Verein für Bewegungsspiele Stuttgart 1893 e. V. known as VfB Stuttgart, is a German sports club based in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg. The club is best known for its football team, part of Germany's second division 2. Bundesliga. VfB Stuttgart has won the national championship five times, most in 2006–07; the football team plays its home games at the Mercedes-Benz Arena, in the Neckarpark, located near the Cannstatter Wasen where the city's fall beer festival takes place. Second team side VfB Stuttgart II plays in the Regionalliga Südwest, the second highest division allowed for a reserve team; the club's junior teams have won the national U19 championships a record ten times and the Under 17 Bundesliga six times. A membership-based club with over 64,000 members, VfB is the largest sports club in Baden-Württemberg and the fifth-largest in Germany, it has departments for fistball, hockey and field, table-tennis and football referees, all of which compete only at the amateur level. The club maintains a social department, the VfB-Garde.
Verein für Bewegungsspiele Stuttgart was formed through a 2 April 1912 merger of predecessor sides Stuttgarter FV and Kronen-Club Cannstatt following a meeting in the Concordia hotel in Cannstatt. Each of these clubs was made up of school pupils with middle-class roots who learned new sports such as rugby union and football from English expatriates such as William Cail who introduced rugby in 1865. Stuttgarter Fußballverein was founded at the Zum Becher hotel in Stuttgart on 9 September 1893. FV were a rugby club, playing games at Stöckach-Eisbahn before moving to Cannstatter Wasen in 1894; the rugby club established a football section in 1908. The team drew players from local schools, under the direction of teacher Carl Kaufmann, achieved its first success. Rugby was soon replaced by football within the club, as spectators found the game too complicated to follow. In 1909, FV joined the Süddeutschen Fußballverband. In their second season FV won a district final against future merger partner Kronen-Klub Cannstatt before being defeated by FV Zuffenhausen in the county championship that would have seen the side promoted.
They advanced to the senior Südkreis-Liga in 1912. Cannstatter Fußballklub was formed as a rugby club in 1890 and quickly established a football team; this club was dissolved after just a few years of play and the former membership re-organized themselves as FC Krone Cannstatt in 1897 to compete as a football-only side. The new team joined the Süddeutschen Fußballverband as a second division club and won promotion in 1904. Krone possessed their own ground. Following the 1912 merger of these two clubs, the combined side played at first in the Kreisliga Württemberg and in the Bezirksliga Württemberg-Baden, earning a number of top three finishes and claiming a title there in 1927; the club made several appearances in the final rounds of the SFV in the late 1920s and early 1930s. In 1933, VfB moved to the site of its current ground. German football was re-organized that same year under the Third Reich into sixteen top-flight divisions called Gauligen. Stuttgart played in the Gauliga Württemberg and enjoyed considerable success there, winning division titles in 1935, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1943 before the Gauliga system collapsed part way through the 1944–45 season due to World War II.
The club had an intense rivalry with Stuttgarter Kickers throughout this period. VfB's Gauliga titles earned the team entry to the national playoff rounds, with their best result coming in 1935 when they advanced to the final where they lost 4–6 to defending champions Schalke 04, the dominant side of the era. After a third-place result at the national level in 1937, Stuttgart was not able to advance out of the preliminary rounds in subsequent appearances. After the war, VfB continued to play first division football in the Oberliga Süd, capturing titles in 1946, 1952, 1954, they made regular appearances in the German championship rounds, emerging as national champions in 1950 and 1952, finishing as runner-up in 1953, winning two DFB-Pokal titles in 1954 and 1958. The team which won four titles in eight years was led by Robert Schlienz who had lost his left arm in a car crash. Despite these successes, no player from the Stuttgart squad had a place in the team that won the 1954 FIFA World Cup. Due to disappointing results in international competition including the 1958 and 1962 FIFA World Cup, in response to the growth of professionalism in the sport, the German Football Association replaced the regional top flight competitions with a single nationwide professional league in 1963.
Stuttgart's solid play through the 1950s earned them a place among the 16 clubs that would make up the original Bundesliga. As an amateur organisation, due to proverbial Swabian austerity, the club hesitated to spend money, some players continued to work in an everyday job. Throughout the balance of the decade and until the mid-1970s, the club would earn mid-table results. One of the few stars of the time was Gilbert Gress from Strasbourg. In 1973, the team qualified for the UEFA Cup for the first time and advanced to the semi-finals of the 1974 tournament where they were eliminated by eventual winners Feyenoord. VfB Stuttgart was in crisis in the mid-1970s, having missed new trends in football such as
Keith Andrew Leonard is an English former footballer who played for Aston Villa as a striker. He played on loan at Port Vale, played non-league football for Kidderminster Harriers and Highgate United, he won the League Cup with Villa in 1975, was promoted out of the Second Division. He became a coach, led the Aston Villa youth players to FA Youth Cup victory in 1980. Born in Birmingham, after playing non-league football with Highgate United, Leonard joined Aston Villa in April 1972, he made a few appearances before breaking his right leg in two places in a road accident. After recovering from his injuries he spent a few months on loan to Port Vale to regain fitness. Arriving at Vale Park in November 1973, he scored once in 13 Third Division appearances, his performances persuaded the club to offer Villa £5,000 for his services on a permanent basis; the bid failed and he returned to Villa Park in February 1974. "Valiants" manager Roy Sproson was again rebuffed. On his return he played alongside Brian Little in their 1974–75 Second Division promotion campaign and in the 1975 League Cup final 1–0 victory over Norwich City at Wembley.
A knee injury forced his retirement in 1976 and prompted manager Ron Saunders to sign Andy Gray from Dundee United as his replacement. Leonard took up coaching under Saunders at Aston Villa, led the youth team to victory in the FA Youth Cup in 1980; when Saunders joined Birmingham City in 1982, he appointed Leonard as first-team coach. After Saunders' resignation in 1986 Leonard acted as Birmingham's caretaker manager for one game before being dismissed when John Bond was appointed as Saunders' permanent successor, he went on to coach at West Bromwich Albion before leaving football to work at the Solihull Land Rover plant. Source: as Aston Villa player Second Division runners-up: 1974–75 League Cup winners: 1975 as Aston Villa youth team coach FA Youth Cup winners: 1980
Afazalpur Dhobghati Saidpur Village is a village in Bihar, India. Afazalpur Dhobghati Saidpur Village is located at 25°45′32.5″N 85°15′38.2″E State:Bihar District:vaishali district Sub-district:Hajipur Area of village:100 Number of households:341 Total population=2,224 Total male population=1150 Total female population=1,074 Scheduled castes population =703 Scheduled castes male =373 Scheduled castes Females=330 Number of primary schools =01 Number of middle schools = 01 college available within range=Between 5 km and 10 km Allopathic hospitals available with in range=More than 10 km Maternity and child welfare centre available with in range =More than 10 km Primary health centre availablewithin range=More than 10 km Post and phone facilities =available Post office available within range=With in 5 km Number of telephone connections =03 Bus services available within range=More than 10 km Railway service available withinrange=With in 5 km Navigable water way availablewithin range=More than 10 km Commercial Available within range=With in 5 km Co-operative bank available withinrange=More than 10 km Cinema / video-hall available with in range =More than 10 km Sports club available range=More than 10 km Stadium /auditorium available with in range =More than 10 km Nearest town =Hajipur Distance from the nearest town =8 km Power supply facilities =available Electricity for domestic use=01 News paper/magazine facilities =available Newspaper =available Magazine=available Total irrigated area =58.16 other=58.16 Unirrigated area=20.26 Culturable waste =4.86 Area not available for cultivation =17.06
Shruti Sadolikar Katkar is an Indian classical singer of the khyal style in the Jaipur-Atrauli gharana. She is a recipient of the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for Hindustani vocal music for 2011. Sadolikar was born 1951 into a family from Kolhapur, known for its musical tradition, she received training in Indian classical music from childhood. Her initial training was given by her father, Wamanrao Sadolikar, taught by the founder of the Jaipur-Atrauli gharana, Alladiya Khan, his son Bhurji Khan. Following her studies with her father, Sadolikar learnt music for twelve years from Gulubhai Jasdanwala, known for his large collection of raga compositions, including compositions in rare ragas. Sadolikar earned a master's degree from SNDT Women's University in Mumbai and wrote a thesis on Haveli Sangeet, a type of temple music. Sadolikar performs all forms of Indian classical and semi-classical music, including thumri and natya sangeet, has performed in India, the United States, Switzerland and the West Asian countries.
She had several musical and educational recordings published and holds the Homi Bhabha Fellowship of the National Centre for the Performing Arts. In 1999, Sadolikar produced a play named "Sangeet Tulsidas" for which she set the music, she performed for SPIC MACAY to interest young Indians in Indian classical music. Sadolikar has performed playback for Indian movies, she had Katkar added to her name after marriage and is a student of Azizuddin Khan, son of Burji Khan. Sadolikar works as Vice Chancellor of the Bhatkhande Music Institute University in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. Shruti Sadolikar at AllMusic
The Retinoic Acid-Inducible orphan G-protein-coupled receptors are a group of four related G protein-coupled receptors whose expression is induced by retinoic acid. The exact function of these proteins has not been determined but they may provide a mechanism by which retinoic acid can influence G protein signal transduction cascades. In addition, RAIG receptors interact with members of the frizzled class of G protein-coupled receptors and appear to activate the Wnt signaling pathway. "GPRC5 Receptors". IUPHAR Database of Receptors and Ion Channels. International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. GPRC5A+protein,+human at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings GPRC5B+protein,+human at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings GPRC5C+protein,+human at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings
Kripa known as Kripacharya or Krupacharya or better phonetically written as Kṛpāchārya is fourth Avatar of Brahma and is an important character in the Mahābhārata, one of the seven Chiranjivi. He was the son of Śaradvān and Jānapadī, born in a extraordinary manner, he along with his sister Kripi were adopted by King Shantanu. On Kripa became an acharya, teacher of the royal children, giving him the name Kripacharya, his twin sister Kripi married Drona. Kripa was among the Maharathis who fought on the Kauravas's side against the Pandavas in the Kurukshetra war in the Hindu epic of the Mahabharata. Along with others, Kripa is considered to be foremost among the rishis in Kaliyuga. Kripa will become one of the Saptarishi in the 8th Manvantara. Gautama Maharishi had a grandson called Śaradvān. Śaradvān was born with arrows. As he matured, he became such a great archer, began doing penance to become an unbeatable one; this threatened the gods Indra. He sent a beautiful Apsara, from heaven to distract the celibate saint.
Śaradvān was distracted by the sight of such a beautiful woman and lost some control, dropping his weapons and retreating into the forest to undergo more penance. His semen fell on some weeds by the wayside, dividing the weeds into two - from which a boy and a girl were born; the king of Hastinapura, Shantanu saw the children by the wayside. He named them Kripa and Kripi, decided to take them back with him to his palace; when Śaradvān came to know of these children he came to the palace, revealed their identity and performed the various rituals which are performed for the children of Brahmins. He taught the children archery, the Vedas, other Shashtras; the children grew up to become experts in the art of warfare. Kripa was now assigned the task of teaching the young princes all about warfare. On reaching adulthood, Kripa was the chief priest at the court of Hastinapura, his twin sister Kripi married Drona, the weapons master to the court - who, like her and her brother, had not been gestated in a womb, but outside the human body.
He fought in the great battle of Kurukshetra for the Kaurava side. He was one of the three survivors remaining from the Kaurava side. Afterwards, he was appointed to be the preceptor of Parikshit, the grandson of Arjuna. In Udyoga Parva of the Mahabharata, Bhishma declared Kripa as a mighty Maharathi, or a warrior capable of fighting 60,000 warriors simultaneously; as noted in sloka given below, he is one of the eight Chiranjivin (the "immortals" who are to remain alive throughout the Kali Yuga. मार्कन्देयबलिर्व्यासो अश्वत्थामा:हनुमांश्च विभीषण:कृपश्चपरशुरामश्च अष्टचिरंजिविन:। "The Mahabharata, Book 1-18". Sacred-texts.com