La Hulpe is a Walloon municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant, 20 km south-east of the centre of Brussels, but only about 3 km from the edge of the Brussels-Capital Region. On January 1, 2007, La Hulpe had a total population of 7,309; the total area is 15.60 km², including 3 km² of the Sonian Forest. La Hulpe still keeps Gaillemarde in the west and Malaise-Bakenbos in the east; the limits of the latter hamlet and of other parts of La Hulpe were modified when the linguistic border was fixed in 1963. The Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication's headquarters are located in La Hulpe; the name of La Hulpe comes from the Celtic word helpe, "the silver river". The brooks that water La Hulpe form a string of ponds, called today L'Argentine; the site was settled 10,000 years BC, as proved by an axe made of smooth flintstone found in Gaillemarde. The village was founded by the Duke of Brabant by clearing a hill separating the valleys of Argentine and Mazerine.
La Hulpe was granted municipal rights by a charter signed by Henri I on 3 June 1320. It became a mairie, where lower and higher justice was exercised, kept its status until 1792; the pillory standing near the church was demolished under the French rule. From 1795 to 1814, La Hulpe was the seat of a court with jurisdiction over some ten neighbouring municipalities, in an area spreading from Overijse to Waterloo. After the independence of Belgium, La Hulpe lost its administrative and political functions and was incorporated into the canton of Wavre; the church of La Hulpe was mentioned in a document dated 1226. It is shown on the oldest representation of La Hulpe, a Brussels tapestry from the Hunts of Maximilian suite kept in the Louvre Museum, showing a hunting scene emblematic of a month in Charles V's time; the church, except the tower and the central nave, were transformed, for the last time in 1906. The King Baudouin's Memorial was built behind the church, close to the oak commemorating the centenary of Belgium.
For three centuries, the economy of La Hulpe has been driven by paper-making industry, favoured by the closeness to Brussels and the availability of pure water. The first paper mill was set up on the Grand Etang. In 1664, King of Spain Philip II allowed the foundation of the "Imperial and Royal Paper Manufacture" in La Hulpe. Paper-making industry was suppressed in 1970; the castle of La Hulpe, built in French style in 1842, was purchased by Count Ernest Solvay in 1893 and transferred to the Belgian state by his grandson, Ernest-John Solvay, in 1968. It is surrounded by a 227-ha domain with pastures and ponds, known as Domaine Solvay; the castle and the domain are today managed by the Walloon Region and the Domaine Solvay association. The domain was protected for its aesthetic value by Royal Decree on 10 June 1963 registered on the Walloon main heritage list in 1993, listed as a Natura 2000 site. In 1988, the movie Le Maître de musique by Gérard Corbiau, starring José Van Dam, was made in the castle and park of La Hulpe.
The farm of the castle, built in 1833, is the seat of the Folon Foundation, inaugurated on 27 October 2000. Jean-Michel Folon is known as one of the most popular illustrators and poster designers of the second half of the 20th century. In the 1990s, Folon decided to create a foundation in the Solvay Domain, a place where he used to play when he was a young boy, he transferred to the foundation more than 300 of his works and organized their scenographic presentation in 15 rooms of the former farm. The foundation welcomed 80,000 visitors during its first year of existence. La Hulpe is home to Royal La Hulpe Sporting Club. Dr. Patrick Hunout, the founder of The Social Capital Foundation, has long lived in La Hulpe; the first Belgian aviator, Baron Pierre de Caters, lived in the estate known today as Domaine de Nysdam. Media related to La Hulpe at Wikimedia Commons
Duke of Brabant
The Duke of Brabant was formally the ruler of the Duchy of Brabant since 1183/1184. The title was created by the German Emperor Frederick Barbarossa in favor of Henry I of the House of Reginar, son of Godfrey III of Leuven; the Duchy of Brabant was a feudal elevation of the since 1085/1086 existing title of Landgrave of Brabant. This was an Imperial fief, assigned to Count Henry III of Leuven shortly after the death of the preceding Count of Brabant, Count Palatine Herman II of Lotharingia. Although the corresponding county was quite small its name was applied to the entire country under control of the Dukes from the 13th century on. In 1190, after the death of Godfrey III, Henry I became Duke of Lotharingia. Lower Lotharingia, this title was now without territorial authority, but was borne by the Dukes of Brabant as an honorific title. In 1288, the Dukes of Brabant became Duke of Limburg; the title fell to the Dukes of Burgundy in 1430. On, it followed with the Burgundian inheritance until the French Revolution, although the northern part of the territory of Brabant was governed by the United Provinces during the 17th and 18th century.
Counts of Leuven, Counts of Brussels and Landgraves of Brabant: Henry III. Godfrey I Counts of Leuven, Counts of Brussels, Landgraves of Brabant, Margrave of Antwerp and Dukes of Lower-Lorraine: Godfrey I appointed as Duke in 1106 Godfrey II Godfrey III Dukes of Brabant and Dukes of Lothier: Henry I; the oldest son or daughter becomes automatically the duke/duchess of Brabant when his/her father becomes King of the Belgians. When the Duke of Brabant loses his father, or when he abdicates, his title goes to the next in line, he becomes the new King of the Belgians. Unlike the office of King of the Belgians, the eldest child of the sovereign does not need to reach the age of 18 to become Duke of Brabant. However, if a Duke of Brabant has not reached the age of 18, he cannot ascend to the throne of Belgium; when the prince becomes duke of Brabant, this title takes precedence of the other titles: Prince of Belgium. When the Duke or Duchess of Brabant marries after permission of the King, their spouse becomes automatically Duke or Duchess of Brabant.
The last Duke of Brabant became King in 2013, passed the title to his oldest child. The current Duchess, Elisabeth was in 2013 only 12 years old; the Dukes and Duchess of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha are as follows: Leopold II Leopold, son of Leopold II - the only prince who died a Duke of Brabant. Leopold III Baudouin Philippe Elisabeth Coat of arms of Elisabeth of Belgium, duchess of Brabant. Article 1, alinea 2, of the Royal Decree of 16 December 1840 says, since an amendment in 2001: “The title of Duke of Brabant or of Duchess of Brabant will be worn, in future, by the Prince or the Princess, elder son or daughter of the King, and, if lacking, by the Prince or the Princess, elder son or daughter of the elder son or daughter of the King” Juan Carlos I, King of Spain Felipe VI, King of SpainThe title Duke of Brabant is one of the titles of the Spanish Crown, occupied by a member of the House of Bourbon. Duchess of Brabant Dukes of Brabant family tree Charters of the Duchy of Brabant Counts of Louvain: genealogical note
Jodoigne is a Walloon city and municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant. On January 1, 2006, Jodoigne had a total population of 12,440; the total area is 73.31 km² which gives a population density of 170 inhabitants per km². The present municipality includes the villages of Piétrain, Saint-Jean-Geest, Saint-Remy-Geest, Sainte-Marie-Geest, Zétrud-Lumay, Dongelberg, Mélin, Jodoigne-Souveraine and Jauchelette. In the 1568 Battle of Jodoigne, one of the early battles of the Eighty Years' War, the Spanish Duke of Alba defeated a Dutch rebel force under William the Silent; the previous mayor of Jodoigne, Louis Michel, a liberal politician was the Belgian foreign minister from 1999 until 2004 and was the Belgian European commissioner from 2004 until 2009. The current mayor is Jean-Paul Wahl; the asteroid 1199 Geldonia was named in its honour by Eugène Delporte. Media related to Jodoigne at Wikimedia Commons Jodoigne official web site
Arrondissement of Nivelles
The Arrondissement of Nivelles is the only administrative arrondissement in the Belgian Province of Walloon Brabant, thus comprises the whole province. Before 1995, it was one of three arrondissements in the province of Brabant, it is both a judicial arrondissement. The territory of the Judicial Arrondissement of Nivelles coincides with that of the Administrative Arrondissement of Nivelles; the Administrative Arrondissement of Nivelles consists of the following 27 municipalities
Hainaut and also known as Heynowes in English, is a province of Wallonia and Belgium. To its south lies the French department of Nord, while within Belgium it borders on the Flemish provinces of West Flanders, East Flanders, Flemish Brabant and the Walloon provinces of Walloon Brabant and Namur, its capital is Mons and the most populous city is Charleroi, the province's urban and cultural hub, the financial capital of Hainaut and the fifth largest city in the country by population. The province derives from the French Revolutionary Jemmape department, formed in 1795 from part of the medieval County of Hainaut, the small territory of Tournai and the Tournaisis, a part of the county of Namur, a small part of the Prince-Bishopric of Liège. Hainaut province is divided into 7 administrative districts, subdivided into a total of 69 municipalities, it has an area of 3,800 square kilometres. The patron saint of the province Hainaut is Saint Waltrude. Official web site of the Hainaut province Official gateway to the Hainaut The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Hainaut Euro Info Centre Hainaut Walloon Settlers Monument
Waterloo is a Walloon municipality in the province of Walloon Brabant, which in 2011 had a population of 29,706 and an area of 21.03 km2. It is north of Braine-l'Alleud, the site of the Battle of Waterloo, where the resurgent Napoleon was defeated for the final time in 1815. Flemish, Waterloo is now a Francophone town on the border between Flemish Brabant and Walloon Brabant; the placename has Brabantian Dutch origins. The first element is most water, but it should be understood locally as "wet"; the second element is lo, an ancient word for "forest" or "clearing in a forest", coming either from the Latin words lucus or lucum, or from Common Germanic lauh-, cognate with the English placename suffix -ley. The early settlement stood on a marshy clearing in the Sonian Forest; the name of Waterloo was mentioned for the first time in 1102 designating a small hamlet at the limit of what is today known as the Sonian Forest, along a major road linking Brussels, Genappe and a coal mine to the south. Waterloo was located at the intersection of the main road and a path leading to a small farming settlement in what is presently, Cense.
The crossing can still be found today as the intersection of the Chaussée de Bruxelles with Boulevard de la Cense. Waterloo was a place where travellers and merchants those carrying coal from the mine to the south, could find rest and protection from bandits. Waterloo was located in the Duchy of Brabant created in 1183 with Leuven as the capital city; the Duchy of Brabant extended from Luttre to's-Hertogenbosch in 1477. Brussels became the capital city of the Duchy of Brabant in 1267 and the capital city of the Burgundian Netherlands in 1430. Waterloo started to develop during the 17th century. A royal chapel was built in 1687 in Petit-Waterloo, was extended in 1826, becoming the Church of Saint Joseph of Waterloo. During the late 18th century, whilst the region was under the rule of the Holy Roman Empire, a period of unrest marked the wake of the 1789 French Revolution. Reforms designed to quell those agitating to bring enlightement ideas to the region were unsucesful. in 1794, the French invaded, bringing an end to the region's Ancien Régime, encompassing the monasteries, their official record-keeping, the privileges of the nobility.
Up until 1796, Waterloo was divided into two parts, Grand-Waterloo and Petit-Waterloo, depending of the parishes of Braine-l'Alleud and of Sint-Genesius-Rode. A new system based on municipalities was established under French rule; the municipality of Waterloo was created from Petit-Waterloo detached from Sint-Genesius-Rode and three former hamlets detached from Braine-l’Alleud. In 1813, half of the hamlet of Chenois was detached from Braine-l’Alleud and became part of Waterloo. In 1824, Waterloo grew again as the areas Roussart and Sainte-Gertrude from the Sonian Forest became part of the municipality. Waterloo had 1,571 inhabitants in 1801 and 3,202 in 1846. In 1795, the invaded territories were divided into nine departments; some municipalities, including Waterloo, became part of the Dyle department, which became the province of Brabant Méridional in 1815 under Dutch rule, following the defeat of Napoleon. Upon Belgian independence in 1830, it became part of the province of Brabant. In 1977, the second half of the hamlet of Chenois was detached from Braine-l’Alleud and became part of Waterloo together with a part of the hamlet next to the Lion.
In 1995, the province of Brabant was divided to match the limits of the adminstrative regions of Wallonia and Flanders created in 1980. The part in which Waterloo is situated became the province of Walloon Brabant; the Battle of Waterloo took place near Waterloo on 18 June 1815 between the First French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte and the Seventh Coalition, under the main allied commanders, the Duke of Wellington and General von Blücher. The strategic location of Waterloo on a paved road towards Brussels explains why the battle took place just south of the town. Waterloo was the last major settlement the French army had to cross before negotiating the dense woodland on the outskirts of Brussels, just 17 kilometres away. It, marked the last oppotunity for the Seventh Coalition to intervene should they wish to halt the French army from entering Brussels. Waterloo is divided into six districts: Faubourg Ouest, Faubourg Est, Centre, Joli-Bois and Mont-St-Jean. Nearly one-fifth of the current registered population is non-Belgian.
These numbers were released by the municipality of Waterloo. The most common non-Belgian nationalities are the following: French, British and Swedish. Waterloo is home to the European headquarters of Mastercard. There is a Carrefour hypermarket in Mont-Saint-Jean, a Delhaize store, an Ibis Hotel, several BNP Paribas Fortis branches, office parks to the east of the town. A row of shops, called; the Argenteuil estate is host to a number of international and local educational establishments, including.