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Ward's Point

Ward's Point is the southernmost point in the U. S. lies within Tottenville, Staten Island, New York City. It is located at the mouth of Arthur Kill, across from Perth Amboy, New Jersey, at the head of Raritan Bay; the site is part of modern-day Conference House Park. Ward's Point Conservation Area is national historic district; the district encompasses nine contributing sites. It includes the property; the Conference House was listed as a National Historic Landmark in 1966. The conservation area was identified for preservation based on "the information it may provide on prehistoric and historic Indian subsistence and settlement on Staten Island." A number of prehistoric remains have been located on the site. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. Near Ward's Point is the Ward's Point Archeological Site, an archaeological site within Conference House Park, it was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1993. The site has been known since 1858, it is one of the largest and best preserved sites for studying Native American people in the New York area.

Burial Ridge is a Native American archaeological burial ground located at Ward's Point. The first documented evidence of Paleo-Indians using the site is from the end of the Early Archaic Period 8,000 years ago; the burial ground—used by the Lenape dating from the Woodland period until relinquishing Staten Island to the Dutch—is the largest pre-European burial ground in New York City and today remains unmarked and lies within Conference House Park. Evidence of prior Native American habitation is still visible along the beach at the bluff's lowest elevations, where erosion exposes the remains of large shell middens dominated by shells of the Eastern oyster. Bodies were reported unearthed at Burial Ridge during various periods in the 19th century beginning in 1858. After conducting independent research, which included unearthing bodies interred at the site and archaeologist George H. Pepper was contracted in 1895 to conduct paid archaeological research at Burial Ridge by the American Museum of Natural History.

Many of the skeletons unearthed were buried in flexed positions, with the knees drawn up to the chest. Most of the graves were shallow, ranging from 1–3 feet in depth below grade. Many of the graves contained assorted grave goods, among them arrowheads and various stone implements such as ax heads and hammerstones. One of the burials contained the skeletons of three males, with the bones pierced by 23 arrowheads made of bone, antler and flint. In close proximity to the three males, the body of a child was unearthed with a variety of grave goods, including pendants made of yellow jasper and various utensils; the body showed evidence of copper salts about the lower portion of the skull and sternum, which indicated that copper ornaments were buried with the body. An additional skeleton unearthed in a prone position was charred above the knees, suggesting he may have been burned alive while tied to a stake. Raritan

William Sevenoke

William Sevenoke was a grocer and politician who served as Mayor of London in 1418, as warden of London Bridge, alderman of Bishopsgate Ward, alderman of Tower Ward, Warden of the Grocers' Company, Sheriff of London, Member of Parliament for the City of London and Surveyor of the King's works at Isleworth. Sevenoke is said to have been an orphan, found in Sevenoaks and adopted by William Rumschedde. Apprenticed to Henry Bois as an ironmonger, in 1397 he petitioned to be readmitted as a grocer, since Bois had belonged to the Grocers' Mystery, he rose to prominence, being appointed Warden of London Bridge for 1404–06 and serving as Auditor of London in 1399, 1409–11 and 1414. He became an alderman in 1412 and Mayor of London for 1418–19, he was selected, as one of the two aldermanic representatives, the M. P. for the City of London in 1417. Upon his death and resulting from a will dated 4 July 1432 he donated funds for the foundation of almshouses and a school in the town of Sevenoaks; these are now known as Sevenoaks School and Sevenoaks Almshouses.

William Lambarde gave an account of the life of Sevenoke and the foundation of the school and almshouses in A Perambulation of Kent, suggesting that his decision to establish the institutions may have been inspired by his early history. John Stow refers to William Sevenoke's civic roles and the founding of the school and almshouses in his Survey of London, as does Anthony Munday in A Brief Chronicle. A fictional account of the life of Sevenoke, as a famous Londoner who rose from rags to riches, is given by Richard Johnson in Nine Worthies of London. List of Sheriffs of the City of London List of Lord Mayors of London City of London The History of Parliament Dictionary of National Biography 1885-1900 History of Sevenoaks School

Chanchal Chowdhury

Chanchal Chowdhury is a Bangladeshi actor. Critically acclaimed for his performances in Monpura and Debi, he has received two Bangladesh National Film Awards for Best Actor and three Meril Prothom Alo Awards for Best Actor. A household name in Bangladesh, Chowdhury started his career in 1996 in the theaters of Bangladesh, he joined famous theaters such as Aranyak Natyadal and performed in stage plays like Prakritojoner Kotha, Ora Kodom Ali, Mayur Singhason, Songkranti and Che-er Cycle. Albeit a prolific actor in TV series and films, he appeared in six movies as of 2018. Chanchal Chowdhury was brought up in the village of Kamarhaat in Pabna, he was born in Hindu Family. His father's name is mother's name is Nomita Chowdhury, he passed his SSC examination from Udaypur High School in 1990 and HSC examination from Rajbari Government College in 1992. He came to Dhaka in 1993 to apply for admission in the Department of Fine Arts at the University of Dhaka, his parents wanted him to be an engineer but an innate urge for art and culture drove him to become an actor.

Chanchal Chowdhury dived headfirst into as much culture as possible. As a third year student of DU, he joined the theater group Aronnok, he worked on stage for 10 years continuously. During this period, he played minor roles in different television dramas as well, his first role as a hero was in the drama Grash directed by Faridur Rahman. Meanwhile, Chowdhury pursued his profession in UODA as a lecturer of Fine Arts from 2001 to 2006, it was in 2004 that Fazlur Rahman Babu introduced Chowdhury to Gias Uddin Selim and Mostofa Sarwar Farooki. Chowdhury started working more and more in television dramas, his initial works are Shurjer Hashi with Gias Uddin Selim, Talpatar Shepai, Nikhoj Shogbaad and a TV commercial, Maa with Mostofa Sarwar Farooki. At this point Chowdhury's life took an upward surge towards success as the commercial gained him immense popularity. One day Mostafa Sarwar Farooki asked me to meet him, he explained the script for the advertisement to me and I soon agreed as I felt that I could realise the emotion in the script Even the advertisement's jingle was sung by Chowdhury.

Though he never had any formal singing lessons, he is gifted with the talent to sing. "I sang those songs to myself. Ayub Bachchu and Mostofa Sarwar Farooki listened to my singing and let me know that my song had been selected." Chowdhury won the Meril-Prothom Alo award as the best model 2006 for this commercial. Chowdhury came into the spotlight for the first time as a model in the commercial of Grameenphone which became immensely popular at that time. Pother Klanti Bhule - a popular song of Hemanta Mukherjee attracted some more attention onto the advertisement; that advertise brought him the prestigious Meril-Prothom Alo award in "The Best Model - Men" category in 2005. The commercial was directed by Mostafa Sarwar Farooki, with whom, Chowdhury worked with on the serial'Talpatar Shepai'. After the commercial, Chowdhury's acting career started moving forward at a good pace, he worked with Salauddin Lavlu, Saidul Anam Tutul, Golam Sarwar Tutul and so on. Some of the dramas that Chowdhury specially likes are Vober Hat, Bongsho Rokkhe, Talpatar Shepai, Nikhoj Shongbaad, Ami Tumi Shottojit, Boral Parer Shitlai Gaon, Akjon Durbol Manush and many more.

The busy actor is seen in Eid-special TV plays. Chowdhury plays a key role, called ‘Laley’, in Aronyak's popular production Shangkranti. In Che-er Cycle, he plays six different characters including those of Fidel Castro and a peace-loving young boy, Shubhro — demonstrating his versatility. Chowdhury considers his performance in Che-er Cycle as one of his best works on stage so far. On his contemporaries, the actor says, several artistes are doing well. Among them, A. K. M Hasan, Mosharraf Karim, Shamim Zaman, Anisur Rahman Milon, Tisha and Richi Solaiman have done some impressive works. Chowdhury says that performing in front of the camera is easy for him, thanks to his experience on stage, he adds, acting in films is more challenging than TV plays because of its format. Chowdhury loves playing characters that are little rustic as he can relate his roots to such characters. In his list of favourite roles are the characters of Fiza Master, Japan Doctor and Shonai among others. "I spent my childhood in a village, so I am more comfortable portraying the rural types," he says.

Chowdhury spent a quality childhood in his village Kamarhaat. He was hydrophilic and so restless that made his name, "Chanchal" apt. "Right after my school was over I used to hurry back home to keep my schoolbag and rush out to bathe in the pond. I used to stay in the pond for two or three hours making my eyes all red and my father used come to collect me from the pond with a stick in his hand. I got beaten up several times in my childhood for that," reminisces Chowdhury. Though Chowdhury's family was not happy with his decision to study fine arts, they are now happy to see him so successful. ‘My parents live in Pabna. After the release of Monpura I was talking to my father over the phone and he told me that people in our village are talking about me and my film "non-stop". My father was so proud that he cried as he spoke. "I can’t tell you how soothing it is to see your success," he said to me. In His Short Film Career He Already Got Two Blockbuster Film Chanchal Chowdhury Profile Chanchal Chowdhury Interview

Baron Trimlestown

Baron Trimlestown, of Trimlestown in County Meath, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. The title was created in 1461 for Sir Robert Barnewall, the younger brother of Nicholas Barnewall, Chief Justice of the Irish Common Pleas, younger son of Sir Christopher Bernevall, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench in Ireland, he was succeeded by the second Baron. Christopher was implicated in the Lambert Simnel conspiracy, but received a royal pardon in 1488, his son John, the third Baron, served as Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1534 until his death in 1538. The barony became dormant on the death of the sixteenth Baron, in 1879. In 1891 the peerage was claimed by Christopher Patrick Mary Barnewall, a descendant of Hon. Patrick Barnewall, second son of the seventh Baron, he died before he had established his claim, but in 1893 his younger brother Charles Aloysius Barnewall was confirmed in the title by the Committee for Privileges of the House of Lords. As of 2013 the title is held by the grandson of the successful claimant, the twenty-first Baron, who succeeded his elder brother in 1997.

There is no known heir to the barony so on the death of the current holder, it will become dormant until either extinction is proven or an heir found. The Viscounts Barnewall were members of another branch of the Barnewall family and a third branch were the Barnewall baronets of Crickstown. Robert Barnewall, 1st Baron Trimlestown Christopher Barnewall, 2nd Baron Trimlestown John Barnewall, 3rd Baron Trimlestown Patrick Barnewall, 4th Baron Trimlestown Robert Barnewall, 5th Baron Trimlestown Peter Barnewall, 6th Baron Trimlestown Robert Barnewall, 7th Baron Trimlestown Matthias Barnewall, 8th Baron Trimlestown Robert Barnewall, 9th Baron Trimlestown Matthias Barnewall, 10th Baron Trimlestown John Barnewall, 11th Baron Trimlestown Robert Barnewall, 12th Baron Trimlestown Thomas Barnewall, 13th Baron Trimlestown Nicholas Barnewall, 14th Baron Trimlestown John Thomas Barnewall, 15th Baron Trimlestown Thomas Barnewall, 16th Baron Trimlestown Christopher Patrick Mary Barnewall, de jure 17th Baron Trimlestown Charles Aloysius Barnewall, 18th Baron Trimlestown Charles Aloysius Barnewall, 19th Baron Trimlestown Anthony Edward Barnewall, 20th Baron Trimlestown Raymond Charles Barnewall, 21st Baron Trimlestown There is no known heir to the barony.

Viscount Barnewall

William Herschel Telescope

The William Herschel Telescope is a 4.20-metre optical/near-infrared reflecting telescope located at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos on the island of La Palma in the Canary Islands, Spain. The telescope, named after William Herschel, is part of the Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes, it is funded by research councils from the Netherlands and Spain. At the time of construction in 1987, the WHT was the third largest single optical telescope in the world, it is the second largest in Europe, was the final telescope constructed by Grubb Parsons in their 150-year history. The WHT is equipped with a wide range of instruments operating over the optical and near-infrared regimes; these are used by professional astronomers to conduct a wide range of astronomical research. Astronomers using the telescope discovered the first evidence for a supermassive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way, made the first optical observation of a gamma-ray burst; the telescope has 75% clear nights, with a median seeing of 0.7".

The WHT was first conceived in the late 1960s, when the 3.9 m Anglo-Australian Telescope was being designed. The British astronomical community saw the need for telescopes of comparable power in the northern hemisphere. In particular, there was a need for optical follow-up of interesting sources in the radio surveys being conducted at the Jodrell Bank and Mullard observatories, which could not be done from the southern hemisphere location of the AAT; the AAT was completed in 1974, at which point the British Science and Engineering Research Council began planning for a group of three telescopes located in the northern hemisphere. The telescopes were to be a 1.0 m, the 2.5 m Isaac Newton Telescope, to be moved from its existing site at Herstmonceux Castle, a 4m class telescope planned as a 4.5 m. A new site was chosen at an altitude of 2,344 m on the island of La Palma in the Canary Islands, now the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos; the project was led by the Royal Greenwich Observatory, who operated the telescopes until control passed to an independent ING when the RGO closed in 1998.

By 1979 the 4 m was on the verge of being scrapped due to a ballooning budget, whilst the aperture had been reduced to 4.2 m. A panel known as the Tiger Team was convened to reduce the cost. Savings were made by reducing the focal length of the telescope – which allowed the use of a smaller dome – and relocating non-essential functions outside the dome to a simpler rectangular annexe. In the same year, the Isaac Newton Telescope was moved to Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, becoming the first of the Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes. In 1981 the Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek bought a 20% stake in the project, allowing the WHT to be given the go-ahead; that year was the 200th anniversary of the discovery of Uranus by William Herschel, it was decided to name the telescope in his honour. Construction of the telescope was by Grubb Parsons, the last telescope that company produced in its 150-year history. Work began at their workshop in Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1983, the telescope was shipped to La Palma in 1985.

The WHT saw first light on 1 June 1987. The total cost of the telescope, including the dome and the full initial suite of instruments, was £15M; the telescope consists of a 4.20 m f/2.5 primary mirror made by Owens-Illinois from Cervit, a zero-expansion glass-ceramic material, ground by Grubb Parsons. The mirror blank was produced in 1969 as one of a set of four, along with those for the AAT, CFHT and Blanco telescopes, was purchased for the WHT in 1979, ten years after it was made; the primary is solid and un-thinned, so no active optics system is required, despite its weight of 16.5 tonnes. The mirror support cell holds the main mirror on a set of 60 pneumatic cylinders. Under the most extreme loading the shape of the mirror changes by only 50 nanometres. In its most usual configuration, a 1.00 m hyperbolic secondary mirror made of Zerodur is used to form a Ritchey Chretien f/11 Cassegrain system with a 15 arcmin field of view. An additional flat fold mirror allows the use of any one of two Nasmyth platforms or two folded Cassegrain stations, each with 5 arcmin fields of view.

The telescope sometimes operates in a wide-field prime focus configuration, in which case the secondary is removed and a three element field-correcting lens inserted, which provides an effective f/2.8 focus with a 60 arcmin field of view. Changing between the Cassegrain and Nasmyth foci takes a matter of seconds and may be done during the night. A Coudé focus was planned as a addition, to feed an optical interferometer with another telescope, but this was never built. A chopping f/35 secondary mirror was planned for infrared observations, but was placed on hold by the cost-saving re-design and never implemented; the optical system weighs 7

1313 Berna

1313 Berna, provisional designation 1933 QG, is a background asteroid and synchronous binary system from the Eunomian region in the central asteroid belt 14 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 24 August 1933, by Belgian astronomer Sylvain Arend at the Uccle Observatory in Belgium; the assumed S-type asteroid has a longer-than average rotation period of 25.5 hours and is elongated in shape. It was named for the Swiss capital of Bern; the discovery of an 11-kilometer-sized companion was announced in February 2004. According to modern HCM-analyses by Nesvorný, as well as by Milani and Knežević, Berna is a non-family asteroid from the main belt's background population. Based on osculating Keplerian orbital elements, it is located in the region of the Eunomia family, a prominent family of stony asteroids, it orbits the Sun in the central asteroid belt at a distance of 2.1–3.2 AU once every 4 years and 4 months. Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.21 and an inclination of 13° with respect to the ecliptic.

In 1911, Berna was first identified as A911 OA at Johannesburg. Its observation arc begins with its official discovery observation at Uccle; this minor planet was named after the Swiss capital city of Bern. The name was proposed by Sigmund Mauderli and director of the Astronomical Institute at the University of Bern, after whom 1748 Mauderli is named, he computed the definitive orbit of the body, insisted to rename the minor planet to its current name, after it had been published as "Bernia". The official naming citation was first mentioned in The Names of the Minor Planets by Paul Herget in 1955. A network of astronomers at several observatories including Raoul Behrend at Geneva Observatory, obtained the so-far best rated rotational light-curve of Berna. Light-curve analysis gave a rotation period of 25.464 hours with a brightness variation of 0.28 magnitude. In November 2007, photometric observations at Cerro Tololo, using its 0.9-meter Prompt5 telescope in combination with the Spitzer Space Telescope gave a concurring period of 25.46 hours with an amplitude of 0.5 magnitude.

Other light-curves were obtained by several amateur astronomers giving a period of 6, 25.4 and 25.45 hours, respectively. In February 2004, a satellite orbiting the asteroid was discovered; the moon, designated S/2004 1, measures about 11 kilometers in diameter and orbits Berna at a distance of 35 kilometer once every 25 hours and 28 minutes. Since the lightcurve is synchronized with the eclipse events, at least one body of the binary system rotates synchronously with the orbital motion, it was identified based on light-curve observations taken in February 2004 by several astronomers, including Raoul Behrend at Geneva Observatory, Stefano Sposetti, René Roy, Donald Pray, Christophe Demeautis, Daniel Matter, Alain Klotz and others. Although the IAUC was released on 23 February 2004, the announcement was made on 12 February 2004. There are several hundreds of asteroids known to have satellites. According to the surveys carried out by the Japanese Akari satellite, NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Berna measures between 13.12 and 19.96 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.13 and 0.25.

The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes an albedo of 0.21 – derived from 15 Eunomia, the parent body of the Eunomia family – and calculates a diameter of 13.88 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 11.6. IAUC 8292 Behrend 2005, Four new binary Minor Planets Asteroids with Satellites, Robert Johnston, Asteroid Lightcurve Database, query form Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets – – Minor Planet Center 1313 Berna at AstDyS-2, Asteroids—Dynamic Site Ephemeris · Observation prediction · Orbital info · Proper elements · Observational info 1313 Berna at the JPL Small-Body Database Close approach · Discovery · Ephemeris · Orbit diagram · Orbital elements · Physical parameters