SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Wales Green Party

The Wales Green Party is a semi-autonomous political party within the Green Party of England and Wales. It covers Wales, is the only regional party with semi-autonomous status within the GPEW; the WGP contests elections for the National Assembly for Wales. The current Leader of the Wales Green Party is Anthony Slaughter, with Duncan Rees as a Deputy Leader. Wales-wide decisions are taken by the Wales Green Party Council, composed of the spokespeople, elected officers, a representative from each local party; the Wales Green Party elects a Spokesperson and two Deputy Spokespeople every 2 years, as well as electing council members on an annual basis to make day to day decisions between AGMs. All elected roles in the Wales Green Party are voluntary; the Wales Green Party is represented internally within the GPEW by Louise Davies and Kathryn Driscoll. On the Green Party Regional Council. Pippa Bartolotti became Wales Green party leader in January 2012, she stood for the leadership of the GPEW that year.

After four years of leadership, Bartolotti decided against standing for a further term as leader in the 2015 Leadership election, won by Alice Hooker-Stroud, while Hannah Pudner became deputy leader. Alice was re-elected in 2016 along with Grenville Ham and a returning Pippa Bartolotti as deputy leaders. Alice resigned in 2017 stating that her position had become "untenable" due to the voluntary nature of the role. Alice was succeeded in early 2017 by Grenville Ham. Grenville defected to Plaid Cymru in late 2018 citing the party's vote to remain a part of the Green Party of England and Wales rather than to become an independent party as his reason. Like Alice, Grenville described his position as "untenable". Mirka Virtanen was elected deputy leader in 2016 to begin in 2017, replacing Pippa Bartolotti, Benjamin Smith was co-opted to the vacant deputy leader role in July 2017. Anthony Slaughter was named the current leader of the Wales Green Party in December 2018, beating Mirka Virtanen and Alex Harris in the leadership election.

Duncan Rees was elected deputy leader. The Green Parties in the United Kingdom have their roots in the PEOPLE Party, founded in 1973; this became the Ecology Party three years and the Green Party in 1985. In 1990, the Scottish and Northern Irish branches left the UK Greens to form separate parties; the English and Welsh parties became the Green Party of England and Wales, with the Welsh branch being semi-autonomous. At the 1992 general election, local Greens entered an electoral alliance with Plaid Cymru in the constituency of Ceredigion and Pembroke North; the alliance was successful with Cynog Dafis being returned in a surprise result as the MP, defeating the Liberal Democrat incumbent by over 3,000 votes. The agreement broke down by 1995 following disagreement within the Welsh Green Party over endorsing another party's candidate, though Dafis would go on to serve in parliament as a Plaid Cymru member until 2000, in the National Assembly of Wales from 1999 until 2003. Dafis stated that he did not consider himself to be the "first Green MP".

In 2017 Welsh local election, the Wales Green Party's had their first county councillor elected to Powys County Council, for the Llangors ward. In July 2018 the party held a vote on whether to split from the GPEW to form a separate organisation. Of those members who voted, 65% voted against the proposal, despite the leader Grenville Ham campaigning for independence. Wales Young Greens is the student branch of the Wales Green Party, its current Co-chairs are Ramona Sharples. Welsh Green Pride is the LGBTIQA+ Liberation group within the Wales Green Party which runs alongside but separate to the GPEW group LGBTIQA+ Greens, its current Spokesperson is Ash Jones, it has two deputy spokespeople Mike Whittall and Michael Cope. The group started a UK wide review of the discriminatory blood ban against men who have sex with men; the party contested 78 seats in the 2017 Welsh local elections and won one county council seat in Powys. In September 2015, Amelia Womack, Deputy Leader of GPEW, announced her intention to stand in the National Assembly elections for Wales Green Party.

An ITV article titled "Green deputy leader wants to switch to Welsh politics" wrote of Newport-born Womack's intention to stand in the Welsh elections saying. Notably the article went on to say "Opinion polls have suggested that the Greens could gain a list seat in the Senedd".10 February 2016 Welsh Greens abandoned progressive alliance negotiations a few months before the Senedd elections Wales Green Party

Cottie Arthur Burland

Cottie Arthur Burland was a British author and researcher. He studied at the Regent Street Polytechnic, graduated from the University of Westminster, spent much of his forty-year career spanning from 1925 to 1965, in the Department of Ethnography at the British Museum in London. In 1950 he became honorary curator for the Abbey Art Centre Museum in Hertfordshire, he served in the Royal Air Force during World War II. Burland's writing career covered such topics as art, ancient religions and primitive people and cultures the ancient Americas, he contributed to many others. During his long career Burland was a contributor to many publications, including the journal Natural History, he was on the editorial board of Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural which had contributions by over 200 academics and specialists and served as art critic for Arts Review. Burland was a fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute as well as a member of the British Society of Aesthetics, the Folk-Lore Society of London, Societe de Americanistes de Paris.

Burland's first work was Gods of Mexico, a hitherto unexplored subject for which he researched pre-Columbian religious manuscripts. He authored several works on Native American culture including North American Indian Mythology, published in 1966, Peoples of the Sun: The Civilizations of Pre-Columbian America, published a decade and The Incas, published in 1979. Burland is noted for his research into the occult as related to mythology and magical practices, his first work on magic was Magic Books from Mexico, published in 1953 which explored occult practices as well as animism and witchcraft. Other books authored by him on the subject of magic include The Magical Arts: A Short History, Secrets of the Occult, Beyond Science: A Journey into the Supernatural. Among Burland's other works are The Arts of the Alchemists, which discusses the history of alchemy and several books on art, such as The Art of Primitive Peoples, The Exotic White Man: An Alien in Asian and African Art, which explores primitive art, Eskimo Art.

In 1965 Burland was awarded the Imago Mundi Award for his work and research

Martina Hingis

Martina Hingis is a Swiss former professional tennis player. She spent a total of 209 weeks as the singles world No. 90 weeks as doubles world No. 1, holding both No. 1 rankings for 29 weeks. She won five Grand Slam singles titles, thirteen Grand Slam women's doubles titles, winning a calendar-year doubles Grand Slam in 1998, seven Grand Slam mixed doubles titles. In addition, she won the season-ending WTA Finals two times in singles and three times in doubles, an Olympic silver medal, a record seventeen Tier I singles titles. Hingis set a series of "youngest-ever" records during the 1990s, including youngest-ever Grand Slam champion and youngest-ever world No. 1. Before ligament injuries in both ankles forced her to withdraw temporarily from professional tennis in early 2003, at the age of 22, she had won 40 singles titles and 36 doubles titles and, according to Forbes, was the highest-paid female athlete in the world for five consecutive years, 1997 to 2001. After several surgeries and long recoveries, Hingis returned to the WTA tour in 2006, climbing to world No.

6, winning two Tier I tournaments, receiving the Laureus World Sports Award for Comeback of the Year. She retired in November 2007 after being hampered by a hip injury for several months and testing positive for a metabolite of cocaine during that year's Wimbledon Championships, which led to a two-year suspension from the sport. In July 2013, Hingis came out of retirement to play the doubles events of the North American hard-court season. During her doubles comeback, she won four Grand Slam women's doubles tournaments, six Grand Slam mixed doubles tournaments, 27 WTA titles, the silver medal in women's doubles at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. Hingis retired after the 2017 WTA Finals. 1. Considered an all-time tennis great, Hingis was ranked by Tennis magazine in 2005 as the 8th-greatest female player of the preceding 40 years, she was named one of the "30 Legends of Women's Tennis: Past and Future" by TIME in June 2011. In 2013, Hingis was elected into the International Tennis Hall of Fame, was appointed two years the organization's first Global Ambassador.

Hingis was born in Košice, Czechoslovakia as Martina Hingisová, to Melanie Molitorová and Karol Hingis, both of whom were tennis players. Molitorová was a professional tennis player, once ranked tenth among women in Czechoslovakia, was determined to develop Hingis into a top player as early as pregnancy, her father was ranked as high as 19th in the Czechoslovak tennis rankings. Martina Hingis spent her early childhood growing up in the town of Rožnov pod Radhoštěm. Hingis's parents divorced when she was six, she and her mother defected from Czechoslovakia in 1987 and emigrated to Trübbach in Switzerland when she was seven, her mother remarried to Andreas Zogg, a computer technician. Hingis acquired Swiss citizenship through naturalization. Hingis entered her first tournament at age four. In 1993, 12-year-old Hingis became the youngest player to win a Grand Slam junior title: the girls' singles at the French Open. In 1994, she retained her French Open junior title, won the girls' singles title at Wimbledon, reached the final of the US Open.

She made her WTA debut at the Zurich Open in October 1994, two weeks after turning 14, ended 1994 ranked world No. 87. In 1996, Hingis became the youngest Grand Slam champion of all time, when she teamed with Helena Suková at Wimbledon to win the women's doubles title at age 15 years and 9 months, she won her first professional singles title that year at Filderstadt, Germany. She reached the singles quarterfinals of the 1996 Australian Open and the singles semifinals of the 1996 US Open. Following her win at Filderstadt, Hingis defeated the reigning Australian Open champion and co-top ranked Monica Seles in the final in Oakland, but lost to Graf in the year-end WTA Tour Championships final in five sets. In 1997, Hingis became the undisputed World No. 1 women's tennis player. She started the year by winning the warm-up tournament in Sydney, she became the youngest Grand Slam singles winner in the 20th century by winning the Australian Open at age 16 years and 3 months. She won the Australian Open women's doubles with Natasha Zvereva.

In March, she became. In July, she became the youngest singles champion at Wimbledon since Lottie Dod in 1887 by beating Jana Novotná in the final, she defeated another up-and-coming player, Venus Williams, in the final of the US Open. The only Grand Slam singles title that Hingis failed to win in 1997 was the French Open, where she lost in the final to Iva Majoli. In 1998, Hingis won all four of the Grand Slam women's doubles titles, only the fourth in women's tennis history to do so, she became only the third woman to hold the No. 1 ranking in both singles and doubles simultaneously. She retained her Australian Open singles title by beating Conchita Martínez in straight sets in the final. Hingis, lost in the final of the US Open to Lindsay Davenport. Davenport ended an 80-week stretch Hingis had enjoyed as the No. 1 singles player in October 1998, but Hingis finished the year by beating Davenport in the final of the WTA Tour Championships. 1999 saw. She had dropped her former