Victoria International Airport serves Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. It is 12 nautical miles north northwest of Victoria on the Saanich Peninsula, with the bulk of the airport in North Saanich, a small portion of the airfield extending into Sidney; the airport is run by the Victoria Airport Authority. YYJ has many nonstop daily flights to Vancouver International Airport, a major airport serving many global routes. Additionally, Victoria International has nonstop service to Seattle, Montreal, Calgary and several smaller cities in British Columbia and Yukon; the airport has seasonal nonstop service to several Mexican resort destinations. Non-stop service between Victoria and the United States will decrease by 50% beginning in September 2019 when Delta Airlines permanently ends its three daily flights, after which only Alaska Airlines will fly the Victoria - Seattle route. Victoria International Airport is classified as an airport of entry by Nav Canada and is staffed by the Canada Border Services Agency.
CBSA officers at this airport can handle aircraft with no more than 450 passengers, when unloaded from the aircraft in stages, or 120 normally. YYJ does not have United States customs and border preclearance, however many passengers fly first to Vancouver International Airport, which does have U. S. preclearance. In 2018, YYJ served 2,048,627 passengers and had 120,936 aircraft movements, making it Canada's 11th busiest airport in terms of passengers, it was British Columbia's third busiest airport in terms of passengers and aircraft movements. Like most airports that are run by local authorities in Canada, YYJ charges an airport improvement fee for each outgoing passenger; as of December 2018, it was $15.00 per departing passenger. AIF fees are added to fares and collected automatically by most airlines; the airport started in 1939 as a grass strip, was used as a military training airfield. During the early part of WWII, the airfield was used as Royal Air Force Station Patricia Bay, for training personnel for basic flying training, preparatory to returning them to the UK.
In 1942 the aerodrome was listed as RCAF Aerodrome - Patricia Bay, British Columbia at 48°39′N 123°26′W with a variation of 24 degrees E and elevation of 25 feet. The aerodrome was listed with three runways as follows: The airport is located beside Patricia Bay, due to the prevalence of flying boats at the time, proved to be an excellent location; the Department of Transport took over the airport in 1948. It was called Victoria Airport, many locals still refer to it as the "Pat Bay Airport". Trans-Canada Airlines began regular service in 1943; the last Royal Canadian Air Force unit left the airport in 1952. In the late 1980s the RCAF returned to the property when 443 Helicopter Squadron began operating CH-124 Sea King ship-borne anti-submarine helicopters from Victoria International Airport; the RCAF refers to 443 Squadron operations at the airport as the Patricia Bay Heliport. In 1959, the airport was renamed the "Victoria International Airport". In 1997, as part of a broad scale restructuring of airports across Canada, Transport Canada, gave operational control of the airport to the Victoria Airport Authority.
In 2000, the Victoria Airport Authority began the process of renovating and expanding the terminal to meet passenger needs. In 2002, the new "airside hold room" and the new "arrivals rotunda" were rebuilt. By 2005, the new "departures area" was completed. In May 2005, the federal government, which owns the land, announced a reduction in the rent paid by the Victoria Airport Authority; this will save $0.6 million Canadian each year and $12 million CAD over the life of the lease, 50 years. In September 2018, United Airlines announced that the daily United Express flight from Victoria to San Francisco would permanently end on 07 January 2019, concluding over a decade of daily non-stop service between the two cities. In March 2019, Delta Airlines announced that all Delta flights from Victoria to Seattle would permanently end on 02 September 2019, concluding a three year presence by the airline in Victoria and leaving Alaska Airlines as the only airline serving Victoria directly from Seattle or anywhere in the United States.
Delta's decision marked the second airline to leave Victoria in 2019 after United Airlines withdrew service in January 2019. The main terminal has nine gates, organized as gates 1–2 and 4–10. Gates 1,2 and 9,10 are equipped with aircraft loading bridges. Gates 1,2,5 and 6 are used to handle international passenger arrivals. There are three luggage carousels: two located at the arrivals area for domestic passengers, one for international flights located inside the customs area; as of December 1, 2010, time limited, ad supported Wi-Fi internet service provided by Telus is available terminal wide. Nearly all commercial flights at Victoria fly either to Seattle. Seasonal scheduled flights by Air Transat, Sunwing Airlines, WestJet connect Victoria to tourist destinations in Mexico. For the Summer 2017 season, Air Canada Rouge operated wide-body Boeing 767s on its daily flights to Toronto Victoria Airport Authority's 2008 master plan laid out a timeline of proposed changes to the airport. Full parallel taxiway E to runway 09/27.
New taxiway exit from runway 09 to taxiway S. New maintenance facility and fire hall on the west side of the airport. First phase of apron IV expansion to accommodate interim demand. Extend approach lighting on runway 27 b
Germà Colón i Doménech is a notable philologist of Romance philology and Catalan lexicology. He was appointed a professor in Switzerland. Germà Colón studied romance philology in the University of Barcelona with famous philologists such as Antoni Maria Badia i Margarit and Martí de Riquer, before graduating in 1951, he got his PhD the next year with a thesis about dialectology. Afterwards he got a grant and went to Lovaina and Zurich, where he met some of the most prestigious European romanists, such as dialectologist Sever Pop, author of La dialectologie; the Swiss philologist Walther von Wartburg proposed him as a lecturer of Spanish in the University of Basel, where he remained. Since he was promoted gradually: Privat-Dozent since 1959, university teacher in 1963, professor since 1967. After 1997, he became professor emeritus, he was at the same time a teacher at the University of Strasbourg and the Autonomous University of Barcelona. He became a member of the Real Academia de las Buenas Letras de Barcelona and the Commission for the publication of Ramon Llull's works.
He joined as a member of the consultant board of the Els Nostres Clàssics collection and the editorial staff of the magazine Estudis de Llengua i Literatura Catalanes. He has been an honorary consultant of the International Association of Catalan Language and Literature and member of the Institute of Catalan Studies, he received the Sanchis Guarner prize, given by the Jaume I Foundation, the Honorary Price of the Valencian Letters, the Prat de la Riba prize IEC, the Serra d'Or prize, the Creu de Sant Jordi and the Literature Prize of the Generalitat de Catalunya. In 1999 he received the Gran Cruz de Alfonso X el Sabio, he received an honorary degree from the University of Valencia in 1984, from the University of Alicante in October 1990, from the University Jaume I of Castellón and the Autonomous University of Barcelona in January 2003. He has donated his personal library to the University Jaume I of Castellón. El léxico catalán en la Romania. La llengua catalana en els seus textos. El panorama de la lexicografia catalana.
Problemes de la llengua a València i als seus voltants. El español y el catalán, juntos y en contraste. Estudis de filologia catalana i romànica. Para la historia del léxico español. De Ramon Llull al Diccionari de Fabra. Acostament lingüístic als monuments de les lletres catalanes. Biography of Germà Colon in the UAB website. Information about Germà Colon. Foundation Germà Colon i Domènech website
Watford Museum is a local museum in Watford, Hertfordshire, in the United Kingdom. It is located on the Lower High Street in Watford; the museum opened in 1981 and is housed in a Grade II-listed Georgian town house, the premises of Benskins Brewery. Its collection includes fine art, displays about local heritage and sport, with a special collection related to the history of the Cassiobury Estate; the mansion house at 194 Watford High Street was built for the Dyson family around 1775, although there are records of a brewery operating on the site since 1750. The three-storey, red-brick house, built in the Georgian neoclassical style, is fronted by a three-bay pediment with a central bull's eye window, flanked by two lower wings which were added circa 1807. Tall, yellow-brick Victorian brewing premises once stood behind the house, although these have since been demolished; the house was bought in 1867 by Joseph Benskin and continued to operate as a brewery until it was acquired by Ind Coope in 1957.
The mansion house was converted into offices, it was listed grade II by English Heritage in 1952. It became the site of the Watford Museum in 1981 and was opened on 14 March 1981 by the Watford-born actor and comedian, Terry Scott; the museum celebrated its 30th anniversary in 2011. The museum has a significant fine art collection. Works on display include artworks of the Earl of Essex's collection at Cassiobury House, with paintings of the Cassiobury Estate such as A view of Cassiobury Park by John Wootton, View of the South-West Front of Cassiobury House by J. M. W. Turner, Cassiobury Park Gates by Charles Vickers and an 1831 painting of the Cassiobury House Winter Dining Room by William Henry Hunt; the museum houses portraits of a number of Earls of Essex. Among the other works of art on display are oil paintings of the Dutch and Flemish schools, with works by Adam François van der Meulen, Klaes Molenaer, Pieter Neeffs the Elder and Adriaen van Ostade, as well as paintings by Turner, Peter Lely, Ronald Pope and Joshua Reynolds.
A number of acquisitions for the fine art collection have been assisted by grants from the Art Fund, including paintings by Henry Edridge, Sir Hubert von Herkomer, William Henry Hunt and John Wootton, a set of 21 engravings from the Illustrations of the Book of Job by William Blake. The museum's sculpture collection features works in works in bronze and steel by Mary Bromet, Charles Browne, Charles Dyson-Smith, Jacob Epstein, Mario Negri, Ronald Pope and Takaaki. Displays in the museum document the development of Watford Junction railway station, a small galery dedicated to the history of Watford Football Club includes sports memorabilia and a stage costume worn by Elton John; the museum holds an archive collection of documents, printed ephemera and diaries related to Watford townsfolk, local government and businesses. Around a third of the museum's collection is on display. Watford Museum is located on the lower part of Watford High Street, around 160 metres south of the Harlequin Shopping Centre.
Pristimantis ridens known as the pygmy rain frog and the Rio San Juan robber frog, is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is found in western Colombia, through Panama and Costa Rica to Nicaragua and eastern Honduras. Pristimantis ridens are small frogs, with males growing to 19 mm and females to 25 mm in snout–vent length; the dorsal skin is pale brown or yellow in colour, with some pink undertones. There is a darker W-shaped patch just behind the head. Individuals may have two, parallel dorsolateral stripes; the thighs are barred. The ventral colouration is yellow with some dark specks. Pristimantis ridens can be similar to Pristimantis cruentus; the species' natural habitats are humid lowland and montane forests to about 1,600 m above sea level. It occurs disturbed habitats such as degraded secondary vegetation, rural gardens, urban areas
Castello di Amorosa is a castle and a winery located near Calistoga, California. First opening its doors to the public in April 2007, the castle is the pet project of 4th generation vintner, Dario Sattui, who owns and operates the V. Sattui Winery named after his great-grandfather, Vittorio Sattui, who established a winery in San Francisco in 1885 after emigrating from Italy to California; the winery sits on property, once part of an estate owned by Edward Turner Bale. In 1993, Sattui purchased the 171 acres on which the castle lies for $3.1 million spent another $40 million to construct the castle and the winery inside the castle. After graduating with an MBA from the University of California, Berkeley in 1969, Dario Sattui spent 2 years traveling around Europe in an old VW van, during which time he developed an interest in medieval architecture, he took photos and made sketches of various buildings he would visit including medieval castles, palaces and wineries. The castle interiors, which include 107 rooms on 8 levels above and below ground, were 121,000 square feet when opened in 2007.
Key details and building techniques are architecturally faithful to the 12th and 13th century time period. Among many other features, it includes a moat; the torture chamber has an iron maiden said to be from the late Renaissance, which Sattui states he bought for $13,000 in Pienza, Italy. The great hall features frescoes painted by two Italian artists, who took about a year and a half to complete, showcases a 500-year-old fireplace; the masonry and woodwork were fashioned by hand using old world crafting techniques. Building materials included 8,000 tons of locally quarried stone, paving stones, terra cotta roofing tiles, 850,000 bricks imported from Europe. Extending into the hillside adjacent to the castle is a labyrinth of caves some 900 feet in length. Beneath the castle are a 2-acre barrel cellar and tasting rooms where visitors can sample the wines, all sold only at the Castle or through the winery's wine club. Due to Napa County restrictions, the castle and grounds cannot be rented for weddings or receptions, but are available to rent for corporate gatherings and fund raisers.
In May 2012 the county ordered the winery to cease holding a weekly Catholic Mass in the chapel located on the grounds due to lack of use permits. Official website
Jesse Aron, is an American Elvis tribute artist. Born in Chicago, Illinois, he is best known for his vocal styles that are similar to the late Elvis Presley, he has won several awards for his work as an Elvis tribute artist in showcases. Aron started paying tribute to Elvis in 1998, performing in and around his hometown. Janesville, Wisconsin at local fairs and nightclubs. In 2003 Aron entered his first competition at the Potawatomi Bingo Casino Tribute To The King Competition in Milwaukee, where he won first place twice during the four-day event. On August 16, 2009, Aron won the Images of The King World Championship in Memphis, TN the longest standing world championship ETA competition in the world. In 2012 and 2013 Aron qualified for the semi-finals in Elvis Presley Enterprises' Ultimate Elvis Tribute Artist Contest in Memphis, TN. representing Oneida Casino Rockin E Jamboree and Lake George ElvisFest, respectively. In 2013, Aron was named Collingwood Elvis Festival Pro 70's Champion and Collingwood Elvis Festival Overall Grand Champion, earning the highest score in the largest Elvis Festival and Contest in the world.
In 2014, Jesse Aron was award Vocalist of The Year at the Elvis Tribute Artist Industry Awards in Memphis, TN. Aron has received 2 letters of commendation from governors of Wisconsin. Aron performs as Roy Orbison and is accompanied in his shows by his wife, Tarie, a Connie Francis Tribute Artist. Aron resides in Green Bay, Wisconsin. Official Site