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Venus with a Mirror

Venus with a Mirror is a painting by Titian, now in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC, it is considered to be one of the collection's highlights. The pose of the Venus resembles the classical statues of the Venus de' Medici in Florence or the Capitoline Venus in Rome, which Titian may have seen when he wrote, "learning from the marvelous ancient stones." The painting is said to celebrate the ideal beauty of the female form, or to be a critique of vanity, or both. It was copied by several artists, including Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck. Titian made a number of paintings of the same subject, but this is the believed to be the earliest and the only version to be by the hand of Titian, without additions by his assistants, it remained in his house until his death in 1576. X-rays of the painting have revealed that Titian painted it over a double portrait which he had abandoned. Titian kept the red cloak of one of the figures in the abandoned painting and placed it under Venus's arm.

The use of the cloak from the earlier painting played a large part in the composition of the new painting. Titian is believed to have made another version of this Venus for the Venetian lawyer Niccolo Crasso, who commissioned Titian to paint the Retable of Saint Nicholas de Bari at about the same time. A drawing of the other version was included by Anthony van Dyck in the sketchbook made during his trip to Italy; this other version is now lost. Titian is thought to have made a second copy, sent to his regular patron King Philip II of Spain, in 1567; this version was lost, but a copy of it by Peter Paul Rubens exists, in the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum in Madrid. In 1581, five years after Titian's death, the contents of his house in Venice, including the Venus with a Mirror, were sold by his son and heir Pomponio Vechellio to Christoforo Barbarigo. In 1850 the Russian Consul-General in Venice, A. Kvostov, purchased the painting, along with a large number of other masterpieces, from the Barbarigo family, for Czar Nicholas I for the sum of 525,000 francs, it entered the collection of the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg.

In 1931, in order to earn foreign currency for the first of the Five-Year Plans for the National Economy of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin and the Soviet government secretly sold the painting, along with a number of other masterpieces, to a syndicate of art dealers, who sold it to the American collector Andrew Mellon, who wished to create a national art museum for the United States. Mellon donated it to the United States Government in 1937, it was one of the first masterpieces to be displayed in the National Gallery of Art in Washington when it opened in 1941. The pose of the painting may have been influenced by Ancient Greek and Roman statues of Venus Titian could have seen in Rome and Florence, he was influenced by his teacher Giovanni Bellini, the leader of the Venetian school of painters, known for their masterful use of color. The theme of the painting was adapted by a number of artists, including Peter Paul Rubens and Diego Velázquez; the painting itself was the inspiration for the protagonist Severin's imagination in the 1870 novel Venus in Furs by Leopold von Sacher-Masoch.

List of original Hermitage paintings in the National Gallery of Art Humfrey, Titien, Tout l'oeuvre peint, Ludion, 2007, ISBN 978-90-5544-689-6 Nicholas Ilyin and Natalia Semonova, Prodanniy Sokrovischye Rossiyi, Trilisnik Publishers, Moscow, ISBN 5-89480-027-7

First Biesheuvel cabinet

The First Biesheuvel cabinet was the cabinet of the Netherlands from 6 July 1971 until 9 August 1972. The cabinet was formed by the political parties Catholic People's Party, People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, Anti-Revolutionary Party, Christian Historical Union and the Democratic Socialists'70 after the election of 1971; the centre cabinet was a majority government in the House of Representatives. It was the first of two cabinets of Barend Biesheuvel, the Leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party as Prime Minister, with Roelof Nelissen of the Catholic People's Party and Molly Geertsema the Deputy Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy serving as Deputy Prime Ministers. Problems of the cabinet were the release of war criminals and the increasing inflation, combined with a stagnating economy; the decision to cut government expenses was not supported by DS'70, so the cabinet lost its majority in the parliament, resulting in Biesheuvel II. Minister Stuyt, the first minister for environmental affairs, issued an urgency-note concerning the environment.

In 1972, the first report from the Club of Rome was published, which showed that the environment is in a bad state worldwide and that resources will run out. The cabinet voted to allow China back into the United Nations. Retained this position from the previous cabinet. Resigned. Official Kabinet-Biesheuvel I en II Parlement & Politiek Kabinet-Biesheuvel Rijksoverheid

Morris Levy

Morris Levy was an American entrepreneur in the fields of jazz clubs, music publishing, the independent record industry. He is known as the founder and owner of Roulette Records, the Birdland jazz club and the Roulette Room. At the peak of his businesses, Levy owned more than 90 companies employing 900 people, including record-pressing plants, tape-duplicating plants, a distribution company, a prominent New England chain of 81 record stores, numerous record labels. Levy, who went by "Moishe" or "Mo" within the record industry, was described by Billboard magazine as "one of the record industry's most controversial and flamboyant players" and by Variety as "The Octopus", for his far-reaching control, disproportionate to the size of his companies, in every area of the record business. AllMusic described him as "a notorious crook who swindled artists out of their owed royalties." Levy was known for falsely taking writing credit in order to receive royalties—enriching himself at the expense of many of his signed artists black R&B artists.

Levy was convicted of extortion in 1990, on charges from an FBI investigation of the alleged infiltration of organized crime into the record business. Levy died after losing an appeal. Levy was born a Sephardic Jew in New York City, his father and older brother died of pneumonia. He quit school at the age of 13 and ran away to Florida, where he worked as a photographer in and around nightclubs, he joined the United States Navy. He persuaded the owners of the nightclub where he worked to buy a club in New York, subsequently managing the club as the Cock Lounge, it became successful, attracting musicians such as Charlie Parker and Dexter Gordon, allowed Levy to set up another club, Birdland, in 1949. At Birdland, Levy was approached by a representative of ASCAP, seeking payment on behalf of songwriters for booking live music, he appreciated the potential profits that could accrue from owning music copyrights. He formed a publishing company, Patricia Music, for which he acquired the rights to songs performed in his clubs.

In 1956, he founded Roulette Records with George Goldner to release rock and roll music but diversifying into jazz. At one point he claimed the rights to the phrase rock and roll itself, which became employed after its use by his friend Alan Freed. Levy was known to add his name to the songwriting credits of many artists who recorded for his label. In June 1975, Levy and Nathan McCalla, a vice president of Roulette Records, were indicted for assaulting an off-duty police officer, Charles Heinz, causing Heinz to lose an eye; the case was dismissed, all records were sealed. McCalla was subsequently murdered in Florida. In the mid-1970s, Levy filed a much-publicized lawsuit against John Lennon for appropriating a line from the Chuck Berry song "You Can't Catch Me" in the Beatles' song "Come Together." Lennon settled with Levy by agreeing to record three songs from Levy's publishing catalogue during the sessions for his 1975 LP Rock'n' Roll, co-produced with Phil Spector. After complications due to Spector's erratic behavior, after attempts at a second agreement failed, Levy used demo recordings by Lennon to produce and release a mail-order album entitled Roots.

Levy sued Lennon and was awarded $6,795, but he was countersued by Lennon, Capitol, EMI, Apple Records, who won an award of $145,300. Beginning in 1984, the FBI targeted Levy in a 3½ year investigation into the alleged infiltration of organized crime into the record business; the case against Levy involved the extortion of John LaMonte, a record wholesaler in Darby, Pennsylvania. LaMonte had agreed to purchase records valued at $1.25 million from Levy in a 1984 deal, when LaMonte subsequently refused to pay the full price, claiming that the best titles had been removed from the 60-truckload delivery, Levy arranged to extort the money from him. LaMonte was subsequently assaulted. Levy's arrest in September 1986 at the Boston Ritz Carlton Hotel was televised nationally. Earlier that year, near the end of the investigation, Levy sold Roulette Records and his publishing rights. During its investigation, the FBI suspected that Levy had used the Roulette Room as a front for Vincent Gigante the boss of the Genovese crime family and that Levy had had ties to organized crime for 20 years.

Much of the trial evidence came from covertly recorded conversations taken from wiretaps and listening devices planted in the phones and business offices of Levy and Gaetano Vastola. Levy had a sign behind his desk that read, "O Lord! Give me a Bastard with talent" where the FBI had inserted a microphone inside the letter'O' of Lord. Two holes were drilled in the ceiling for cameras. Levy was convicted in December 1988 by a Federal jury in Camden, New Jersey, of two counts of conspiring to extort. Convicted were Howard Fisher and Dominick Canterino. Levy vehemently denied the charges. At his sentencing hearing, his attorneys cited his extensive philanthropic work, while FBI agents testified that Levy had been a major supplier of heroin for a convicted Philadelphia drug dealer, Roland Bartlett. In 1988 Levy was sentenced to 10 years in prison and fined $200,000, subsequently appealing his conviction. Canterino was sentenced to 12 years in prison. Lamonte entered the federal witness protection program.

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Ivan Elez

Ivan Elez is a Croatian football player. He is a left winger a free agent after playing for NK Dugopolje in the Druga HNL. Elez was born in Split and started to play football in the mid-1990s at local club NK Omladinac Vranjic. In 1994, he was spotted by Hajduk Split, started his professional career by joining the club in March of that year, he played for Hajduk until 1999, before moving to second-division club NK Mosor starting in the reserve team. After two seasons, he was promoted to the first team. After two seasons with Mosor, he left and signed with NK Uskok, where he played for two seasons with some success. In the summer of 2005, Elez left Uskok and started to play for NK Slaven Belupo in the Croatian First Division, where he remained for two seasons, before joining NK Zadar. Elez remained at Zadar before leaving to play with Second Division side NK Solin. After just half a season with Solin, Ivan returned to the first division, signing a contract with HNK Šibenik. Ivan Elez at Soccerway

Chaula (month)

Chaulā is the sixth month in the Nepal Era calendar, the national lunar calendar of Nepal. The month coincides with April in the Gregorian calendar. Chaulā begins with the new moon and the full moon falls on the 15th of the lunar month; the month is divided into the bright and dark fortnights which are known as Chaulā Thaw and Chaulā Gā respectively. One of the major events that occur during this month is Jana Baha Dyah Jatra, the chariot festival of the Buddhist deity White Machhendranath, the Bodhisattva of compassion, it ends on the 10th day. The Hindu festival of Chaitra Dasain falls on the 8th day of the bright fortnight, it is a smaller version of the Dasain festival. The 9th day is Rama Navami; the full moon day is known as Lhuti Punhi. In Kathmandu, people celebrate the holiday by bathing at the stone water spouts of Balaju and climbing the nearby sacred hilltop of Jamacho; the 15th day of the dark fortnight is Nepalese Mother's Day, known as Mātā Tirtha Aunsi or Māmyā Khwā Swayegu

Henri Decaƫ

Henri Decaë gained fame as a cinematographer entering the film industry as a sound engineer and sound editor. He was a photojournalist in the French army during World War II. After the war he began making documentary shorts and photographing industrial and commercial films. In 1947 he made his first feature film. Decaë is associated with directors who influenced, or were part of, the French New Wave; these include Louis Malle and Claude Chabrol. Decaë first worked as a cinematographer with Melville on Le Silence de la Mer. Decaë edited and mixed the sound. Although Decaë worked with Melville on Les enfants terribles, which as Williams commented "...the work is more to be viewed as a stunning demonstration of the cinematic possibilities of faithful literary adaptation in the hands of a gifted director", according to Marie it was his distinctive camera work on Bob le flambeur which caught the attention of the Cahiers critics. Malle hired him for Chabrol for his first three features, they had been lucky as Decaë was finding it hard to get work at that time as he was being informally shunned by many after participating in a critical film about the Korean War.

By the time Decaë worked for François Truffaut on The 400 Blows he came with a reputation, which meant that he was the highest-paid person on the film. Decaë's liking for natural light, his ability to work at speed as well as his excellent photographic sensibility led to him working with René Clément on several features beginning with Plein soleil, it was Decaë".... He made the New Wave possible, backing up Melville, Malle and Truffaut." For bibliographical references see bibliography under Cinema of France. Silence de la mer, Le Jean-Pierre Melville Enfants terribles, Les Jean-Pierre Melville Bernard and the Lion Bob le flambeur Jean-Pierre Melville Amants, Les Louis Malle Le Beau Serge Claude Chabrol Ascenseur pour l'échafaud Louis Malle Quatre cents coups, Les. François Truffaut Les Cousins. Claude Chabrol À double tour Claude Chabrol Che gioia vivere René Clément Plein Soleil René Clément Les Bonnes Femmes Claude Chabrol Léon Morin, prêtre Jean-Pierre Melville Vie privée Louis Malle Eva Joseph Losey Les Sept péchés capitaux Philippe de Broca / Claude Chabrol.

This is a blend of the commercial work of'Cinéma de papa' directors and representatives of the New Wave including Jean-Luc Godard, Jacques Demy and Roger Vadim. Anger is the first sin to be treated by Sylvain Dhomme. Molinaro makes a version of Envy. Philippe de Broca makes Gluttony. Jacques Demy is next with Lust. Godard tackles Sloth with Eddie Constantine playing a loafer for a change, not his Lemmy Caution-like nerveless violence. Pride comes from Roger Vadim. Le Jour et l'heure René Clément. L’Aîné des Ferchaux Jean-Pierre Melville: Stars Jean-Paul Belmondo; the Bread Peddler Dragées au poivre by Jacques Baratier, but stars Belmondo, Monica Vitti, Anna Karina and Roger Vadim–these last in small parts. Les Félins René Clément. Stars Alain Delon and Jane Fonda. B & W. Thriller La Ronde Roger Vadim. Starred famous New Wave actress Anna Karina as well as Jane Fonda; the Black Tulip Viva Maria! 1965) Louis Malle. Stars Brigitte Bardot, Jeanne Moreau. Genre: Adventure / Comedy / Western; the Thief of Paris Louis Malle.

Stars Belmondo. Le Samouraï. Jean-Pierre Melville. Stars Delon; the Sicilian Clan, directed by Henri Verneuil and starring Alain Delon Two People Directed by Robert Wise, stars Peter Fonda and Lindsay Wagner La vengeance du serpent à plumes, directed by Gérard Oury, stars Coluche and Josiane Balasko Henri Decaë on IMDb