Kristinehamn Municipality is a municipality in Värmland County in west central Sweden. Its seat is located in the city of Kristinehamn; the present municipality was created in 1971 when the former City of Kristinehamn was merged with parts of the two dissolved rural municipalities Visnum and Väse. Kristinehamn Björneborg Bäckhammar Ölme The medieval island of Saxholmen, situated in the beautiful archipelago of Kristinehamn. There have been several archaeological excavations on the island during the past few years. There is a myth that once the cruel and hateful Saxe av Sachsen lived on the island with his wife and servants, his wife took off with her lover. Östervik chapel is a unique small church which has architecture. Folk museum, the red-painted houses made of wood, the rushing of the water, the bleating of the sheep make altogether a wonderful atmosphere and give you a memorable visit. Lundbomsgården is a middle class home from the mill from the early 17th century. Värmlands Säby manor house has typical 18th century qualities with beautiful tiled stoves and painted tapestries.
There is a unique hedge maze consisting of 1,747 bushes. These are the results of the elections in the municipality since the first election after the municipal reform, being held in 1973; the exact results of Sweden Democrats were not listed at a municipal level by SCB from 1988 to 1998 due to the party's small size at the time. "Turnout" denotes the percentage of eligible people casting any ballots, whereas "Votes" denotes the amount of valid votes only. Blocs This lists the relative strength of the socialist and centre-right blocs since 1973, but parties not elected to the Riksdag are inserted as "other", including the Sweden Democrats results from 1988 to 2006, but the Christian Democrats pre-1991 and the Greens in 1982, 1985 and 1991; the sources are identical to the table above. The coalition or government mandate marked in bold formed the government after the election. New Democracy got elected in 1991 but are still listed as "other" due to the short lifespan of the party; the municipality is twinned with: Brodnica, Poland Elva, Estonia Farsund, Norway Rautavaara, Finland Seinäjoki, Finland Kristinehamn Municipality - Official site Kristinehamn Information Service Article Kristinehamn - From Nordisk familjebok
Karlstad is a city, the seat of Karlstad Municipality, the capital of Värmland County, the largest city in the province Värmland in Sweden. The city had 61,492 inhabitants in 2015 with 90,882 inhabitants in the wider municipality in 2017, is the 21st biggest municipality in Sweden. Karlstad has a cathedral. Karlstad is built on the river delta where Sweden's longest river, Klarälven, runs into Sweden's largest lake, Vänern, it has the second largest lake port in the country after Västerås. Karlstad is associated with sunshine and the symbol for Karlstad is a smiling sun. Karlstad is reputed to be one of the sunniest towns in Sweden and a local waitress, known as "Sola i Karlstad" for her sunny disposition, is commemorated with a statue. On Karlstad's largest islet, there was a place of counsel called Tingvalla in the medieval age, which had roots from the Viking Age before 1000 AD, it was used as a market place. Karlstad was granted its city charter on March 5, 1584, by the Swedish Duke Charles, who would be crowned King Charles IX of Sweden.
The city derives its name from the King – Karlstad means Charles' city. The Duke granted Karlstad the right as a governmental seat in the region, gave it a substantial amount of land; the Duke built his own house in the city, referred to as Kungsgården. Karlstad's Cathedral was built on the location Kungsgården in 1724–1730 by Christian Haller. Most significant coup d'état in modern Swedish history had its beginning in Karlstad. During the night of 7 March 1809, major general Georg Adlersparre used the part of the western army, stationed in Värmland to occupy Karlstad. From there proclaimed a revolution, during 9 March, he and his soldiers began their march toward the capital to end the reign of king Gustav IV Adolf. Karlstad has suffered four major fires. Only the cathedral and a few houses remained after the last fire on July 2, 1865. Karlstad was thereafter rebuilt according to a grid pattern with wide streets surrounded by trees. In 1905, the agreement to dissolve the union between Norway and Sweden was negotiated and signed in Karlstad.
The official language, Swedish, is the native language of a big majority and spoken by most people in Karlstad. Immigration has established 5 notable minority languages: Arabic Somalian Sorani Persian Bosnian + Serbian + Croatian Several upper secondary schools offer the most common range of courses available throughout Sweden, including the IB Diploma Programme; the majority of students in Värmland need to commute or move to Karlstad for their upper secondary education. Tertiary education is offered by Karlstad University, granted university status in 1999. Värmlands Folkblad and NWT are the two local newspapers. Ice hockey is a popular spectator sport in Karlstad; the most popular club is Färjestad BK. The team plays in the Swedish Hockey League and their home arena is Löfbergs Arena; the club has won the Swedish Championship several times, most in 2011, is the most successful ice hockey club in Sweden since the foundation of Elitserien in 1975. Several other ice hockey clubs exist and Karlstad is represented in the 1st Division of ice hockey by the team Skåre BK.
The 2010 Men's World Inline Hockey Championships was hosted by Karlstad, with Löfbergs Arena as the primary site of the tournament. Traditionally, bandy has been the most popular winter sport in Karlstad, the city is the home of two of the most successful clubs in Sweden, IF Boltic and IF Karlstad-Göta. Boltic reached 10 Swedish finals in a row from 1979 to 1988, they won the first 7 and the one in 1988. They won in 1995. In 2000, the two clubs merged into BS BolticGöta, now the major bandy club in Karlstad. After a successful season in Allsvenskan 2009/2010 the team qualified for Elitserien, but was again relegated for the 2011/2012 season; the home arena, Tingvalla Ice Stadium, built in 1967, is claimed to be one of Europe's largest artificially frozen areas and is awaiting a decision by the municipality to become renovated and transformed into an indoor ice rink. Afghans living in Karlstad has taken a liking to the sport and set up an Afghanistan national bandy team, based in the city. Karlstad is a regular host of start and special stages for the Swedish Rally.
The competition is held annually in Värmland. Several football clubs exist, the highest-ranking team is QBIK; the club was founded in 1978, entered the premier division of women's football, Damallsvenskan, in 2005. The team plays in the 1st Division, but has several players in the Swedish national team, their home ground is Tingvalla IP, the facility is becoming the home ground for the football team Karlstad BK, that plays in the men's Division 1 Norra, having gained promotion following a successful 2010 season. The third highest-ranking football team is Carlstad United; the club was founded in 1998 by an alliance of seven local football clubs, with the aim of providing Karlstad with an elite football team. The club was accepted by the Swedish Football Association in 1999 and the team is playing in the men's Division 2 Norra Götaland. FBK Karlstad play in Division 3 Västra Svealand. American football is played on Tingvalla IP; the Carlstad Crusaders play in Superserien, the highest level and since the founding of the club in 1990, the team has attended eight finals, winning its first championship in 2010.
Karlstad Municipality is a municipality in Värmland County in west central Sweden. Its seat is located in the city of Karlstad; the present municipality was established in 1971 when the former City of Karlstad was amalgamated with a number of surrounding rural municipalities. Alster Blombacka Karlstad Molkom Skattkärr Skåre Slängserud Vallargärdet Väse Municipalities are responsible for government-mandated duties, elections for the Municipal council are held every four years, parallel to the general elections; the inhabitants of Karlstad have a tendency to vote close to the national results at the general elections, making it the accepted Bellwether town of Sweden. These are the local results of the Riksdag elections since the 1972 municipality reform; the results of the Sweden Democrats were not published by SCB between 1988 and 1998 at a municipal level to the party's small nationwide size at the time. "Votes" denotes valid votes, whereas "Turnout" denotes blank and invalid votes. Blocs This lists the relative strength of the socialist and centre-right blocs since 1973, but parties not elected to the Riksdag are inserted as "other", including the Sweden Democrats results from 1988 to 2006, but the Christian Democrats pre-1991 and the Greens in 1982, 1985 and 1991.
The sources are identical to the table above. The coalition or government mandate marked in bold formed the government after the election. New Democracy got elected in 1991 but are still listed as "other" due to the short lifespan of the party. "Elected" is the total number of percentage points from the municipality that went to parties who were elected to the Riksdag. Bengt Alsterlind, TV host Zarah Leander, singer Sven-Erik Magnusson, singer/dance band artist Christer Sjögren, rock/dansband singer Ulf Sterner, ice hockey player Elgen Helge, local hero Alsters herrgård, the manor house where Gustaf Fröding was born Karlstad Church, built in 1730 An indoor ice rink and event arena, Löfbergs Arena, expanded in 2002 to host the Ice Hockey World Championships Botanical gardens The masonic lodge where the negotiations for the dissolution of the union between Sweden and Norway were held in 1905 A runestone Vr 2, one of four known in Värmland A history museum A nature museum The municipality is twinned with: Da Buzz Swedish Rescue Services Agency Swedish Rally Klarälven Karlstad Hundred Färjestads BK Karlstad Municipality - Official site Karlstad University
Dalarna County is a county or län in middle Sweden. It borders the counties of Jämtland, Gävleborg, Västmanland, Örebro and Värmland, it is bordered by the Norwegian counties of Hedmark and Trøndelag in the west. The term Dalarna County is used for administrative purposes, being further subdivided into municipalities. Dalarna County encompasses the historical province Dalarna, that deals with history and culture of the area. In older times, Dalarna was periodically part of the territory ruled by the governor of Västerås Castle; the 1634 Instrument of Government led to the creation of a county covering Dalarna with its own County Governor. The Kopparbergs län was created by royal decree in 1647. In 1997, the name of the county was changed to Dalarna County; the main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfil the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests and promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case.
The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor. See List of Dalarna Governors; the County Council of Dalarna or Landstinget Dalarna handles health care and public transportation. After the Swedish general election in 2014, the Dalarna County council are represented by the following political parties: Main article: Municipalities of Dalarna County In Dalarna Province: Älvdalen Avesta Borlänge Falun Gagnef Hedemora Leksand Ludvika Malung-Sälen Mora Orsa Rättvik Säter Smedjebacken Vansbro The Dalarna County inherited its coat of arms from the province of Dalarna; when it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board. Duke of Dalarna, a title for members of the royal family University College of Dalarna Dalecarlian horse Ecomuseum Bergslagen Scandinavian Mountains Airport County Administrative Board of Dalarna County Council of Dalarna Regional Association of Dalarna
Akershus is a county in Norway, bordering Hedmark, Buskerud, Østfold. Akershus, with a little over 614,000 inhabitants, is the second most populated county by population after Oslo; the county is named after Akershus Fortress. The county administration is in Oslo, not part of the county per se; the county is conventionally divided into the traditional districts Follo and Romerike, which fill the vast part of the county, as well as the small exclave west of Oslo that consists of Asker and Bærum. This resulted after the transfer of the great municipality of Aker from Akershus County to Oslo in 1948. Embracing numerous suburbs of Oslo, notably Bærum, Akershus is one of the most densely populated areas in the country; the main national railway lines into Oslo run through Akershus with many junctions and stations such as Asker, Sandvika and Lillestrøm. Akershus includes some of the river Glomma; the county includes the historical place Eidsvoll, 48 km north of Oslo, in which the national assembly ratified the Norwegian constitution in 1814.
South of Eidsvoll is Oslo Airport at Gardermoen. Oslo's previous international airport, Fornebu, is located in Akershus; the estate of the crown prince is located in Asker. The county has Akershus University Hospital and Sykehuset Asker og Bærum; the main road from continental Europe, E6, enters Akershus in the south, runs through eastern Oslo, further to Gardermoen, into Hedmark County on the eastern shores of lake Mjøsa. E18 enters Akershus in the south-east, merges for a short stretch with E6 at Vinterbro in Ås, before running under central Oslo. E18 turns south-west through Bærum and Asker before entering Buskerud County north of Drammen. E16 runs from the intersection with E18 in Sandvika into Buskerud County west of Sollihøgda. All main railways out of Oslo run through Akershus: Southwest: the Drammen Line Southeast: the Østfold Line as two separate railways North: the Gjøvik Line Northeast: the Trunk Line, Gardermoen Line, Dovre Line East: the Kongsvinger Line Akershus became a fief in the 16th century, also included the current counties of Hedmark, Oppland and Oslo, as well as the municipalities of Askim, Trøgstad in the county of Østfold.
In 1662, Akershus became an Amt, in 1685, Buskerud was separated from Akershus and became an Amt of its own. In 1768, Hedmark and Oppland were separated from Akershus to become Oplandenes Amt. In 1842, the city of Christiania was made a separate Amt, as well. In 1919, the term Amt was changed to Fylke. In 1948, the greatest and the most populous municipality of Akershus, was transferred to the county of Oslo; the county is named after Akershus Fortress. The fortress was built in 1299, the meaning of the name is "the house of Aker"; the name is somewhat misleading now. In fact, the administration of Akershus sits outside the county, as well, in the centre of Oslo; the coat-of-arms is from modern times. It shows a gable from Akershus Fortress. Akershus has a total of 22 municipalities: Akershus county website Media related to Akershus at Wikimedia Commons Akershus travel guide from Wikivoyage
The krona is the official currency of Sweden. Both the ISO code "SEK" and currency sign "kr" are in common use. In English, the currency is sometimes referred to as the Swedish crown, as krona means crown in Swedish; the Swedish krona was the ninth-most traded currency in the world by value in April 2016. One krona is subdivided into 100 öre. However, all öre coins have been discontinued as of 30 September 2010. Goods can still be priced in öre, but all sums are rounded to the nearest krona when paying with cash; the word öre is derived from the Roman gold coin aureus, which in itself comes from the Latin word aurum, meaning gold. The introduction of the krona, which replaced at par the riksdaler, was a result of the Scandinavian Monetary Union, which came into effect in 1876 and lasted until the beginning of World War I; the parties to the union were the Scandinavian countries, where the name was krona in Sweden and krone in Denmark and Norway, which in English means "crown". The three currencies were on the gold standard, with the krona/krone defined as 1⁄2480 of a kilogram of pure gold.
After dissolution of the monetary union in August 1914, Sweden and Norway all decided to keep the names of their respective and now separate currencies. On 11 September 2012, the Riksbank announced a new series of coins with new sizes to replace the 1- and 5-krona coins which arrived in October 2016; the design of the coins follows the theme of singer-songwriter Ted Gärdestad's song, "Sol, vind och vatten", with the designs depicting the elements on the reverse side of the coins. This included the reintroduction of the 2-krona coin, while the current 10-krona coin remained the same; the new coins have a new portrait of the king in their design. One of the reasons for a new series of coins is to end the use of nickel, it is expected that vending machines and parking meters will to a high degree stop accepting coins and accept only bank cards or mobile phone payments. Cash is less used in Sweden, with many young people avoiding cash as much as possible. Between 1873 and 1876, coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 öre and 1, 2, 10, 20 kronor were introduced.
The 1, 2 and 5 öre were in bronze, the 10-, 25-, 50-öre and 1-krona and 2-krona were in silver, the 10- and 20-krona were in gold. Gold 5-krona coins were added in 1881. In 1873 the Scandinavian Monetary Union currency was fixed so that 2,480 kronor purchased 1 kg of gold. In 2017 the price of gold is 365,289 kronor per kg. So one öre in 1873 bought as much gold as 1.47 krona in 2017. So if it is reasonable to have the smallest denomination coin 1 krona today, in 1873 a reasonable smallest denomination coin was 1 öre. A 10 kr gold coin weighed 4.4803 grams with 900 finess so that the fine weight was 4.03327 grams or 1/248th of a kilogram. In 1902, production of gold coins ceased, was restarted in 1920 and 1925 before ceasing entirely. Due to metal shortages during World War I, iron replaced bronze between 1917 and 1919. Nickel-bronze replaced silver in the 10, 25 and 50 öre in 1920, with silver returning in 1927. Metal shortages due to World War II again led to changes in the Swedish coinage. Between 1940 and 1947, the nickel-bronze 10, 25 and 50 öre were again issued.
In 1942, iron again replaced the silver content of the other coins was reduced. In 1962, cupronickel replaced silver in the 25-öre and 50-öre coins. In 1968, the 2 kronor switched to cupronickel and the 1-krona switched to cupronickel-clad copper. Nonetheless, all previous mintages of 1- and 2-krona coins are still legal tender, since 1875 and 1876 though 2-krona coins are rarely seen in circulation as they have not been issued since 1971; the 2-krona coins contained 40% silver until 1966, which meant they had been for several years worth much more than two kronor, so most have been bought and melted down by arbitrageurs, the rest are kept by collectors). A new design of 2-krona coins will be issued in 2016. In 1954, 1955 and 1971, five-krona silver coins were produced, with designs similar to contemporary 1- and 2-krona coins. In 1972, a new, smaller 5-krona coin was struck in cupronickel-clad nickel; the current design has been produced since 1976. Five-krona coins minted since 1954 are legal tender but tend to be kept by collectors for their silver content.
In 1971, the 1- and 2-öre, as well as the 2-krona coins ceased production. The size of the 5-öre coin was reduced in 1972. In 1984, production of the five- and 25-öre coins came to an end, followed by that of the 10-öre in 1991. In 1991, aluminium-brass 10-krona coins were introduced. Previous 10-krona coins are not legal tender. In 1991, bronze-coloured 50-öre coins were introduced. Jubilee and commemorative coins have been minted and those since 1897 or are legal tender; the royal motto of the monarch is inscribed on many of the coins. The 5-krona coin was designed in 1974, at a time when there were political efforts to abandon the monarchy, when there was a new young inexperienced king; the monarchy remained. Coins minted before 1974 have the same size, but contain the portrait of King Gustav VI Adolf and his royal motto. On 18 December 2008, the Riksbank announced a proposal to phase out the 50-öre, the final öre c
Sunne Municipality is a municipality in Värmland County in west central Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Sunne; the present municipality was created in 1971 when the market town Sunne was amalgamated with Gräsmark and Lysvik. Lysvik Mårbacka Rottneros Sunne Uddheden Västra ÄmtervikKarlstad, which has an international airport, is the nearest large city. Official website Brobytornet - Project site