The Voyager program is an American scientific program that employs two robotic probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, launched in 1977 to take advantage of a favorable alignment of Jupiter, Saturn and Neptune. Although their original mission was to study only the planetary systems of Jupiter and Saturn, they both continued on to Uranus and Neptune; the Voyagers now explore the outer boundary of the heliosphere in interstellar space. Neither Uranus nor Neptune has had a close-up picture taken by a probe other than Voyager 2. On 25 August 2012, data from Voyager 1 indicated that it had become the first man-made object to enter interstellar space, traveling "further than anyone, or anything, in history"; as of 2013, Voyager 1 was moving with a velocity of 17 kilometers per second relative to the Sun. On 5 November 2018, data from Voyager 2 indicated that it had entered interstellar space. On 4 November 2019, scientists reported that, on 5 November 2018, the Voyager 2 probe had reached the interstellar medium, a region of outer space beyond the influence of the Solar System, has now joined the Voyager 1 probe which had reached the ISM earlier in 2012.
Data and photographs collected by the Voyagers' cameras and other instruments, revealed unknown details about each of the four giant planets and their moons. Close-up images from the spacecraft charted Jupiter's complex cloud forms and storm systems and discovered volcanic activity on its moon Io. Saturn's rings were found to have enigmatic braids and spokes and to be accompanied by myriad "ringlets". At Uranus, Voyager 2 discovered a substantial magnetic field around ten more moons, its flyby of Neptune uncovered three rings and six hitherto unknown moons, a planetary magnetic field and complex distributed auroras. Voyager 2 is the only spacecraft to have visited the two ice giants. In August 2018, NASA confirmed, based on results by the New Horizons spacecraft, of a "hydrogen wall" at the outer edges of the Solar System, first detected in 1992 by the two Voyager spacecraft.“Voyager did things no one predicted, found scenes no one expected, promises to outlive its inventors,” wrote author Stephen J. Pyne.
“Like a great painting or an abiding institution, it has acquired an existence of its own, a destiny beyond the grasp of its handlers.” The Voyager spacecraft were built at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California and funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, which financed their launches from Cape Canaveral, their tracking and everything else concerning the probes. The cost of the original program was $865 million, with the later-added Voyager Interstellar Mission costing an extra $30 million. In July 2019, a new plan to better manage the two Voyager space probes was implemented; the two Voyager space probes were conceived as part of the Mariner program, they were thus named Mariner 11 and Mariner 12. They were moved into a separate program named "Mariner Jupiter-Saturn" renamed the Voyager Program because it was thought that the design of the two space probes had progressed sufficiently beyond that of the Mariner family to merit a separate name; the Voyager Program was similar to the Planetary Grand Tour planned during the late 1960s and early 70s.
The Grand Tour would take advantage of an alignment of the outer planets discovered by Gary Flandro, an aerospace engineer at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. This alignment, which occurs once every 175 years, would occur in the late 1970s and make it possible to use gravitational assists to explore Jupiter, Uranus and Pluto; the Planetary Grand Tour was to send several pairs of probes to fly by all the outer planets along various trajectories, including Jupiter-Saturn-Pluto and Jupiter-Uranus-Neptune. Limited funding ended the Grand Tour program, but elements were incorporated into the Voyager Program, which fulfilled many of the flyby objectives of the Grand Tour except a visit to Pluto. Voyager 2 was the first to be launched, its trajectory was designed to allow flybys of Jupiter, Saturn and Neptune. Voyager 1 was launched after Voyager 2, but along a shorter and faster trajectory, designed to provide an optimal flyby of Saturn's moon Titan, known to be quite large and to possess a dense atmosphere.
This encounter sent Voyager 1 out of the plane of the ecliptic, ending its planetary science mission. Had Voyager 1 been unable to perform the Titan flyby, the trajectory of Voyager 2 could have been altered to explore Titan, forgoing any visit to Uranus and Neptune. Voyager 1 was not launched on a trajectory that would have allowed it to continue to Uranus and Neptune, but could have continued from Saturn to Pluto without exploring Titan. During the 1990s, Voyager 1 overtook the slower deep-space probes Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 to become the most distant human-made object from Earth, a record that it will keep for the foreseeable future; the New Horizons probe, which had a higher launch velocity than Voyager 1, is travelling more due to the extra speed Voyager 1 gained from its flybys of Jupiter and Saturn. Voyager 1 and Pioneer 10 are the most separated human-made objects anywhere since they are travelling in opposite directions from the Solar System. In December 2004, Voyager 1 crossed the termination shock, where the solar wind is slowed to subsonic speed, entered the heliosheath, where the solar wind is compressed and made turbulent due to interactions with the interstellar medium.
On 10 December 2007, Voyager 2 reached the termination shock, about 1 billion miles closer to the Sun than f
The Early Years was the ninth Helix album and their second compilation album, issued in 1991. It reissued all the tracks from the band's first two independent albums, Breaking Loose and White Lace & Black Leather, with new cover art; this was the first Compact Disc release of these two albums. All songs written by Brent Doerner, Paul Hackman, Brian Vollmer, except where noted. Breaking Loose "I Could Never Leave" - 4:06 "Don't Hide Your Love" - 3:18 "Down in the City" - 5:56 "Crazy Women" - 3:22 "Billy Oxygen" - 4:24 "Here I Go Again" - 3:34 "You're a Woman Now" - 5:37 "Wish I Could Be There" - 6:17White Lace & Black Leather "Breaking Loose" - 4:13 "It's Too Late" - 3:57 "Long Distance Heartbreak" - 6:47 "Time for a Change" - 3:12 "Hangman's Tree" - 3:55 "It's What I Wanted" - 3:58 "Mainline" - 3:00 "Women, Whiskey & Sin" - 3:11 "Thoughts That Bleed" - 4:30 Brian Vollmer – lead vocals Brent Doerner – guitars/vocals Paul Hackman – guitars/vocals Keith "Bert" Zurbrigg – bass Mike Uzelac – bass Brian Doerner – drums Leo Niebudek – drums"You're a Woman Now" garnered Helix airplay in Texas in 1979.
Joe Anthony of KISS FM played the track which allowed the band to play there
Mohamed Alabbar, is an Emirati businessman and global entrepreneur. He is best known as the founder and chairman of Emaar Properties, the developer of assets such as the Burj Khalifa and the Dubai Mall, as well as the chairman of Eagle Hills, the Abu Dhabi based private investment and real estate development company, he is the founder and director of noon.com, an e-commerce ecosystem for the Arab world and largest GCC e-commerce company and the chairman of Americana Group, in food industries. Emaar Properties is one of the largest real estate development companies in the world with annual revenue of US$6.99 billion in 2018 and a market cap of over US$9.7 billion, known for developing the world's tallest building Burj Khalifa, the world's largest and most visited mall The Dubai Mall, which are part of Emaar's 500-acre flagship mega-development Downtown Dubai, as well as Dubai Creek Tower at the heart of the Dubai Creek Harbour masterplan, the 2,000-seat Dubai Opera, Dubai Marina, Emirates Hills, regarded as "the Beverly Hills of Dubai" and King Abdullah Economic City, established with King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia as one of the largest private developments in the region spanning 64 square miles.
Alabbar, who acts as a top adviser to the Ruler of Dubai and Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum served as the founding director general of the Dubai Department of Economic Development.noon.com is a joint venture between the Public Investment Fund of Saudi Arabia and Mohamed Alabbar. Noon’s consumer platform first went live in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on 12 December 2017 and has operations in KSA, the United Arab Emirates and Egypt. A digital e-commerce platform. Mohamed Alabbar is the eldest of 12 children. Alabbar's father was the captain of a traditional trading vessel known as a dhow and raised his children in the Rashidiya area of Dubai. In the 1970s, Alabbar received a government scholarship to study finance and business administration from The Albers School of Business and Economics at Seattle University. Alabbar graduated from Seattle University in 1981 with a degree in Business Administration, he received an honorary doctoral degree in humanities from his alma mater in 2007 and served on its Board of Trustees until 2016.
After college, Alabbar started off his career with the Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates as a banking manager. Alabbar relocated to Singapore and began working for the Dubai government as the director of Al Khaleej Investments, a government-owned company in Dubai with significant real estate interests in Singapore. In 1992, Alabbar returned to Dubai and began working for the government as the founding director general of the Department of Economic Development. Alabbar's career led him to establish a close relationship with Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, the Ruler of Dubai, where he became one of Sheikh Mohammed's chief economic advisers. Alabbar worked with Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum to drive the development and growth of both Dubai's tourism industry and global reputation. In 1996, Alabbar initiated and organized the Dubai Shopping Festival which attracted over two million visitors for an entertainment and shopping event highlighted by street bazaars, fashion shows, food festivals and more.
That same year, Alabbar was selected by Advertising Age as one of their International Marketing Superstars of the year. Alabbar founded noon.com, an e-commerce marketplace in the Middle East, now the largest GCC e-commerce company, operational in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Egypt, operating through three fulfillment centers and 30 distribution centers. Alabbar has raised $1 billion from investors, half of, committed by the Public Investment Fund of Saudi Arabia, to spearhead what will be a string of major digital and e-commerce launches in the UAE, he met with Jeff Bezos, the founder and CEO of Amazon.com, in Dubai in November 2016. In March 2017, it was announced that Amazon.com would acquire Dubai-based e-commerce company Souq.com, following which Alabbar submitted a competing $800 million bid via his Emaar Malls subsidiary. However Souq.com culminated a deal with Amazon.com due to an exclusivity agreement signed prior to Alabbar's bid. Alabbar is Chairman of Abu Dhabi-based Eagle Hills Properties a private investment and real estate development company, responsible for projects including the Belgrade Waterfront, the St. Regis and W hotels in Amman and the Fairmont La Marina Rabat-Sale in Morocco.
In July 2016, he led two investor groups in buying a combined 16.45% stake in Dubai-based courier Aramex for $250 million. Alabbar was a lead investor in Boson Ventures Corporation, which purchased the entire 9.9 percent share that Aramex founder Fadi Ghandour held in the company. He was a lead investor in Jaona Investment, which acquired a 6.55 percent stake in Aramex. The stake was worth around AED523 million as per closing price, on July 25, 2016. Analysts said access to the package distribution company could help Alabbar build an online business. Alabbar, through Alabbar Enterprises, holds 4 per cent stake in online fashion retailer Yoox Net-a-Porter Group; this followed his equity investment of US$113 million in the Milan-listed company in April 2016. Under the deal, Alabbar holds 3,571,428 ordinary shares, has committed to an 18-month lock-up period on the subscribed shares. Yoox Net-A-Porter said Alabbar ‘would be key in developing its Middle Eastern e-commerce business.’ Alabbar formed a joint venture with Yoox Net-a-Porter Group in November 2016, via his Symphony Investments vehicle, that will operate in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries with the possibil