Walter Leland Cronkite Jr. was an American broadcast journalist who served as anchorman for the CBS Evening News for 19 years. During the 1960s and 1970s, he was cited as "the most trusted man in America" after being so named in an opinion poll, he reported many events from 1937 to 1981, including bombings in World War II. He was known for his extensive coverage of the U. S. space program, from Project Mercury to the Moon landings to the Space Shuttle. He was the only non-NASA recipient of an Ambassador of Exploration award. Cronkite is known for his departing catchphrase, "And that's the way it is," followed by the date of the broadcast. Cronkite was born on November 4, 1916, in Saint Joseph, the son of Helen Lena and Dr. Walter Leland Cronkite, a dentist. Cronkite lived in Kansas City, until he was ten, when his family moved to Houston, Texas, he attended elementary school at Woodrow Wilson Elementary School, junior high school at Lanier Junior High School and high school at San Jacinto High School, where he edited the high school newspaper.
He was a member of the Boy Scouts. He attended college at the University of Texas at Austin, entering in the Fall term of 1933, where he worked on the Daily Texan and became a member of the Nu chapter of the Chi Phi Fraternity, he was a member of the Houston chapter of DeMolay, a Masonic fraternal organization for boys. While attending UT, Cronkite had his first taste of performance, appearing in a play with fellow student Eli Wallach, he dropped out in 1935. He dropped out of college in his junior year, in the fall term of 1935, after starting a series of newspaper reporting jobs covering news and sports, he entered broadcasting as a radio announcer for WKY in Oklahoma. In 1936, he met his future wife, Mary Elizabeth "Betsy" Maxwell, while working as the sports announcer for KCMO in Kansas City, Missouri, his broadcast name was "Walter Wilcox". He would explain that radio stations at the time did not want people to use their real names for fear of taking their listeners with them if they left.
In Kansas City, he joined the United Press International in 1937. He became one of the top American reporters in World War II, covering battles in North Africa and Europe. With his name now established, he received a job offer from Edward R. Murrow at CBS News to join the Murrow Boys team of war correspondents, relieving Bill Downs as the head of the Moscow bureau. CBS offered Cronkite $125 a week along with "commercial fees" amounting to $25 for every time Cronkite reported on air. Up to that point, he had been making $57.50 per week at UP, but he had reservations about broadcasting. He accepted the offer; when he informed his boss Harrison Salisbury, UP countered with a raise of $17.50 per week. Cronkite accepted the UP offer, a move which angered Murrow and drove a wedge between them that would last for years. Cronkite was on board USS Texas starting in Norfolk, through her service off the coast of North Africa as part of Operation Torch, thence back to the US. On the return trip, Cronkite was flown off Texas in one of her Vought OS2U Kingfisher aircraft when Norfolk was within flying distance.
He was granted permission to be flown the rest of the distance to Norfolk so that he could outpace a rival correspondent on USS Massachusetts to return to the US and to issue the first uncensored news reports to published about Operation Torch. Cronkite's experiences aboard Texas launched his career as a war correspondent. Subsequently, he was one of eight journalists selected by the United States Army Air Forces to fly bombing raids over Germany in a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress part of group called The Writing 69th, during a mission fired a machine gun at a German fighter, he landed in a glider with the 101st Airborne Division in Operation Market Garden and covered the Battle of the Bulge. After the war, he covered the Nuremberg trials and served as the United Press main reporter in Moscow from 1946 to 1948. In 1950, Cronkite joined CBS News in its young and growing television division, again recruited by Murrow. Cronkite began working at WTOP-TV, the CBS affiliate in Washington, D. C.. He served as anchor of the network's 15-minute late-Sunday-evening newscast Up To the Minute, which followed What's My Line? at 11:00 pm ET from 1951 through 1962.
Although it was reported that the term "anchor" was coined to describe Cronkite's role at both the Democratic and Republican National Conventions, marking the first nationally televised convention coverage, other news presenters bore the title before him. Cronkite anchored the network's coverage of the 1952 presidential election as well as conventions. In 1964 he was temporarily replaced by the team of Roger Mudd. From 1953 to 1957, Cronkite hosted the CBS program You Are There, which reenacted historical events, using the format of a news report, his famous last line for these programs was: "What sort of day was it? A day like all days, filled with those events that alter and illuminate our times... and you were there." In 1971, the show was revived and redesigned to attract an audience of teenagers and young adu
The Frederick Schumann Farmstead is a well-preserved saltbox-shaped stone farmhouse built by a German immigrant family in 1878 in Berry, Wisconsin. In 1993 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Frederick Schumann was born in Saxony, Germany in 1832; when he was 18, his parents Christian and Susanna Schlag Schumann sold their farm in Schoenburg and sailed to America with their eight children. They stayed a bit with Susanna's relatives at Springfield Corners bought 80 acres in a picturesque valley that fronted on the road from Madison to Sauk City, with Indian Lake behind; when the Schumanns arrived in 1850, there were only 24 voters in the township, part of the Schumanns' new farm was stumps left from logging. In 1854 son Frederick bought 80 acres to the east of his parents' farm, the land which this article describes, he married Susanna Zimmerman the following year. They had children. After serving in the Civil War, Schumann continued farming, had expanded his farm to 140 acres by 1873.
Frederick must have been well-respected because his neighbors elected him president of the newly formed Berry Mutual Fire Insurance Company in 1876, a member of the board of directors. By 1877 Frederick and Susanna had eleven children, they decided to build a new house to replace the one they had been living in. Frederick was "gifted in woodworking and carpentry" and is said to have built a lot of the house; the house has a saltbox shape, meaning the front is two stories tall while the rear roof reaches down to a one-story wall - a form more common in early New England than Wisconsin. The walls are of limestone rubble 18 inches thick, with mortar tooled over the surface to suggest coursed blocks; the front door has a stone sill and a lintel in, carved "F. S. 1878" in characters that look from that period. The top of the wall is framed in a fascia board; the roof is clad in thin cedar shakes, similar to the originals. Inside, the front door opens into a living room in which the three windows are trimmed in wood down to the floor, so that each is like a built-in bookshelf.
Most floors are of unpainted pine boards. The back rooms are kitchen. Upstairs are bedrooms; the area under the rear slope of the roof was used as an unfinished sleeping area for some of the Schumann's fifteen children. Susanna died in 1892. In 1894 Frederick moved to Mazomanie. In 1901 the neighbor Michael Kelter bought the farm. By 1905 a frame summer kitchen was added off the dining room, with a shed-roofed open porch next to it. Kelter operated a dairy farm, with a rough circle of farm buildings to the south of the house: a gas house, an animal barn, a wood silo, a granary, a machine shed, a corn crib, a hog barn, a chicken coop. In 1965 John Street, a linguistics professor at UW-Madison, bought the farm and began to restore the house, he replastered the inside walls and replaced the old summer kitchen with a somewhat similar one-story frame addition behind the house. Dr. Street's obituary in 2017 reveals his affection for the place: There was one non-academic accomplishment of which Professor Street was proud: the restoration of an 1878 stone salt-box house in Berry Township, northwest of Madison.
Thanks to sheer luck he was able to purchase the fine old house - with considerable acreage and part of a small lake - for a reasonable price in 1965. After much physical labor, professional replacement of wiring, etc. he moved into the house in 1966, lived there for over 30 years. In the meantime, with the help of the Wisconsin Historic Society, he was able to get the building listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Victor Dalby Lord is a fictional character and patriarch of the Lord family from the American soap opera One Life to Live. An original protagonist on the series, Victor is introduced in the first episode as the preeminent mass media magnate of fictional Philadelphia Main Line suburb Llanview, Pennsylvania. Victor was and most notably played by actor Ernest Graves. Graves debuted July 15, 1968, played the role until he left the series and last appeared in March 1974. Series creator Agnes Nixon and executive producer Doris Quinlan subsequently recast Victor to Shepperd Strudwick, who first appeared in December 1974 and played the role until the character's initial onscreen death in June 1976. Series creator and then-scriptwriter Agnes Nixon created the character of Victor Lord based on her father, Harry Eckhardt, she crafted the role in an attempt to understand the reserved, domineering Eckhardt patriarch, an entrepreneur who financially thrived during the Great Depression manufacturing funeral garments.
Ernest Graves played the role from show's first episode in 1968 through March 1974. Shepperd Strudwick took over the role in December 1974, playing Victor continually through the character's onscreen death June 16, 1976. Tom O'Rourke stepped into the role as a mirage in 1985, Les Tremayne played the role of Victor in Heaven in 1987. Bill Moor and Terry Caza both appeared in the role in flashbacks from 1994 to 1995; the character was brought back to life 26 years after his original death in January 2003, portrayed by William Stone Mahoney. Mahoney went on to play resurrected Victor through his second onscreen death in March 2003, reappearing as a vision for an episode in 2004. In the summer of 1968, Victor Lord is introduced as the owner of Lord Enterprises founder and publisher of the Philadelphia Main Line newspaper, The Banner, serving the fictional town of Llanview, Pennsylvania. A widower, he is the domineering single father of daughters Victoria or "Viki" and Meredith or "Merrie"; the family inhabits Llanfair.
His wife, Eugenia Randolph Lord, died while giving birth to Meredith and was unable to produce his desired male heir to his estate. Victor thereby goes about grooming his eldest child, Viki, to assume the role of running the estate by hiring her as an editor for his newspaper. Victoria seeks her father's approval and gleefully assumes the role of heiress to the family fortune. Victor grows weary of Victoria's admiration for one of his star reporters, working class executive editor Joe Riley. In the early years, Victor is unhappy at the growing relationship of his younger daughter, with upwardly-mobile doctor Larry Wolek, he meddles in the personal relationships of his daughters, causing a rift between Victoria. In November 1968, unable to reconcile her feelings for Joe and for her father, Victoria develops multiple-personality disorder, manifesting in an alter-ego, "Niki Smith," and begins dating Vinny Wolek; as Victoria recovers from her first bout with multiple personalities, Victor concedes to the relationships of his white collar daughters to working class gentlemen when he uncovers that he had a long-lost son.
Victor embarks on a search for the son. Viki and Joe first marry in December 1969, Merrie and Larry in June 1970. A short time Joe dies in a car crash while reporting in California, giving Victor the opportunity to set his widowed daughter up with a suitor more to his liking. With a vacant editor-in-chief position available, Victor replaces Joe with promoted upper-crust writer Steve Burke. In 1971, Victoria announces her engagement to Steve. Merrie is prescribed bedrest and gives birth to Victor's first onscreen grandchildren, twins. In the summer of 1973, in the midst of Victor's search for his son, Meredith is held hostage in the Llanfair carriage house with brother-in-law Vinny when burglars try to steal Victor's prized art collection. A distressed Victor pleads with the robbers to release Meredith during hostage negotiations with Llanview Police Department Lt. Ed Hall. Meredith is viciously assaulted by the thieves, who are killed by the police, dies at Llanview Hospital. Victor is devastated by her death, he leaves Llanview in 1974 in search for his heir-presumptive son.
The hostage crisis of Meredith and Vinny in 1973 saw the introduction of newly minted Dr. Dorian Cramer, who Viki dislikes at first sight. Dorian, at first, dates Llanview Hospital co-worker Dr. Mark Toland, in the midst of the romance on-the-job in summer 1974. Dorian is suspected of medical malpractice, all of the hospital board of directors vote to fire her. Dorian vows revenge; when Victor reappears in December 1974 and suffers a heart attack, an unemployed Dorian decides to use him to get with the Lord family. Dorian becomes Victor's personal physician in 1975, the two elope in May. Soon afterward, Tony Harris arrives in Llanview, Dorian realizes he is V