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Utraquism or Calixtinism was a principal dogma of the Hussites and one of the Four Articles of Prague. It maintained that communion under both kinds should be administered to the laity during the celebration of the Eucharist. After the Hussite movement split into various factions early in the Hussite Wars, Hussites that emphasized the laity's right to communion under both kinds became known as Moderate Hussites, Utraquist Hussites, or Utraquists; the Utraquists were the largest major Hussite faction. Following the victory of allied Utraquist and Catholic forces in the Hussite Wars, Utraquists constituted a majority of the Bohemian population until the outbreak of the Thirty Years' War, nearly two centuries later; the Battle of White Mountain, in 1620, marked the end of the Bohemian Revolt and the end of two hundred years of Utraquist predominance. Utraquism was a Christian dogma first proposed by Jacob of Mies, professor of philosophy at the University of Prague, in 1414, it maintained that the Eucharist should be administered "in both kinds" – as both bread and wine – to all the congregation, including the laity.

The practice among Roman Catholics at the time was for only the priests to partake of the consecrated wine, the Precious Blood. The Utraquists were a moderate faction of the Hussites, they were known as the Prague Party or the Calixtines – from calix, Latin for their emblem, the chalice. The Utraquists reunited with the Holy See and defeated the more radical Taborites and Orphans at the Battle of Lipany in 1434. After that battle, nearly all forms of Hussite revival were Utraquist, as seen with George of Podebrady, who managed to cause the city of Tábor, the famous Taborite stronghold, to convert to Utraquism. Religious peace of Kutná Hora Altar Wings of Roudníky

Yasuko Thanh

Yasuko Nguyen Thanh is a Canadian writer and guitarist born June 30, 1971 in Victoria, British Columbia. She has lived in Canada, Mexico and Latin America and she was named one of ten CBC Books' writers to watch in 2013. Thanh completed a Bachelor of Arts as well as a Masters of Fine Arts from the University of Victoria, she performs with the bands Jukebox Jezebel and 12 Gauge Facial, lives with her two children in Victoria, BC. She was born in BC, to a German mother and a Vietnamese father. At 15, Thanh lived on the streets. Previous to winning the Journey Prize for her short story Floating Like the Dead in 2009, Thanh earned her living as a busker in Vancouver. Thanh's first novel Mysterious Fragrance of the Yellow Mountains was published in 2016 by Hamish Hamilton, Canada; the novel won the 2016 Rogers Writers' Trust Fiction Prize. Thanh is in the process of completing her second novel, tentatively titled, Teddy's Blow Off Attraction, based on the life and relationships of Julia Pastrana. Thanh's short story collection, Floating Like the Dead, which includes the Journey Prize-winning title story, was on Quill & Quire's list of best books of 2012.

The National Post wrote that "Yasuko Thanh impresses above all with the thematic complexity of her approach."Her early work was published in literary journals such as Prairie Fire, Fireweed, The Fiddlehead and PRISM International. Her newest book, the memoir Mistakes to Run With, was published in April 2019; the short story "Floating Like the Dead" earned Thanh the 2009 Journey Prize. The book Floating Like the Dead was nominated for the Ethel Wilson Fiction Prize, BC's award for best fiction and was shortlisted for the sixteenth annual Danuta Gleed Literary Award. Thanh was a finalist for the David Adams Richards Prize from the Writers' Federation of New Brunswick, the Canada Council for the Arts' Future Generations Millennium Prize, the Hudson Prize; the short story "Spring-blade Knife" from Floating Like The Dead won the 2013 Arthur Ellis Award for Best Crime Short Story. Official website

Bermondsey Square

Bermondsey Square is located on Tower Bridge Road in Bermondsey, part of the London Borough of Southwark, in south London, England. The location was the site of the 11th century Bermondsey Abbey. Archaeological excavations were undertaken in 2005–2006 by Pre-Construct Archaeology; the earliest medieval remains found were a Norman church from around 1080, recorded in the Domesday Book. The area has subsequently undergone redevelopment and Bermondsey Square now contains apartments, offices, a boutique hotel, restaurants and an independent cinema. Bermondsey Market is an antiques market located at Bermondsey Square. Long Lane leads northwest to Borough High Street; this lane used to link the Abbey with St George the Martyr church on the High Street. To the west and heading north from the square is Bermondsey Street, leading to Tooley Street and London Bridge station about ten minutes walk away. Bermondsey Square was called the Court Yard and was the main quadrangle of Bermondsey Abbey. There was; the chapel was subsequently a wool warehouse.

At the entrance of the square, between the King John's Head public house and an oil shop, was the Abbey's gatehouse, removed in the early 19th century. Between the entrance to the Long Walk and a salt warehouse stood the Mansion House, built using material taken from the Abbey. Bermondsey Square, London SE1 official website London SE1 community website information information Bermondsey Square art, Flickr

Lanka (town)

Lanka is a town and a town area committee in Hojai district in the Indian state of Assam. Lanka town of Hojai District, Assam is located about 11 km from the district headquarter Sankar Dev Nagar; as of 2001 India census, Lanka is a Municipal Board having 11 Wards. Lanka had a population of 36,805. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Lanka has an average literacy rate of 86.85%, higher than the national average of 72.19%: male literacy is 91.20%, female literacy is 82.28%. Lanka town is connected by the erstwhile National Highway 54 connecting nearby Dabaka with Silchar (305 km; this highway is now numbered as NH-27, an east–west corridor connecting Porbander in Gujarat to Silchar in Assam. The highway is being developed as a four-lane highway by National Highways Authority of India. Lanka is served by a railway line which Guwahati - Lumding BG line connecting to all parts of Assam and to Delhi, Howrah etc; the town is about 150 km by rail and 185 km. by road from Guwahati. A king of Bhoum Pal Barahi clan made Lanka the capital of Dabak.

The name ‘Dabak’ is a derivative of the Sanskrit word ‘Devark’ According to Historian Rajmohan Nath. In olden times, times there was scarcity of water, the by the regional language Lang Kha means the same, hence the name of the place came into being. During that time the place was a barren land. During the British Invasions water was brought by wagons and this place was made the base camps, it was only after the 1950 Assam -- Tibet earthquake. Rangmahala, a place in the outskirts of Lanka had the King's Amusement Rangmahal. After the rulers abandoned Lanka, Khasi-Jayantiya started to rule; when King Viswasundar was the ruler of DABAK, Lanka was an independent state. An inscription of the 13th century discovered near Dabaka, has the following lines about Lanka: “ Kachhar rajyad jayantay lankanta rajyabanta Yajnamenong daabeka mandali mathastha karyamasa” The Lankeswari Temple is of historical significance for the place, its much Linked to the Heart and culture of Lanka` In the earlier times, the year 1505 to be precise, the first prophet of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak Dev had visited Kamrup, Assam.

This fact is recorded in the documents concerning the numerous journeys undertaken by Guru Nanak in various stages of his life. It is said that, he had Srimanta Shankardeva, the founder of the Mahapuruxiya Dharma as the Guru traveled from Dhaka to Assam. After this journey by the first Guru, Ninth Guru or prophet of Sikhs Guru Tegh Bahadur visited Assam in 1668; this was the time when armies of Aurangzeb tried the best to cross the Brahamputra river and enter the Assam. They were routed by the Ahom general Lachit Borphukan. Guru visited. A famous for the Sikh Gurudwara was constructed to commemorate his visit; every year Sikhs from foreign visit this holy place. The grateful Ahom King invited Guruji to the Kamakhya shrine. While some died and some came back to Punjab, a few stayed on and made Assam their home, raising families, their descendants today —mostly concentrated in Nagaon district — are Assamese for all practical purposes, none speaks Punjabi, but continue to maintain their Sikh identity and observe most tenets and traditions of the religion.

An essay on Lankeswari Than by Pramod Bora, Pushpanjali, `Lanka September 2011 "WSN-Punjab News-Assamese Sikhs trace their Punjabi roots". 18 March 2009. Retrieved 18 July 2010. Puneet Singh Lamba. "News and Analysis – The Sikhs of Assam". The Sikh Times. Retrieved 18 July 2010

Bandele Omoniyi

Bandele Omoniyi was a Nigerian nationalist, best known for his book A Defence of the Ethiopian Movement, which urged for political reforms in the colonies, warning that otherwise a revolution in Africa might end British rule. According to Hakim Adi, he is one of the earliest examples of the politically active West African student in Britain. Bandele Omoniyi was born in Lagos, in present-day Nigeria, his parents sold their land to finance his studies in Britain, where Omoniyi first went in 1905. Enrolling at Edinburgh University in 1906 to study law, he gave up his studies as he became involved in political activities, taking up anti-imperial journalism in socialist and Nigerian publications, he wrote to various British politicians, including the Prime Minister, Henry Campbell-Bannerman, the future Labour Party leader Ramsay MacDonald, demanding representation for Africans in the colonies. In 1907 Omoniyi criticised colonial rule in a series of letters to the Edinburgh Magazine, he wrote articles for the West African press, in 1908 published his major work, A Defence of the Ethiopian Movement, in Edinburgh, dedicating it "to The Right Honourable and Honourable Members of the British Parliament".

Omoniyi moved to Brazil around 1910, where he was subsequently arrested for his political activities. He refused assistance from the British Consul. Imprisoned, he contracted beriberi and died, aged 28

The Briar Club

The Briar Club is a country club in Houston, Texas. It is located at the corner of Westheimer Road and Timmons Lane, it is between The Downtown Houston. As of 2004 it has 1,100 members; as of 2004 the club annually hosts 20 to 25 weddings. Richard Lareau, the club's chief operating officer and general manager, said that he hoped to have the club perform three times that number. In 1997 Skip Hollandsworth of the Texas Monthly wrote that Briar Club "had become a haven for many River Oaks residents"; the nearby Westheimer Animal Clinic had been established in 1946. Dr. E. P. Stallings started a horse practice on the property. Stallings sold land to what would become The Briar Club for $10,000; the club started in 1949. In 2001 the Briar Club acquired ownership of the Westheimer Animal Clinic building. In 2004 it was engaging in an expansion that had a cost of millions of multiple phases; the club anticipated. Phase one, with a scheduled completion date in late December 2004, had a price tag of $4.8 million.

The expansion included a sports pavilion, a parking lot for 80 cars, a new spa and fitness center. Due to the club needing space for its expansion, the Westheimer Animal Clinic was scheduled to move from an adjacent lot of Westheimer Road to a new location in the City of Bellaire in 2004; the club planned to move its laundry operations into the former veterinarian building. The Briar Club would be able to reconfigure its kitchen so it could host larger banquets and weddings. In January 2004 the club demolished two buildings at Westheimer Road at Saint Street so a covered athletic court and a parking lot could be built; as of July 2004 the annex building had been demolished so a fitness center could be built in its place. As of 2004 the fitness center had 4,500 square feet of space; the club planned to expand it to 17,000 square feet of space. The club intended to install wooden lockers, massage facilities, a steam room, a whirlpool; the next phases were scheduled to include a clubhouse, a parking garage, an expansion of a swimming pool, the facility's eighth tennis court.

The club planned for phase two to begin around 2009. The parking garage, a part of phase two, would be built on the site of a 198-space surface parking lot. Phase three includes the demolition of the current club house and replacing it with a new one. Phase four includes the expansion of a pool. In 2010 Champion Energy received a two year contract to supply electricity service to the club; the club is situated on a 5.5-acre plot of land. It is bounded by Westheimer Road, Timmons Street, Saint Street, a multifamily housing development; as of 2004 The Briar Club is using 1.25 acres of the land. List of traditional gentlemen's clubs in the United States