click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Vancouver Sun

The Vancouver Sun is a daily newspaper first published in British Columbia on 12 February 1912. The paper is published by the Pacific Newspaper Group, a division of Postmedia Network, it is published Monday to Saturday. Now combined with The Province newspaper, the Sun still has the largest newsroom of any newspaper in western Canada; the Sun is a broadsheet newspaper and was not related to the Sun Media chain and its tabloid Sun papers in Toronto, Winnipeg and Edmonton. However, Sun Media was acquired by Postmedia in 2015, making the Vancouver Sun and the tabloid Sun papers part of the same company; when the Sun began operation, it was published at 125 West Pender Street, just around the corner from The Province, its rival at the time. From 1917 until his death in 1936, its publisher was Robert James Cromie. In 1924, the Sun bought the Vancouver World newspaper, in financial difficulty for some time. In March 1937, a fire destroyed the Sun's editorial offices; the only casualty was the janitor, who smoke inhalation.

The Sun promptly moved across the street into the World Building, where the World had been published. The building was accordingly renamed the Sun Tower. In 1958, the Sun and the Province joined to create the Pacific Press in response to the rising costs of producing newspapers. First the papers merged their mechanical and financial departments they both moved into the Pacific Press Building on December 27, 1965; the newspaper's photography department became the first in the world to switch over to digital photography following the 1994 release of the Kodak DCS 400 series, which used a Nikon F90 body. In 1997 the paper moved to Granville Square. In 1997, Kennedy Heights, the printing press for the Vancouver Sun and The Province, was opened in Surrey. In May 2009, the newspaper laid off long-time editorial cartoonist Roy Peterson, drawing for the paper since 1962. In December 2011, after much research on the demographics of the greater Vancouver area, the newspaper launched a Chinese-language version Taiyangbao with original Chinese language content.

According to an article broadcast on China Now on China Radio International, the key to success was not to "translate" its English-language version into Chinese. In January 2015, the Kennedy Heights printing press operation was shut down, resulting in 220 workers losing their jobs. Printing of the Vancouver Sun and The Province were outsourced, each to different printing press operations. In 2017, the Vancouver Sun and Province moved to the Broadway Tech Centre; the Vancouver Sun has seen, like most Canadian daily newspapers, a decline in circulation. Its total circulation dropped by 22 percent to 136,787 copies daily from 2009 to 2015. Daily average Bolan, Kim Vancouver Sun Run The Vancouver Sun Classic Children's Book Collection List of newspapers in Canada Official website Official mobile site Vancouver Sun RSS feed History of Metropolitan Vancouver

Rebellion of Cao Qin

The Rebellion of Cao Qin was a day-long uprising in the Ming dynasty capital of Beijing on August 7, 1461, staged by Chinese general Cao Qin and his Ming troops of Mongol and Han descent against the Tianshun Emperor. The rebellion was orchestrated by Cao and his officers due to fear of being next on Tianshun's purge-list of those who helped him gain back the throne from his half-brother the Jingtai Emperor, who had earlier succeeded during the 1449 Tumu Crisis; the leaked plot of rebellion was a failure, three of Cao's brothers were killed during the ensuing battle, Cao Qin was forced to commit suicide during a last stand against imperial troops storming his Beijing residential compound. The rebellion marked the high point in political tension over allowing Mongols to be employed in the Ming military command structure. Ming Chinese officials made recompense with Mongol subordinates for military merits while at the same time strategically relocating their troops and families away from the capital.

During the Ming Dynasty, the Mongols enrolled in military service were either prisoners of war or they were those who voluntarily submitted to the Ming and settled in China. Others fled their homeland on the northern steppe due to natural disasters such as droughts, seeking refuge in China where Mongol families found lodging and hospitality; some Mongols became distinguished military officers, were granted noble ranks, on rarer occasions became ministers in the state bureaucracy. Mongols of noble lineage socialized with Chinese literati of the two capitals while they had their sons educated in the Chinese classic texts. Nonetheless, Mongols in the Ming Empire were held in suspicion by Chinese Ming authorities. Mongols of lower social stature were accused by Chinese officials of being prone to violence and becoming beggars and prostitutes. Ming officials used the excuse of military campaigns to relocate and scatter Mongol troops and families throughout China so that they would not be concentrated in North China.

Wu Tingyun argues that there was a noticeable shift in Ming court policies after the 1449 Tumu Crisis in dealing with the Mongols. On July 20, 1461, after Mongols had staged raids in June into Ming territory along the northern tracts of the Yellow River, the Minister of War Ma Ang and General Sun Tang were appointed to lead a force of 15,000 troops to bolster the defenses of Shaanxi. Historian David M. Robinson states that "these developments must have fed suspicion about Mongols living in North China, which in turn exacerbated Mongol feelings of insecurity. However, no direct link can be found between the decision by the Ming Mongols in Beijing to join the coup and activities of steppe Mongols in the northwest." On August 6, 1461, the Tianshun Emperor issued an edict telling his nobles and generals to be loyal to the throne. This soldier in the imperial guard had acted as Cao's private commercial agent, but when this man failed to keep affairs secret, Cao had the soldier's wife tell authorities that her husband had gone mad and fled.

Lu Gao, head officer of the Imperial Guard, had authorities apprehend the missing soldier with approval of the Emperor, whereupon Cao had his former commercial agent beaten to death before authorities could reach him. The General Shi Heng, who aided Tianshun's succession, starved to death in prison after a similar warning from an imperial edict. Cao Qin was to take no chances in allowing himself to be ruined in similar fashion. Cao's Mongol troops were veterans who had fought in several campaigns under the eunuch Cao Jixiang —Cao Qin's adoptive father—in the 1440s; the loyalty of Cao's Mongol-officer clients was secure due to circumstances of thousands of military officers who had to accept demotions in 1457 because of earlier promotions in aiding Jingtai's succession. Robinson states that "Mongol officers no doubt expected that if Cao fell from power, they would soon follow."Cao either planned to kill Ma Ang and Sun Tang as they were to depart the capital with 15,000 troops to Shaanxi on the morning of August 7, or he planned to take advantage of their leave.

The conspirators are said to have planned to place their heir apparent on the throne and demote Tianshun's position to "grand senior emperor", the title delegated to him during the years of his house arrest from 1450 to 1457, under Jingtai's rule. While Cao held a banquet for his Mongol officers on the night of August 6, two of his Mongol officers slipped away from the festivity and leaked Cao's plot to the high-level Mongol commanders Wu Jin and Wu Cong around 1:00 to 3:00 AM on August 7. Wu Jin alerted General Sun Tang about the plot, soon after Sun alerted the emperor with a message slipped through the Western Chang'an Gate. Upon receiving this warning, the Emperor arrested the eunuch conspirator Cao Jixiang and had all nine gates of Beijing and all four gates of the Forbidden City blockaded. Meanwhile, Cao Qin began to suspect that the plot was leaked, so moved with his troops around 5:00 to 7:00 AM on August 7 to inspect the gates of the Imperial City. While his forces searched for Ma Ang and

Port of Busan

The Port of Busan is the largest port in South Korea, located in the city of Busan, South Korea. The Port of Busan was established in 1876 as a small port with strict trading between Korea and Japan, it is situated at the mouth of the Nakdong River facing the Tsushima Island of Japan. During the Korean War, Busan was among the few places North Korea did not invade, causing war refugees to flee to the city of Busan. At that time Busan’s port was crucial to receive war materials and aid, such as fabrics and processed foods to keep the economy stable. In the 1970s, a rise in the footwear and veneer industries caused factory workers to migrate to Busan, bringing Busan’s population from 1.8 million to 3 million. The Port of Busan continued to grow and by 2003 the port was the fourth largest container port in the world. South Korea accounted for 0.7% of global trade in 1970, but by 2003 it went up to 2.5%. 50% of the Busan’s manufacturing jobs are related to exports, 83% of the country’s exports are containerized, making Busan the country’s largest container and general cargo port.

Compared to the Port of Busan, Inchon port handles only 7% of containers. Easy access to the Port of Busan between Japan and Hong Kong contribute to its vast growth; the Port of Busan is the fifth busiest container port in the world and the tenth busiest port in North-east Asia. It is developed and operated by the Busan Port Authority established in 2004. Today the Port of Busan consists of four ports- North Port, South Port, Gamcheon Port, Dadaepo Port, an International Passenger Terminal and the Gamman container terminal; the North Port provides passenger handling facilities and cargo, with Gamcheon Port’s help more cargo volumes can be handled. The South Port is home to the Busan Cooperative Fish Market, the largest fishing base in Korea, it handles 30% of the total marine volume; the Dadaepo Port located west of the Busan Port handles coastal catches. In 2007 the Busan Port handled cargo containing fertilizers, scrap metal and other gases, crude petroleum, leather and oils, iron ore, rough wood, natural sand, milling industry products, sugar.

In 2016, South Korea exported a total of $515B and imported $398B. Top exports of South Korea are integrated circuits, refined petroleum and cargo ships, vehicle parts. South Korea exports the most to China, the United States, Hong Kong, Japan. Imports to South Korea come from China, the United States and other Asian countries. In 2017 Busan processed twenty-foot equivalents, its location is known as Busan Harbor. The Port of Busan has 6 sister ports. – Port of Southampton, United KingdomPort of Seattle, United States – Port of Osaka, Japan – Port of Rotterdam, NetherlandsPort of New York & New Jersey, USA – Port of Shanghai, China "Corea", Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed. Vol. VI, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1878, pp. 390–394

Axe (brand)

Axe or Lynx is a brand of male grooming products, owned by the British-Dutch company Unilever and marketed towards the young male demographic. It is known as Lynx in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and China. In other countries it is known as Axe. Axe was launched in France in 1983 by Unilever, it was inspired by another of Impulse. Unilever introduced many products in the range, but were forced to use the name Lynx in the United Kingdom, Ireland and New Zealand due to trademark issues with the Axe name. In addition, some countries introduced the brand as EGO. Scents have evolved over time. From 1983 until about 1989, the variant names were descriptions of the fragrances and included Musk, Amber and Marine. From 1990 until 1996, geographic names for fragrances were used. In 2009, the brand launched; the brand has extended into other areas. Most scent names have a shower gel to accompany them and sometimes an antiperspirant/deodorant stick and an aftershave lotion; the Axe Shampoos come in three different sizes, regular size, travel or sample size of and XL bottles.

Axe ships a shower scrub tool called the Axe Detailer. Axe launches limited edition variants from time to time that may be on sale for a few months or over a year. From the 1990s, Axe advertisements portrayed various ways the products helped men attract women. In 2003, the advertising in the UK for the Pulse fragrance showed how it gave "geeky" men the confidence to woo women with dance. In 2005, Consumer Expert Dr. Vince Wong, CEO of Insights Interactive, was hired to help explore cross cultural behavioral motivations of their young male adult consumers; this fed into development of the brand globally, resulting in award-winning global communication campaigns. This was followed by Touch, Clix, in 2007, marketed on a theme of making "nice" women become "naughty". Adverse publicity has been generated by the product's advertisements for encouraging sexual promiscuity and sexism; the Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood claimed that Bartle Bogle Hegarty's work on Axe "epitomizes the sexist and degrading marketing that can undermine girls' healthy development."

On January 12, 2008 12-year-old Daniel Hurley from Derbyshire, England died in a hospital five days after collapsing at his home. The medical coroner ruled that he had suffered from cardiac arrhythmia and died from heart failure as a result of spraying large amounts of Lynx in a confined space. Videos on social networking sites depicted teens setting themselves on fire; the trend resulted in multiple injuries. After these incidents occurred, the company created two ads, one against the use of Axe as an inhalant, the other warning of its flammability. Axe initiated a marketing campaign whereby the company would select people in a worldwide contest to become astronauts who would fly sub-orbital space missions aboard the XCOR Lynx spaceplane. On December 5, 2013, Axe announced the 23 space cadets, one of, Chino Roque, who had won the extensive training competition held at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida; the winners were from 23 different countries, some of which did not have space agencies or had not produced any astronauts before.

The suborbital rides would take place after the unbuilt XCOR Lynx rocket would have passed flight test objectives. AXE had a product placement deal with SEGA to feature its deodorant in the game Yakuza 3; this licence was not renewed for the 2018 remaster, it was instead replaced by a generic product. Official Axe website Official Lynx website

Diarmait mac Áedo Sláine

Diarmait was a son of Áed Sláine. According to the Irish annals, he was High King of Ireland. Diarmait's father Áed Sláine was a son of Diarmait mac Cerbaill, the apical ancestor of the southern branches of the Uí Néill kindred which dominated Ireland from the late 6th century until the rise of Brian Bóruma in the late 10th century; the descendants of Áed Sláine were known as the Síl nÁedo Sláine. With the possible exception of Óengus mac Colmáin, all Uí Néill kings descended from Diarmait mac Cerbaill belonged to the Síl nÁedo Sláine until the death of Cináed mac Írgalaig in 728; the Síl nÁedo Sláine were Kings of Brega and the Hill of Tara, where High Kings were inaugurated, lay within their lands. Other groups descended from the sons of Diarmait included Clann Cholmáin, or more Clann Cholmáin Már, descended from Colmán Már, which replaced the Síl nÁedo Sláine as the dominant group of the southern Uí Néill from the middle of the 8th century, the less important Caílle Follamain or Clann Cholmáin Bicc, descended from Colmán Beg.

Áed Sláine himself is said to have been High King jointly with Colmán Rímid of the northern Cenél nEógain branch of the Uí Néill, following the death of Áed mac Ainmuirech. Áed Sláine died circa 604, a death said to have been prophesied by Saint Columba. Áed's sons are said to have included Diarmait, Congal, Dúnchad. Diarmait was one of the younger sons of Áed Sláine. According to king lists, the kingship of Brega was held by Congal and by Ailill, both killed by Conall Guthbinn mac Suibni of Clann Cholmáin in 634, after which Diarmait and his brother Blathmac were jointly kings of Brega. Diarmait killed Conall Guthbinn mac Suibni "in the house of Nad-Fraích's son" according to the Annals of Ulster, in 635; that same year Diarmait defeated Clann Cholmáin Bicc in battle at Cúil Caeláin where Óengus mac Colmáin's son Máel Umai was killed. At this time the High Kingship of Ireland may have been disputed between Domnall mac Áedo of the northern Cenél Conaill branch of the Uí Néill and the cruithne king Congal Cáech.

In this complicated contest Diarmait and Blathmac were allied with Domnall. They fought alongside him at the Battle of Mag Rath; some branches of the Uí Néill fought against Domnall and Diarmait's foster-father Lommainnech is said to have killed Conall mac Suibni's son Airmedach in the battle. The compilers of the various Irish annals were uncertain as to the succession following the death of Domnall mac Áedo in 642; the Annals of Ulster state: Here it is uncertain. Some historiographers state that four kings, i.e. Cellach, Conall Cóel, two sons of Aed Sláine son of Diarmait son of Fergus Cerrbél son of Conall of Cremthann son of Niall Noígiallach, namely Diarmait and Blathmac, reigned in mingled rule. According to the late 7th century Baile Chuind Chétchathaig, a list of High Kings composed in the reign of Diarmait's nephew Fínsnechta Fledach, son of Dúnchad, Domnall mac Áedo was succeeded by Diarmait and Blathmac; the Baile Chuind omits several kings, including Áed Sláine, some of which may be copying errors, but others are deliberate.

It is a work of dynastic propaganda, its purpose to demonstrate that the Síl nÁedo Sláine should by right be High Kings of Ireland. For these reasons, although it is the most nearly contemporary witness, it is not to be trusted. Of the two or four kings, Diarmait was the most active according to the record which survives in the Irish annals. In 649, he defeated king of Connacht, at the battle of Carn Conaill; the verse Cath Cairnd Chonaill purports to describe its context. It states that king of Munster was present as an ally of Guaire, but this is late and unreliable evidence. In 654, Diarmait killed Conall Cóel and Cellach died in 658. A plague arrived in Ireland in 664, called the buide Chonaill; the annals record that Diarmait and his brother Blathmac both died of the disease the following year. The king lists have them followed by Blathmac's son Sechnassach ruling jointly with another son of Blathmac, Cenn Fáelad. Diarmait's descendants formed the Uí Chernaig branch of the Síl nÁedo Sláine, named for Diarmait's son Cernach.

The centre of their power lay around Loch Gabhair in modern County Meath. Few of Diarmait's descendants were major figures in Irish history, his grandson Conall mac Cernaig called Conall Grant, was an important figure in the 710s, a great-grandson, Fogartach mac Néill, was High King. For editors and creators of Middle Irish language literature, the reign of Diarmait and Blathmac was imagined as a Golden Age. Works set in this period include the Cath Cairnd Chonaill and the Scéla Cano meic Gartnáin

Old Hemp

Old Hemp was a stud dog considered to be the progenitor to the Border Collie breed. He was owned by Adam Telfer, was used as a working dog to herd sheep, his style was different from that seen during his era, as he worked far more than the other sheepdogs of the time. This style was adopted and used by other breeders and trainers and became the most common style among Border Collies within a few generations, with his descendants becoming successful international sheepdog champions. In September 1893, Old Hemp was born to Adam Telfer's two dogs in Northumberland. Hemp's mother, was a reticent and strong-eyed black sheepdog. Unlike many modern border collies, Hemp was a tri-colored dog with only a small amount of white fur on his trim. First following sheep at the age of six weeks, Hemp grew to have a great ability to herd, he moved sheep unlike the louder sheepdogs of the era and was far more mild-mannered, although sometimes worked so intensely that he physically trembled. Hemp never ceased to impress his owner Adam Telfer.

Telfer once said. There never was such an outstanding personality." With that, Telfer continued Hemp's legacy within his own breeding stock. Author and commentator Eric Halsall was impressed by his skill. Halsall once said about Hemp, "none who saw him forgot him... Faultless in work...he was born with such knowledge of his craft that he never required training and went to his work naturally." Hemp is considered the foundation sire or "father" of the Border Collie breed. The International Sheepdog society began its stud book in 1915, with Old Hemp being the ninth entry, out of around 300,000. Old Hemp's ability to herd sheep was. Estimates place his offspring at more than 200, due to his stud services being sought after, his medium-sized stature and rough coat are seen in the breed today as many of his offspring continued to keep many of his original traits. While it is not known if Hemp participated in any sheepdog trials, a dog from Telfer's own breeding stock, won the International Sheep Dog Society's championship twice.

Adam Telfer bred and owned another dog named Hemp, a descendant of Old Hemp. The younger Hemp won the 1924 International Farmers Championship for sheepdogs; this was not the only victory in that competition by Old Hemp's descendants. Each of the twenty nine collies that won the championship between 1906 and 1951 were descendants from Old Hemp. A Facebook campaign was started in 2012 to install a memorial to Telfer and Old Hemp, in Old Hemp's birthplace of West Woodburn and permission has been granted by the relevant authorities; the unveiling of the memorial took place on September 8, 2015 and was attended by a large assembly of Border Collies and their respective owners. Footnotes Bibliography