Victoria is the capital city of the Canadian province of British Columbia, located on the southern tip of Vancouver Island off Canada's Pacific coast. The city has a population of 85,792, the Greater Victoria Area has a population of 367,770. Victoria is the 7th most densely populated city in Canada with 4,405.8 people per square kilometre, a greater population density than Toronto. Victoria is the southernmost major city in Western Canada, is about 100 km from British Columbia's largest city of Vancouver on the mainland; the city is about 100 km from Seattle by airplane, ferry, or the Victoria Clipper passenger-only ferry which operates daily, year round between Seattle and Victoria, 40 km from Port Angeles, Washington, by ferry Coho across the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Named after Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and, at the time, British North America, Victoria is one of the oldest cities in the Pacific Northwest, with British settlement beginning in 1843; the city has retained a large number of its historic buildings, in particular its two most famous landmarks, Parliament Buildings and the Empress hotel.
The city's Chinatown is the second oldest in North America after San Francisco's. The region's Coast Salish First Nations peoples established communities in the area long before non-native settlement several thousand years earlier, which had large populations at the time of European exploration. Known as "The Garden City", Victoria is an attractive city and a popular tourism destination with a regional technology sector that has risen to be its largest revenue-generating private industry. Victoria is according to Numbeo; the city has a large non-local student population, who come to attend the Victoria College of Art, the Canadian College of Performing Arts, high school programs run by the region's three school districts. Victoria is popular with boaters with its rugged beaches. Victoria is popular with retirees, who come to enjoy the temperate and snow-free climate of the area as well as the relaxed pace of the city. Prior to the arrival of European navigators in the late 1700s, the Victoria area was home to several communities of Coast Salish peoples, including the Songhees.
The Spanish and British took up the exploration of the northwest coast, beginning with the visits of Juan Pérez in 1774, of James Cook in 1778. Although the Victoria area of the Strait of Juan de Fuca was not explored until 1790, Spanish sailors visited Esquimalt Harbour in 1790, 1791, 1792. In 1841 James Douglas was charged with the duty of setting up a trading post on the southern tip of Vancouver Island, upon the recommendation by George Simpson a new more northerly post be built in case Fort Vancouver fell into American hands. Douglas founded Fort Victoria on the site of present-day Victoria in anticipation of the outcome of the Oregon Treaty in 1846, extending the British North America/United States border along the 49th parallel from the Rockies to the Strait of Georgia. Erected in 1843 as a Hudson's Bay Company trading post on a site called Camosun known as "Fort Albert", the settlement was renamed Fort Victoria in November 1843, in honour of Queen Victoria; the Songhees established a village across the harbour from the fort.
The Songhees' village was moved north of Esquimalt in 1911. The crown colony was established in 1849. Between the years 1850-1854 a series of treaty agreements known as the Douglas Treaties were made with indigenous communities to purchase certain plots of land in exchange for goods; these agreements contributed to a town being laid out on the site and made the capital of the colony, though controversy has followed about the ethical negotiation and upholding of rights by the colonial government. The superintendent of the fort, Chief Factor James Douglas was made the second governor of the Vancouver Island Colony, would be the leading figure in the early development of the city until his retirement in 1864; when news of the discovery of gold on the British Columbia mainland reached San Francisco in 1858, Victoria became the port, supply base, outfitting centre for miners on their way to the Fraser Canyon gold fields, mushrooming from a population of 300 to over 5000 within a few days. Victoria was incorporated as a city in 1862.
In 1865, the North Pacific home of the Royal Navy was established in Esquimalt and today is Canada's Pacific coast naval base. In 1866 when the island was politically united with the mainland, Victoria was designated the capital of the new united colony instead of New Westminster – an unpopular move on the Mainland – and became the provincial capital when British Columbia joined the Canadian Confederation in 1871. In the latter half of the 19th century, the Port of Victoria became one of North America's largest importers of opium, serving the opium trade from Hong Kong and distribution into North America. Opium trade was legal and unregulated until 1865 the legislature issued licences and levied duties on its import and sale; the opium trade was banned in 1908. In 1886, with the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway terminus on Burrard Inlet, Victoria's position as the commercial centre of British Columbia was irrevocably lost to the city of Vancouver, British Columbia; the city subsequently began cultivating an image of genteel civility within its natural setting, aided by the impressions of visitors such as Rudyard Kipling, the openin
Steven Anthony Jacobs is a Guyanese cricketer who plays for the Guyanese national side in West Indian domestic cricket, as well as representing the Guyana Amazon Warriors franchise in the Caribbean Premier League. He is an all-rounder who bats bowls off spin. Jacobs was born in the capital of Guyana, he played for the West Indies under-19s at the 2008 Under-19 World Cup in Malaysia, as vice-captain to Sharmarh Brooks. At the tournament, Jacobs won two man of the match awards – against Papua New Guinea he scored 101 from 86 balls, while against Ireland he took 3/18 and made 40 not out, he had made his first-class debut before appearing in the World Cup, playing two matches for Guyana in the 2005–06 Carib Beer Cup, aged 17. During the 2008–09 season, Jacobs played himself in Guyana's four-day and one-day teams, scoring maiden half-centuries in both forms of the game. However, he fell out of the form the following season, did not regain a regular position until the 2012–13 season. In the 2012–13 Regional Four Day Competition, Jacobs scored 245 runs, placing him behind only Leon Johnson and Assad Fudadin for Guyana, took 17 wickets, behind only Veerasammy Permaul and Devendra Bishoo amongst his teammates.
He signed with the Amazon Warriors for the inaugural 2013 Caribbean Premier League season, but has only made sporadic appearances for the team. On 3 June 2018, he was selected to play for the Vancouver Knights in the players' draft for the inaugural edition of the Global T20 Canada tournament. Player profile and statistics at CricketArchive Player profile and statistics at ESPNcricinfo
Mixed Group is a parliamentary group active in both houses of the Italian Parliament, the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. The groups comprise all the deputies and the senators who are not members of any other parliamentary group. For them, membership of the Mixed Groups is the default option. Members of the Mixed Groups may form sub-groups reflecting their party affiliation. Three deputies are needed for the formation of a sub-group in the Chamber, while individual senators can form sub-groups in the Senate. During the 18th Legislature, as of December 2019, the group is composed by the following members: As of March 2018, the Groups included 62 deputies and 28 senators; the President of the Chamber of Deputies, Laura Boldrini, belonged to the Mixed Group. At the end of the 17th Legislature, the group was composed by the following members: At the end of the 16th Legislature, the group was composed by the following members: At the end of the 15th Legislature, the group was composed by the following members: At the end of the 14th Legislature, the group was composed by the following members: At the end of the 13th Legislature, the group was composed by the following members