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Whernside is a mountain in the Yorkshire Dales in Northern England. It is the highest of the other two being Ingleborough and Pen-y-ghent, it is the highest point in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire and the historic West Riding of Yorkshire with the summit lying on the county border with Cumbria. In shape Whernside forms a long ridge, running north-north-east to south-south-west; the mountain is 6 miles 6 miles north of Horton-in-Ribblesdale. There is a right of way footpath running from the east at Ribblehead that heads north via Smithy Hill and Grain Ings before turning west to Knoutberry Haw and south to Whernside itself. From the summit the right of way heads south steeply southeast down a stepped path to the area known as Bruntscar. If climbed as part of the Yorkshire Three Peaks Challenge Whernside will be climbed following the route up from Ribblehead to descend to Bruntscar. There are, other routes up/down the mountain which are not rights of way. A path heads directly west from the triangulation pillar to reach the road, Deepdale Lane near White Shaw Moss.

An alternative route heads directly north across Knoutberry Haw to pass Whernside Tarns and reaches the Craven Way at Boot of the Wold. Following the southern descent for 0.76 miles, instead of turning steeply southeast towards Bruntscar a path continues south running adjacent the wall passing Combe Scar and West Fell to reach the limestone pavements at Ewe's Top. 275 yards south of the triangulation pillar an old route descends for 1.3 miles to reach a road 275 yards southwest of Winterscales Farm, this is the old route of the Three Peaks Challenge. Walkers should select this route with care as it is no longer maintained, badly eroded and requires extreme care over the steep ascent/descent; the current route of the Three Peaks fell race runs 440 yards north of this old ascent along open moor. All paths are on open access land and make an interesting change from the right of way ascents/descents. A walk around Whernside starting at the junction of the Blea Moor and Gauber roads near the Station Inn at Ribblehead, to the top of Whernside and back via the bridleway from Bruntscar via the farms at Broadrake, Ivescar and Gunnerfleet is a distance of 8.5 miles.

On a clear day the views from the summit to the west can be spectacular, with views of the Lake District and Morecambe Bay, including Blackpool Tower, some 40 miles away. Whernside lies about 2 miles northwest of Ribblehead Viaduct on the Settle–Carlisle Railway. Whernside is sometimes confused with the lower peak of Great Whernside 17 miles away to the east of Whernside; the word "Whern" is believed to refer to querns whilst "side" is derived from the Norse "sættr", meaning an area of summer pasture. Computer generated summit panoramas Whernside index Photos of Whernside and surrounding area on Walk up Whernside from Ribblehead Viaduct Listing on


CBAF-FM-5 is a French-language public radio station located in Halifax, Nova Scotia. It is part of the Ici Radio-Canada Première Network. Owned and operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, it broadcasts at 92.3 MHz with an effective radiated power of 91,000 watts, using horizontal polarization. It is a Class C station using a non-directional antenna; the broadcast tower is located on Washmill Lake Drive in Clayton Park. The studios and offices are located on Chebucto Road in Halifax; the station serves as the Première outlet for the Island of Newfoundland, by way of two repeaters. The station has an ad-free news/talk format and is part of the Ici Radio-Canada Première network, which operates across Canada. Like all Première stations, but unlike most FM stations, it broadcasts in mono; the station produces a Saturday morning fill-in show. An afternoon drive time program, L'heure de pointe Acadie comes from CBAF-FM Moncton, which airs on CBAF-FM-15 in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island.

The station signed on in 1979 as a rebroadcaster of CBAF 1300 in Moncton. In 1987, it became a separate station, despite retaining a rebroadcaster-like call sign. CBAF-FM-5 was identified as CBAF-19-FM; the call sign change took effect on September 1, 1989. At that time, the old 1300 signal of CBAF was shut down. Ici Radio-Canada Première CBAF-FM-5 history – Canadian Communications Foundation Query the REC Canadian station database for CBAF-FM-5 Query the REC Canadian station database for CBAF-FM

Burtville, Western Australia

Burtville is an abandoned town in the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia, located 29 kilometres south east of the Laverton. In 1897, Gold was discovered in the area by two prospectors, B. Frost and J. Trugurtha; the surveyor, J. Rowe, planned the town lots in accordance with the Goldfields Act in 1901; the settlement was known as Merolia, the Indigenous Australian name for the district. The town was named after the grandson of the first chief justice of the Western Australian Supreme Court, Sir Archibald Burt. Archibald Edmund Burt JP was the chief mining warden of the Mount Margaret Goldfield; the town was gazetted as Merolia in 1902 but was regazetted to compliment Archibald Edmund Burt the same year. The population of the town and district rose to 400 by 1903 as a result of gold mining; the town had a water supply from a government well and a sealed pan sanitation system. A police station was opened in 1903 along with two hotels. A ten stamp state battery and five stamp battery known as The Burtville Ore Reduction works were operated within the town from 1903 to 1906.

Another owned ten stamp battery that allowed public access known as The sons of Westralia was operating at the time. By 1916 the population had reduced to 45 and the police station was closed. All that remains of the town today is the entrance door arch of one of the town's hotels. Leonore Layman/Criena Fitzgerald: 110 Degrees in the Waterbag 2013

A Cumberland Romance

A Cumberland Romance is a 1920 American drama film written and directed by Charles Maigne. It is based on the 1899 novel A Mountain Europa by John Fox Jr.. The film stars Mary Miles Minter, Monte Blue, John Bowers, Guy Oliver, Martha Mattox and Robert Brower; the film was released on August 1920, by Realart Pictures Corporation. Mary Miles Minter as Easter Hicks Monte Blue as Sherd Raines John Bowers as Clayton Guy Oliver as Pap Hicks Martha Mattox as Ma Hicks Robert Brower as Mountain Bishop A copy of A Cumberland Romance is housed at the Library of Congress. A Cumberland Romance on IMDb

Sound of Guns

Sound of Guns were an English alternative rock band from Liverpool, who were formed in 2008. Discovered by BBC Introducing the band went on to sign with independent record label Distiller Records through which they released their debut album What Came From Fire on 28 June 2010 and second album Angels and Enemies on 5 March 2012. In early 2012 the band announced a full UK and European tour to coincide with the release of their second album. In October 2013, the band announced; the band cited that they were going on to "focus on other commitments/projects" via their official Facebook page. After Andrew Metcalfe and Simon Finley's band split up in the summer of 2007, the pair set up a small studio in a disused social club in Liverpool and spent the next few months writing and recording some new material. At the end of 2007 they were introduced to Nathan Crowley, whose previous band had ended too. By the start of 2008, the three had begun writing and recording songs together, some of which would end up on Sound of Gun's debut album'What Came From Fire'.

In need of other musicians to complete the line-up, Crowley played the new recordings for Lee Glynn, a guitarist with whom he had played previously. Glynn had made plans to return home to his family in Perth, Western Australia, but on hearing the recordings, decided to stay and join Sound of Guns on guitar. After a few months of writing and rehearsing as a four piece, the band booked their first shows. After several unsuccessful auditions for a bass player, they decided to go ahead with the shows, have the bass parts recorded to a backing track until they found the right bass player, it was at their first hometown show at the Barfly in Liverpool that the Sound of Guns line-up was completed. John Coley, a friend of Nathan Crowley, was in the crowd that night, was so impressed with the raw energy and powerful performance from Sound of Guns that he joined the band there and then. Over the next few months, the band gigged endlessly around the country and carried on recording new material as a five piece.

By the end of 2008 they self-released their debut single "Alcatraz", recorded and produced by the band, gained a fair amount of major radio airplay, including on XFM and Radio 1. After more writing and touring, the band soon found themselves at the centre of some serious interest from major and independent record companies. During this time, Distiller Records offered to release their next single; the band took up this offer, "Architects" was released in June 2009 as a limited edition 7" vinyl, again gaining radio airplay. The band headed out on tour in support of this release, played numerous shows which included four gigs at Glastonbury Festival, opening the main stage at Latitude Festival and BBC Radio 1's Big Weekend; the band were invited by BBC Radio 1 to perform four songs at the Maida Vale Studios. After signing a record contract with Distiller Records the band set about writing towards their debut release. On 26 October 2009 Sound of Guns released their first EP, Elementary of Youth, through Distiller Records.

It was available on a 7" gatefold single, which included a CD, the band's own fanzine Retail Rodeo and digital download. It consisted of four tracks, "Elementary of Youth", "Lightspeed", "Dead Sea Scrolls" and "Gallantry"; the lead track "Elementary of Youth" was picked up by BBC Radio 1's Zane Lowe and given the title of'Hottest Record in the World' as well as XFM's'Single of the Week' by Steve Harris. During a UK tour in March 2009 Sound of Guns found themselves surrounded by armed police in Wakefield after a mix up involving the band's name led to the group being mistaken for gangsters, as reported by NME. After touring in support of the Elementary of Youth EP, the band headed into the studio to record their debut album. However, instead of using a commercial studio, the band opted to build their own studio using the advance from their record contract, spent the end of 2009 recording their debut album, producing it themselves; the album was mixed by Chris Potter in January 2010 and was released in June 2010, titled What Came From Fire.

It was preceded by two more single releases, "Alcatraz" in April 2010 and "Architects" in June 2010. Both were not limited editions this time round. "Architects" reached Number 1 on the HMV 7" Singles Chart, was playlisted by BBC Radio 1 daytime and XFM daytime. BBC Radio 1 gave the track'Single of the Week' and XFM'Single of the Week'; the album was short listed for the'XFM new music award' in 2011 and highlighted as one of the albums of the year. All tracks are written by Sound of Guns. In late 2010 the band announced they would release the "Breakwater" single and accompanying EP via the band's website. In support of this they announced a UK tour with The View; the EP Was released in 2011. In early 2011 the band started writing new material for their follow-up to What Came From Fire, headed into the studio with record producer Dave Eringa to record material for the album; the band recorded the album at The Distillery in Bath. The first single to be released from the album was "Silicon", released as part of an EP which included tracks that never made it onto the album, rare demos and acoustic tracks from What Came From Fire.

As part of the EP the band teamed up with Pledge to offer exclusive one-off and VIP experiences, limited edition t-shirts, hand written lyric sheets and jam in rehearsals with band. All exclusive pledgers were given a free download of all of the tracks on the EP; the second single "Sometimes" was released on the same day as the album an

Linda Hutcheon

Linda Hutcheon, FRSC, O. C. is a Canadian academic working in the fields of literary theory and criticism and Canadian studies. She is a University Professor Emeritus in the Department of English and of the Centre for Comparative Literature at the University of Toronto, where she has taught since 1988. In 2000 she was elected the 117th President of the Modern Language Association, the third Canadian to hold this position, the first Canadian woman, she is known for her influential theories of postmodernism. Hutcheon's publications reflect an interest in aesthetic micro-practices such as irony in Irony's Edge, parody in A Theory of Parody, adaptation in A Theory of Adaptation. Hutcheon has authored texts which synthesize and contextualize these practices with regard to broader debates about postmodernism, such as The Politics of Postmodernism, A Poetics of Postmodernism, Rethinking Literary History, she edited influential texts on post-modernity, chief among them being A Postmodern Reader, co-edited with Joseph P. Natoli.

Hutcheon's version of postmodernism is contrasted with that of Fredric Jameson in North America: while the latter laments the lack of critical capacities to which postmodern subjects have access, analyses present capitalist cultural production in terms of a dehistoricized spatial pastiche, Hutcheon highlights the ways in which postmodern modalities aid in the process of critique. Hutcheon suggests that postmodernism works through parody to "both legitimize and subvert that which it parodies". "Through a double process of installing and ironizing, parody signals how present representations come from past ones and what ideological consequences derive from both continuity and difference". Thus, far from dehistoricizing the present or organizing history into an incoherent and detached pastiche, postmodernism can rethink history and offer new critical capacities. Hutcheon coined the term historiographic metafiction to describe those literary texts that assert an interpretation of the past but are intensely self-reflexive.

Historiographic metafiction, allows us to speak constructively about the past in a way that acknowledges the falsity and violence of the "objective" historian's past without leaving us in a bewildered and isolated present. Many of Hutcheon's writings on postmodernism are reflected in a series of books she has written and edited on Canada; the Canadian Postmodern is a discussion of postmodern textual practices used by Canadian authors of the late twentieth century such as Margaret Atwood and Robert Kroetsch. More than the other forms she discusses, Hutcheon sees irony as significant to Canadian identity. Hutcheon argues irony is a "...semantically complex process of relating and combining said and unsaid meanings - and doing so with an evaluative edge", enabled by membership in what she describes as "discursive communities". It is through membership in a shared discursive community that the listener is able to recognize that a speaker might be attempting offer an unsaid evaluation, she argues that Canadians lack of a clear nationalist metanarrative and international influences such as history as a British colony, proximity to the United States of America, immigration, are disposed to seeing their identities as ironic – caught up in multiple discursive communities.

For Hutcheon's work on ethnic minority writing see Other Solitudes: Canadian Multicultural Fiction. Eds. Linda Hutcheon and Marion Richmond.. Since the mid-1990s, Linda Hutcheon has published a number of books on opera with her husband Michael Hutcheon; these works reflect her interests as a literary critic combined with his interests as a practicing physician and medical researcher. A Theory of Adaptation.. Opera: The Art of Dying. Harvard University Press, 2004. Rethinking Literary History: A Forum on Theory. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. "Postmodern Afterthoughts". Wascana Review of Contemporary Poetry and Short Fiction 37.1: 5-12. Bodily Charm: Living Opera. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000. "A Crypto-Ethnic Confession". The Anthology of Italian-Canadian Writing. Ed. Joseph Pivato. Toronto: Guernica Editions, 1998. Hutcheon, Linda. "Crypto-Ethnicity". PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America. 113: 28–51. Opera: Desire and Death. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1996.

"The Post Always Rings Twice: The Postmodern and the Postcolonial". Material History Review 41: 4-23. Irony's Edge: The Theory and Politics of Irony. London and New York: Routledge, 1994. Portuguese translation. "Incredulity toward Metanarrative: Negotiating Postmodernism and Feminisms". Collaboration in the Feminine: Writings on Women and Culture from Tessera. Ed. Barbara Godard. Toronto: Second Story, 1994. 186-192. The Canadian Postmodern: A Study of Contemporary English-Canadian Fiction. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1992. Splitting Images: Contemporary Canadian Ironies. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1991. "Historiographic Metafiction: Parody and the Intertextuality of History". Intertextuality and Contemporary American Fiction. Ed. P. O'Donnell