Brahmarshi Vishvamitra is one of the most venerated rishis or sages of ancient India. A near-divine being, he is credited as the author of most of Mandala 3 of the Rigveda, including Gayatri Mantra; the Puranas mention that only 24 rishis since antiquity have understood the whole meaning of—and thus wielded the whole power of—Gayatri Mantra. Vishvamitra is supposed to be the first, Yajnavalkya the last; the story of Vishvamitra is narrated in the of Valmiki Ramayana. Vishvamitra was a king in ancient India called Kaushika and belonged to Amavasu Dynasty. Vishwamitra was the Chandravanshi King of Kanyakubja, he was the great-grandson of a great king named Kusha. Valmiki Ramayana, prose 51 of Bala Kanda, starts with the story of Vishvamitra: There was a king named Kusha, a brainchild of Brahma and Kusha's son was the powerful and verily righteous Kushanabha. One, renowned by the name Gaadhi was the son of Kushanabha and Gaadhi's son is this great-saint of great resplendence, Vishvamitra. Vishvamitra ruled the earth and this great-resplendent king ruled the kingdom for many thousands of years.
His story appears in various Puranas. Vishnu Purana and Harivamsha chapter 27 of Mahabharata narrates the birth of Vishvamitra. According to Vishnu Purana, Kushanabha married a damsel of Purukutsa dynasty and had a son by name Gaadhi, who had a daughter named Satyavati. Satyavati was married to an old man known as Ruchika, foremost among the race of Bhrigu. Ruchika desired a son having the qualities of a good person and so he gave Satyavati a sacrificial offering which he had prepared to achieve this objective, he gave Satyavati's mother another charu to make her conceive a son with the character of a Kshatriya at her request. But Satyavati's mother asked Satyavati to exchange her charu with her; this resulted in Satyavati's mother giving birth to Vishvamitra, Satyavati gave birth to Jamadagni, father of Parashurama, a person with qualities of a warrior In one encounter, Vishwamitra cursed the king Harishchandra to become a crane. Vashista accompanied him by becoming a bird himself. There were several such instances of violent encounter between the sages and at times, god of creation, had to interfere.
Vashista destroys Vishvamitra's entire army by the simple use of his great mystic and spiritual powers, breathing the Om syllable. Vishvamitra undertakes a tapasya for several years to please Shiva, who bestows upon him the knowledge of celestial weaponry, he proudly goes to Vaśiștha's ashram again and uses all kinds of powerful weapons to destroy Vashista and his hermitage. He succeeded in the killings of Vashista's thousand sons but not in the former. An enraged Vashista brings out his brahmadanda, a wooden stick imbued with the power of Brahma, it consumes Vishvamitra's most powerful weapons, including the brahmastra. Vashista attempts to attack Vishvamitra, but his anger is allayed by Devas. Vishvamitra is left humiliated; as per विश्वामित्रेतिवृत्तम् in puranas:- Maharshi Vasistha possessed a cow called Nandini, able to give everything wished. Once king Kaushika wished to possess her, he asked Vasistha to hand over her but Vasistha refused to do so saying she belongs to Devas and not him. King Kaushika attacked Vasistha with all his forces.
However he somehow rescued by Vamdeva. He asked Vamdeva. Vamdeva told. Kaushika wanted to become like Vasistha. Doing penance guided by Vamdeva, king Kaushika became Vishwamitra. Menaka was born during the churning of the ocean by the devas and asuras and was one of the most beautiful apsaras in the world with quick intelligence and innate talent but desired a family. Vishwamitra frightened the gods and tried to create another heaven- Indra, frightened by his powers, sent Menaka from heaven to earth to lure him and break his meditation. Menaka incited Vishwamitra's lust and passion when he saw her beauty, she succeeded in breaking the meditation of Vishwamitra. However, she fell in genuine love with him and a baby was born to them who grew in Sage Kanva's ashram and came to be called Shakuntala. Shakuntala falls in love with King Dushyanta and gives birth to a child called Bharata, but he cursed Menaka to be separated from him forever, for he loved her as well and knew that she had lost all devious intentions towards him long ago.
After cursing Menaka, Vishwamitra goes to the highest mountain of Himalayas to perform an more severe tapasya for over 1000 years. He ceases to eat, reduces his breathing to a bare minimum, he is tested again by Indra, who comes as a poor Brahmin begging for food just as Kaushika is ready to break a fast of many years by eating some rice. Kaushika gives his food away to Indra and resumes his meditation. Kaushika finally masters his passions, refusing to be provoked by any of Indra's testing and seductive interferences. At the penultimate culmination of a multi-thousand year journey, Kaushika's yogic power is at a peak. At this point, Brahma, as the head of Devas led by Indra, names Kaushika a Brahmarishi and names him Vishvamitra or Friend of All for his unlimited compassion, he goes to meet Vashishta. It was customary that, if a sage was greeted by an equal or superior person, t
"Homer's Phobia" is the fifteenth episode in the eighth season of the American animated television series The Simpsons. It first aired on the Fox network in the United States on February 16, 1997. In the episode, Homer dissociates himself from new family friend John after discovering that John is gay. Homer fears that John will have a negative influence on his son Bart and decides to ensure Bart's heterosexuality by taking him hunting, it was the first episode was directed by Mike B. Anderson. George Meyer pitched "Bart the homo" as an initial idea for an episode while show runners Bill Oakley and Josh Weinstein were planning an episode involving Lisa "discovering the joys of campy things". Oakley and Weinstein combined the two ideas and they became "Homer's Phobia". Fox censors found the episode unsuitable for broadcast because of its controversial subject matter, but this decision was reversed after a turnover in the Fox staff. Filmmaker John Waters guest-starred, providing the voice of John.
"Homer's Phobia" was the show's first episode to revolve around gay themes and received a positive critical response both for its humor and anti-homophobia message. It won four awards, including an Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program and a GLAAD Media Award for "Outstanding TV – Individual Episode"; the Simpsons need money to pay for a $900 repair after Bart damages the gas line. Marge tries to sell a family heirloom — an "authentic" American Civil War doll — to Cockamamie's, a campy collectibles shop. Marge is disappointed when John, the shop owner, reveals her precious heirloom is a cheap liquor bottle of little value. Marge, Homer and Lisa take an instant liking to John, invited to the Simpsons' house to see campy items that the family owns; the next morning, Homer tells Marge that he likes John and suggests they invite him and "his wife" over some time. When Marge informs Homer that John is gay, he is horrified. Homer's attitude towards John changes and he refuses to join the tour of Springfield that John has arranged.
The rest of the family enjoy his company. Bart starts wearing Hawaiian shirts and dancing in a woman's wig, which makes Homer suspect that Bart is gay. Hoping to ensure Bart likes girls, Homer forces him to stare at a cigarette billboard featuring scantily clad women, but this backfires when Bart craves slim cigarettes, a camp signifier. Homer takes Bart to a steel mill to revel in a manly environment. Desperate, Homer takes Bart deer hunting with Barney; when they cannot find any deer, they decide to shoot reindeer at Santa's Village instead. The reindeer violently attack the hunters. With help from Lisa and Marge, John uses a Japanese Santa Claus robot to scare away the reindeer and save the hunting party. Homer grudgingly accepts him; as John drives everyone home, Homer tells Bart. Bart is confused. Bart is stunned as their car drives away blaring a gay anthem; the original concept for the episode came from a few lines of show ideas written by George Meyer. One of them read "Bart the homo", Ron Hauge was selected to write the episode, with the story stemming from that line.
The idea of using filmmaker John Waters as a guest star had been around for a while. Many of the staff were fans of his work, showrunners Bill Oakley and Josh Weinstein had planned to use him in an episode called "Lisa and Camp", which revolved around Lisa "discovering the joys of campy things", their idea was combined with Meyer's and it became this episode. The episode was titled "Bart Goes to Camp", but was renamed because the joke was too oblique. Mike B. Anderson directed the episode, telling The Gold Coast Bulletin: "When I read the script I was enthralled, not only because of the visual possibilities, but because the story felt solid, it was engaging and surprising and I put heart into that episode."Waters accepted his invitation to be a guest star stating that if it was good enough for the actress Elizabeth Taylor, who appeared in the season four episodes "Lisa's First Word" and "Krusty Gets Kancelled", it was good enough for him. He joked, about a negative reaction if his character would be made to look like fitness personality Richard Simmons.
John's design was based on Waters' own appearance. As thanks for his performance, the show's staff sent Waters an animation cel from the episode, which he now has hanging in his office. According to Oakley, the Fox censor objected to "Homer's Phobia" being aired; the normal procedure is for an episode's script to be sent to the censor and faxed back with a list of lines and words that should be substituted. However, this episode came back with two pages of notes about every single line in the show; the censors stated that they did not like the use of the word "gay", or the discussion of homosexuality at all, closed with a paragraph that stated that "the topic and substance of this episode are unacceptable for broadcast". The censor notes are ignored as the offending lines and problems are dealt with after the episode has been animated. In this case, the entire episode was deemed a problem, so it could not be solved in this way; the staff asked Waters. Homer's use of the word "fag" to insult John was his only
Admiral Sir Ross Donnelly, KCB was an Irish Royal Navy officer, known for his service during the American Revolutionary War, French Revolutionary War and Napoleonic Wars. He was first lieutenant on HMS Montagu at the Glorious First of June and assumed command after the death of Captain James Montagu. Promoted to post captain in June 1795, Donnelly was given HMS Pegasus in which he participated in the Action of 12 May 1796. Ross Donnelly was born in son of Francis Donnelly of Athlone, County Roscommon, he joined the Royal Navy in the 1770s and served off the Eastern Seaboard of North America during the Revolutionary War, seeing action at the Siege of Charleston. He was subsequently transferred to Newfoundland and, as a lieutenant, given command of the sloop HMS Morning Star for the remainder of the war. During the peace of 1783 to 1793, Donnelly joined the fleet of the Honourable East India Company, serving as a mate before rejoining the Navy at the outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars. Donnelly was assigned to the 74 gun ship of the line HMS Montagu under Captain James Montagu and served in the Channel Fleet, joining the fleet under Lord Howe that participated in the Atlantic campaign of May 1794 and fought at the Glorious First of June.
Montagu was engaged with the French ship Neptune and Captain Montagu was killed in the early stages, command devolving on Donnelly. Donnelly commanded the ship with skill and was commended, but due to his rank was denied the rewards that went to the victorious captains. In June 1795, Donnelly was promoted to post captain and took command of the frigate HMS Pegasus, serving with the North Sea Fleet and participating in the Action of 12 May 1796 off the Dutch coast. Donnelly took command of HMS Maidstone and in 1801 escorted a convoy from Porto to Britain before taking command of the frigate HMS Narcissus and charged with returning the ambassador to Algeria before carrying out astronomical observations in the Aegean Sea. From there he joined the Mediterranean Fleet where Admiral Lord Nelson would hold him in high esteem, commending him in letters and placing several of his proteges under Donnelly's command. In 1805 he accompanied the expeditionary force which invaded the Cape of Good Hope and the Rio de la Plata, where he was commended and rewarded on his return to Britain with command of the ship of the line HMS Ardent which he brought back to South America and continued serving in the campaign until its conclusion in 1807.
In 1808, he took command of HMS Invincible, but was forced into early retirement in 1810 due to cataracts. His eyesight recovered over the next two years, at the end of the war he was on the verge of commissioning the new ship of the line HMS Devonshire. Postwar, Donnelly retired, although he remained in service and received steady promotions, becoming a full admiral in 1838. A year earlier he had been rewarded for his long service with a knighthood, becoming a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. In November 1839, Donnelly suffered from heart trouble, followed by rapid decline in his mental health that within months became advanced dementia. By July 1840, a lunacy commission was held to inquire into the admiral's state of mind, which heard from witnesses who testified that Donnelly was forgetful and prone to fits of abuse directed at his staff, several of whom he dismissed only to mistake them for new servants when they returned, his doctor testified that of historical matters, including his naval exploits, Donnelly spoke with great accuracy.
When asked the month, Donnelly himself stated it was July, but when pressed to state whether July was in winter or summer, he retorted that the season depended on whether one was in the southern or northern hemisphere, causing much laughter. Donnelly became confused, he chastised some of his daughters, but praised his son, a solicitor in Sydney, whom he wanted to manage his estate. The commission declared him of unsound mind since 15 November 1839, he died on 30 September 1840 at Harley Street, London. He is buried in the overgrown north-west quadrant of the inner circle at Kensal Green Cemetery in London, he had eight children, six of whom survived to adulthood. His eldest daughter, Anne Jane, married, on 18 April 1816, George Thicknesse-Touchet, 20th Baron Audley, had issue