Washoe County, Nevada

Washoe County is a county in the U. S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 421,407, its county seat is Reno. Washoe County is included in NV Metropolitan Statistical Area. Washoe County was created on November 25, 1861, as one of the original nine counties of the Nevada Territory, it is named after the Washoe people who inhabited the area. It was consolidated with Roop County in 1864. Washoe City was the first county seat in 1861 and was replaced by Reno in 1871. Washoe County is the setting of the 1965 episode "The Wild West's Biggest Train Holdup" of the syndicated western television series, Death Valley Days. In the story line, deputy Jim Brand places a locked chain on a Central Pacific Railroad engine until the company agrees to pay its tax assessment. Roy Barcroft played the aging Sheriff Jackson with Pat Priest as N Brand. In 1911, a small group of Bannock lead by Mike Daggett killed four ranchers in Washoe County. A posse was formed, on February 26, 1911, they caught up with the band, eight of them were killed, along with one member of the posse, Ed Hogle.

Three children and a woman who survived the battle were captured. The remains of some of the members of the band were repatriated from the Smithsonian Institution to the Fort Hall Idaho Shoshone-Bannock Tribe in 1994. In 1918, Washoe County elected the first woman elected to the Nevada Legislature, Sadie Hurst, a Republican."For decades Paiute children growing up in northern Nevada were required by the federal government to attend a boarding school in Carson City where they learned English, not Paiute."As of 2013, "Washoe County is the first school district in the state to offer Paiute classes," offering an elective course in the Paiute language at Spanish Springs High School and North Valleys High School. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,542 square miles, of which 6,302 square miles is land and 240 square miles is water; the highest point in Washoe County is Mount Rose at 10,785 ft, while the most topographically prominent peak is Virginia Peak. There Sparks.

In 2010, there was a ballot question asking whether the Reno city government and the Washoe County government should become one combined governmental body. According to unofficial results the day after the election, 54% of voters approved of the ballot measure to consolidate the governments; the Truckee Meadows of Washoe County starts at the furthest southern runway of Reno Tahoe International Airport, GPS Coordinates 39.468836,-119.770912 and runs south east. Rattle Snake Mountain at Huffaker Park, follows the span of Steamboat Creek to the southern east end of Washoe County; this is the last of the range/prairie and wild grass water shed from the eastern range of the Reno Tahoe basin. Anaho Island National Wildlife Refuge Black Rock Desert-High Rock Canyon Emigrant Trails National Conservation Area Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge Toiyabe National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 339,486 people, 132,084 households, 83,741 families living in the county; the population density was 54 people per square mile.

There were 143,908 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 80.4% White, 2.1% Black or African American, 1.8% Native American, 4.3% Asian, 0.5% Pacific Islander, 7.7% from other races, 3.3% from two or more races. 16.6 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 132,084 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.60% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.09. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,815, the median income for a family was $54,283. Males had a median income of $36,226 versus $27,953 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,277. About 6.7% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 421,407 people, 163,445 households, 102,768 families living in the county; the population density was 66.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 184,841 housing units at an average density of 29.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 76.9% white, 5.2% Asian, 2.3% black or African American, 1.7% American Indian, 0.6% Pacific islander, 9.5% from other races, 3.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 22.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 16.9% were German, 13.1% were Irish, 11.8% were English, 7.2% were Italian, 4.7% were American.

Of the 163,445 households, 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.1% were non-families, 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age was 37.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $55,658 and the median inco

Damien Escobar

Damien Escobar known as Dame Esco, is an American violinist. He was in the duo Nuttin' But Stringz with his brother Tourie, but has been a solo artist since 2012, his "crossover violin" musical style consists of a mix of classical, pop, R&B, hip hop. Escobar was born in 1986 in the Queens neighborhood in New York City, he lived with older brother Tourie. He began playing the violin at the age of eight. At the age of ten, Escobar became the youngest student accepted into the Juilliard School of Music, he graduated from Juilliard at 13. He studied at the Bloomingdale School of Music; as kids Damien and Tourie worked as street musicians, playing at Grand Central Station and on the New York City subways. In 2003, they began playing professionally under the name Nuttin' But Stringz. In 2005, Nuttin' But Stringz won a talent contest at the Apollo Theater. In 2006, Escobar appeared in the film Step Up. Nuttin' But Stringz took third place in the 2008 season of America's Got Talent, they won two Emmys. In 2012, Nuttin' But Stringz separated.

Escobar got his real estate license. After a short career as a real estate broker, Escobar returned to music as a solo act, his first solo performance was on the French TV show Taratata. He played at the Indy Car 2012 Championship Awards Banquet, Russell Simmon's Hip Hop Inaugural Ball and the 2013 Food & Wine event in New York City. In 2013, Escobar went on the I Am Me tour, he released his first solo album "Sensual Melodies" in 2014. In 2014, he authored an autobiographical children's book titled "The Sound of Strings." The same year he performed at Oprah's "The Life You Want" weekend tour. Escobar released his first pop single "Freedom" in September 2015, which premiered at #15 on the iTunes chart. In 2007, Escobar founded the Violins Against Violence foundation. Escobar works with the VH1 Save the Music Foundation, UNICEF and Kennedy’s Cause, a charity that benefits children with lymphatic malformation, he is on the Board of Directors for the Jamaica YMCA. In 2013, he hosted an event that raised over $50,000 for the Jamaica YMCA.

In 2014, Escobar performed a rendition of We Shall Overcome in honor of Mike Brown, Trayvon Martin and his friend Sean Bell. Official site Damien Escobar on IMDb

Manchuria under Qing rule

Manchuria under Qing rule was the rule of the Qing dynasty over Manchuria, including today's Northeast China and Outer Manchuria. The Qing dynasty itself was established by the Manchus, a Tungusic people coming from Manchuria, who conquered the Ming dynasty and became the ruler of China. Thus, Manchuria enjoyed a somewhat special status during the Qing and was not governed as regular provinces until the late Qing dynasty; the Qing dynasty was founded not by Han Chinese, who form the majority of the Chinese population, but by a sedentary farming people known as the Jurchen, a Tungusic people who lived around the region now comprising the Chinese provinces of Jilin and Heilongjiang. Although the Ming dynasty held control over Manchuria since the late 1380s, Ming political existence in the region waned after the death of the Yongle Emperor. What was to become the Manchu state was founded by Nurhaci, the chieftain of a minor Jurchen tribe in Jianzhou in the early 17th century. A vassal of the Ming emperors, Nurhaci started to take actual control of most of Manchuria over the next several decades.

In 1616, he declared himself the "Bright Khan" of the Later Jin state. Two years he announced the "Seven Grievances" and renounced the sovereignty of Ming overlordship to complete the unification of those Jurchen tribes still allied with the Ming emperor. After a series of successful battles against both the Ming and various tribes in Outer Manchuria, he and his son Hong Taiji controlled the whole of Manchuria. Soon after the establishment of the Qing dynasty, the territory of today's Primorsky Kray was made part of the Government-general of Jilin, along with the lower Amur area was controlled from Ninguta. However, during the Qing conquest of the Ming in the decades, the Tsardom of Russia tried to gain the land north of the Amur River; the Russian conquest of Siberia was accompanied by massacres due to indigenous resistance to colonization by the Russian Cossacks, who savagely crushed the natives. At the hands of people like Vasilii Poyarkov in 1645 and Yerofei Khabarov in 1650 some peoples like the Daur were slaughtered by the Russians to the extent that it is considered genocide.

The Daurs deserted their villages since they heard about the cruelty of the Russians the first time Khabarov came. The second time he came, the Daurs decided to do battle against the Russians instead but were slaughtered by Russian guns; the indigenous peoples of the Amur region were attacked by Russians who came to be known as "red-beards". The Russian Cossacks were named luocha, after demons found in Buddhist mythology, by the Amur natives because of their cruelty towards the Amur tribes people, who were subjects of the Qing; the Russian proselytization of Orthodox Christianity to the indigenous peoples along the Amur River was viewed as a threat by the Qing. This was rebutted by the Qing during the Sino-Russian border conflicts in the 1680s, resulting in the Treaty of Nerchinsk in 1689 which gave the land to China. Since the region was considered the homeland of the Manchus, Han Chinese citizens were banned from settling in this region by the early Qing government but the rule was violated and Han Chinese became a majority in urban areas by the early 19th century.

During Qing rule there was an massively increasing amount of Han Chinese both illegally and streaming into Manchuria and settling down to cultivate land as Manchu landlords desired Han Chinese peasants to rent on their land and grow grain, most Han Chinese migrants were not evicted as they went over the Great Wall and Willow Palisade, during the eighteenth century Han Chinese farmed 500,000 hectares of owned land in Manchuria and 203,583 hectares of lands which were part of coutrier stations, noble estates, Banner lands, in garrisons and towns in Manchuria Han Chinese made up 80% of the population. Han Chinese farmers were resettled from North China by the Qing to the area along the Liao River in order to restore the land to cultivation. Wasteland was reclaimed by Han Chinese squatters in addition to other Han who rented land from Manchu landlords. Despite prohibiting Han Chinese settlement on the Manchu and Mongol lands, by the 18th century the Qing decided to settle Han refugees from northern China who were suffering from famine and drought into Manchuria and Inner Mongolia so that Han Chinese farmed 500,000 hectares in Manchuria and tens of thousands of hectares in Inner Mongolia by the 1780s.

The Qianlong Emperor allowed Han Chinese peasants suffering from drought to move into Manchuria despite him issuing edicts in favor of banning them from 1740-1776. Chinese tenant farmers rented or claimed title to land from the "imperial estates" and Manchu Bannerlands in the area. Besides moving into the Liao area in southern Manchuria, the path linking Jinzhou, Tieling, Changchun and Ningguta was settled by Han Chinese during the Qianlong Emperor's reign, Han Chinese were the majority in urban areas of Manchuria by 1800. To increase the Imperial Treasury's revenue, the Qing sold Manchu only lands along the Sungari to Han Chinese at the beginning of the Daoguang Emperor's reign, Han Chinese filled up most of Manchuria's towns by the 1840s according to Abbe Huc. However, the policy for banning the Han Chinese citizens from moving to northern part of Manchuria was not lifted until 1860, when Outer Manchuria was lost to the Russians during the Amur Acquisition by the Russian Empire. After that, the Qing court started to encourage immigration of Han Chinese into the region, which began the period of Chuang Guandong.

After conquering the Ming, the Qing identified their state as Zhongguo, re