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Val-d'Oise

Val-d'Oise is a French department, created in 1968 after the split of the Seine-et-Oise department and located in the Île-de-France region. It gets its name from the Oise River, a major tributary of the Seine, which crosses the region after having started in Belgium and flowed through north-eastern France. Charles de Gaulle Airport, France's main international airport is located in Roissy-en-France, a commune of Val d'Oise; the original departments of France were established in 1790 when the French National Assembly split the country into 83 departments of the same size and population. They were designed as sets of communes, when better maps became available, certain revisions had to be made. After defeat by the Prussians in 1871, certain territories were ceded to them and some rearrangements made. In 1955 and 1957, some departments changed their names. In 1964, it was determined to divide up the departments of Seine-et-Oise. Val-d'Oise was one of the new departments so formed, was created from the previous department of Seine-et-Oise.

Val-d'Oise is part of the region of Île-de-France. To the south of the department lies the department of Hauts-de-Seine, to the southwest lies Yvelines, to the west lies Eure, to the north lies Oise, to the east lies Seine-et-Marne and to the southeast lies Seine-Saint-Denis; the official préfecture of the department is the commune of Pontoise, situated in the suburbs of Paris some 28 kilometres northwest of the centre of the city, but the préfecture building and administrative offices are in the neighbouring commune of Cergy. The River Oise is a right tributary of the River Seine, flows through the province from northeast to southwest; the eastern part of the department is part of the Pays de France, an area of fertile plain traditionally used for agriculture based on its fine silty soils. This part is progressively diminishing in size. Part of Charles de Gaulle Airport falls in this eastern region, while other parts are in the departments of Seine-et-Marne and Seine-Saint-Denis; the southernmost region of the department forms part of the Seine Valley and occupies the whole of the small Vallée de Montmorency.

These parts are urbanised, but the ancient Roman road, the Chaussée Jules César, which linked Paris and Rouen, passes through the latter. The central and southwestern parts of the department are largely urbanised and part of the greater Paris sprawl; the western part of the department forms part of the historic county of Vexin français, a verdant agricultural plateau. Its capital was Pontoise on the eastern extremity of the county; this commune is now combining with the neighbouring commune of Cergy to form the new town of Cergy-Pontoise. The Vexin area remains rural, across the whole department, one fifth is covered with trees; the economy of Val-d'Oise relies on two different themes. The northern and western parts are fertile areas of agricultural land producing large quantities of corn, sugar beet, other crops; the urban parts to the south are dormitory towns, used by people working in the greater metropolitan area of Paris. The presence of Charles de Gaulle Airport and its associated TGV station provides access by rail to all parts of France.

The department has nine business zones designated for high-tech industries. Population development since 1876: The department has a rich archaeological and historical heritage, but is not a region visited much by tourists being overshadowed by the French capital. Places of interest include the following sites. There is a branch of the Académie de Versailles in the city. Royaumont Abbey, founded by St. Louis in the thirteenth century, is another important site. There are two areas of national park in the department, the Parc naturel régional du Vexin français and the Parc naturel régional Oise-Pays de France. Argenteuil is the second most populous of Paris' suburbs, it is in a scenic location by the River Seine and has been much-painted by Claude Monet, Eugène Delacroix, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Gustave Caillebotte, Alfred Sisley and Georges Braque. It has a local museum. Cantons of the Val-d'Oise department Communes of the Val-d'Oise department Arrondissements of the Val-d'Oise department Website of the General council Prefecture website Val d'Oise Economic Expansion Committee Website Comity of Tourism and leisure in Val d'Oise

Romualdo Marenco

Romualdo Marenco was an Italian composer noted for ballet music. Marenco started his musical career as a violinist in the Doria Theater in Genoa, his first composition was the ballet Garibaldi's Landing in Marsala. He was appointed the orchestral conductor for La Scala in Milan and directed the ballet company there for seven years, his best-known ballets were written in collaboration with choreographer Luigi Manzotti during that period. Marenco is best remembered for the ballet Excelsior, composed in 1881. Excelsior is a tribute to the scientific and industrial progress of the 19th century, from the electric light to the telegraph, steam engine, Fréjus Rail Tunnel, Suez Canal; as such it foreshadows the Futurism movement. In the first nine months, it was staged 100 times in Italy and abroad, it is still performed and was staged in Milan. Lorenzino de' Medici I Moncalda Federico Struensée Le Diable au corps Strategia d'amore Garibaldi's Landing in Marsala Amore e Arte Bianca di Nevers The Seven Deadly Sins Tempatation Sieba Delial Excelsior Dai Natha L'astro di Afgan Amor Hannibal Teadora Day-Sin Sport Eureka Bacco and Gambrinus Light Two symphonies Inaugural March for the Turin Exposition Bella Elvezia, polka for pianoforte Hymn to Ticino Notes Sources Bussi, Francesco.

"Marenco, Romualdo" in Sadie 2001. Sadie, editor; the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd edition. London: Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-56159-239-5. OCLC 419285866. Works by or about Romualdo Marenco at Internet Archive

Hinkle Fieldhouse

Hinkle Fieldhouse is a basketball arena on the campus of Butler University in Indianapolis, Indiana. Completed in early 1928, it was the largest basketball arena in the United States until 1950; the facility was renamed Hinkle Fieldhouse in 1966 in honor of Butler's longtime coach and athletic director, Paul D. "Tony" Hinkle. It is the sixth-oldest college basketball arena still in use, as well as the oldest and among the largest basketball arenas in NCAA's Division I basketball, although its initial seating capacity of more than 15,000 has been reduced to 9,100. Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1983 and designated a U. S. National Historic Landmark in 1987, Hinkle Fieldhouse is sometimes referred to as "Indiana's Basketball Cathedral." Hinkle Fieldhouse has served as the home court for the Butler Bulldogs men's basketball team since 1928 and as the site of the annual Indiana High School Boys Basketball Tournament's championship games from 1928 to 1971. In addition to amateur and professional basketball games, it has hosted visits from U.

S. presidents, indoor track events and bicycle races, professional tennis matches and other civic and religious gatherings. The Butler Bulldogs men's basketball team won the Horizon League conference title at Hinkle in 2010. Several memorable high school basketball championship games were played at the Butler arena, including the 1954 title game, when tiny Milan High School s basketball team defeated a larger Muncie Central High School team. Milan's team served as the inspiration for the movie Hoosiers, the final scenes of the film's championship game were filmed at Hinkle Fieldhouse. Another notable event occurred in 1955 and 1956 when Indianapolis's Crispus Attucks High School won back-to-back state high school championships, a first for an all-black high school team. Hinkle Fieldhouse was among the first buildings erected when Butler University moved to the Fairview campus in Indianapolis, Indiana, in 1928. Butler Fieldhouse and the Butler Bowl were promoted by a corporation of 41 Indianapolis businessmen who viewed them as a benefit to the city as well as Butler.

When Butler signed a lease with the Indiana High School Athletic Association to host the champtionship games of the state's high school basketball tournament, the corporation agreed to finance the construction project at a cost of $1 million. Designed by Indianapolis architect Fermor Spencer Cannon, construction began on the basketball arena at 49th Street and Boulevard Place on the northeast edge of Butler's campus in fall of 1927; when completed in early 1928, it was the largest basketball arena in the United States, a distinction it retained until 1950, is the sixth-oldest college basketball arena still in use. Called Butler Fieldhouse from 1928 to 1966, it was renamed Hinkle Fieldhouse in honor of Butler's longtime coach and athletic director, Paul D. "Tony" Hinkle. The arena's design included a steel truss system that provides spectators with unobstructed views of the basketball court, an initial seating capacity of more than 15,000, a fireproof brick and stone exterior; the innovative technology for its time served as the inspiration for other basketball arenas.

Hinkle Fieldhouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 22, 1983, designated a National Historic Landmark on February 27, 1987, has been in use for nine decades. Although Hinkle Fieldhouse has hosted other events, it is best known as a basketball venue in a state, well known for its enthusiasm for the game. In addition to serving as the home court for the Butler Bulldogs men's basketball team, Butler hosted the Indiana high school tournament's championship games from 1928 to 1971 (except for 1943 to 1945, when the arena was converted to a military barracks to house U. S. Army Air Forces and U. S. Navy recruits during World War II; the state high school championship games returned to the Butler Fieldhouse in 1946 and remained there until 1972, when the Indiana High School Athletic Association moved the state basketball tournament's championship games to Indiana University's Assembly Hall in Bloomington, to other venues in the state. In November 1965, Butler University's board of trustees voted in favor of renaming the basketball facility Hinkle Fieldhouse to honor Paul D.

"Tony" Hinkle, a former three-sport coach and athletic director at Butler. Hinkle, who came to Butler as an assistant basketball coach in 1921, was named its head basketball coach in 1926. Hinkle served as head coach of the Butler men's basketball and football teams from 1934 to 1970, he was Butler's athletic director. On December 22, 1983, Hinkle Fieldhouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places, designated a National Historic Landmark on February 27, 1987, in recognition of its role in transforming college basketball into a popular spectator sport in the 1920s and 1930s. Hinkle Fieldhouse is one of only a few early 20th-century sports arenas still in use in the United States, among the best-preserved of its kind. Brad Stevens, the former Butler basketball coach who became head coach of Boston Celtics, once remarked that Hinkle Fieldhouse is "not for everybody," but continued, "But it is for somebody that appreciates tradition, somebody that appreciates history." In 2006, to celebrate Butler University's 150th anniversary, a documentary about Hinkle Fieldhouse entitled Indiana's Basketball Cathedralaired on ESPN.

More a $36.2 million renovation and restoration project was completed in 201