Western Pennsylvania English

Western Pennsylvania English, known more narrowly as Pittsburgh English or popularly as Pittsburghese, is a dialect of American English native to the western half of Pennsylvania, centered on the city of Pittsburgh, but appearing as far north as Erie County and Limestone, New York, as far east as Sunbury, Pennsylvania, as far west as Youngstown, as far south as Clarksburg, West Virginia. Associated with the white working class of Pittsburgh, users of the dialect are colloquially known as "Yinzers". Scots-Irish, Pennsylvania German, Polish and Croatian immigrants to the area all provided certain loanwords to the dialect. Although many of the sounds and words found in this dialect are popularly thought to be unique to the city of Pittsburgh only, this is a misconception, since the dialect resides throughout the greater part of western Pennsylvania and surrounding areas. Central Pennsylvania an intersection of several dialect regions, was identified in 1949 by Hans Kurath as a sub-region between western and eastern Pennsylvania, though some scholars have more identified it within the western Pennsylvania dialect region.

Since the time of Kurath's study, one of western Pennsylvania's defining features, the cot–caught merger, has expanded into central Pennsylvania, moving eastward until being blocked at Harrisburg. The only feature whose distribution is restricted exclusively to the immediate vicinity of Pittsburgh is monophthongization, in which words such as house, found, or sauerkraut are sometimes pronounced with an "ah" sound instead of the more standard pronunciation of "ow", rendering eye spellings such as hahs, dahn and sahrkraht. Speakers of Pittsburgh English are sometimes called "Yinzers", in reference to their use of the 2nd-person plural pronoun "yinz." The word "yinzer" is sometimes heard as pejorative, indicating a lack of sophistication, although the term is now used in a variety of ways. Older men are more to use the accent than women, "...possibly because of a stronger interest in displaying local identity...." A defining feature of Western Pennsylvania English is the cot–caught merger, in which /ɑː/ and /ɔː/ merges to a rounded vowel:.

As in most other American dialects, it occurs together with the father–bother merger. Therefore and caught are both pronounced. While the merger of these low back vowels is widespread elsewhere in the United States, the rounded realizations of the merged vowel around is less common, except in Canada, California and Northeastern New England; the sound as in oh begins more fronted in the mouth, as in the Southern U. S. or Southern England. Therefore, go is pronounced. /uː/ as in food and rude is fronted, diphthongized, as in much of the American South and West. The diphthong, as in ow, is monophthongized to in some environments, including before nasal consonants, liquid consonants and obstruents; this monophthongization does not occur, however, in word-final positions, where the diphthong remains. This is one of the few features, if not the only one, restricted exclusively to western Pennsylvania in North America, although it can sometimes be found in other accents of the English-speaking world, such as Cockney and South African English.

This sound may be the result of contact from Slavic languages during the early twentieth century. Monopthongization occurs for the sound, as in eye, before liquid consonants, so that tile is pronounced. Due to this phenomenon, tire may merge with the sound of tar:. An epenthetic sound may occur after vowels in a small number of words, such as in water pronounced like warter, wash like warsh. A number of vowel mergers occur uniquely in Western Pennsylvania English before the consonant; the pair of vowels and may each merge before the consonant, cause both steel and still to be pronounced as something like. And may merge before /l/, so that pool and pole may merge to something like. On the /iːl/~/ɪl/ merger, Labov and Boberg note "the stereotype of merger of /ɪl ~ iːl/ is based only on a close approximation of some forms, does not represent the underlying norms of the dialect"; the /iː/~/ɪ/ merger is found in western Pennsylvania, as well as parts of the southern United States, including Alabama and the west.

On the other hand, the /uː/~/ʊ/ merger is found only in western Pennsylvania. The /iː/~/ɪ/ merger towards may appear before; the vowel /ʌ/ before, may lower into the vowel of the cot–caught merger mentioned above, so that mull can sound identical to mall/maul:. L-vocalization is common in the Western Pennsylvania dialect, in which an sounds like a /w/, or a cross between a vowel and a "dark" /l/, when at the end of a syllable. An example is; this phenomenon is common in African-American English. Western Pennsylvania English speakers may use falling intonation at the end of questions, for example, in "Are you painting your garage?". Such speakers use falling pitch for yes/no questions for which they are quite sure of the answer. So, a speaker uttering the a

Vasile MogoČ™

Vasile Mogoș is a Romanian professional footballer who plays for Italian Serie B club Cremonese as a defender. Born in Vaslui, Mogoș started his career at Italian Serie D club Asti. Mogoș finished fifth in 2012–13 Serie D Group C with Real Vicenza; the club was invited to play in 2013–14 Lega Pro Seconda Divisione. However, Mogoș was signed by another L. P. 2nd Division club Delta Porto Tolle. On 26 September 2014 Mogoș was signed by Lega Pro club Lumezzane. On 2 July 2015 Mogoș was signed by Serie B newcomer Teramo in a two-year deal. However, after the club was compelled to relegate to 2015–16 Lega Pro following a match-fixing scandal, Mogoș left the club. Mogoș appeared once for Teramo in 2015–16 Coppa Italia. Mogoș was signed by Lega Pro team Reggiana in a two-year deal on 2 September, he made his debut for Romania national football team on 15 November 2019 in an Euro 2020 qualifier against Sweden. He played the whole match in a 0 -- 2 loss; as of 15 November 2019 Vasile Mogoș at Soccerway Vasile Mogoș at

Brian Dorsett

Brian Richard Dorsett is a retired professional baseball player who played 8 seasons for the Cleveland Indians, California Angels, New York Yankees, San Diego Padres, Cincinnati Reds, Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball. Dorsett attended Indiana State University, in 1981 he played collegiate summer baseball with the Orleans Cardinals of the Cape Cod Baseball League, he was selected by the Oakland Athletics in the 10th round of the 1983 MLB Draft. Dorsett back involved in baseball in 2010 when he became the manager of the Terre Haute Rex, a collegiate summer baseball league in the Prospect League for three years up through 2012. In 2012, Dorsett was selected as the Prospect League Manager of the Year. Brian owns and operates two car dealership in Terre Haute,IN, one car dealership in Marshall, IL, he became a co-promoter of the Terre Haute Action Track in 2008 through 2010. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference