White Plains is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States. An inner suburb of New York City, it is the county seat and commercial hub of Westchester, a densely populated suburban county, home to one million people. White Plains is located in south-central Westchester, with its downtown 25 miles north of Midtown Manhattan; as of 2018, the city's total population was estimated to be 58,811, up from 56,853 at the 2010 census. According to the city government, the daytime weekday population is estimated at 250,000; the city was ranked third in the top 10 places to live in New York for 2014, according to national online real estate brokerage Movoto. At the time of the Dutch settlement of Manhattan in the early 17th century, the region had been used as farmland by the Weckquaeskeck tribe, a Wappinger people, was called "Quarropas". To early traders it was known as "the White Plains", either from the groves of white balsam which are said to have covered it, or from the heavy mist that local tradition suggests hovered over the swamplands near the Bronx River.
The first non-native settlement came in November 1683, when a party of Connecticut Puritans moved westward from an earlier settlement in Rye and bought about 4,400 acres from the Weckquaeskeck. However, John Richbell of Mamaroneck claimed to have earlier title to much of the territory through his purchase of a far larger plot extending 20 miles inland from a different tribe; the matter wasn't settled until 1721, when a Royal Patent for White Plains was granted by King George II. In 1758, White Plains became the seat of Westchester County when the colonial government for the county left West Chester, located in what is now the northern part of the borough of the Bronx, in New York City; the unincorporated village remained part of the Town of Rye until 1788 when the town of White Plains was created. On July 9, 1776, a copy of the Declaration of Independence was delivered to the New York Provincial Congress, meeting in the county courthouse; the delegates adopted a resolution approving the Declaration, thus declaring both the colony's independence and the formation of the State of New York.
The Declaration itself was first publicly read from the steps of the courthouse on July 11. During September and October 1776, troops led by George Washington took up positions in the hills of the village, hotly pursued by the British under General Sir William Howe, who attacked on October 28; the Battle of White Plains took place on Chatterton Hill, the Bronx River. Howe's force of 4,000–6,000 British and Hessian soldiers required three attacks before the Continentals, numbering about 1,600 under the command of Generals Alexander McDougall and Israel Putnam, joining Washington's main force, which did not take part in the battle. Howe's forces had suffered 250 casualties, a severe loss, he made no attempt to pursue the Continentals, whose casualties were about 125 dead and wounded. Three days after the battle Washington withdrew north of the village, this was occupied by Howe's forces, but after several inconclusive skirmishes over the next week Howe withdrew on November 5, leaving White Plains to the Continentals.
One of Washington's subordinates, Major John Austin, drunk after having celebrated the enemy's withdrawal, reentered the village with his detachment and proceeded to burn it down. Although he was court-martialed and convicted for this action, he escaped punishment; the first United States Census, conducted in 1790, listed the White Plains population at 505, of whom 46 were slaves. By 1800, the population stood at 575 and in 1830, 830. By 1870, 26 years after the arrival of the New York Central Railroad, it had swollen to 2,630 and by 1890 to 4,508. In the decades that followed the count grew to 7,899 and 26,425. White Plains was incorporated as a village in 1866 and as a city in 1916. Following World War II, White Plains' downtown area developed into what amounted to a "destination" shopping district featuring branch stores of many famous New York-based department and specialty stores; some of these retail locations were the first large-scale suburban stores built in the United States and ushered in the eventual post-war building boom.
Construction of nearby parkways and expressways in the 1940s through the 1970s only enhanced White Plains' role as a retail location. With a city opening ceremony, Macy's launched a grand White Plains store on Main Street across from City Hall in 1949; as the mayor said at the time, this was a significant event in the life of White Plains. Other prestigious stores followed, such as B. Altman & Co. Rogers Peet, Saks Fifth Avenue, Lord & Taylor, Alexander's, a short-lived branch of Bergdorf Goodman, converted to sister chain Neiman Marcus in 1981. White Plains is still a huge retail destination in the area with Bloomingdale's, Neiman Marcus, Nordstrom Rack, Macy's, Burlington Coat Factory, over 1000 other small and mid-size stores in four malls. During the late 1960s, the city of White Plains developed an extensive urban renewal plan for residential and mixed-use redevelopment that called for the demolition of its entire central business district from the Bronx River Parkway east to Mamaroneck Avenue.
Beginning in the 1950s, many major corporations based in New York City relocated operations to White Plains and other suburban locations. These included General Foods, PepsiCo, Hitachi USA, IBM, Nestlé, Snapple and Heineken USA. At the height of the 1980s, at least 50 Fortune 500 corporations
A right bundle branch block is a heart block in the right bundle branch of the electrical conduction system. During a right bundle branch block, the right ventricle is not directly activated by impulses travelling through the right bundle branch; the left ventricle however, is still activated by the left bundle branch. These impulses are able to travel through the myocardium of the left ventricle to the right ventricle and depolarize the right ventricle this way; as conduction through the myocardium is slower than conduction through the Bundle of His-Purkinje fibres, the QRS complex is seen to be widened. The QRS complex shows an extra deflection that reflects the rapid depolarisation of the left ventricle followed by the slower depolarisation of the right ventricle. Common causes are Normal variant, Right ventricular hypertrophy or strain, Congenital heart disease such as atrial septal defect and Ischemic heart disease. In addition, a right bundle branch block may result from Brugada syndrome, pulmonary embolism, rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, or hypertension.
The criteria to diagnose a right bundle branch block on the electrocardiogram: The heart rhythm must originate above the ventricles to activate the conduction system at the correct point. The QRS duration must be more than 100 ms or more than 120 ms. There should be a terminal R wave in lead V1. There must be a prolonged S wave in leads I and V6; the T wave should be deflected opposite the terminal deflection of the QRS complex. This is known as appropriate T wave discordance with bundle branch block. A concordant T wave may suggest myocardial infarction; the underlying condition may be treated by medications to control hypertension or diabetes, if they are the primary underlying cause. If coronary arteries are blocked, an invasive coronary angioplasty may relieve the impending RBBB. Prevalence of RBBB increases with age. Bundle branch block Left bundle branch block
Asbury Automotive Group is a company based in Atlanta and was founded in 1995. The company operates auto dealerships in various parts of the United States; as of 2018 its rank in the Fortune 500 is 434 out of 500. As of December 2016, it is one of the largest automobile retailers in the United States, operating 96 franchises in 18 metropolitan markets within 10 states; as of August 2017, its dealerships represent 29 American and Asian brands. In 2016, the company sold over 180,000 retail vehicles. Based out of Duluth, GA, the company is led by President & CEO, David W. Hult. In February 2017, Asbury finalized the acquisition of Hare Chevrolet and Hare Isuzu Truck Center, operating in Noblesville, IN. In March 2017, Asbury finalized the opening of Nalley Nissan Cumming, an open point awarded to Asbury in Metro Atlanta. On August 22, 2017, Monaghan announced that he will step down from his position at Asbury effective January 2018, to be replaced by chief operating officer David Hult. On January 9, 2018, Asbury finalized the acquisition of Terry Lee Honda in Avon, IN, adding a second location to their Hare Automotive brand.
In February 2019, Asbury agreed to acquire the four-location Bill Estes Auto Group. Coggin Automotive Group operates 12 retail auto stores representing 17 franchises for the sale and servicing of 12 brands in the Jacksonville, Florida area. Courtesy Cars has 12 franchises for the servicing of 12 brands in the Tampa, Florida area. Crown Automotive Group comprises 18 dealerships in 9 cities across Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina. David McDavid Auto Group includes 7 retail locations in the Dallas/Fort Worth, Frisco, Plano and Houston, Texas areas. Gray Daniels Auto Family hosts 5 retail auto stores for the sale and service of 6 brands in Mississippi. Greenville Automotive Group operates 4 automotive retail stores for the sale and service of 7 brands in the Greenville, South Carolina area. Hare is Asbury's newest platform, providing sales, customer service, service for new and used cars, its first location is in Noblesville, IN. Nalley Automotive Group includes 18 retail auto stores representing 13 franchises for the sale and servicing of 11 brands in the Atlanta area.
Plaza Motor Company, is a platform consisting of high-line brands including Infiniti, BMW, Land Rover, Jaguar and Mercedes-Benz in the St. Louis area. Asbury Automotive Group Asbury Automotive Group SEC Filings Feb. 2015 Asbury Automotive Group SEC Filings Feb. 2016