Vinton Gray Cerf known as Vint Cerf, is an American Internet pioneer and is recognized as one of "the fathers of the Internet", sharing this title with TCP/IP co-developer Bob Kahn. He has received honorary degrees and awards that include the National Medal of Technology, the Turing Award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Marconi Prize and membership in the National Academy of Engineering. Cerf was born in New Haven, the son of Muriel and Vinton Thurston Cerf. Cerf attended Van Nuys High School with Steve Crocker. While in high school, Cerf worked at Rocketdyne on the Apollo program and helped write statistical analysis software for the non-destructive tests of the F-1 engines. Cerf received a Bachelor's in Science degree in mathematics from Stanford University. After college, Cerf worked at IBM as a systems engineer supporting QUIKTRAN for two years. Cerf and his wife Sigrid both have hearing deficiencies, he left IBM to attend graduate school at UCLA where he earned his M. S. degree in 1970 and his PhD in 1972.
Cerf studied under Professor Gerald Estrin and worked in Professor Leonard Kleinrock's data packet networking group that connected the first two nodes of the ARPANet, the first node on the Internet, "contributed to a host-to-host protocol" for the ARPANet. While at UCLA, Cerf met Bob Kahn, working on the ARPANet system architecture. Cerf wrote the first TCP protocol with Yogen Dalal and Carl Sunshine, called Specification of Internet Transmission Control Program, published in December 1974. Cerf worked as assistant professor at Stanford University from 1972-1976 where he conducted research on packet network interconnection protocols and co-designed the DoD TCP/IP protocol suite with Kahn. Cerf worked at the United States Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency from 1976 to 1982 and funded various groups to develop TCP/IP, packet radio, packet satellite and packet security technology. In the late 1980s, Cerf moved to MCI where he helped develop the first commercial email system to be connected to the Internet.
Cerf is active in a number of global humanitarian organizations. Cerf is known for his sartorial style appearing in a three-piece suit—a rarity in an industry known for its casual dress norms; as vice president of MCI Digital Information Services from 1982 to 1986, Cerf led the engineering of MCI Mail, the first commercial email service to be connected to the Internet. In 1986, he joined Bob Kahn at the Corporation for National Research Initiatives as its vice president, working with Kahn on Digital Libraries, Knowledge Robots, gigabit speed networks, it was during this time, in 1992, that he and Kahn, among others, founded the Internet Society to provide leadership in education and standards related to the Internet. Cerf served as the first president of ISOC. Cerf served as Senior Vice President of Technology Strategy. In this role, he helped to guide corporate strategy development from a technical perspective, he served as MCI's senior vice president of Architecture and Technology, leading a team of architects and engineers to design advanced networking frameworks, including Internet-based solutions for delivering a combination of data, information and video services for business and consumer use.
During 1997, Cerf joined the Board of Trustees of Gallaudet University, a university for the education of the deaf and hard-of-hearing. Cerf himself is hard of hearing, he has served on the university's Board of Associates. Cerf, as leader of MCI's internet business, was criticized due to MCI's role in providing the IP addresses used by Send-Safe.com, a vendor of spamware that uses a botnet in order to send spam. MCI refused to terminate the spamware vendor. At the time, Spamhaus listed MCI as the ISP with the most Spamhaus Block List listings. Cerf has worked for Google as a Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist since October 2005. In this function he has become well known for his predictions on how technology will affect future society, encompassing such areas as artificial intelligence, the advent of IPv6 and the transformation of the television industry and its delivery model. Since 2010, Cerf has served as a Commissioner for the Broadband Commission for Digital Development, a UN body which aims to make broadband internet technologies more available.
Cerf helped establish ICANN, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. He joined the board in 1999, served until November 2007, he was chairman from November 2000 to his departure from the Board. Cerf was a member of Bulgarian President Georgi Parvanov's IT Advisory Council, he is a member of the Advisory Board of Eurasia Group, the political risk consultancy. Cerf is working on the Interplanetary Internet, together with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and other NASA laboratories, it will be a new standard to communicate from planet to planet, using radio/laser communications that are tolerant of signal degradations including variable delay and disruption caused, for example, by celestial motion. On February 7, 2006, Cerf testified before the U. S. Senate Committee on Commerce and Transportation's hearing on network neutrality. Speaking as Google's Chief Internet Evangelist, Cerf noted that nearly half of all consumers lacked meaningful choice in broadband providers and expressed concerns that without network neutrality government regulation, broadband providers would be able to use their dominance to limit options for consumers and charge companies like Google for their use of bandwidth.
Za La Mort is a 1924 German-Italian silent action film directed by Emilio Ghione and starring Ghione, Fern Andra and Magnus Stifter. It is part of a series of silent films featuring the pulp hero Za La Mort. Fern Andra as Schauspielerin Perla Cristal / Prinzessin Perla Emilio Ghione as Maler Prof. Antonio Butty / Zalamort Magnus Stifter as Bildhauer Prof. Rudens / König Jaromir der Finstere Henry Sze as Geheimsekretär Hatsuma Kally Sambucini as Maja / Zalavie Ernst Rückert as Der verbannte Prinz Robert Scholz Burke, Frank. A Companion to Italian Cinema. John Wiley & Sons, 2017. Za La Mort on IMDb
The Detroit United Railway was a transport company which operated numerous streetcar and interurban lines in southeast Michigan. Although many of the lines were built by different companies, they were consolidated under the control of the Everett-Moore syndicate, a Cleveland-based group of investors; the company incorporated on December 31, 1900, continued to expand into the early 1920s through new construction and the acquisition of smaller concerns. After the DUR acquired the Detroit-Jackson line in 1907, it operated more than 400 miles of interurban lines and 187 miles of street city street railway lines. Beginning in 1922, the DUR began a process of devolution when it sold the local Detroit, Michigan streetcar system to the city, under the management of the Department of Street Railways; the company continued to sell properties throughout the 1920s. The Eastern Michigan operated an interurban line from Detroit to Toledo where it connected with Ohio interurbans. With the Cincinnati and Lake Erie interurban connection at Toledo and freight service was provided from Detroit to Dayton and Cincinnati.
This line was abandoned in 1932 due to lack of business. In addition to their Michigan holdings, the Detroit United Railway owned the Sandwich, Windsor & Amherstburg Railway, an interurban trolley line linking Windsor, Ontario with the towns of Tecumseh, Ontario to its east, to La Salle and Amherstburg, Ontario to its southwest; this was purchased in 1901, sold in 1920. Remnants of the DUR in the Windsor area to this day include the Ganatchio Trail bike path, the older bridge foundations on Front Road over River Canard. Electric railway service / Publicity Dept. Detroit United Lines. Detroit, Mich.: 1913-1920, 5 vols. A weekly periodical, now available through googlebooks.com. / Pere Marquette Railway Co. Detroit Mich.: 1918-1920. Safety: a magazine for all of us / Detroit United Lines. Detroit, Mich.: 1914?-? For their street car conductors. Schram, Jack E.. When Eastern Michigan Rode the Rails: Transit across Michigan by interurban, bus. Glendale, California: Interurban Press. ISBN 0-916374-65-3. Hilton, George W..
The Electric Interurban Railways in America. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Pp. 287–288. ISBN 978-0-8047-4014-2. OCLC 237973. "Detroit as an Interurban Railway Center". Street Railway Journal. New York: The McGraw Publishing Company. 20: 438–491. October 4, 1902