Virgo is one of the constellations of the zodiac. Its name is Latin for virgin, its symbol is ♍. Lying between Leo to the west and Libra to the east, it is the second-largest constellation in the sky and the largest constellation in the zodiac, it can be found through its brightest star, Spica. Virgo is prominent in the spring sky in the northern hemisphere, visible all night in March and April; as the largest zodiac constellation, the Sun takes 44 days to pass through it, longer than any other. Since 1990 and until 2062, this will take place from September 16 to October 30; the bright star Spica makes it easy to locate Virgo, as it can be found by following the curve of the Big Dipper/Plough to Arcturus in Boötes and continuing from there in the same curve. Due to the effects of precession, the First Point of Libra, lies within the boundaries of Virgo close to β Virginis; this is one of the two points in the sky. From the 18th century to the 4th century BC, the Sun was in Libra on the autumnal equinox, shifting into Virgo thereafter.
This point will pass into the neighboring constellation of Leo around the year 2440. Besides Spica, other bright stars in Virgo include β Virginis, γ Virginis, δ Virginis and ε Virginis. Other fainter stars that were given names are ζ Virginis, η Virginis, ι Virginis, κ Virginis, λ Virginis and φ Virginis; the star 70 Virginis has one of the first known extrasolar planetary systems with one confirmed planet 7.5 times the mass of Jupiter. The star Chi Virginis has one of the most massive planets detected, at a mass of 11.1 times that of Jupiter. The sun-like star 61 Virginis has three planets: one is a super-Earth and two are Neptune-mass planets. SS Virginis is a variable star with a noticeable red color, it varies in magnitude from a minimum of 9.6 to a maximum of 6.0 over a period of one year. There are 35 verified exoplanets orbiting 29 stars in Virgo, including PSR B1257+12, 70 Virginis, Chi Virginis, 61 Virginis, NY Virginis, 59 Virginis; because of the presence of a galaxy cluster within its borders 5° to 12° west of ε Vir, this constellation is rich in galaxies.
Some examples are Messier 49, Messier 58, Messier 59, Messier 60, Messier 61, Messier 84, Messier 86, Messier 87, Messier 89 and Messier 90. A noted galaxy, not part of the cluster is the Sombrero Galaxy, an unusual spiral galaxy, it is located about 10° due west of Spica. NGC 4639 is a face-on barred spiral galaxy located 78 Mly from Earth, its outer arms have a high number of Cepheid variables, which are used as standard candles to determine astronomical distances. Because of this, astronomers used several Cepheid variables in NGC 4639 to calibrate type 1a supernovae as standard candles for more distant galaxies. Virgo possesses several galaxy clusters, one of, HCG 62. A Hickson Compact Group, HCG 62 is at a distance of 200 Mly from Earth and possesses a large central elliptical galaxy, it has a heterogeneous halo of hot gas, posited to be due to the active galactic nucleus at the core of the central elliptical galaxy. M87 is the largest galaxy in the Virgo cluster, is at a distance of 60 Mly from Earth.
It is a major radio source due to its jet of electrons being flung out of the galaxy by its central supermassive black hole. Because this jet is visible in several different wavelengths, it is of interest to astronomers who wish to observe black holes in a unique galaxy. M84 is another elliptical radio galaxy in the constellation of Virgo. Astronomers have surmised that the speed of the gas clouds orbiting the core indicates the presence of an object with a mass 300 million times that of the sun, most a black hole; the Sombrero Galaxy, M104, is an edge-on spiral galaxy located 28 million light-years from Earth. It has a bulge at its center made up of older stars, larger than normal, it is surrounded by large, bright globular clusters and has a prominent dust lane made up of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. NGC 4438 is a peculiar galaxy with an active galactic nucleus, at a distance of 50 Mly from Earth, its supermassive black hole is ejecting jets of matter, creating bubbles with a diameter of up to 78 ly.
NGC 4261 has a black hole 20 ly from its center with a mass of 1.2 billion solar masses. It is located at a distance of 45 Mly from Earth, has an unusually dusty disk with a diameter of 300 ly. Along with M84 and M87, NGC 4261 has strong emissions in the radio spectrum. IC 1101 is a supergiant elliptical galaxy in the Abell 2029 galaxy cluster located about 1.07 Gly from Earth. At the diameter of 5.5 million light years, or more than 50 times the size of the Milky Way, it was the largest known galaxy in the universe. Virgo is home to the quasar 3C 273, the first quasar to be identified. With a magnitude of ~12.9 it is the optically brightest quasar in the sky. In the Babylonian MUL. APIN, part of this constellation was known as "The Furrow", representing the goddess Shala and her ear of grain. One star in this constellation
Union Monument, a monument of white marble in the Romanian city of Iaşi, was designed by Princess Olga Sturdza and unveiled in 1927 at the base of Carol Boulevard. It consists of a central piece and four smaller ones representing the historic provinces of Transylvania and Bukovina and the Romanian diaspora. Demolished in 1947 as the Romanian Communist Party was tightening its grip on the country, it was rebuilt in 1999, this time being placed in Piaţa Naţiunii, in front of the Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy. On August 1, 1924, Princess Olga Sturdza sent a letter to the Iaşi mayor's office, expressing her intention to donate to the city a marble monument symbolizing the Great Union of 1918: The monument was to be placed at the entrance to the palace of the great logofăt Dumitrache Cantacuzino-Paşcanu, at the end of Carol I Boulevard, where Queen Marie lived when the Romanian government moved to Iaşi, but as it was too bulky, it was agreed to place it elsewhere. Installation work began at the Foundation intersection.
The components of the work were executed in the Copou neighbourhood, some parts being kept in Copou Garden until they were assembled. The pedestal was of stone brought from Corbăul Clujului quarry and had four sides, its execution being entrusted to the Bucharest entrepreneur Leonardo Martinez; the following words were inscribed into the left side: "The greatest desire, the most general, that which has nourished all past generations, that, the soul of the present generation, that which, will gladden future generations is union! Ad hoc divan of Moldavia, 7 October 1858". On the right side were words spoken by Alexandru Ioan Cuza on January 29, 1859: "The union of the crowns of Stephen the Great and Michael the Brave is the triumph of a great principle, which lives with vigour in the hearts of Romanians: the principle of Romanian brotherhood, it has saved us from perdition in the past, it revives us at the present time, it shall lead us to good things and greatness in the future. Long live Romanian brotherhood!
Long live the Romanian Principalities!" On the front side were inscribed the words of King Ferdinand, spoken on December 5, 1918: "I declare that all lands inhabited by Romanians, from the Tisa to the Nistru, to be united for the ages in the Kingdom of Romania. Through fights and sacrifices, God has granted us to realise today our most holy aspirations. Let us consecrate the union of thoughts, of souls, but the union in fruitful labour by shouting: Long live Greater Romania and united!" On the back side were carved Olga Sturdza's words: "To the united people of Romania and to Iaşi – the cradle of unions – I offer this work of my heart and my hands. Olga I. Sturza. 29 May 1927". The central piece "represents the Motherland, an image for which Queen Marie accepted that her face be reproduced"; each province is shown as a daughter being embraced by their mother. Aside the daughters, near the bottom of a statue there is a kneeling child who wishes to return to Mother Romania, he represents all Romanians left outside the borders decided in 1919.
For the four children, the sculptress had found representative faces among the schoolgirls of the Mihail Sturdza Normal School of Iaşi. However, newspapers of the day claimed that the feminine figures in fact depicted the queen's daughters, the princesses Elisabeth and Ileana, that the little boy was based on Prince Mircea, who had died at the age of three in 1916, at the beginning of the war, remained buried in Bucharest; the Union Monument was unveiled on Sunday, May 29, 1927, at 10:15 am, before Queen Marie, Princess Ileana, Princess Helen and the young crown prince Michael. Ferdinand, who would die that July 20, was gravely ill and thus did not attend. After this monument was unveiled, the royal delegation took part in the unveiling of the Attacking Cavalryman Statue at 11:30; some reactions were negative at the time. For instance, one journalist wrote: "...a culinary work of whipped cream. One can tell a woman's hand in this. A group of five backsides is depicted."In 1947, the year the Paris Peace Treaties confirmed Romania's loss of Bessarabia and northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, the Armistice Committee ordered the monument's demolition.
On February 8, 1994, in the great hall of Iaşi city hall, a committee met and decided to rebuild the monument, among the initiators of the project being mayor Constantin Simirad. The project was financed by Olga Sturdza's direct descendant Prince Dimitrie Sturdza, a Swiss businessman, who together with his family helped finance the new group of statues. Between 1995 and 1999, the sculptor Constantin Crengăniş paid by the Iaşi mayoralty, reconstructed the monument based on photographs; the pedestal was made from the same piece of marble as the statues, unlike the original, which had a stone base. The monument was placed on a circular base made of slabs of gray marble, it was placed in Piaţa Naţiunii, in front of the Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Iaşi, because in 1957 a statue of Mihai Eminescu was installed in the previous location. On 1 December 1999, the monument was blessed in the presence of Daniel Ciobotea, Metropolitan of Moldavia and Bukovina. On the back side, beneath the words of Olga Sturdza carved into the pedestal, the following words were inscribed: "We have rebuilt this monument as a sign of homage and recognition toward those who fought, are fighting and will fight for the joining together and the unity of the Romanian people.
Tŷ Mawr Wybrnant is a house located in the Wybrnant Valley, in the community of Bro Machno, near Betws-y-Coed in Conwy County Borough, North Wales. It was the birthplace of first translator of the whole Bible into Welsh. Tŷ Mawr Wybrnant is owned by the National Trust and has been restored to its probable 16th-century appearance. Despite its name it is small by today's standards, but it houses some old furniture and a collection of Welsh Bibles, including William Morgan's Bible of 1588. There are other Bibles in many other languages, donated by visitors to the house from around the world; the house is most reached from the village of Penmachno, 4 miles from Betws-y-coed, but can be reached from the A470 between Betws-y-coed and Dolwyddelan. The Afon Wybrnant is the stream near which the house is located, its name is appended to the house's name to distinguish it from other Tŷ Mawrs; the origins of the name Wybrnant are not wholly known. Although nant denotes a small stream and wybr is an old word for sky or cloud, some would have it that the word is derived from a corruption of gwiber, meaning "adder" or "viper".
According to legend, long ago a gwiber was a huge flying snake, one lived in this valley. Welsh Bible Tŷ Mawr – National Trust site Site with pictures
Diaz v. Brewer Collins v. Brewer No. 2:09-cv-02402-JWS, is a lawsuit heard on appeal by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, which affirmed a lower court's issuance of a preliminary injunction that prevented Arizona from implementing its 2009 statute that would have terminated the eligibility for healthcare benefits of any state employee's same-sex domestic partner. In 2008, by administrative action, Gov. Janet Napolitano expanded the health benefits Arizona offered state employees by adding domestic partners to the category of qualified dependents. In November 2008, Arizona voters adopted an amendment to the state constitution that said: "Only a union of one man and one woman shall be valid or recognized as a marriage in this state." Governor Jan Brewer signed legislation on September 4, 2009, that redefined "dependents" as "spouses" and certain children. Its effective date was delayed until October 1, 2010, because of existing contracts with state employee unions. In November 2009, Lambda Legal filed suit in United States District Court for the District of Arizona on behalf of ten plaintiffs, all state employees and domestic partners of a person of the same sex.
The plaintiffs asked for summary judgment based on due process and equal protection claims. Lambda argued that gays and lesbians represent a class with a history of discrimination that requires the court to subject statutes that impact them to heightened scrutiny. In April 2010, Lambda Legal asked the court for a preliminary injunction to prevent the statute from taking effect. On July 23, 2010, U. S. District Judge John W. Sedwick issued a preliminary injunction blocking enforcement of the law with respect to same-sex couples based on the equal protection claim, while denying the due process claim; the injunction had no effect on domestic partners in different-sex relationships, who lost their eligibility when the 2009 law went into effect. Assessing the impact of the statute on the state budget, the Court cited a study presented by the plaintiffs, which defendants did not rebut, that showed that denying health benefits to same-sex partners would save the state at most $1.8 million out of its $7.8 billion annual budget.
On September 6, 2011, a unanimous three-judge panel of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed that the District Court had properly applied the tests required for deciding whether or not to issue a preliminary injunction. It found the statute did not meet the "more searching" form of rational basis review, required "when a classification adversely affects unpopular groups" and a state may not provide health care "in an arbitrary or discriminatory manner that adversely affects particular groups that may be unpopular." It found that the District Court rightly rejected the state's principal justification, the impact on state expenditures, since "the savings depend upon distinguishing between homosexual and heterosexual employees situated". On April 3, 2012, the Ninth Circuit denied the defendant's request for en banc review. On July 2 the state filed a petition for a writ of certiorari asking the U. S. Supreme Court to review the case, which the Supreme Court denied on June 27, 2013. On December 23, 2013, at the plaintiffs' request and with the support of the defendants, the District Court certified the suit as a class action, expanding the beneficiaries of a decision for the plaintiffs to include all gay and lesbian state employees.
Court Filings at Justia Lambda Legal: Diaz v. Brewer
Reminders known as REMINDERS, Because I Miss You, is a three-part boys-love miniseries that depicts three couples in university at different levels in their relationships. Reminders stars Captain Chonlathorn Kongyingyong and White Nawat Phumphothingam, who reprise their roles from Love Sick the Series as Noh and Phun. Reminders revisits these two characters, they are joined by Saint Suppapong Udomkaewkanjana and Perth Tanapon Sukhumpantanasan, who appear in Reminders as Son and Pin. Son and Pin are in a relationship and dealing with issues of self-confidence and trust. While Plan Rathavit Kijwaraluk and Mean Phiravich Attachitsataporn appear as Wish and Two, a couple, starting out in their relationship. Reminders is directed by New Siwaj Sawatmaneekul, in this three-part omnibus, he explores the experiences of three young couples going through romance, relationship issues and forging friendship bonds while navigating the pressures of school; the series is promoted in collaboration by Hive and 4nologue and it aired on Line TV on April 17, 2019 to Apr 20, 2019.
The series is set-up in three parts following six characters: Pin, Noh, Phun and Two. They are all in university. Pin and Wish are in the university's soccer team, after practice they head to the locker rooms where Pin worries that he needs to lose weight showing his insecurities, they are met by Son, Pin's boyfriend, they decide to head out for lunch. Pin insists on driving Son's car, saying that he is Son's husband and should therefore help Son do everything. At the same time, now a music major, is in the university study hall tuning his guitar when a friend reminds him of an assignment, he runs out to complete it. On the way, Phun comes looking for him and Noh stops in surprise. Noh chooses to chat with Phun in the school courtyard and reveals that Phun has been too busy with schoolwork to meet him. Noh is convinced. Phun assures him that he still cares for Noh, misses him much. Phun asks Noh to eat a meal with him to make up for lost time. Noh agrees and they head out for lunch. Pin is distracted by Wish on their drive to lunch, he is looking at a map on Wish's phone while driving.
Son urges Pin to be careful, focus, but not fast enough as Pin hits Phun and Noh who are crossing the road on their way to lunch. Phun and Noh fall on the tarmac. Pin stops the car and comes out of the car to apologize but Noh loses his temper at the near-accident. A scuffle ensues between Wish. Son and Phun try to calm them down, Son gets injured. Pin insists on taking Son to the hospital, promises Noh that they will take responsibility for the accident. Phun and Noh follow Son and Wish to the hospital; as Son is treated, Phun asks Noh. Noh is sad about the guitar damage. Phun assures Noh. Noh remembers his assignment and gets up to leave, telling Phun they should go. Son insists on getting Noh's phone number. Back at Son's dorm room, Pin is upset that he got Son hurt, but Son assures him that as long as Pin stays with him, he is fine, they kiss and makeup but Son insists that Pin should go home as Son has an exam in the morning. When Pin leaves, Son messages Noh to apologize for the broken guitar.
He asks. Noh sends Son a link to a post on his Facebook account, he asks Son to share it and vote for him so that he can win, he will be able to win money for his guitar. Son shares the post, but Pin sees the post on Son's feed and starts to worry; the next day, Pin talks to Two about his concerns, they both wonder what Wish and Son are hiding. Two finds Wish at Noh's music practice room and accuses Wish of having an affair with Noh. Meanwhile, Pin believes. Two tells Pin. Two is suspicious of Wish's presence at Noh's music practice room and is worried Noh might flirt with Wish. Pin reassures Two that he talked to Son, discovered that Son is tutoring Noh for his English class, he is convinced. Two still believes that Noh is flirting with Wish. Pin tells Wish not to worry as Noh might be in a relationship with Phun, though none of them know for sure. Pin decides to ask for the truth in order to clear the misunderstandings. Pin asks Phun if Noh is his boyfriend; when Phun says yes, Pin asks Phun if he knows why Noh and Son, Pin's boyfriend, are spending time together.
Phun, always busy with his classes, decides to have a talk with Pin hoping to clear Pin's misunderstandings. Phun takes Pin to a cafe for coffee where he listens to Pin's concerns about his boyfriend and how Son has changed lately. After listening, Phun advises Pin to have trust in his boyfriend, otherwise the distance between them would only grow. Meanwhile, Noh goes to Phun's school with a care package hoping to see Phun. Noh discovers Phun in the coffee shop talking to Pin, he checks his messages to find one from Phun asking Noh not to find him at his school as he was too busy. Upset, Noh leaves without talking to Phun. Two goes to see Wish at his house after their fight over Noh. Wish believes that Two does not care for him, which upsets Two. Wish asks Two to leave. Two promises
"Mary's Prayer" is a sophisti-pop song by the Scottish pop/rock group Danny Wilson. Included on the group's 1987 debut album Meet Danny Wilson, "Mary's Prayer" would become a Top Ten hit in Britain and Ireland, was a Top 40 hit in the US; the song's composer, Gary Clark, said of "Mary's Prayer": "I don't think the best song on the album but it is the most accessible and therefore the best choice for a first single". Clark had written "Mary's Prayer" while Danny Wilson was the house band at Dundee nightclub the Swamp soon after the group formed in 1984; the song has been described as "an extended Catholic metaphor", although Clark has not denied any intended religious significance in his composition: "There is a lot of religious imagery in the song but, just a device to relate past present and future"..."It is just a simple love song. In fact I like to think of it as being like a country and western song". "Mary's Prayer" was released as a single three times between February 1987 and March 1988 in the UK, reaching number 3 in the UK Singles Chart on its third release.
The initial UK release in February 1987 peaked at only number 86, but was a hit in Ireland and South Africa. The June 1987 US release of "Mary's Prayer" afforded the single a peak of number 23 on the Hot 100 in Billboard magazine, while on Billboard's Adult Contemporary chart "Mary's Prayer" rose as high as number 6. Virgin Records US' promotion for the single included a full-page advertisement run in the music industry trade journals with an endorsement from Mike Bone, head of promotion for rival label Elektra Records; the advertisement reproduced a cable Bone sent to Virgin Records that said "'Mary's Prayer' is my life" and prompted "Do Mike Bone a Favor. Add Danny Wilson's'Mary's Prayer'". Bone had given permission for Virgin Records to use his endorsement to promote the single, but "thought they'd just have it buried other testimonials." The US success of "Mary's Prayer" triggered a second UK single release August 1987, with a resultant number 42 UK chart peak. The single subsequently topped a BBC Radio 1 phone-in poll of listeners nominations for 1987 singles which had failed to be hits.
Clark credits this poll with the Virgin Records UK decision to reissue "Mary's Prayer" a third time in March 1988, with this release resulting in a number 3 UK chart peak. The March 1988 UK release of "Mary's Prayer" was labelled "the Paul Staveley O'Duffy remix" but, according to Gary Clark, " they did a remix on it...it was the same record". On 24 September 2014, the members of Danny Wilson performed "Mary's Prayer" at the opening gala for the Ryder Cup at the Hydro Arena in Glasgow, marking the sole performance by the band since 1989. Gary Clark Gerard Grimes Kit Clark A remake of "Mary's Prayer" by BBMak served as the B-side of their 2000 Top 10 hit "Still on Your Side"; the song has been remade by Jason Donovan, his version appearing on his 2010 album Soundtrack of the 80s. "Mary's Prayer" was featured in the 1998 hit film There's Something About Mary. The 2019 film Blinded by the Light features the song