SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Vasily Surikov

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov was a Russian Realist history painter of Siberian origin. Many of his works have become familiar to the general public through their use as illustrations, he was born to an old Yenisei Cossack family descending from Don Cossacks that had settled in Siberia. His father was a Collegiate Registrar, a civil service rank that served as postmasters. In 1854, as a result of his father being reassigned, the family moved to the village of Sukhobuzimskoye, where he began his primary education. In 1859, his father died of tuberculosis so the family returned to Krasnoyarsk and were forced to rent the second floor of their house to survive financially, he began drawing while was encouraged by the local art teacher. His first formal work dates from 1862, but his family could not afford to continue his education and he became a clerk in a government office; this brought him into contact with Pavel Zamyatin, the Governor of Yenisei, able to find him a patron: Pyotr Kuznetsov, a local merchant who owned several small gold mines.

In 1868, he rode on horseback to Saint Petersburg, but was unable to qualify for admission to the Imperial Academy of Arts, so he studied at the drawing school of the Imperial Society for the Encouragement of the Arts. After a year there, he was allowed to audit classes at the Academy and became a full-time pupil toward the end of 1869. From 1869 to 1875, he studied with Pavel Chistyakov, Bogdan Willewalde and Pyotr Shamshin, winning several medals, his great attention to composition earned him a nickname, "The Composer". In 1875, he graduated with the title of first degree. In 1877, he received a commission to paint murals at the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour and he moved to Moscow. Unable to afford a house, he lived in rented apartments and hotels and visited Krasnoyarsk whenever possible. In 1878, he married Elisabeth Charais, a French woman, descended from the Decembrist, Pyotr Svistunov, on her mother's side, they had two daughters. After that, he chose to remain in Moscow and began the series of historical paintings that would establish his reputation, starting with The Morning of the Streltsy Execution.

In 1881, he had his first exhibition with an artists' cooperative. In 1883, Menshikov in Beryozovo was bought by Pavel Tretyakov for a sum that allowed him to take a European tour. In 1887, he added portraits beginning with one of his mother. In 1888, his wife died, he returned to Krasnoyarsk with his daughters for two years. There he painted The Capture of Snow Town; this was followed by a visit to his ancestral home in Siberia. There, on the Ob River, he made sketches for one of his most familiar works, The Conquest of Siberia by Yermak Timofeyevich; this brought him a full membership in the Imperial Academy. In 1897, he visited Switzerland and painted Suvorov Crossing the Alps, purchased by Tsar Nicholas II. In 1907, he joined the Union of Russian Artists. Three years he visited Spain, together with his son-in-law, Pyotr Konchalovsky; that same year, he and the architect Leonid Chernishyov opened an art school. Four years he had an extended stay in Krasnoyarsk, painting landscapes. By this time, he was suffering from chronic coronary disease.

A trip to Crimea for treatment in 1915 failed to ameliorate the problem and he died early the following year after returning to Moscow. He was buried at Vagankovo Cemetery, next to his wife. In 1948, on the 100th anniversary of his birth, his estate in Krasnoyarsk became a museum. Two monuments have been erected there, in 1954 and in 2002. A biographical movie of his life was made by Mosfilm in 1959, written by Emil Braginsky and directed by Anatoly Rybakov, with Yevgeni Lazarev as Surikov and Larisa Kadochnikova as Elisabeth. Numerous streets and squares throughout Russia have been named after him, as well as a crater on Mercury. Vladimir Kemenov, Vasily Surikov 1848–1916, Parkstone Press, 1997 ISBN 1-85995-325-5 Maria Tsaneva, Surikov: 154 Paintings and Drawings, Lulu Press, 2014 ISBN 1-304-90431-8 Tamara Kozhevinkova, Василий Суриков, Белый город, 2000 ISBN 5-7793-0222-7 Lydia Lovlyeva and Galina Churak, Василий Суриков, Пинакотека, 1998 ISBN 5-89580-003-3 Vasily Surikov Russian Web Site.

Biography, full galleries, etc. Vasily Surikov. Pictures and Biography @ Арт-Рисунок Vasily Surikov Museum Estate, Russia

Balad, Iraq

Balad transliterated Beled or Belad, is a city in Saladin Governorate, Iraq, 80 kilometres north of the national capital, Baghdad. It is the capital of Balad District. Located between the Sunni towns of Al Dhuluiya and Ishaqi, Balad’s inhabitants belong to the Shiite Islamic faith. In the months of 2014 the city was besieged by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant forces, repelled by the Shia citizens of the city and the Iraqi government security forces During the Iraq War Balad was, in 2006, the site of sectarian violence involving Sunni and Shi'ite militias. In 2007 the mayor, Amir Abdul Hadi, escaped an assassination attempt; the largest military air base in Iraq LSA Anaconda, Balad Air Base, or Al-Bakir Air Base, is located within the municipality of Yethrib near Balad. As of early 2007 the base was the central hub for airlift and US Air Force operations in Iraq. On the outskirts of Balad proper is a tiny forward operating base called Balad Joint Coordination Center. Over the years, FOB Paliwoda had been occupied by 1st Battalion, 8th Infantry, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Squadron 4th US Cavalry in an effort to create a joint effort between coalition and local forces.

On the 7 July 2016, militants from the Islamic State attacked the tomb of Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi, the son of Ali al-Hadi and the brother of Hasan al-Askari. According to Reuters citing Iraqi security forces, "at least 20 people were killed and 50 others wounded on Thursday evening in an attack on a Shi'ite mausoleum north of Baghdad". A suicide car bomb blew up at the external gate of the mausoleum, allowing several gunmen to storm the site and start shooting at pilgrims on a visit on the occasion of the Eid al-Fitr festival. Iraq Image - Balad Satellite Observation Balad from Globalsecurity.org Biggest Base in Iraq Has Small-Town Feel Air Force in Iraq 1st Infantry Division News Diary of an insurgent in retreat

Harry Raymond Eastlack

Harry Raymond Eastlack, Jr. was the subject of the most recognized case of FOP from the 1900s. His case is particularly acknowledged, by scientists and researchers, for his contribution to medical advancement. After suffering from a rare and incurable genetic disease, Eastlack decided to have his skeleton and medical history donated to the Mütter Museum of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia in support of FOP research, his skeleton is one of the few FOP-presenting articulated ones in existence, it has proved valuable to the study of the disease. As is characteristic of FOP patients, Eastlack did not demonstrate any possible sign of a disease at birth except for a malformation of the big toes. At the time it was not recognized as the first clinical sign of FOP, it was not until 1937. By the time of his death, Eastlack's skeleton bore sheets of bone along the vertebrae, which fused to and locked his skull, branches of bone along his limbs, which immobilized his shoulders, elbows and knees.

He died in Philadelphia of bronchial pneumonia six days before his 40th birthday. Harry Eastlack was born on November 1933 at 10:24 AM in the Woman's Hospital of Philadelphia. There are no reports of any difficulties during his delivery, though there was the observation of a minor congenital malformation; the noted malformation was his congenital bilateral hallux valgus, oftentimes referred to as a bunion. Harry Raymond Eastlack, Jr. was son to Harry Raymond Eastlack. They were both 40 years of age at the time of his birth, his father, worked in the railroads under engineering management, while his mother was a housewife. They resided in 5745 Haddington Street, Pennsylvania, at the time of Harry's birth they had a daughter by the name of Helene. Harry was closest to Helen, she would walk him to and from school, as well as bake for him at home. His sister, Helene became a music teacher and remained in Philadelphia. Records suggest that his childhood was an happy one, his pastimes consisted of listening to music on records at home.

Eastlack would enjoy reading, playing with his sister, going to the movies. Additionally, a seat was reserved for him at the center of the seventh row in Hamilton Theater, a musical theater, in Philadelphia, it has been claimed that ushers would not let anyone else sit there, as the spot was spacious enough to allow Eastlack to stretch his immobile leg. While heterotopic bone growth can begin spontaneously in FOP patients, like most patients, first experienced a triggered proliferation due to an illness or injury, he was about four years old, playing with his sister, outdoors. A car hit his leg, he was taken to the hospital. The fracture never set properly, when the cast was removed months his leg was painfully swollen with a high amount of inflammation. No further action was taken and shortly after Eastlack begun to experience his first set of abnormal bone growths, his hips and knees had become difficult to move. When he was taken to the hospital with this concern, the doctor took X- rays in which the bony deposits on his thigh muscles were revealed.

The doctors were not able to diagnose his condition having seen this, it continued to progress in the anatomically characteristic manner that FOP does. Eastlack soon suffered flare- ups along his back and chest. In attempts to diagnose and treat Eastlack's condition, the doctors ordered biopsies and performed a total of 11 surgical procedures to remove excess and heterotopic ossification, such as that on his thigh muscles. However, Eastlack's condition was aggravated by such procedures and the bone plates returned thicker and more predominant, it was 1938, the following year after the incident, when he was diagnosed with Myositis ossificans progressiva, now known as Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva. Unaware of the consequences of surgery on an FOP patient, the physician admitted Eastlack for hip surgery in 1941 which caused further physical restriction. Over time Eastlack became more and more immobilized as more joints became fused and newly formed sheets or strings of bone calcified his limbs.

In 1944 he was readmitted for a study which confirmed that the calcified smooth muscles and ligaments had indeed become mature bone. The ossification along his vertebrae and other anatomical parts that Eastlack would suffer in the next 29 years fused him into an eternally bowed position. Eastlack's case of FOP progressed at a more rapid rate due to the number of intrusive surgeries he underwent. In 1948, at the age of 15, his jaw had become fused so he could no longer eat solid food and had to speak through clenched teeth. At a young age he faced difficulty sitting down, as well, his hips were one of the first anatomical parts to become immobilized due to heterotopic ossification. Soon, bone extended onto his sternum, tying his arms to his breast. Sheets of bone spread along his back and ribbons of bone extended from there to his skull, inhibiting proper head movement; the new bone growths throughout the years caused juts of bone to form on his pelvis and thighs, it caused both of his feet to become clubbed.

One year he accidentally bumped his buttocks into a radiator, this resulted in a bruise wherein the smooth tissue was destroyed and gave way to newly formed bone. The only mobility that Eastlack had left was that of his eyes and tongue; as the disease progressed, Eastlack struggled more with