Central Division (Travancore)

Central Division, sometimes referred to as the Quilon Division was one of three administrative subdivisions of the princely state of Travancore in what is now Kerala. It was administered by a civil servant of rank Diwan Peishkar equivalent to a District Collector in British India and consisted of 8 taluks — Kottayam, Changanacherry, Pathanamthitta, Chengannur, Karunagappalli, Mavelikkara and Kottarakara; the headquarters was the town of Quilon. Northern Division Southern Division Trivandrum Division


WHP-TV, virtual channel 21, is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Harrisburg, United States and serving the Susquehanna Valley region. The station is owned by the Sinclair Broadcast Group. WHP-TV's studios are located on North 6th Street in the Uptown section of Harrisburg, with the building bisected by the city line for Harrisburg and Susquehanna Township. On cable, the station is available on Comcast Xfinity channel 2 and in high definition on digital channel 802. Despite the presence of WHP-TV, CBS-owned KYW-TV in Philadelphia serves as an alternate CBS affiliate for South Central Pennsylvania, as it is carried on Xfinity systems in the market; the station first signed on the air on July 4, 1953. It was owned alongside WHP radio; until the 1995 re-call of WGPR-TV in Detroit as the second iteration of WWJ-TV after its purchase by CBS, it was the only commercial UHF television station in the United States to feature a three-letter callsign. WHP-TV operated from studios located on Locust Street in Harrisburg as a member of the DuMont Television Network.

The station lost DuMont when that network folded in 1956. WHP-TV began to share CBS programming with WLYH-TV in Lebanon and WSBA-TV in York as part of the Keystone Network; this arrangement was necessary in the days before cable television, since the Harrisburg/Lancaster/York market is mountainous and UHF signals do not travel far in rugged terrain. The three stations had a strong combined signal with 55 to 60% signal overlap. WHP-TV moved from channel 55 to UHF channel 21 in 1961. Around this time, it began airing separate local programming during off-network hours, while WLYH and WSBA-TV continued to simulcast for the entire broadcast day. WLYH and WSBA-TV ran about three-quarters of the CBS schedule, compared to separately programmed and owned WHP. All three stations pre-empted moderate amounts of CBS programming, but any shows preempted by WLYH and WSBA-TV ran on WHP while shows preempted by WHP would run on WLYH and WSBA-TV. In 1975, the station relocated from its original studio facility on Locust Street to its current location on North 6th Street.

The Susquehanna Radio Corporation sold WSBA to Mohawk Broadcasting in 1983 and relaunched it as independent station WPMT. WHP-TV and WLYH continued as the market's only CBS affiliates, with 75 percent signal overlap. Both stations stopped the arrangement in which one station ran whatever CBS shows the other declined to air, though they continued to duplicate most network shows, continued to have separate newscasts and syndicated programs; the unusual situation of one market having two separately-owned and programmed CBS affiliates that air most of the same network programming continued until the fall of 1995, when Commonwealth sold channel 21 to Clear Channel Communications, which subsequently entered into a local marketing agreement with WLYH's then-owner Gateway Communications. WLYH and WHP-TV merged their operations under this agreement, on December 16, 1995, WHP-TV became the sole CBS affiliate for South Central Pennsylvania with WLYH converting into an exclusive UPN affiliate.. On April 20, 2007, Clear Channel entered into an agreement to sell its entire television station group to Providence Equity Partners' Newport Television.

On July 19, 2012, Newport Television sold WHP-TV and five other stations to the Sinclair Broadcast Group as part of a group deal to sell 22 of its 27 stations to Sinclair, Nexstar Broadcasting Group and Cox Media Group. The LMA with WLYH-TV was included in the Newport–Sinclair deal despite Nexstar owning the license to the latter station; the group deal with Sinclair was completed on December 3, 2012. WHP-TV thus became the only Sinclair-owned station, one of a handful in the United States, to utilize a historic three-letter call sign. On July 29, 2013, Allbritton Communications announced that it would sell its seven television stations, including WHTM-TV, to Sinclair; as part of the deal, Sinclair was planning to sell the license assets of WHP-TV to Deerfield Media, but would continue to operate the station through shared services and joint sales agreements. This is due to Federal Communications Commission duopoly regulations that not only disallow common ownership of two of the four highest-rated stations in a single market, but require a market to be left with eight unique owners after a duopoly is formed.

In this case, the Harrisburg–Lancaster–York market, despite being the 43rd-largest market at the time the purchase was announced, has only six full-power stations, which are too few to permit a legal duopoly. In addition, WHTM and WHP are the second and third highest-rated stations in the market. On December 6, 2013, the FCC informed Sinclair that applications related to the deal need to be "amended or withdrawn," as the time brokerage agreement between WHP-TV and WLYH-TV would remain with Sinclair. On