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Westchester County, New York

Westchester County is a county in the U. S. state of New York. It is the second-most populous county on the mainland of New York, after the Bronx, the most populous county in the state north of New York City. According to the 2010 Census, the county had a population of 949,113, estimated to have increased to 967,612 by 2018. Situated in the Hudson Valley, Westchester covers an area of 450 square miles, consisting of six cities, 19 towns, 23 villages. Established in 1683, Westchester was named after the city of England; the county seat is the city of White Plains, while the most populous municipality in the county is the city of Yonkers, with an estimated 199,663 residents in 2018. The annual per capita income for Westchester was $67,813 in 2011; the 2011 median household income of $77,006 was the fifth highest in New York and the 47th highest in the United States. By 2014, the county's median household income had risen to $83,422. Westchester County ranks second in the state after New York County for median income per person, with a higher concentration of incomes in smaller households.

Westchester County had the highest property taxes of any county in the United States in 2013. Westchester County is one of the centrally located counties within the New York metropolitan area; the county is positioned with Nassau and Suffolk counties, to its south. Westchester was the first suburban area of its scale in the world to develop, due to the upper-middle-class development of entire communities in the late 19th century and the subsequent rapid population growth; because of Westchester's numerous road and mass transit connections to New York City, as well as its shared border with the Bronx, the 20th and 21st centuries have seen much of the county the southern portion, become nearly as densely developed as New York City itself. At the time of European contact in the 16th and 17th centuries, the Native American inhabitants of present-day Westchester County were part of the Algonquian peoples, whose name for themselves was Lenape, meaning the people, they called the region Lenapehoking, which consisted of the area around and between the Delaware and Hudson Rivers.

Several different tribes occupied the area, including The Manhattans, the Weckquaesgeek and Siwanoy bands of the Wappinger in the south, Tankiteke and Kitchawank Wappinger in the north. The first European explorers to visit the Westchester area were Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524 and Henry Hudson in 1609. Dutch settlers began arriving in the 1620s, followed by settlers from England in the 1640s. Westchester County was one of the original twelve counties of the Province of New York, created by an act of the New York General Assembly in 1683. At the time it included present-day Bronx County, abutted then-Dutchess County to the north. By 1775, Westchester was the richest and most populous county in the colony of New York. Although the Revolutionary War devastated the county, recovery after the war was rapid. In 1788, five years after the end of the war, the county was divided into 20 towns. In 1798, the first federal census recorded a population of 24,000 for the county. Two developments in the first half of the 19th century—the construction of the first Croton Dam and Aqueduct, the coming of the railroad—had enormous impacts on the growth of Westchester.

The Croton Dam and Aqueduct was begun in 1837 and completed in 1842. In the 1840s, the first railroads were built in Westchester, included the New York and Harlem Railroad, the Hudson River Railroad, the New York and New Haven Railroad; the railroads determined the growth of a town, the population shifted from Northern to Southern Westchester. By 1860, the total county population was 99,000, with the largest city being Yonkers; the period following the American Civil War enabled entrepreneurs in the New York area to create fortunes, many built large estates, such as Lyndhurst, in Westchester. During the latter half of the 19th century, Westchester's transportation system and labor force attracted a manufacturing base along the Hudson River and Nepperhan Creek. In 1874, the western portion of the present Bronx County was transferred to New York County, in 1895 the remainder of the present Bronx County was transferred to New York County; these would split from Manhattan to form a county. During the 20th century, the rural character of Westchester would transform into the suburban county known today.

The Bronx River Parkway, completed in 1925, was the first modern, multi-lane limited-access roadway in North America. The development of Westchester's parks and parkway systems supported existing communities and encouraged the establishment of new ones, transforming the development pattern for Westchester. With the need for homes expanding after World War II, multistory apartment houses appeared in the urbanized areas of the county, while the market for single-family houses continued to expand. By 1950, the total county population was 625,816. Major interstate highways were constructed in Westchester during the 1960s; the establishment of these roadways, along with the construction of the Tappan Zee Bridge, led to further growth in the county. Westchester County is located in the New York metropolitan area and Downstate New York, north of New York City and south of Upstate New York, it shares its southern boundary with New York City and its northern

Tom Thurber

Thomas George "Tom" Thurber was a provincial level politician from Alberta, Canada. He was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1989 until 2001, he was born in Alberta. Thurber was first elected to the Alberta Legislature in the 1989 Alberta general election, he won the electoral district of Drayton Valley holding it for the Progressive Conservatives by a wide margin. Drayton Valley was reconstituted into Drayton Valley-Calmar, he ran for re-election in the 1993 Alberta general election and won the new riding with an increased plurality. He ran for a third term in office in the 1997 Alberta general election winning the biggest margin of his career defeating three other candidates. In July 1999 Thurber was one of three Alberta MLAs to participate in the Partnership of Parliaments parliamentarian exchange program with Germany, he retired from public politics at dissolution of the legislature in 2001. Legislative Assembly of Alberta Members Listing

Tombola (bingo company)

Tombola Ltd is a British online bingo company. The headquarters are in Sunderland in the North East of England, with additional offices in Gibraltar and Madrid. Founded in 2000, its main site, tombola.co.uk has become the largest bingo website in the UK, with more players than any other company, as well as being number one in Spain and Italy.tombola produce original bingo software and games, created by an in-house development team, is one of the largest employers of game and web developers in the North East of England. Tombola was established in 1999 by Phil Cronin, he had worked for his family's business Edward Thompson printers, until 1995. Under the Edward Thompson company name, the Cronin family have provided printed paper bingo tickets to bingo halls since the 1960s. Since founding tombola, Phil Cronin has been awarded Durham & Wearside Business Executive of the Year 2011, he has expanded the tombola business into Europe with tombola receiving gaming licences for Spain in July 2012 and Italy in December 2012.

Tombola arcade is an instant win game site, launched by tombola on 25 July 2016. The site features 6 unique games: spin, flip, bubble and pick. All games are exclusive to tombola; the site has adopted a low stake strategy to mirror tombola.co.uk. Tombola has won thirteen awards since re-launching in 2008: 2009: Most Online Bingo Prizes Won, Best Chat Host Team award 2010: EGR Awards Online Bingo Operator of the Year,Online Bingo Awards Online Bingo Operator of the Year, Most Popular Online Bingo Site, Most Online Bingo Prizes Won, Best Online Game Innovation. 2011: Most Popular Online Bingo Site, Best Chat Host Team, 2012: Best Bingo Chat Hosts of 2012, Bingo Operator of the Year 2012, 2013: Bingo Operator of the Year 2013, Socially Responsible Operator tombola has undertaken a number of sponsorship deals. In November 2009, the company began sponsoring ITV soap opera Emmerdale in a deal that ran until March 2012. In April 2010, tombola agreed a deal to sponsor Sunderland AFC for the 2010/11 and 2011/12 English Premier League seasons.

In September 2014 tombola began sponsoring Loose Women. In November 2017, tombola arcade began sponsoring I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here!. The sponsorship was renewed for the 2018 edition of the show. In 2012 tombola became the main sponsors of Sunderland AFC Keroche, an African football club supported by Sunderland AFC fans in England. Tombola paid for fifteen boxes of football kits to be shipped to Africa for the team. In July 2014, tombola launched the tombola Academy, a scheme that recruits the most talented young graduates and apprentices from the surrounding area into full-time training at their headquarters in Sunderland