Wales Millennium Centre is an arts centre located in the Cardiff Bay area of Cardiff, Wales. The site covers a total area of 4.7 acres. Phase 1 of the building was opened during the weekend of the 26–28 November 2004 and phase 2 opened on 22 January 2009 with an inaugural concert; the centre has hosted performances of opera, contemporary dance, theatre comedy, musicals. The Wales Millennium Centre comprises one large theatre and two smaller halls with shops and restaurants, it houses the national orchestra and opera, dance and literature companies, a total of eight arts organisations in residence. The main theatre, the Donald Gordon Theatre, has 1,897 seats, the BBC Hoddinott Hall 350 and the Weston Studio Theatre 250. In 2001 Lord Rowe-Beddoe was appointed chairman of Wales Millennium Centre, a company limited by guarantee. Board members include Sir Michael Checkland; the Wales Millennium Centre replaced an earlier project for the site, the Cardiff Bay Opera House, a plan supported by the Cardiff Bay Development Corporation to construct a permanent home for the Welsh National Opera.
The project failed to win financial support from the Millennium Commission, the body which distributed funds from the UK National Lottery. An international design competition attracted 268 international applicants, was won by Iraq-born architect Zaha Hadid, her avant-garde design was so radical that she and a selection of other applicants were asked to submit revised designs for a second round of competition—which she again won with "a sleek and dazzling complex of sharp lines and surfaces that she compared to an'inverted necklace'". In December 1995, the Millennium Commission decided against lottery-money funding for the project, it was suggested that the bid failed because of "the unpopular Conservative government's fear of controversy," favouring the funding of projects perceived as more populist, such as the Millennium Stadium. After the Cardiff Bay Opera House project was rejected, a new project was conceived that included more than opera and was felt to be a better reflection of Welsh culture.
The change of name symbolised this. Funding from the Welsh Assembly and Millennium Commission took years to obtain. Cardiff Council had to buy the land after the previous owners, Grosvenor Waterside threatened to build a retail centre there due to the delays. Further boosts were given by large donations from South African businessman Donald Gordon and a loan from the international bank, HSBC; the GB£20 million donation from Donald Gordon was split evenly between the Royal Opera House and Wales Millennium Centre and was spread over five years. This is believed to be the largest single private donation made to the arts in the UK. In addition to the two main theatres of the Donald Gordon Theatre and Weston Studio Theatre, the 37,000-square-metre phase 1 of the Wales Millennium Centre has six function rooms: the Victor Salvi Room, the David Morgan Room, the Sony Room, the Seligman Room, the Japan Room, the Lloyds Enterprise Suite; the Urdd Gobaith Cymru has a hostel with accommodations for 153 people overnight in en-suite bedrooms, called the Urdd City Sleepover.
It has performance and teaching space in the Urdd Hall/Theatre, with 153 retractable seats. The building includes rehearsal rooms, orchestral facilities for the Welsh National Opera, dance studios for Diversions, called The Dance House, the Blue Room, with seating for up to 100; the foyer has three bars. Ffresh restaurant is situated in the foyer, along with Crema, a coffee shop, an Ice cream parlour and One, a wine bar. Free performances take place during the day in the foyer on the Glanfa Stage; the WMC was designed by Jonathan Adams, of local practice Percy Thomas Architects, with Arup Acoustics providing the acoustic design and Arup as building engineer. His first concept drawings were made in early 1998, by 1999 his design was starting to look more like the building it is today. Construction began on 25 February 2002, the main contractor being Sir Robert McAlpine Ltd and Kelsey Roofing Industries Ltd being the roofing contractor. Carr and Angier were the theatre consultants. Other contractors included Stent, Swansea Institute of Higher Education, now part of University of Wales Trinity Saint David, GH James Cyf, Alfred McAlpine, Coed Cymru, Ann Catrin Evans, Amber Hiscott.
The architect's concept of the building was a building that expressed "Welshness" and was recognisable. The building was designed to reflect the many different parts of Wales with local Welsh materials that dominate its history: slate, metal and glass. All the materials used come from Wales. Slate The exterior of the building is clad in multi-coloured slate collected from Welsh slate quarries. Narrow windows are built into the layers of slate to give the impression of rock; the purple slate came from the Penrhyn Quarry, the blue from Cwt y Bugail Quarry, the green from the Nantlle Valley, the grey from Llechwedd quarry, the black from the Corris Quarry. I always loved going to Southerndown. I thought. A building capable of withstanding the roughest weather for hundreds of years; the older they get, the better they look
Camp Roberts is a California National Guard post in central California, located on both sides of the Salinas River in Monterey and San Luis Obispo counties, now run by the California Army National Guard. It was opened in 1941 and is named after Corporal Harold W. Roberts, a World War I Medal of Honor recipient. Nearby communities include San Miguel, Heritage Ranch, Oak Shores, Bradley, all unincorporated; the nearest incorporated city is Paso Robles. Camp Roberts is 25 miles southeast of Fort Hunter Liggett. Camp Roberts is host to annual training for California Army National Guard units and the British Army; as of 2014, Camp Roberts is undergoing major renovations, including demolition of World War II-era barracks. Demolition of the World War II-era structures facing US Route 101 began in 2012. To contain the hazardous materials from the demolished barracks, a large hazardous waste landfill was created. Under the leadership Lieutenant Colonel Oliver Martson the camp was built is 1940, as a World War 2 training center.
At is peak it housed 45,000 troops in 1945. The camp opened as the Camp Nacimiento Replacement Training Center, but the name was changed, to honor Corporal Harold W. Roberts, a tank driver in World War I. For World War II 436,000 Field and Infantry Artillery troops were trained at the camp. Camp Roberts was one of the largest training camps during World War II. At the camp a 750 bed Army hospital was built to serve the troops; the camp held prisoner of war. German and Italian prisoner of war were held at the camp during WW2. Italian prisoner of war were given the option to volunteer to work in special Italian Service Unit and work at Camp Roberts 10th Italian Quartermaster Service Company. After the war the camp was inactive, but for the few National Guard and Army Reserve troops that used it for summer training. In 1950 for the Korean War the camp became active again. After the Korean War the camp was inactive again; the US Army's Combat Development Experimental Command began to operate the camp for weapons testing.
The US Navy used the vast camp training gunners with live-fire. In April of 1970 the US Army closed the army camp; the camp was turned over to the California National Guard in 1971 for a training center. Camp Roberts Historical Museum is on the base, it is large Museum with many items from the camp. Camp Laguna Arizona proving ground in WW2 Yuma Test Branch Arizona proving ground in WW2 Yuma Proving Ground current Arizona proving ground California during World War II California Center for Military History. Camp Roberts. Mount Pleasant, SC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0738530550. Camp Roberts official website Camp Roberts Hunting Info Camp Roberts Fishing Info Historic California Posts, Camps and Airfields.
Armacell International Holding GmbH is a German manufacturer and supplier of industrial foams and flexible insulation materials, based in Münster. It has 25 production plants in 17 countries. Armacell was the insulator manufacturing division of Armstrong World Industries, until a management buyout in June 2000. Founder Thomas Armstrong created the division in 1899, when Armstrong World Industries, started producing insulated corkboard and brick. In 1954, the division experienced success after launching Armaflex, a flexible technical insulator for pipe connections. In 1960, Armstrong World Industries laid the foundation for Armstrong Kork GmbH in Germany to produce flooring; the company opened its first distribution office in Düsseldorf as part of their expansion in Europe. This became the foundation of Armstrong's European headquarters. A new factory was erected in Münster in 1967; the 1973 oil crisis led to innovations in heating-system insulators. Growth was propelled by West Germany's "Energieeinsparverordnung", a law obliging building owners to construct buildings that use as little energy for heating as possible.
In 1984, Swiss company Rothrist and its brand Tubolit were taken-over, adding insulations based on polyethylene to the range of products. In 1991 the Münster site was equipped as a center for advanced research for insulation solutions. In June 2000, the insulation division became independent company Armacell International Holding, with all rights to Armaflex and Tubolit; the company expanded into Asia the following year, acquired a Thai producer of technical insulation and founded a new division for technical foams. In 2004 Armacell acquired Ensolite and Oletex and the associated facilities from the US-American RBX group. In 2005, Armacell took over American foam slab stock producer Monarch Rubber and Fagerdala Benelux S. A. a European producer of thermoplastic foams. In 2008 Armacell purchased MDS Leuze, a manufacturer of blank-sheet cable coatings and PropaCene