seal. During the American Revolution, border raids from British-allied Iroquois tribes harried the settlers on the frontier. George Washington ordered Sullivan's Expedition, Rangers, to enter Central New York and suppress the Iroquois threat. More than 40 Iroquois villages were destroyed and their winter stores, causing starvation. In the aftermath of the war, numerous European-American settlers migrated into the state and this western region from New England Connecticut. In 1794 a state road, Genesee Road, was built from Utica west to the Genesee River; that year a contract was awarded to the Mohawk Turnpike and Bridge Company to extend the road northeast to Albany, in 1798 it was extended. The Seneca Turnpike was key to Utica's development; the village became a rest and supply area along the Mohawk River for goods and the many people moving through Western New York to and from the Great Lakes. The boundaries of the village of Utica were defined in an act passed by the New York State Legislature on April 3, 1798.
Utica expanded its borders in subsequent 1817 charters. On April 5, 1805, the village's eastern and western boundaries were expanded, on April 7, 1817, Utica separated from Whitestown on its west. After completion of the Erie Canal in 1825, the city's growth was stimulated again; the municipal charter was passed by the state legislature on February 13, 1832. The city's growth during the 19th century is indicated by the increase in its population. Utica's location on the Erie and Chenango canals encouraged industrial development, allowing the transport of anthracite from northeastern Pennsylvania for local manufacturing and distribution. Utica's economy centered around the manufacture of furniture, heavy machinery and lumber; the combined effects of the Embargo Act of 1807 and local investment enabled further expansion of the textile industry. Like other upstate New York cities, mills in Utica processed cotton from the Deep South, produced by slave labor. In addition to the canals, transport in Utica was bolstered by railroads running through the city.
The first was the Mohawk and Hudson Rail Road
Beautiful Eulogy is a Christian experimental hip hop group and production team from Portland, signed to the label Humble Beast. Composed of rappers Braille and Odd Thomas and producer Courtland Urbano, the group coalesced in 2011 while the three artists were involved in the creation of Braille's seventh release, Native Lungs. Known for its experimental and eclectic sound, the group melds myriad styles of hip hop with genres such as folk, hymn tunes, modern worship music. After contributing a song to the charity compilation King Kulture and making a guest appearance on Lecrae's Church Clothes, the band released its debut album, Satellite Kite, on June 19, 2012. A second album, Instruments of Mercy, came out on October 29, 2013. Called one of the most innovative hip hop groups in Portland, Beautiful Eulogy has met with critical acclaim, with particular praise directed at the group's creative, unconventional sound and deep theological lyrics. Beautiful Eulogy formed during the recording sessions of rapper Braille's seventh studio album Native Lungs and Odd Thomas's planned second studio album Satellite Kite.
After Courtland Urbano agreed to produce Odd Thomas's planned album, the two traveled to Denver, Colorado, to help produce Braille's album. The two wanted to form a production team, during discussions over an interlude for Native Lungs, they came up with the name "Beautiful Eulogy." Thomas and Urbano returned to Portland and began working on the album art and production for Satellite Kite. At this juncture and Thomas, owners of the Humble Beast record label, realized that they could not run their label while working as separate artists in different parts of the country. This, combined with Braille's decision to not make an eighth solo studio album, led the three artists decided to combine their efforts, Beautiful Eulogy was born. Beautiful Eulogy first appeared on Christian hip hop website Rapzilla's charity compilation King Kulture, released January 31, 2012, on which the trio, along with fellow Humble Beast members Theory Hazit and Lee Green, performed the title track; the group next appeared along with Propaganda and DJ Efechto on the Lecrae song "Misconception" from the mixtape Church Clothes.
This track garnered much critical praise, with some reviewers considering it one of the best tracks from the mixtape. On June 19, 2012, Beautiful Eulogy released its debut album, Satellite Kite, in both a commercial format and a free download off NoiseTrade; the album garnered much critical acclaim, with reviewers praising the album's innovation, theologically complex lyricism, skilled rapping, creative and unconventional production. Beautiful Eulogy featured on the song "Restore my Vision" by Timothy Brindle on The Restoration, released on July 24, 2012. On August 20, 2013, Beautiful Eulogy released a music video for the song "Vital Lens" from its upcoming second studio album, Instruments of Mercy, on September 10, 2013, "Vital Lens" was released as a single. Instruments of Mercy was released on October 29, 2013, in both commercial and free download format, like its predecessor, was met with critical acclaim. PQ Monthly called the trio one of the most innovative hip hop groups in Portland. A second music video, "Release Me from This Snare", was released on November 21, 2013.
Their third video, "Symbols and Signs", was released on February 19, 2014. Beautiful Eulogy performs a hybrid, experimental form of hip hop that draws from genres such as folk, hymn tunes, contemporary worship music. On Satellite Kite, Courtland Urbano explored styles including boom bap, R&B, electro-hip hop and indie rock. Rapzilla highlighted some of the unconventional sounds used by Urbano, such as dripping water and harmonica. Sphere of Hip Hop compared the experimental and electronic style of the album's beats to Flying Lotus and the Brainfeeder label. On Instruments of Mercy, Urbano used analog and natural sounds, with the electronic sounds on the album created by analog synthesizer instead of by a computer. Stylistically, on this album the group continued to draw from and folk and indie, reviewers stated that it sounded more like a worship album than a hip-hop recording. For this recording, the group used sound affects such as dripping water, dial tones, wind chimes, chirping birds and rustling leaves, instruments such as electric and acoustic guitar, drums, piano, keyboard and glockenspiel.
HM stated that the album "has musical textures to draw heads deep in their given genre, as well as neo-folkies and aficionados of downtempo EDM." The magazine further elaborated that the group surpasses Eminem at matching penetrating rhymes to soaring female choruses, ventures to "reinvent hip-house, albeit in a more glitchy manner", "manages the tricky triptych of doctrinal/theological incisiveness, inventive musical engagement and, were this a better world, a left-field pop sensibility that could allow these fellas share pop radio time with Jay-Z and Flo Rida while shaming them with intelligent spitting." Satellite Kite - 2012 Instruments of Mercy - 2013 Worthy - 2017 "Vital Lens" - 2013 "Vital Lens" - 2013 "Release Me from this Snare" - 2013 "Symbols and Signs" - 2014 Propaganda - Excellent Propaganda - Crimson Cord Jackie Hill Perry - The Art of Joy Foreknown - Ornithology (produces "Rebooted", "Double Tap", "The Truth About Flight, Love and BB Guns & "Little Miss So & So" Eshon Burgundy – The Fear of God
Chittagong Model School and College is a government owned educational institution situated in the port city Chittagong, Bangladesh established by the Ministry of Education of the country. It is one of the eleven model educational institution established in the six divisional towns of the country; the institution offers education for students from first grade to twelfth grade. The teachers are appointed by the Ministry of Education, through a competitive recruitment examination. To meet the need of educational institutions in Bangladesh, the Ministry of Education established eleven Model schools and colleges in districts of Bangladesh. Chittagong Model School & College was one of them, it started her first HSC batch in 2007 and S. S. C in 2008; the institution is known for its natural and architectural beauty, surrounded by green hills and gardens. The main academic building has five floors, a rectangular shaped building, it has laboratories for physics, chemistry and computer science. There is a library, seminar hall for teachers, gymnasium for male and female students, teacher's common-room, common-room for guardians, accounts room, principal's room, computer operator's room and enough classrooms for students.
The quarter of the principal is inside the campus situated beside the academic building. The Technical Training Center, Chittagong is situated beside the institution. Admissions in grade I-IX are based on an entrance examination, competitive. Admission in HSC level is based on the result of Secondary School Certificate examination; every year it takes about 375 students in science, 250 in commerce and 150 in humanities group in HSC level. Students have to apply through sms method for the admission. Last year, requirement for applying for HSC admission was GPA 5.00 for Science, 4.00 for Commerce and 3.50 for Humanities group. Students are admitted among the applied, according to their merit position in the list provided by Chittagong Education Board. In class I-IX there are 60 seats in every class; the students who pass SSC from this institution get opportunity to get themselves admitted into higher secondary level directly. CMSC events are for enjoyment or for philanthropic causes; some are open only to students in certain years, while others to the entire student population and their friends and families.
Every year the institution authority arranges sporting events. The college organises a function on 21 February to observe International Mother Language Day every year, it holds programs on the occasions of Pohela Boishakh, Independence Day of Bangladesh, National Victory Day. List of schools in Chittagong List of colleges in Chittagong