Van Province

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Van Province

Van ili
Location of Van Province in Turkey
Location of Van Province in Turkey
RegionCentral East Anatolia
 • Electoral districtVan
 • Total19,069 km2 (7,363 sq mi)
 • Total1,123,784
 • Density59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Area code(s)0432[2]
Vehicle registration65

Van Province (Turkish: Van ili, Kurdish: Wan‎, Armenian: Վան, Persian: استان وان‎) is a province in eastern Turkey, between Lake Van and the Iranian border. It is 19,069 km2 in area and had a population of 1,035,418 at the end of 2010, its adjacent provinces are Bitlis to the west, Siirt to the southwest, Şırnak and Hakkâri to the south, and Ağrı to the north. The capital is the city of Van; the majority of the province's population is Kurdish,[3] and has a sizable Azerbaijani minority (Küresünni).[4][5]



This area was the heartland of Armenians, who lived in these areas from the time of Hayk in the 3rd millennium BCE right up to the late 19th century when the Ottoman Empire seized all the land from the natives.[6] In the 9th century BC the Van area was the center of the Urartian kingdom;[7] the area was a major Armenian population center. The region came under the control of the Armenian Orontids in the 7th century BC and later Persians in the mid-6th century BC. By the early 2nd century BC it was part of the Kingdom of Armenia, it became an important center during the reign of the Armenian king, Tigranes II, who founded the city of Tigranakert in the 1st century BC.[8] With the Seljuq victory at the Battle of Malazgirt in 1071, just north of Lake Van,[9] it became a part of the Seljuq Empire and later the Ottoman Empire during their century long wars with their neighboring Iranian Safavid arch rivals, in which Selim I managed to conquer the area over the latter; the area continued to be contested and was passed on between the Ottoman Empire and the Safavids (and their subsequent successors, the Afsharids and Qajars) for many centuries afterwards, all the way up to during the 19th century when it became the Van Vilayet.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Area codes page of Turkish Telecom website Archived 2011-08-22 at the Wayback Machine (in Turkish)
  3. ^ Watts, Nicole F. (2010). Activists in Office: Kurdish Politics and Protest in Turkey (Studies in Modernity and National Identity). Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-295-99050-7.
  4. ^ "Küresünnilerin Türkiye'de Yaşadıkları Yerler - Küresünniler Tarih ve Kültür Platformu". Küresünniler Tarih ve Kültür Platformu (in Turkish). 2014-04-12. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  5. ^ "KORA-SONNI – Encyclopaedia Iranica". Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  6. ^ Hofmann, Tessa, ed. (2004). Verfolgung, Vertreibung und Vernichtung der Christen im Osmanischen Reich 1912-1922 [Persecution, Expulsion and Annihilation of the Christian Population in the Ottoman Empire 1912-1922]. Münster: LIT. ISBN 3-8258-7823-6.
  7. ^ European History in a World Perspective - p. 68 by Shepard Bancroft Clough
  8. ^ The Journal of Roman Studies – p. 124 by Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies
  9. ^ Melissa Snell. "Alp Arslan: Article from the 1911 Encyclopedia". About Education.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°29′57″N 43°40′13″E / 38.49917°N 43.67028°E / 38.49917; 43.67028