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A warhead is the explosive or toxic material, delivered by a missile, rocket, or torpedo. It is a type of bomb. Types of warheads include: Explosive: An explosive charge is used to disintegrate the target, damage surrounding areas with a blast wave. Conventional: Chemicals such as gunpowder and high explosives store significant energy within their molecular bonds; this energy can be released by a trigger, such as an electric spark. Thermobaric weapons enhance the blast effect by utilizing the surrounding atmosphere in their explosive reactions. Blast: A strong shock wave is provided by the detonation of the explosive. Fragmentation: Metal fragments are projected at high velocity to cause damage or injury. Continuous rod: Metal bars welded on their ends form a compact cylinder of interconnected rods, violently expanded into a contiguous zig-zag-shaped ring by an explosive detonation; the expanding ring produces a planar cutting effect, devastating against military aircraft, which may be designed to be resistant to shrapnel.

Shaped charge: The effect of the explosive charge is focused onto a specially shaped metal liner to project a hypervelocity jet of metal, to perforate heavy armour. Explosively formed penetrator: Instead of turning a thin metal liner into a focused jet, the detonation wave is directed against a concave metal plate at the front of the warhead, propelling it at high velocity while deforming it into a projectile. Nuclear: A runaway nuclear fission or nuclear fusion reaction causes immense energy release. Chemical: A toxic chemical, such as poison gas or nerve gas, is dispersed, designed to injure or kill human beings. Biological: An infectious agent, such as anthrax spores, is dispersed, designed to sicken or kill humans. A biological or chemical warhead will use an explosive charge for rapid dispersal. Type of detonators include: Guidance system List of aircraft weapons List of missiles Nuclear weapon yield Missile The Nuclear Weapon Archive; the B61 Bomb - Intermediate yield strategic and tactical thermonuclear bomb. The B61 thermonuclear bomb. The Brookings Institution. B61 Nuclear Gravity Bomb. Stephen I. Schwartz. Atomic Audit - The Costs and Consequences of U. S. Nuclear Weapons Since 1940. Brookings Institution Press 1998 c. 700pp. Ogden Air Logistics Center at Hill AFB, Utah. B61 THERMONUCLEAR BOMB. National Nuclear Security Administration. NNSA Achieves Significant Milestone for B61 Bomb. June 30, 2006. Chuck Hansen, U. S. Nuclear Weapons: The Secret History, pp. 162–164

The Reluctant Orchid

"The Reluctant Orchid" is a science fiction short story by British writer Arthur C. Clarke, first published in 1956, anthologized in Tales from the White Hart. Like the rest of the collection, it is a frame story set in the pub "White Hart", where the fictional Harry Purvis narrates the secondary tale. According to the American orchid biologist, Joseph Arditti, Clarke told him that the story was inspired by the H. G. Wells story "The Flowering of the Strange Orchid", mentioned in Clarke's story, about a carnivorous orchid that kills the man who buys it at auction; the story narrated by Purvis describes the relationship between a timid acquaintance of his named Hercules Keating, Hercules's rather overbearing aunt. Hercules is an orchid fancier, cultivates obscure varieties of these. On one particular occasion, he comes across a carnivorous orchid, is nearly killed by it; this inspires him to use it to murder his aunt. However, the aunt tames the orchid, thus deflating the scheme. Published in the magazine Satellite Science Fiction, the piece was published as the eleventh story in Clarke's collection Tales from the White Hart


Typing is the process of writing or inputting text by pressing keys on a typewriter, computer keyboard, cell phone, or calculator. It can be distinguished from other means such as handwriting and speech recognition. Text can be in the form of letters and other symbols; the world's first typist was Lillian Sholes from Wisconsin, the daughter of Christopher Sholes, who invented the first practical typewriter. User interface features such as spell checker and autocomplete serve to facilitate and speed up typing and to prevent or correct errors the typist may make; the basic technique stands in contrast to hunt and peck typing in which the typist keeps their eyes on the source copy at all times. Touch typing involves the use of the home row method, where typists keep their wrists up, rather than resting them on a desk or keyboard. To avoid this, typists should sit up tall, leaning forward from the waist, place their feet flat on the floor in front of them with one foot in front of the other, keep their elbows close to their sides with forearms slanted upward to the keyboard.

Many touch typists use keyboard shortcuts when typing on a computer. This allows them to edit their document without having to take their hands off the keyboard to use a mouse. An example of a keyboard shortcut is pressing the Ctrl key plus the S key to save a document as they type, or the Ctrl key plus the Z key to undo a mistake. Other shortcuts are the Ctrl key plus the C to copy and the Ctrl key and the v key to paste, the Ctrl key and the X key to cut. Many experienced typists can feel or sense when they have made an error and can hit the ← Backspace key and make the correction with no increase in time between keystrokes. Hunt and peck is a common form of typing in. Instead of relying on the memorized position of keys, the typist must find each key by sight. Use of this method may prevent the typist from being able to see what has been typed without glancing away from the keys. Although good accuracy may be achieved, any typing errors that are made may not be noticed due to the user not looking at the screen.

There is the disadvantage that because fewer fingers are used, those that are used are forced to move a much greater distance. There are many idiosyncratic typing styles in between novice-style touch typing. For example, many "hunt and peck" typists have the keyboard layout memorized and are able to type while focusing their gaze on the screen; some use just two fingers. Some use their fingers consistently, with the same finger being used to type the same character every time, while others vary the way they use their fingers. One study examining 30 subjects, of varying different styles and expertise, has found minimal difference in typing speed between touch typists and self-taught hybrid typists. According to the study, "The number of fingers does not determine typing speed... People using self-taught typing strategies were found to be as fast as trained typists... instead of the number of fingers, there are other factors that predict typing speed... fast typists... keep their hands fixed on one position, instead of moving them over the keyboard, more use the same finger to type a certain letter."

To quote doctoral candidate Anna Feit: "We were surprised to observe that people who took a typing course, performed at similar average speed and accuracy, as those that taught typing to themselves and only used 6 fingers on average" Some people combine touch typing and hunt and peck by using a buffering method. In the buffer method, the typist looks at the source copy, mentally stores one or several sentences looks at the keyboard and types out the buffer of sentences; this eliminates frequent up and down motions with the head and is used in typing competitions in which the typist is not well versed in touch typing. Not used in day-to-day contact with keyboards, this buffer method is used only when time is of the essence. A late 20th century trend in typing used with devices with small keyboards, is thumbing or thumb typing; this can be accomplished using both thumbs. Similar to desktop keyboards and input devices, if a user overuses keys which need hard presses and/or have small and unergonomic layouts, it could cause thumb tendonitis or other repetitive strain injury.

Words per minute is a measure of typing speed used in recruitment. For the purposes of WPM measurement a word is standardized to keystrokes. Therefore, "brown" counts as one word, but "mozzarella" counts as two; the benefits of a standardized measurement of input speed are that it enables comparison across language and hardware boundaries. The speed of an Afrikaans-speaking operator in Cape Town can be compared with a French-speaking operator in Paris. In one study of average computer users, the average rate for transcription was 33 words per minute, 19 words per minute for composition. In the same study, when the group was divided into "fast", "moderate" and "slow" groups, the average speeds were 40 wpm, 35 wpm, 23 wpm respectively. An average professional typist reaches 50 to 80 wpm, while some positions can require 80 to 95 wpm, some advanced typists work at speeds above 120 wpm. Two-finger typists, sometimes referred to as "hunt and peck" typists reach sustained speeds of about 37 wpm for memorized text and 27 wpm when copying text, but in bursts may be able to reach speeds of 60 to 70 wpm.

From the 1920s through the 19

Paul Morris (musician)

Paul Morris is a musician best known as a keyboardist in Ritchie Blackmore's Rainbow. He played keyboards on the Stranger in Us All album and co-wrote the song "Black Masquerade". Paul Morris studied piano as a child in New York City, he studied under well-known jazz pianists, Lennie Tristano, Hal Galper, Sal Mosca. He began his career playing with some local bands on Long Island named Full House, he played with Todd Wolfe in the band and the Tornados. Todd Wolf became the guitarist for Sheryl Crow. In 1989 Paul got a call from rock drummer Bobby Rondinelli to play keyboards for Doro Pesch's first solo tour without Warlock for the "Force MaJure album tour. In 1990 Paul Morris played keyboards on the album Rare Diamonds by former Warlock singer Doro Pesch; the album was produced by Gene Simmons. In 1991 he went on tour with Doro Pesch promoting the Rare Diamonds album. In 1992 Paul Morris toured with heavy metal violinist Mark Wood through the Canada. In 1994, Paul Morris was notified, he sent Ritchie Blackmore a tape and was hired.

He played on the STRANGER IN US All and co-wrote "Black Masquerade", which became a fan favorite. He performed with Rainbow for two European tours, one tour in Japan, South America, in the US. In 1997, Paul Morris toured with Nena of "99 Luftballons" fame featuring, Tony Bruno on guitar, Tommy Price on drums; this was followed by a tour with The Teen Idols starring Peter Noone and Bobby Sherman. In 2000, Morris received a call from the musical director of Trans-Siberian Orchestra, Al Pitrelli, to play with the West Coast Trans-Siberian Orchestra for the holiday season. After this tour, Morris continued his career composing and producing his own original music and doing session work. In 2002, Morris joined an 11 piece soul band called the Sensational Soul Cruisers where he remained until 2007. In 2009, Morris was approached by Joe Lynn Turner asking him to fill in for Tony Carey who had become ill. Two weeks Over the Rainbow performed at the Sweden Rock Festival. Morris continued touring with Over the Rainbow for the next two years.

In 2011, Morris worked on a new Christmas CD by The Kings of Christmas, a new group composed of former Trans-Siberian Orchestra singers and musicians. In 2017 Moogy had a short run/tour with Yngwie Malmsteen the virtuoso guitarist. Paul Morris is playing with one of the nation's top Bon Jovi tribute bands named Slippery When Wet as well as top 80's party band Jessie's Girl. You'll be able to catch Moogy on tour "Rock Legends Bon Fire and friends tour" this November 2018 throughout Germany. Paul will be touring with Purpendicular featuring Ian Paice Nov.5th to the 25th 2019 in Germany and France. Late in 2019 Paul was invited to play with Deeper Purple tribute band on their UK tour in March 2020. Paul Morris married Rose Grego in November 1997. 1985 - The Syntherchestra 1990 - Doro 1995 - Stranger in Us All 1998 - Hurry Up and Wait 1999 - Under Cover 2 2002 - Slam 2003 - JLT 2005 - The Usual Suspects 1999 - Witch Way 2000 - State of Triumph: Chapter Two 2000/2001 2004 - Grace Period 2004 - The Mold EP 2004 - Music Man EP 2005 - Faces 2005 - W.

A. R. P. E. D. 2007 - Pins and Needles 2011- The Kings of Christmas 2014-Easy Living PURPENDICULAR ---present 2019---

Warmsworth railway station

Warmsworth railway station was a railway station to serve the village of Warmsworth, South Yorkshire and was on the Hull and Barnsley and Great Central Joint Railway. It was built ready for the opening of the line on 1 May 1916 with flanking facilities. However, although the line opened to goods traffic on that date, along with the other stations on the line it never opened for passengers; the only passenger trains to operate over the line were enthusiasts' specials, the last of these being the "Doncaster Decoy" on 5 October 1968 Great Central Vol.3 Ian Allan / Locomotive Pub. Co. 1965 ISBN 0-7110-0263-0 Railways of the South Yorkshire Coalfield from 1880, A. L. Barnett, RCTS 1984. ISBN 0-901115-58-4

50th North Carolina Infantry

The 50th Regiment North Carolina Infantry was a volunteer infantry regiment that served in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War and was organized early in the war near Raleigh, North Carolina. B, D, F, "Moore Sharpshooters" G, "Rutherford Farmers" H, I, "Rutherford Regulars" or "Rutherford Regulators" K, "Green River Rifles" 50th Infantry Regiment completed its organization in April 1862, at Camp Mangum, near Raleigh, North Carolina. Men of this unit were raised in the counties of Person, Johnston, Rutherford and Harnett. Ordered to Virginia, it fought under General Daniel at Malvern Cliff returned to North Carolina. Here the 50th saw action at New Bern and Washington, transferred to J. G. Martin's Brigade, for a time served at Wilmington. Part of the regiment was stationed at Plymouth and part at Washington. In November 1864, it moved south and shared in the defense of Savannah and skirmished along the Rivers' Bridge. Sent back to North Carolina it was placed in General Kirkland's Brigade.

The unit fought its last battle at Bentonville. Below is a listing of the battles of the 50th Infantry Regiment: Fought on 15 Jun 1862 at Richmond, VA. Fought on 30 Jun 1862 at Malvern Hill, VA. Fought on 16 Apr 1863 at Rodman's Point, NC. Fought on 16 Apr 1863 at Rodman's Point, Beafort County SC. Fought on 25 Sep 1863 at Wilmington, NC. Fought on 10 Nov 1863 at New Berne, NC. Fought on 13 Nov 1863. Fought on 15 Feb 1864 at Washington, NC. Fought on 22 Feb 1864 at Wilmington, NC. Fought on 24 Mar 1864 at Cone Creek, NC. Fought on 15 Jul 1864 at Plymouth, NC. Fought on 29 Sep 1864 at Tyrrell Co, NC. Fought on 29 Sep 1864 at Plymouth, NC. Fought on 31 Oct 1864 at Plymouth, NC. Fought on 5 Dec 1864 at Fort Fisher, NC. Fought on 8 Dec 1864 at Savannah, GA. Fought on 9 Dec 1864 at Savannah, GA. Fought on 10 Dec 1864 at Savannah, GA. Fought on 15 Dec 1864 at Savannah, GA. Fought on 21 Dec 1864 at Savannah, GA. Fought on 22 Dec 1864 at Savannah, GA. Fought on 24 Dec 1864 at Savannah, GA. Fought on 1 Jan 1865. Fought on 5 Jan 1865 at Savannah, GA.

Fought on 11 Jan 1865 at Augusta, GA. Fought on 15 Jan 1865 at Savannah, GA. Fought on 3 Feb 1865 at River's Bridge, Salkehatchie River, SC. Fought on 7 Feb 1865. Fought on 14 Feb 1865 at Charleston, SC. Fought on 4 Mar 1865 at Robeson Co. NC. Fought on 8 Mar 1865 at Fayetteville, NC. Fought on 11 Mar 1865 at Fayetteville, NC. Fought on 12 Mar 1865 at Fayetteville, NC. Fought on 15 Mar 1865 at Bentonville, NC. Fought on 16 Mar 1865 at Averasboro, NC. Fought on 19 Mar 1865 at Bentonville, NC. Fought on 21 Mar 1865 at Fayetteville, NC. Fought on 22 Mar 1865 at Bentonville, NC. Fought on 23 Mar 1865 at Goldsboro, NC. Fought on 24 Mar 1865 at Goldsboro, NC. Fought on 3 Apr 1865 at Richmond, VA. Fought on 3 Apr 1865 at Goldsboro, NC. Fought on 13 Apr 1865 at Raleigh, NC. Fought on 8 May 1865 at Athens, GA. At the end, the 50th surrendered with about 250 men on 26 April 1865. William Cary Renfrow - Governor of Oklahoma Territory List of North Carolina Confederate Civil War units North Carolina in the American Civil War