Kibworth is an area of the Harborough district of Leicestershire, that contains two civil parishes: the villages of Kibworth Beauchamp and Kibworth Harcourt. According to the 2011 census, Kibworth Beauchamp had a population of 5,433 and Kibworth Harcourt of 990; the two villages are divided by the A6. Kibworth is close to Foxton Locks, Market Harborough, Leicester. Kibworth has a number of shops, a community newspaper, since 2002 new shops, including a branch of Co-op UK. New housing continues causing periodic controversy; the village snooker team, Kibworth Snooker based at the village Working Men's Club, won the Market Harborough snooker league in 2011 and 2012 enjoying cup successes in both these years. However recent seasons have not been as fruitful; the local cricket club won the ECB National Club Cricket Championship in 2004. In the village there are clubs for golf and football, dance schools; the Bookshop, opened in the High Street in 2009, won a regional award of Independent Bookseller of The Year in 2012.
The X7 Stagecoach and X3 Arriva bus services to Leicester and Market Harborough run through the village. The X3 bus serves Kibworth Meadows estate; the Midland Main Line runs through the area, but Kibworth railway station, which served both villages, closed in 1968. In 1270 Walter de Merton, the founder of Merton College, bought a large part of the parish of Kibworth Harcourt from Saer de Harcourt, forced to sell the estate following his support for the unsuccessful "barons' rebellion" led by Simon de Montfort. A large part of the parish has remained property of Oxford to the present day. There is a stained glass window depicting Walter de Merton in the bell tower of the parish church, St Wilfrid's, the warden and scholars of the college are joint patrons with the Bishop of Leicester; the church is a Grade II* listed building. Kibworth Harcourt was the birthplace of the writer/reformer Anna Laetitia Barbauld and her brother John Aikin, their father, John Aikin, kept a dissenting academy there and served as minister of a nearby Presbyterian chapel.
The family moved in 1757 to Warrington. On 23 July 1825 the ancient spire of St Wilfrid's collapsed. In September 2010, Kibworth was the central feature of Michael Wood's Story of England, a documentary aired on both BBC Four, BBC Two, repeated on the UKTV channel Yesterday, PBS America, presented by Michael Wood about the history of England framed through Kibworth. A book of the same name was published by Viking; the series was likened to Who Do You Think You Are? for a whole community. Villagers have created a new website and requested a grant of £48,200 from the Heritage Lottery Fund to continue the legacy of the TV series by creating a Kibworth Guide Booklet, several interpretation panels around the three villages, ongoing study materials for the three tiers of local schools and an online Archive to be produced during 2011 and 2012. In birth order: John Aikin, Unitarian preacher and father of Anna Laetitia Barbauld and taught in Kibworth in 1730–58. Anna Laetitia Barbauld, essayist, children's author and daughter of John Aikin, was born in Kibworth Harcourt.
John Aikin, physician and brother of Anna Laetitia Barbauld, was born in Kibworth Harcourt. James Beresford, Anglican cleric and humorist writer, was rector of Kibworth from 1812 until his death in 1840. Colonel John Worthy Chaplin, awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry in 1860 in the Second China War, was buried in Kibworth New Cemetery. Edmund Knox, Anglican bishop, Evangelical writer and father of Ronald Knox, was rector of Kibworth 1884–91. Samuel Perkins Pick, was educated at Kibworth Grammar School. T. E. R. Phillips, Anglican cleric and astronomer specializing in planets, was born in Kibworth. Wilfred Knox, Anglican theologian and brother of Ronald Knox, was born in Kibworth. Ronald Knox, Roman Catholic monsignor and religious writer, was born in Kibworth. Sir Nicholas Harold Lloyd Ridley, inventor of the Intraocular lens, was born in Kibworth. Stu Williamson and inventor of the Triflector, is based in Kibworth. Kibworth Parish Walks A History of Kibworth Harcourt and Beauchamp: the tale of two villages Kibworth at genuki.org
Langton, North Yorkshire
Langton is a village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated 3 miles south from the market town of Malton; the population at the 2011 Census was less than 100. Details are included in the civil parish of North Yorkshire. Langton Hall was the home of Woodleigh School, an independent preparatory school founded in 1929 by the educationalist Arthur England, from 1946 until the school's closure in 2012. There is a small state primary school, Langton Community School with around 80 pupils; the village was the seat of the Norcliffe family. Their former home, Langton Hall, now owned by their descendants, the Howard-Vyse family, leased to Woodleigh School until 2012, is a Grade II listed building. In 1823 Langton was a civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, the Wapentake of Buckrose; the parish church, dedicated to St Andrew, the parish living was under the patronage of the King. Population at the time was 280. Occupations included five farmers, two grocers, a tailor & draper, a butcher, a shoemaker, a schoolmaster, a parish constable, the landlord of Horse Shoes public house, a blacksmith.
A Major and Mrs Northcliffe were resident at the Hall. Media related to Langton, North Yorkshire at Wikimedia Commons
Leicestershire is a landlocked county in the English Midlands. The county borders Nottinghamshire to the north, Lincolnshire to the north-east, Rutland to the east, Northamptonshire to the south-east, Warwickshire to the south-west, Staffordshire to the west, Derbyshire to the north-west; the border with most of Warwickshire is Watling Street. Leicestershire takes its name from the city of Leicester located at its centre and administered separately from the rest of the county; the ceremonial county has a total population of just over 1 million, more than half of which lives in'Greater Leicester'. Leicestershire was recorded in the Domesday Book in four wapentakes: Guthlaxton, Framland and Gartree; these became hundreds, with the division of Goscote into West Goscote and East Goscote, the addition of Sparkenhoe hundred. In 1087, the first recorded use of the name was as Laegrecastrescir. Leicestershire's external boundaries have changed little since the Domesday Survey; the Measham-Donisthorpe exclave of Derbyshire has been exchanged for the Netherseal area, the urban expansion of Market Harborough has caused Little Bowden in Northamptonshire to be annexed.
In 1974, the Local Government Act 1972 abolished the county borough status of Leicester city and the county status of neighbouring Rutland, converting both to administrative districts of Leicestershire. These actions were reversed on 1 April 1997, when Rutland and the City of Leicester became unitary authorities. Rutland became a distinct Ceremonial County once again, although it continues to be policed by Leicestershire Constabulary; the symbol of the county council, Leicestershire County Cricket Club and Leicester City FC, is the fox. Leicestershire is considered to be the birthplace of fox hunting. Hugo Meynell, who lived in Quorn, is known as the father of fox hunting. Melton Mowbray and Market Harborough have associations with fox hunting, as has neighbouring Rutland. Leicestershire and Herefordshire are the only three English counties lacking a registered flag. A design was proposed for Leicestershire in 2017 based on symbols associated with the county – a fox and a cinquefoil; the River Soar together with its tributaries and canalisations constitutes the principal river basin of the county, although the River Avon and River Welland through Harborough and along the county's southern boundaries are significant.
The Soar rises between Hinckley and Lutterworth, towards the south of the county near the Warwickshire border, flows northwards, bisecting the county along its north/south axis, through'Greater' Leicester and to the east of Loughborough where its course within the county comes to an end. It continues north marking the boundary with Nottinghamshire for some 10 kilometres before joining the River Trent at the point where Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire meet; the geographical centre of England is in Leicestershire, near Fenny Drayton in the southwest of the county. In 2013, the Ordnance Survey calculated. A large part of the north-west of the county, around Coalville, forms part of the new National Forest area extending into Derbyshire and Staffordshire; the highest point of the county is Bardon Hill at 278 metres, a Marilyn. 150–200 metres and above in nearby Charnwood Forest and to the east of the county around Launde Abbey. The lowest point, at an altitude of about 20 metres, is located at the county's northernmost tip close to Bottesford where the River Devon flowing through the Vale of Belvoir leaves Leicestershire and enters Nottinghamshire.
This results in an altitude differential of around 257.5 metres and a mean altitude of 148.75 metres. The population of Leicestershire is 609,578 people; the county covers an area of 2,084 km2. Its largest population centre is the city of Leicester, followed by the town of Loughborough. Other large towns include Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Hinckley, Market Harborough, Melton Mowbray, Oadby and Lutterworth; some of the larger of villages are:Burbage Birstall, Broughton Astley, Castle Donington, Kibworth Beauchamp, Great Glen, Ibstock and Kegworth. One of the most expanding villages is Anstey, which has seen a large number of development schemes; the United Kingdom Census 2001 showed a total resident population for Leicester of 279,921, a 0.5% decrease from the 1991 census. 62,000 were aged under 16, 199,000 were aged 16–74, 19,000 aged 75 and over. 76.9% of Leicester's population claim they have been born in the UK, according to the 2001 UK Census. Mid-year estimates for 2006 indicate that the population of the City of Leicester stood at 289,700 making Leicester the most populous city in East Midlands.
The population density is 3,814/km2 and for every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Leicester, 38.5% had no academic qualifications higher than 28.9% in all of England. 23.0% of Leicester's residents were born outside of the United Kingdom, more than double than the English average of 9.2%. Engineering has long been an important part of the economy of Leicestershire. John Taylor Bellfounders co
East Langton is a village and civil parish in the Harborough district of Leicestershire, England. The parish includes Church Langton, it is near Kibworth and Market Harborough, the parish according to the 2011 census had a population of 393. Church Langton church tower is a landmark to travellers from the south, the whole building is finely proportioned; the church has an organ given by William Hanbury, vicar for 25 years from 1753. There is an Old Roman Road, it is about 86 miles north of London, 12 miles south-east of Leicester city and 4 miles north of Market Harborough. Overall, the parish includes all of the township of East Langton, its nearest arterial road is the B6047, with the village lying just to the east. The parish land was used for animal grazing. East Langton parish church was built in the year 1615 but was restored in 1866 in order to increase its seating capacity of 287; the place was an ancient township in Leicester county and became a modern Civil Parish in December, 1866, when it was split off from Church Langton.
On 25 March 1885, this parish was reduced in size when the "Vendy's Lodge" area was transferred to Thorpe Langton Civil Parish. On 25 March 1885, this parish gained in size when portions of Thorpe Langton Civil Parish and West Langton Civil Parish were transferred to it. In 1925 this parish was further increased in size, when it gained about 63 acres of land when the Civil Parish borders in the area were "adjusted". Most of the houses in the village appear to have been built or rebuilt in brick during the 19th and early 20th centuries but a few older buildings survive; the Bell Inn, now acting as a bed and breakfast, is an ironstone building of three bays, the north bay of, rebuilt in brick. Its northern end was the village smithy, now used for work on agricultural machinery. On the opposite side of the road a re-roofed cottage with a symmetrical front and a pedimented door case is dated 1724 with initials JBC. A council housing estate was built on the east side of the road, after the Second World War which housed 50 people when completed.
East Langton now contains a total of 103 houses. In the 1880s, East Langton was described as vil. Church Langton par. Leicestershire, 3½ miles N. of Market Harborough, pop. 242 As of the 2011 census, there is a higher ratio of women to men and 60.8% of people are considered to have good health compared to the national average of 47.2%. A low proportion of people are unemployed at 2.4%. 96.2% of people living in the village are white, English and 69.5% are Christian, the majority of the rest being unreligious. The mean age of people in the village in 41 higher than the national average. Only 1.3% of people have the highest level of qualification, low but only 16% have no qualifications at all, a low number. According to reports from the 1901 census, the parish only covered 992 acres of land and had a population of 244, showing the expansion is size and number of people in the following 100 years; the village had a train station, named "East Langton station", opened in 1876 that operated on Midland Railway until its closure in 1968.
The nearest school is Church Langton C of E Primary School, based 0.4 miles away, with 17 school children coming from the village. One notable resident was Thomas Staveley, a well-known antiquary, born in the village in 1626. Media related to East Langton at Wikimedia Commons
In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation, the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; the unit rolled out across England in the 1860s. A civil parish can range in size from a large town with a population of about 75,000 to a single village with fewer than a hundred inhabitants. Eight parishes have city status. A civil parish may be known as and confirmed as a town, neighbourhood or community by resolution of its parish council, a right reserved not conferred on other units of English local government. 35% of the English population live in a civil parish. As of 31 December 2015 there were 10,449 parishes in England; the most populous is Weston super Mare and those with cathedral city status are Chichester, Hereford, Ripon, Salisbury and Wells.
On 1 April 2014, Queen's Park became the first civil parish in Greater London. Before 2008 their creation was not permitted within a London borough. Wales was divided into civil parishes until 1974, when they were replaced by communities, which are similar to English parishes in the way they operate. Civil parishes in Scotland were abolished for local government purposes by the Local Government Act 1929, the Scottish equivalent of English civil parishes are community council areas, which were established by the Local Government Act 1973; the Parish system in Europe was established between the 8th and 12th centuries and in England was old by the time of the Conquest. These areas were based on the territory of one or more manors, areas which in some cases derived their bounds from Roman or Iron Age estates. Parish boundaries were conservative, changing little, after 1180'froze' so that boundaries could no longer be changed at all, despite changes to manorial landholdings - though there were some examples of sub-division.
The consistency of these boundaries, up until the 19th century is useful to historians, is of cultural significance in terms of shaping local identities, a factor reinforced by the adoption of parish boundaries unchanged, by successor local government units. There was huge variation in size between parishes, for instance Writtle in Essex was 13,568 acres while neighbouring Shellow Bowells was just 469 acres, Chignall Smealy 476 acres; until the break with Rome, parishes managed ecclesiastical matters, while the manor was the principal unit of local administration and justice. The church replaced the manor court as the rural administrative centre, levied a local tax on produce known as a tithe. In the medieval period, responsibilities such as relief of the poor passed from the Lord of the Manor to the parish's rector, who in practice would delegate tasks among his vestry or the monasteries. After the dissolution of the monasteries, the power to levy a rate to fund relief of the poor was conferred on the parish authorities by the Act for the Relief of the Poor 1601.
Both before and after this optional social change, local charities are well-documented. The parish authorities were consisted of all the ratepayers of the parish; as the number of ratepayers of some parishes grew, it became difficult to convene meetings as an open vestry. In some built up, areas the select vestry took over responsibility from the entire body of ratepayers; this innovation allowed governance by a self-perpetuating elite. The administration of the parish system relied on the monopoly of the established English Church, which for a few years after Henry VIII alternated between the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England, before settling on the latter on the accession of Elizabeth I in 1558. By the 18th century, religious membership was becoming more fractured in some places, due for instance to the progress of Methodism; the legitimacy of the parish vestry came into question and the perceived inefficiency and corruption inherent in the system became a source for concern in some places.
For this reason, during the early 19th century the parish progressively lost its powers to ad hoc boards and other organisations, for example the loss of responsibility for poor relief through the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834. Sanitary districts covered England in Ireland three years later; the replacement boards were each entitled to levy their own rate in the parish. The church rate ceased to be levied in many parishes and became voluntary from 1868; the ancient parishes diverged into two distinct, nearly overlapping, systems of parishes during the 19th century. The Poor Law Amendment Act 1866 declared all areas that levied a separate rate: C of E ecclesiastical parishes, extra-parochial areas and their analogue, chapelries, to be "civil parishes". To have collected rates this means these beforehand had their own vestries, boards or equivalent bodies; the Church of England parishes, which cover more than 99% of England, became termed "ecclesiastical parishes" and the boundaries of these soon diverged from those of the Ancient Parishes in order to reflect modern circumstances.
After 1921 each ecclesiastical parish has been the responsibility of the parochial church councils. In the late 19th century, most of the ancient irregularities inheri