Bytown is the former name of Ottawa, Canadas capital city. It was founded on September 26,1826, incorporated as a town on January 1,1850, the founding was marked by a sod turning, and a letter from Governor General Dalhousie which authorized Lieutenant Colonel John By to divide up the town into lots. Bytown came about as a result of the construction of the Rideau Canal, Bytowns first mayor was John Scott, elected in 1847. Bytown was located where the Rideau Canal meets the Ottawa River, Upper Town, situated to the west of the canal, was situated in the area of the current downtown and Parliament Hill. Lower Town was on the east side of the canal where todays Byward Market, the two areas of town were connected over the Rideau Canal by the Sappers Bridge, constructed in 1827. The town took its name from John By who, as a Colonel in the British Royal Engineers, was instrumental in the construction of the canal. The name Bytown came about, somewhat as a reference during a small dinner party of some officers.
The number of houses now built is about 150, most of which are constructed of wood, frequently in a style of neatness, Colonel By laid out the streets of Bytown, a pattern that mostly exists today. Wellington Street, Rideau Street and Sparks Street were some of the earliest streets in use, Sappers Bridge actually connected Sparks Street to Rideau Street at that time. Nicholas Sparks owned Bytowns land west of the canal, except for the north of Wellington. The area east of Bank Street to the canal was acquired by the military, Bytown had seen some trouble in the early days, first with the Shiners War in 1835 to 1845, and the Stony Monday Riot in 1849. Some early buildings still stand had been erected in Bytown. In 1826, Thomas McKay was contracted to build the commesariat building, McKay built Rideau Hall, and parts of the Union Bridge connecting LeBreton Flats to Hull. Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica was early on in the developing town. The University of Ottawa had its 1846 origins as a college, though administration of Bytown had been conducted by civil authorities since 1828, the town did not become incorporated until much later.
Various attempts at incorporation had been initiated since 1845, the Ordnance Department had held lands in the towns core, lands which had been the property of Nicholas Sparks. These lands were considered by many to be blocking economic progress as well as being held for speculative reasons only, when Ordnance eventually returned the lands to Sparks through the Vesting Act, the major obstacle to incorporation was removed. An act of the Legislative Assembly further facilitated the incorporation of municipalities, Richmond Landing was a small settlement started in 1809 with Jehiel Collins store, which preceded Bytown in present day Ottawa
Somerset Street (Ottawa)
Somerset Street is a street in Ottawa, Canada. It is divided into Somerset Street East and Somerset Street West by the Rideau Canal, Somerset Street East is a short road that runs through the neighbourhood of Sandy Hill from the University of Ottawa campus to the west and Strathcona Park to the east. Somerset used to extend east over the Rideau River towards St. Laurent Boulevard, that bridge was demolished, and the street was renamed to Donald Street east of the river. Also known as Ottawa Road #36, Somerset Street West begins at the Queen Elizabeth Driveway in the east, Somerset Street West houses the backbone of Ottawas Chinatown, between Bay Street in the east to Preston Street in the west, which is the centre of Ottawas Little Italy. The area of the street between Bank and OConnor is known as Somerset Village, in the 1870s, as the area was developed, a bridge was proposed linking the two Somerset Streets over the Rideau Canal. However, this never came into existence. The street continues through the campus as Marie Curie Private, with traffic restricted to bicycles in the westbound direction, the Corktown Footbridge connects the two sides, but is restricted to non-motorized traffic.
The bridge opened to the public on September 21,2006, a large public weblog of photographs of many buildings on Somerset Street West made after 2003 is available at http, //www. somersetstreet. ca/
Office of the Prime Minister (Canada)
In Canada, the Office of the Prime Minister, located in the Langevin Block, facing Parliament Hill, in Ottawa, is one of the most powerful parts of the government. It is made up of the minister and his or her top political staff. It should not be confused with the Privy Council Office, which is the top office that controls the service and is expressly non-partisan. The PMO is concerned with making policy whereas the PCO is concerned with executing the policy decisions decided by the government and this is because, unlike those examples, the Canadian Prime Ministers official residence is not the site of any bureaucratic functions. They act as a link between the party organization and the government. After that point, the PMO became more central to the government, after Jean Chrétien was appointed as prime minister, the PMO continued to be the central organ of the government. Chrétiens successor, Paul Martin, changed the structure of the PMO to more match that of the Executive Office of the President of the United States, Martin further, and significantly, increased the salary of the PMOs staff. J. E.
Hodgetts Prime Ministers Office The Canadian Encyclopedia, eddie Goldenberg, The Way It Works pages 40 to 45. Office of the Prime Minister Office of the Prime Minister YouTube channel
Confederation Square is an urban square in Ottawa, Canada, and is considered the second most important ceremonial centre in Canadas capital city, after Parliament Hill. The square was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1984, part of the square crosses over the Rideau Canal, itself a National Historic Site of Canada and a World Heritage Site. A triangular plaza once located approximately at the site of todays Confederation Square was named after Governor General Connaught and this work was finished by December 1912 and the location was named Connaught Place on March 24,1913. Two prime ministers had promoted the beautification of the city, Wilfrid Laurier from 1896-1911. By 1927, a commission for improvements named the Federal District Commission was formed out of an effort called the Ottawa Improvement Commission. King invited French architect Jacques Gréber to help with the design for a square which would include a war memorial, the area at this time had five notable structures, most which have been standing for decades.
King had plans involving widening Elgin Street even by 1927, with hopes of bringing emphasis to the Parliament Hill, the hotel was destroyed by fire on April 14,1928. The Russell Theatre, which was burnt on that date got expropriated for demolition in order to bring about these plans. The Federal District Commission expropriated the hotels site, the church was expropriated November 20,1930. City Hall burned down March 31,1931, in 1937, Greber visited Ottawa but disagreed with King on the placement of the war memorial, for fear of traffic problems. Ottawas former Central Post Office had been constructed in 1876, the old post office was demolished in June 1938 in order to build the square. Knox Presbyterian Church had been demolished on June 1938, the Royal Bank of Canada building at the northwest corner of Elgin and Sparks had been removed. By October, the War Memorial had been erected and the Plaza Bridge had been widened, work was underway for the building of the new Central Post Office. Elgin Street was widened in April 1939.
and Confederation Square continued to be landscaped while post office was being completed, by this time, the square was renamed Confederation Square for the National War Memorial. It wouldnt be until June 1969 that the National Arts Centre would be opened, in May 1939, King George VI came to visit Ottawa and formally unveiled the new War Memorial. Confederation Boulevard, ceremonial route List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Ontario Bibliography
Island Park Drive
Island Park Drive is a short, but important and scenic, north-south street in Ottawa, Canada. It is one of several parkways in Ottawa administered by the National Capital Commission providing scenic routes throughout Canadas capital region and this street is lined with luxury homes and several embassies. The north end links up with the Sir John A. Macdonald Parkway and the Champlain Bridge, the road is named for Bate Island, the largest island crossed by the Champlain Bridge, which has a small park with road access. The south end leads to the Central Experimental Farm, where it turns into the NCC Driveway, Island Park Drive has a northbound offramp from the westbound Queensway and no other ramps. Hampton Park is north of the Queensway and borders Island Park Drive and other Island Park residents can frequently be seen in the park walking their dogs. During the summer of 2007, the Highway 417 overpass was replaced using a replacement technology technique which uses heavy lift. This involved lifting out the old bridges and replacing them with new bridges that were built nearby and it was the first of two similar operations in the 417 corridors, the other being at a future date near the Carling Avenue area.
Commercial vehicles are prohibited from Island Park Drive, which is a minor arterial road with a 40 km/h speed limit due to the residential nature
History of Ottawa
By 1914, Ottawas population had surpassed 100,000 and today it is the capital of a G7 country whose metropolitan population exceeds one million. The origin of the name Ottawa is derived from the Algonquin word adawe, the word refers to the Indigenous Peoples who used the river to trade, fish, harvest plants and for other traditional uses. The first maps made of the area started to name the river after these peoples. For centuries, Algonquin people have portaged through the waterways of both the Ottawa River and the Rideau River while passing through the area. French explorer Étienne Brûlé was credited as the first European to see the Chaudière Falls in 1610, no permanent settlement occurred in the area until 1800 when Philemon Wright founded his village near the falls, on the north shore of the Ottawa River. Lt. Colonel John By was an officer of the Royal Engineers commissioned by the British Government in 1826 to superintend the construction of the Rideau Canal. The founding was marked by a sod turning, and a letter from Dalhousie which authorized Colonel By to divide up the town into lots.
The town developed into a site for the timber, and sawed lumber trade, causing growth so that in 1854, Bytown was created a city and its present more appropriate name, Ottawa was conferred. Shortly afterward, Queen Victoria chose Ottawa as the capital of Canada, at this time, increased export sales led it to connect by rail to facilitate shipment to markets especially in the United States. In the early 1900s the lumber industry waned as both supply and demand lessened, growth continued in the 20th century, and by the 1960s, the Greber Plan transformed the capitals appearance and removed much of the old industrial infrastructure. In 2001, the city amalgamated all areas in the former region, with the draining of the Champlain Sea around 10,000 years ago the Ottawa Valley became habitable. The Algonquin people who called the Ottawa River the Kichi Sibi or Kichissippi meaning Great River or Grand River maintained a route along the Ottawa River for a relatively short time. The word Ottawa is in relation to the Ottawa people, the First Nation who hunted, camped and traveled in the area, and lived far to the west along Georgian Bay and Lake Huron.
When Étienne Brûlé in 1610 became the first European to travel up the Ottawa River, followed by Samuel de Champlain in 1613, written records show that by 1613 the Algonquins were in control of the Ottawa Valley and the surrounding areas to the west and north. At left is an extract from a map created in 1632 by Samuel de Champlain of the reaches of New France. It shows a portion of the Ottawa River route he took in 1616, with numbers used to indicate sites he visited, significant rapids and aboriginal encampments. Champlain wrote about both the Rideau Falls on the part of the early future town, and the Chaudière Falls in the west. Chaudière was, and still is impassable by any water traffic, so there were portage paths around it on trips from the mouth of the Ottawa River to the lands of the interior, Nicholas Gatineau traded using the nearby Gatineau River
Confederation Building (Ottawa)
The Confederation Building is a gothic revival office building designed by Richard Cotsman Wright and Thomas W. Fuller in Ottawa, Canada. Located just west of the Parliament Buildings at Bank and Wellington Streets, the land where the Confederation Building and the Supreme Court of Canada now stand contained homes and businesses. These were expropriated by the government to allow for the construction of new federal buildings, work on the Confederation Building began when the cornerstone was laid by the Governor General on July 1,1927 as part of the celebrations of Canadas Diamond Jubilee and it opened during 1931. It originally housed workers in a number of departments, with the Department of Agriculture being the largest tenant, today it is home both to civil servants and to a number of MPs and ministers. Many Conservative, Liberal and NDP MPs have their offices there along with some junior cabinet members, as part of the ongoing work on Parliament Hill there are currently discussions to fill the space between the Confederation Building and the smaller Justice Building to create more office space.
This has been contested by some, due to a government daycare that is open to staff that is already there. Work began in 2008 to clean and refurbish the buildings masonry, Thomas W. Fuller, Chief Dominion Architect 1927-1936
Rideau Street is home to the Château Laurier, the CF Rideau Centre and the Government Conference Centre. Along with Wellington Street and Sussex Drive it was among the first streets in Ottawa to be host to businesses, the Plaza Bridge by the Rideau Canal is at its westmost point and the Cummings Bridge is at its eastmost point. For many years, Rideau Street was one of Ottawas primary retail thoroughfares, containing department stores such as Freimans, Woolworth, Caplans, in November 1979, mayor Marion Dewar examined a plan to create what became the Rideau Street Bus Mall. Sidewalks from Sussex to Dalhousie were enclosed in a continuous glass-and-steel structure, the heated mall was expected to allow pedestrians to shop in comfort year-round. However, the structure had an unanticipated down side, in that it attracted large numbers of homeless, many establishments along the affected stretch of Rideau Street failed as a result. The decision was made to tear the shelters down, and in the end the cost for dismantling them was almost as much as the $6.5 million incurred in their construction.
Although the local department stores are gone, Rideau Street still features The Bay department store, the Rideau Centre shopping mall, the street had been designated Highway 17B before the Ontario government discontinued it in 1998. North of Rideau and west of King Edward is the commercial Byward Market area, to the south of Rideau Street is the Sandy Hill neighbourhood, with its mix of embassies, older houses, low- and high-rise apartment buildings, and student housing. A section of Rideau Street was closed to all traffic from June 8 to July 2,2016 after it collapsed in the vicinity of excavations being made for the Rideau station of the Confederation Line. Later that year on October 2, a much smaller sinkhole opened in the area as the June 8 sinkhole. 2014 sinkhole Rideau Street Chapel Sussex Drive Wallis House Wellington Street
East and West Memorial Buildings
The East Memorial Building and West Memorial Building are a pair of government buildings in Ottawa, Canada. Construction started in 1949 to house the rapidly growing Department of Veterans Affairs, the buildings were thus originally named the Veterans Memorial Buildings. They were designed by George Roper Gouinlock and H. L. Allward, the National Capital Commission in collaboration with Public Works and Government Services Canada erected a historical plaque and West Memorial Buildings - For those who served. In the 1950s, Canada erected the twin Memorial Buildings on Wellington Street, one of those buildings, at the time housed the new Department of Veterans Affairs. In the 20 century alone, nearly two million Canadians served their country in war, now Canada serves these people through the Veterans Charter, a pact exceptional in the world for the breadth and scope of services it offers. The answer was a brilliant array of educational, housing, honouring a generation - The memorial Buildings, erected in 1949 and 1955 respectively, were designed with a sleek melding of neoclassical and copper-roofed chateau styles.
The buildings are unusual in that they are linked by the memorial Arch, which is not really an arch at all, the Memorial Arch is dedicated to all who served in the Second World War. A feat of arms - In April 1945, Canadian troops crossed the Rhine, as Canadian tanks rolled into one Dutch town after another, the people went wild with joy and took to the streets in celebration. Returning to Canada, those who served from 1939 to 1945 were honoured with the title of veterans, the Canadian government helped thousands of veterans like Stanley Lolley- a survivor of two World Wars- to get an education or establish businesses. Edward Dunlop of the Queens Own Rifles was blinded in 1943 while saving others from a grenade explosion and he was active in the rehabilitation of disabled veterans and was awarded the Order of the British Empire for that work. A memorial is dedicated to the memory of 1701 Men of the Canadian Bank of Commerce who served in the Great War, the buildings are located on the south side of Wellington Street, across the street from the Supreme Court of Canada Building.
Lyon Street passes between the two buildings, but they are linked by the Memorial Arch, between the two lanes of Lyon Street are gardens and a large stone relief carved by Ivan Mestrovic to honour those who fought in the Second World War. As the Veterans Affairs department has shrunk other departments have moved in, today the Department of Justice is headquartered in the East Building. Currently, West Memorial is vacant and in condition with plans for major renovations in the near future. 1 Some offices for the National Archives were located in these buildings, Veterans Affairs page on the buildings
Elgin Street (Ottawa)
Elgin Street is a street in the Downtown core of Ottawa, Canada. Originally named Biddys Lane, it was named after Lord Elgin. The north/south running street begins at Wellington Street in Confederation Square, just east of the Parliament buildings, in the centre of Elgin Street for the first two blocks is Confederation Square, home of Canadas National War Memorial. To the south of this on the east of Elgin is the National Arts Centre, continuing south, Elgin is fronted by Confederation Park to the east and the Lord Elgin Hotel to the west. South of the park, just past Laurier Avenue, is the Ottawa Court House, across from the First Baptist Church and Grant house, followed by City Hall and Knox Presbyterian Church. South of this, the street becomes mainly an area, home to a number of stores, restaurants. Progressing south, the street becomes more residential, home to low rise apartment buildings. Elgin ends at the Queensway, where it turns into Hawthorne Avenue before turning east, at the southern end of Elgin is the headquarters of the Ottawa Police Service.
The street is now nicknamed Sens Mile, similar to the Red Mile in Calgary, the plan originated as a grassroots campaign upon realization that the home of the Ottawa Senators, Canadian Tire Centre is located 30 minutes west of the citys downtown core in the suburb of Kanata. In June 2010 a life size statue of the Canadian jazz pianist Oscar Peterson was unveiled at the corner of Elgin. As of November 2011, the former National Art Gallery at 90 Elgin is being torn down to be replaced with a new 17 storey office building that house the Federal Finance Department. Furthermore, behind Grant House and First Baptist Church at 150 Elgin, google Maps, Elgin Street Elgin Street Community Portal