West Side Tennis Club

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Coordinates: 40°43′11″N 73°50′55″W / 40.719778°N 73.848649°W / 40.719778; -73.848649

Forest Hills Stadium
West Side Tennis Club 2404826259 9f64dcf9de o.jpg
Club in 1912
Former names Forest Hills Tennis Stadium
Location One Tennis Place
Forest Hills, Queens, NY, U.S. 11375
Website
www.foresthillstennis.com

The West Side Tennis Club is a private tennis club located in Forest Hills, a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens. The Club has 38 tennis courts in all four surfaces (clay court, Har-Tru, grass court and hardcourt), a junior Olympic-size swimming pool and other amenities. It is the home of the Forest Hills Stadium, a 14,000 seat outdoor tennis stadium and concert venue.[1]

It is most notable for hosting the U.S. National Championships, renamed the US Open Tennis Championships in 1968, a total of 60 times, first from 1915 to 1920, and then again from 1924 to 1977; in addition, the finals of the Davis Cup were held at the club 10 times, more than any other venue. The US Pro tournament was held at the venue 11 times, and another big professional tournament, the Tournament of Champions, was held at the venue 3 times, the West Side Tennis Club was the venue of the Forest Hills Tennis Classic, a now-defunct WTA Tour Tier IV event, and a men's challenger event. The Open saw some of its biggest moments and changes while at West Side, including the introduction of seedings in 1927, tiebreakers in 1970, equal prize money for men and women in 1973, and night play in 1975.[citation needed] Currently, the stadium is used as an outdoor concert venue.

History[edit]

Entrance
Stadium, late 2011

The club was founded in 1892 when 13 original members rented land on Central Park West for three clay courts and a small clubhouse. Ten years later, the land had become too valuable, and the club moved to a site near Columbia University with room for eight courts; in 1908, the club moved again to a property at 238th Street and Broadway. The new site covered two city blocks and had 12 grass courts and 15 clay courts.

The club hosted the International Lawn Tennis Challenge (now known as the Davis Cup) in 1911, with crowds in the thousands, the club leadership realized that it would need to expand to a more permanent location. In 1912, a site in Forest Hills, Queens, was purchased, the signature Tudor-style clubhouse was built the next year.

In 1915, the United States Lawn Tennis Association National Championship, later renamed the U.S. Open, moved to West Side. By 1923, the success of the event necessitated the construction of a 14,000-seat horseshoe-shaped stadium that still stands today, the stadium's first event was the final of the International Lawn Tennis Challenge, which saw the U.S. defeat Australia.

Althea Gibson became the first black player to play in a Grand Slam event in 1950 (in 1957 she became the first black player to win the tournament),[2] and Billie Jean King was the first player to win a Grand Slam event with a metal racket in 1967. In 1968, the year of the first televised broadcast of the US Open,[3] Arthur Ashe became the first black man to win a Grand Slam tournament there.[4] Beginning in 1971 the stadium was home to the annual Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Tennis Tournament which was a celebrity pro-am for charity featuring the likes of Chevy Chase, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Carlos Santana, Edward M. Kennedy, Elton John and more throughout the decade.[5]

In 1975, the tournament was switched to Har-Tru clay courts. By 1978, the tournament had outgrown West Side, and the USTA moved the tournament to its new site in Flushing Meadows under USTA President William Hester's leadership.[6] In 2008, the stadium was the site of a women's satellite tournament.[3]

The New York Empire of World TeamTennis announced it would play its home matches, coached by Patrick McEnroe, at the stadium beginning with its inaugural 2016 season.[7] The team relocated to the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center for its second season in 2017.[8]

Forest Hills Stadium[edit]

Poster for 1964 concerts at Forest Hills Tennis Stadium, headlining Barbra Streisand, Count Basie, Woody Allen, Johnny Mathis, Harry Belafonte, Peter Nero and The Beatles.

In addition to hosting the main court for tennis championships, the Forest Hills Stadium has been used as a concert venue featuring artists like Frank Sinatra, The Supremes, Bob Dylan, The Beatles, Jimi Hendrix, The Who, Donna Summer, and Chance the Rapper, and was the location for the Forest Hills Music Festival.[9]

Following the 1978 departure of the Open the stadium fell into disrepair, by 2011 it was called a "crumbling ruin" and was denied landmark status by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission.[3] The West Side Tennis Club received an offer in 2010 to raze the stadium and replace it with condominiums.[10]

However, in mid-2013, the stadium re-opened as an outdoor concert venue with Mumford & Sons performing the inaugural concert. Since then the Forest Hills Stadium has held a regular summer concert series featuring the likes of Santana, Zac Brown Band, D'Angelo, Van Morrison, and others.[1] It is also the summer home of The New York Pops[11]

The stadium also has a history of use as a filming location, the Alfred Hitchcock film Strangers on a Train (1951) was filmed in part during the 1950 Davis Cup finals at the West Side Tennis Club on 25–27 August 1950. Several scenes in Wes Anderson's The Royal Tenenbaums were filmed in and around the stadium including the "Windswept Fields" meltdown of Richie Tenenbaum.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "History - Forest Hills Stadium". Forest Hills Stadium. 
  2. ^ Santos, Fernanda (10 September 2010). "Forest Hills Tennis Stadium's Future Is Debated" – via www.nytimes.com. 
  3. ^ a b c Chura, Nate (August 29, 2011). "Ruin in the Forest: A Stadium Once Fit For the US Open Falls Into Disrepair". Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  4. ^ Santos, Fernanda (10 September 2010). "Forest Hills Tennis Stadium's Future Is Debated" – via www.nytimes.com. 
  5. ^ "Ethel's Tennis Tournament Is a Labor of Love - Vol. 2 No. 9". 
  6. ^ Steinberger, Michael (August 23, 2012). "Queens Was Burning, Too: The Chaotic Spectacle of the 1977 U.S. Open". The New York Times Magazine. pp. MM34. Retrieved September 5, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Mylan World TeamTennis 2016 Season Includes Return to New York City, Expanded Broadcast Coverage". World TeamTennis. February 17, 2016. Retrieved June 4, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Schwartz: New York Empire Ready For Improved Second Season In World Team Tennis". 7 March 2017. 
  9. ^ "About Forest Hills Stadium". Forest Hills Stadium. New York. Retrieved 22 April 2016. The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Bob Dylan, Barbra Streisand, and Simon & Garfunkel all graced the stage at Forest Hills during its heyday in the 1960s and 70s. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Open Stadium May Go Condo". The Wall Street Journal. 11 August 2010. 
  11. ^ http://www.newyorkpops.org/the-new-york-pops-announces-new-summer-home-at-forest-hills-stadium
  12. ^ "the year 2015: windswept fields". 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Worple Road, London
Comain Cricket Club, Auckland
Kooyong Stadium, Melbourne
White City Stadium, Sydney
Milton Courts, Brisbane
Davis Cup
Final Venue

1914
192119221923
1947194819491950
1955
1959
Succeeded by
Double Bay Grounds, Sydney
Germantown Cricket Club, Philadelphia
White City Stadium, Sydney
Memorial Drive Park, Adelaide
White City Stadium, Sydney
Preceded by
Newport Casino (1881-1914)
Germantown Cricket Club (1921-1923)
Home of the
U.S. Open

1915-1920
1924-1977
Succeeded by
Germantown Cricket Club (1921-1923)
USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center (1978-present)