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A watchmaker is an artisan who makes and repairs watches. Since a majority of watches are now factory made, most modern watchmakers only repair watches; however they were master craftsmen who built watches, including all their parts, by hand. Modern watchmakers, when required to repair older watches, for which replacement parts may not be available, must have fabrication skills, can manufacture replacements for many of the parts found in a watch; the term clockmaker refers to an equivalent occupation specializing in clocks. Most practising professional watchmakers service recent production watches, they fabricate replacement parts. Instead they fit factory spare parts applicable to the watch brand being serviced; the majority of modern watchmakers in Switzerland and other countries in Europe, work directly for the watchmaking industry and may have completed a formal watchmaking degree at a technical school. They receive in-house "brand" training at the factory or service center where they are employed.

However, some factory service centers have an approach that allows them to use'non-watchmakers' who perform only one aspect of the repair process. These skilled workers do not have a watchmaking degree or certificate, but are trained'in-house' as technicians to service a small number of components of the watch in a true'assembly-line' fashion. If genuine watchmakers are employed in such environments, they are employed to service the watch movement. Due to factory/genuine spare parts restrictions, an increasing minority of watchmakers in the US are'independent,' meaning that they choose not to work directly for industry or at a factory service center. One major Swiss watch brand – Rolex – now pre-qualifies independent watchmakers before they provide them with spare parts; this qualification may include, but is not limited to, holding a modern training certificate from one of several reputable schools. The Omega brand has the same approach. However, the vast majority of modern Swiss brands do not sell parts to independent watchmakers, irrespective of the watchmaker's expertise, training or credentials.

This industry policy is thought to enable Swiss manufacturers to maintain tighter quality control of the after-sales service for its watch brands, produce high margins on after sales services, to lower second-hand watchmaking parts on the used and fake market. In England, watchmakers would have to undergo a seven-year apprenticeship and join a guild, such as the Worshipful Company of Clockmakers in London, before selling their first watch. In modern times, watchmakers undergo training courses such as the ones offered by the BHI, or one of the many other schools around the world following the WOSTEP style curriculum; some US watchmaking schools of horology will teach not only the wostep style, including the ETA range of movements, but focus on the older watches that a modern watchmaker will encounter on a daily basis. In Denmark the apprenticeship lasts four years, with six terms at the Danish School of Watchmaking in Ringsted; the education covers both clocks and watches, as a watchmaker in Denmark is a clockmaker.

In France, there are three diplomas: the lowest is the Certificat d'aptitude professionnelle in horology the "Brevet des Métiers d'Art" horology for another two-year course. And optionally, the Diplôme des métiers d'art / DMA Horlogerie. William Paley and others used the watchmaker in his famous analogy to imply the existence of God. Richard Dawkins applied this analogy in his book The Blind Watchmaker, arguing that evolution is blind in that it cannot look forward. Alan Moore in his graphic novel Watchmen, uses the metaphor of the watchmaker as a central part of the backstory of his heroic character Dr. Manhattan. In the NBC television series Heroes, the villain Sylar is a watchmaker by trade, his ability to know how watches work corresponds to his ability to gain new superpowers by examining the brains of people he has murdered. In the scifi novel The Mote in God's Eye by Larry Niven, the Watchmakers are a small technologically intelligent sub-species of the Moties that will repair/improve things left for them.

In the 2015 major motion picture film Survivor directed by James McTeigue, one of the world's most wanted killers is played by Pierce Brosnan, who demonstrates just how devastating the precision skill sets of a watchmaker can be as he plays the role of'Nash,' a professional killer who excels at bomb making and long-range shooting. Ferdinand Berthoud Abraham Louis Breguet Louis Cartier George Daniels John Harrison Peter Henlein Christiaan Huygens Antide Janvier Jean-Antoine Lépine Thomas Mudge Nicolas Mathieu Rieussec Hubert Sarton Thomas Tompion Waltham Watch Company Gérald Genta Chronometer watch Clockmaker Federation of the Swiss Watch Industry FH History of timekeeping devices Marine chronometer National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors Perlée or pearl pattern Watch alt.horology Fried, Henry B.. The Watch Repairer's Manual. Vermont: Echo Point Books & Media, LLC. ISBN 1-6265-4998-2. Federation of the Swiss Watch Industry FH American Watchmakers-Clockmakers Institute British Horological Institute Institute of Swiss Watchmaking AFAHA - Association française des amateurs d'horlogerie ancienne ANCAHA -

Bashilo River

The Bashilo River is located in Ethiopia. Known for its canyon, which one source describes as as extensive as the canyon of its parent the Abay known as the Blue Nile, the river originates just west of Kutaber in the Amhara Region, flowing first to the northwest to where the Tergiya empties into it to the southwest to its confluence with the Abay, its drainage area is about 13,242 square kilometers in size, covering portions of the Semien Gondar, Semien Wollo and Debub Wollo Zones. Its tributaries include the Checheho, the Walano; the Bashilo was important for defining the boundaries of Ethiopian provinces. In the 17th century, it separated Begemder from Amhara. By the late 18th century, it had become the northern boundary of Shewa, as illustrated by the refusal of Emperor Tekle Giyorgis I to cross the Bashilo because they would enter that province; the river remained the northern boundary of Shewa as late as 1870 by Negus Menelik of Shewa in a letter to G. R. Goodfellow. List of rivers of Ethiopia Ethiopia Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Agency: Administrative atlas: Amhara region Ethiopia Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Agency: Flood Vulnerable Areas as of August 24, 2006

Barnaby Fitzpatrick, 7th Baron Upper Ossory

Barnaby Fitzpatrick, 7th Baron Upper Ossory, was the eldest son and successor of Barnaby Fitzpatrick, 6th Baron Upper Ossory by his wife Catherine Everard. Barnaby Fitzpatrick the 7th Baron Upper Ossory married Margaret Butler, daughter of Pierce Butler, 1st Viscount Ikerrin. By her, he begot five children. Kieran, who died in childhood. John, who died in childhood. Catherine, who died in childhood. Mary, the "only and unfortunate", the only child mentioned in her father's will. After Margaret's death, he remarried twice. Neither his second or third marriages produced any offspring, he was the last of the Barons of Upper Ossory to attain to the lordship. Because the 7th Baron Upper Ossory sided with James II against William of Orange, he was outlawed by Dublin in 1690. On 11 May 1691, the seventh baron was attainted and the barony forfeited, his nephew and successor named Barnaby Fitzpatrick called the "8th Baron Upper Ossory", was disallowed from attaining the lordship of Upper Ossory on account of his uncle's automatic forfeiture.

Carrigan, William. The History and Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory. 1. Dublin: Sealy, Bryers & Walker; the Fitzpatrick - Mac Giolla Phádraig Clan Society Descendants of Bryan Fitzpatrick and First Baron of Upper Ossory by Ronan Fitzpatrick and Steve Zalewski

AN1 zinc finger

In molecular biology, the AN1-type zinc finger domain, which has a dimetal -bound alpha/beta fold. This domain was first identified as a zinc finger at the C terminus of AN1 SWISSPROT, a ubiquitin-like protein in Xenopus laevis; the AN1-type zinc finger contains six conserved cysteines and two histidines that could coordinate 2 zinc atoms. Certain stress-associated proteins contain AN1 domain in combination with A20 zinc finger domains or C2H2 domains. For example, the human protein Znf216 has an A20 zinc-finger at the N terminus and an AN1 zinc-finger at the C terminus, acting to negatively regulate the NFkappaB activation pathway and to interact with components of the immune response like RIP, IKKgamma and TRAF6; the interact of Znf216 with IKK-gamma and RIP is mediated by the A20 zinc-finger domain, while its interaction with TRAF6 is mediated by the AN1 zinc-finger domain. The AN1 zinc finger domain is found in proteins containing a ubiquitin-like domain, which are involved in the ubiquitination pathway.

Proteins containing an AN1-type zinc finger include: Ascidian posterior end mark 6 protein. Human AWP1 protein, expressed during early embryogenesis. Human immunoglobulin mu binding protein 2, mutations in which cause muscular atrophy with respiratory distress type 1. AN1-type zinc finger domains are present across diverse euryarchaeota and thaumarchaeota, where they are fused to membrane-associated peptidase domains such as the rhomboid family serine peptidase, transglutaminase-like thiol peptidases of the papain fold, Zn-dependent metallopeptidases. Archaeal AN1 domains are linked to transmembrane helices, domains such as DNAJ and SCP/PR1; these fusions suggest membrane-associated roles for AN1 domain containing proteins in archaea, such as in proteolytic processing of polypeptides and in regulating protein folding or stability. The architectural syntax is remarkably similar to that of the prokaryotic B-box zinc finger and LIM domains

Secular ethics

Secular ethics is a branch of moral philosophy in which ethics is based on human faculties such as logic, reason or moral intuition, not derived from belief in supernatural revelation or guidance—the source of ethics in many religions. Secular ethics refers to any ethical system that does not draw on the supernatural, includes humanism and freethinking. A classical example of literature on secular ethics is the Kural text, authored by the ancient Tamil Indian philosopher Valluvar who lived during the 1st century BCE. Secular ethical systems comprise a wide variety of ideas to include the normativity of social contracts, some form of attribution of intrinsic moral value, intuition-based deontology, cultural moral relativism, the idea that scientific reasoning can reveal objective moral truth. Secular ethics frameworks are not always mutually exclusive from theological values. For example, the Golden Rule or a commitment to non-violence, could be supported by both religious and secular frameworks.

Secular ethics systems can vary within the societal and cultural norms of a specific time period. Despite the width and diversity of their philosophical views, secular ethicists share one or more principles: Human beings, through their ability to empathize, are capable of determining ethical grounds; the well-being of others is central to ethical decision-making Human beings, through logic and reason, are capable of deriving normative principles of behavior. This may lead to a behavior preferable to that condoned based on religious texts. Alternatively, this may lead to the advocacy of a system of moral principles that a broad group of people, both religious and non-religious, can agree upon. Human beings have the moral responsibility to ensure that societies and individuals act based on these ethical principles. Societies should, if at all possible, advance from a less ethical and just form to a more ethical and just form. Many of these tenets are applied in the science of morality, the use of the scientific method to answer moral questions.

Various thinkers have framed morality as questions of empirical truth to be explored in a scientific context. The science is related to a type of ethical realism. In How Good People Make Tough Choices: Resolving the Dilemmas of Ethical Living, Rushworth Kidder identifies four general characteristics of an ethical code: 1, it is brief 2. It is not explanatory 3. Can be expressed in a number of forms 4. Centers on moral values Humanists endorse universal morality based on the commonality of human nature, that knowledge of right and wrong is based on our best understanding of our individual and joint interests, rather than stemming from a transcendental or arbitrarily local source, therefore rejecting faith as a basis for action; the humanist ethics goal is a search for viable individual and political principles of conduct, judging them on their ability to enhance human well-being and individual responsibility, thus eliminating human suffering. The International Humanist and Ethical Union is the world-wide umbrella organization for those adhering to the Humanist life stance.

Humanism is a democratic and ethical life stance, which affirms that human beings have the right and responsibility to give meaning and shape to their own lives. It stands for the building of a more humane society through an ethic based on human and other natural values in the spirit of reason and free inquiry through human capabilities, it is not theistic, it does not accept supernatural views of reality. Humanism is known to adopt principles of the Golden Rule. There are those; the Dalai Lama has said that compassion and affection are human values independent of religion: "We need these human values. I call secular beliefs. There’s no relationship with any particular religion. Without religion as nonbelievers, we have the capacity to promote these things."Those who are unhappy with the negative orientation of traditional religious ethics believe that prohibitions can only set the absolute limits of what a society is willing to tolerate from people at their worst, not guide them towards achieving their best.

In other words, someone who follows all these prohibitions has just avoided being a criminal, not acted as a positive influence on the world. They conclude that rational ethics can lead to a expressed ethical life, while religious prohibitions are insufficient; that does not mean secular ethics and religion are mutually exclusive. In fact, many principles, such as the Golden Rule, are present in both systems, some religious people, as well as some Deists, prefer to adopt a rational approach to ethics; the Humanist Manifestos are three manifestos, the first published in 1933, that outline the philosophical views and stances of humanists. Integral to the manifestos is a lack of supernatural guidance. There are numerous versions of Alternatives to the Ten Commandments The Girl Scout law is as follows: I will do my best to be honest and fair and helpful, considerate and caring and strong, responsible for what I say and do, to respect myself and others, respect authority, use resources wisely, make the world a better place, be a sister to every Girl Scout.

"Midshipmen are persons of integrity: They stand for that, right. They ensure that the full truth is known, they do not lie. They embrace fairness in all actions, they ensure that work submitted as their own is their own, that assistance received from any source is authorized and properly documented. They do not cheat, they respe

Peter Teravainen

Peter Teravainen is an American professional golfer who played overseas. Teravainen was born in Plymouth and raised in Duxbury, Massachusetts, his father was a gym teacher and his mother was a nurse. He is one of four children. Teravainen attended Yale University on scholarship, he played on the golf team at college and was All-American in 1976, 1977, 1978. He was team captain his senior year and regarded as the best player, he won the individual Ivy League Championship in senior year. Teravainen graduated from Yale in 1978 with an economics degree. Teravainen turned pro one year out of college, he did not find much success. He was not close to keeping his card. Teravanen again tried to qualify for the PGA Tour at the 1981 Qualifying School but failed by one shot. Back the European Tour accepted the top 15 golfers who did not qualify for the PGA Tour at its Qualifying School. Teravainen began a long relationship with the European Tour. Teravainen's first two seasons on the European Tour were only so-so but in his third season, 1984, he finished runner-up in two events and finished 15th on the Order of Merit.

He would qualify for his first major championship that year, the 1984 Open Championship held at St. Andrew's, he did not progress on this success however. For the remainder of the 1980s he would keep his card but would earn top-10 finishes and never come close to winning. In the early 1990s his career ended, he could only play part-time. The following year he was plagued by tendinitis in the shoulder. By 1995, his career had hit rock bottom; this year shin problems contributed to poor play. He withdrew from 16 of his first 21 European Tour events. Teravainen spoke with Wally Uihlein, Titleist executive, that July about leaving life as a touring professional and working in the industry full-time, he did not receive a job offer and continued to work as a touring professional. Late in the summer, he won his first professional event at the Chemapol Trophy Czech Open. Teravainen played three solid rounds in the 60s before shooting a final round 67 to overcome overnight leaders Howard Clark and Ronan Rafferty.

Despite winning after 14 seasons of struggle, Teravainen would soon quit the European Tour. He had married a woman in Singapore and the country had been his primary residence for years so he decided to focus on Asia, he had had some success on the Asian circuit winning the 1989 and 1991 Singapore PGA Championship. In contrast to the United States or Europe, Teravainen would find immediate success in Asia. In 1996 he would finish runner-up at the Asian Tour's Rolex Singapore Masters and win the Merlion Masters. Both events were held in his hometown of Singapore, he would win the Japan Open Golf Championship, the flagship event of the Japan Golf Tour. The victory would give him a 10-year exemption in Japan. Teravainen, phasing out his European Tour schedule, would play in limited schedule in Europe from on and in other parts of the world to focus on Japan. 1997 was another excellent season for Teravainen. He would win the Descente Classic Munsingwear Cup and finish second in the Japan Match Play, losing to Japanese star Shigeki Maruyama in the finals.

These performances would help him break into the top 100 in the world for the first time in his career. He would qualify for the Open Championship and, for the only time, the U. S. Open that summer, he was something of a celebrity in Japan. He wrote about his life for Japanese golf magazines. Sports Illustrated featured him in a full-length profile; the remainder of Teravainen's career would not be as successful. He would not come close to winning again, he would miss the cut, withdraw, or be disqualified from 2/3 of the events he entered over these years. After the 1999 season he would not record another top-10 finish, his Japan Open exemption expired in 2006. This was somewhat serendipitous. Teravainen did not succeed. Like his regular career trajectory, he again turned to Europe. Due to his ranking on the regular tour's all-time money list, Teravainen automatically qualified for the European Seniors Tour, he had limited success. He has not played on the European Seniors Tour since 2010. Teravainen is a Buddhist.

He married Veronica, a Singaporean women of Chinese descent, in 1988. She caddied for Teravainen shortly after they got married. Three years after their marriage they had a daughter named Taina. Teravainen is of Finnish descent. 1977 New England Intercollegiate Championship, Ivy League Championship, Southeastern Amateur 1978 New England Intercollegiate Championship, Ivy League Championship, Ouimet Memorial Tournament, Southeastern Amateur 1996 Japan Open 1997 Descente Classic Munsingwear Cup 1996 Merlion Masters this list may be incomplete 1980 Rhode Island Open 1989 Singapore PGA Championship 1991 Singapore PGA Championship Peter Teravainen at the PGA Tour official site Peter Teravainen at the European Tour official site Peter Teravainen at the Japan Golf Tour official site Peter Teravainen at the Official World Golf Ranking official site