Wellington Cable Car

The Wellington Cable Car is a funicular railway in Wellington, New Zealand, between Lambton Quay, the main shopping street, Kelburn, a suburb in the hills overlooking the central city, rising 120 m over a length of 612 m. The one way trip takes five minutes; the Wellington Cable Car is recognised as a symbol of Wellington. The line consists of 628 metres of straight 1,000 mm metre gauge single track with pine sleepers; the only curves are at Talavera station. Except for the lowest part the line rises at a constant grade of 1 in 5.06, through three tunnels and over three bridges. The lower terminus is off Lambton Quay; the upper terminus is next to the Wellington Botanic Garden at the city end of Upland Road, Kelburn's main street. The Cable Car has two cars, which pass in the middle, they are attached to each other by a 30 mm diameter cable, supported by 120 rollers, which runs round a pulley at the top of the hill. A 185 kW 550 V DC motor at the top of the hill drives the pulley; the Cable Car is a funicular rather than a true cable car: the cars are permanently attached to the cable, which stops and starts as required, while a cable car grips and releases a continuously-moving cable.

Wheels on the south side of car 1 and the north side of car 2 have double flanges, while the opposite wheels on each car have no flanges, directing the cars to the correct side of the mid-way passing loop at Talavera. The cars are designed using internal steps to provide horizontal floors; the normal operating speed is 18 km/h, with a maximum passenger load of around 100. Each car weighs 13.5 t when empty and 21 t when full. The Cable Car is used by under a million people each year. In the mornings and evenings, it is used by commuters travelling between the city; the Cable Car is operated by Wellington Cable Car Ltd, owned by Wellington City Council. Wellington Cable Car Ltd owns the overhead wires for Wellington's trolleybuses. Operation was contracted out to Australian company Transfield Services until early 2007, when it was brought back inhouse. Wellington Cable Car Ltd is responsible for all operations of the Cable Car, including the maintenance of cars and track, employing drivers, selling tickets and providing customer service.

Unlike buses and trains, the Cable Car does not receive a subsidy, is profitable. The Cable Car Museum was opened in December 2000. Located in the original winding house, with a new extension completed in 2006, it houses original grip cars 1 and 3, with the electric winding gear still in working order. Car 1 is including contemporary advertising. Car 3 was restored in 2005 to a green livery dating from about 1905, a bell from the San Francisco Cable Car was added; the winding gear is still in working order and runs a loop of cable, but the cable no longer leaves the building. The Cable Car Museum is operated by the Wellington Museums Trust, it has a Category II listing with Heritage New Zealand. At the end of the 19th century, Wellington was expanding and, due to the city's hilly terrain, good building land was at a premium; when new residential developments were proposed for Kelburn, it was suggested that a cable car or funicular could be built to provide easy access. In 1898, a number of people prominent in the development of the residential subdivisions founded the Kelburne & Karori Tramway Company.

The plan was to build a tramway between the city and Kelburn, link it by carriage to Karori, a settlement on the far side of Kelburn. The company began purchasing land for the construction of the tramway, negotiated with the Karori authorities for a new road to link the upper terminus with Karori. In 1898, the City Council granted permission for the venture, on condition that it had the option to purchase the operation at a date; the location of Victoria University of Wellington was influenced by the company's offer of a donation of £1000 if the university were located in Kelburn, so students would patronise the car when travelling between the city and the university. Several of the Company investors like Martin Kennedy were supporters of Seddon, who stalled on releasing land on the alternative Mount Cook Gaol site for the university, although this site was supported in Wellington; the designer of the system was a Dunedin-born engineer. Fulton was responsible for both selecting the route and deciding the method of operation, a hybrid between a cable car and a funicular.

Like a cable car, the line had a continuous loop haulage cable that the cars gripped using a cable car gripper, but it had a funicular-style balance cable permanently attached to both cars over an undriven pulley at the top of the line. The descending car gripped the haulage cable and was pulled downhill, in turn pulling the ascending car uphill by the balance cable. There was a Fell type centre rail, used for emergency braking only; the line was single track of 3 ft 6 in gauge with a double track passing bay. Construction began in 1899; the line opened to the public on 22 February 1902. Demand was high, with thousands of people travelling each day. In 1903, a number

The Rural Channel

The Rural Channel is a Canadian English language Category B specialty channel broadcasting rural lifestyle programming with a particular emphasis on agriculture and equine programming. The channel is owned by Ag-Com Productions and launched on May 29, 2013. On August 13, 2008 Ag-Com Productions Inc. was granted approval from the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to launch The Rural Channel, described at the time of license as a "national, English-language Category 2 specialty programming service devoted to serving the interests and needs of individuals and families living outside of major cities in smaller and rural communities across Canada, with a focus on the agriculture industry."The channel launched on May 29, 2013 on Shaw Direct. A few weeks in June, the channel launched a high definition channel simulcasting the standard definition feed on EastLink. Official website

Carol Quillen

Carol Quillen is the 18th and current president of Davidson College. She is the first female president of the college and the first non-alum president since John Rood Cunningham. Quillen grew up in New Castle and attended the University of Chicago, where she was a student of Allan Bloom. After finishing her PhD at Princeton University, Quillen became a professor of history at Rice University in 1990. At Rice, Quillen became a vice president, focusing on international studies; as president, Quillen has overseen major changes at Davidson. The college has undergone major construction projects, namely adding a new practice facility at the Baker Sports Complex and a new science center, she aided in the transition from the Southern Conference to the Atlantic 10 Conference. During her tenure, Davidson received totaling $45 million from The Duke Endowment, the largest donation in the school's history. Quillen has overseen the college's $425-million capital campaign. Since 2016, Quillen has served as a trustee of the National Humanities Center in Research Triangle Park.

Biography from the Davidson College Archives & Special Collections