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Why We Fight

Why We Fight is a series of seven documentary films commissioned by the United States government during World War II to justify to U. S. soldiers their country's involvement in the war. On, they were shown to the U. S. public to persuade them to support U. S. involvement in the war. Most of the films were directed by Frank Capra, daunted, yet impressed and challenged, by Leni Riefenstahl's propaganda film Triumph of the Will, worked in direct response to it; the series faced a tough challenge: convincing a non-interventionist nation of the need to become involved in the war and ally with the Soviets, among other things. In many of the films and other directors spliced in Axis powers propaganda footage going back twenty years, re-contextualized it so it promoted the cause of the Allies. Why We Fight was edited by William Hornbeck, although some parts were re-enacted "under War Department supervision" if there was no relevant footage available; the animated portions of the films were produced by the Disney studios – with the animated maps following a convention of depicting Axis-occupied territory in black.

Director Frank Capra enlisted shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. He was assigned to work directly under Chief of Staff George C. Marshall, the most senior officer in command of the Army, who would create the Marshall Plan and be awarded a Nobel Peace Prize. Marshall felt that Signal Corps was incapable of producing "sensitive and objective troop information films". One colonel explained the importance of these future films to Capra: You were the answer to the General's prayer... You see, this idea about films to explain "Why" the boys are in uniform is General Marshall's own baby, he wants the nursery right next to his Chief of Staff's office. During his first meeting with General Marshall, Capra received his mission: Now, Capra, I want to nail down with you a plan to make a series of documented, factual-information films—the first in our history—that will explain to our boys in the Army why we are fighting, the principles for which we are fighting... You have an opportunity to contribute enormously to the cause of freedom.

Are you aware of that, sir? Shortly after his meeting with General Marshall, Capra viewed Leni Riefenstahl's "terrifying motion picture", Triumph of the Will. Capra describes the film as "the ominous prelude of Hitler's holocaust of hate. Satan couldn't have devised a more blood-chilling super-spectacle.... Though panoplied with all the pomp and mystical trappings of a Wagnerian opera, its message was as blunt and brutal as a lead pipe: We, the Herrenvolk, are the new invincible gods!"According to Capra, Triumph of the Will "fired no gun, dropped no bombs. But as a psychological weapon aimed at destroying the will to resist, it was just as lethal." Capra at this point had no assistants or facilities, he began to see his assignment as overwhelming: I sat alone and pondered. How could I mount a counterattack against Triumph of the Will. I was alone. Capra made his primary focus the creation of "one basic, powerful idea" that would spread and evolve into other related ideas. Capra considered one important idea that had always been in his thoughts: I thought of the Bible.

There was one sentence in it that always gave me goose pimples: "Ye shall know the truth, the truth shall make you free." As a result, his goal became to "let the enemy prove to our soldiers the enormity of his cause—and the justness of ours". He would compile enemy speeches, newsreels, newspaper articles, with a list of the enemy's hostile actions, he presented his ideas to other officers now assigned to help him: I told them of my hunch: Use the enemy's own films to expose their enslaving ends. Let our boys hear the Nazis and the Japs shout their own claims of master-race crud—and our fighting men will know why they are in uniform. Weeks after major efforts and disappointments, Capra located hard-to-reach archives within government facilities, by avoiding normal channels was able to gain access: Peterson and I walked away on air. We had found the great cache of enemy films—and it was ours! Prelude to War – this examines the difference between democratic and fascist states, covers the Japanese conquest of Manchuria and the Italian conquest of Ethiopia.

Capra describes it as "presenting a general picture of two worlds. The Nazis Strike – covers Nazi geopolitics and the conquest of Austria and Poland. Capra's description: "Hitler rises. Imposes Nazi dictatorship on Germany. Goose-steps into Rhineland and Austria. Threatens war unless given Czechoslovakia. Appeasers oblige. Hitler invades Poland. Curtain rises on the tragedy of the century—World War II." Divide and Conquer – about the campaign in Benelux and the Fall of France. Capra's description: "Hitler occupies Denmark and Norway, outflanks Maginot Line, drives British Army into North Sea, forces surrender of France." The Battle of Britain – depicts Britain's victory against the Luftwaffe. Capra's synopsis: "Showing the gallant and victorious defense of Britain by Royal Air Force, at a time when shattered, but unbeaten, British were only people fighting Nazis." The Battle of Russia Part I and Part II – shows a history of Russian defense and Russia's battle against Germany. Capra's synopsis: "History of Russia.

Death struggle against Nazi armies at gates of Moscow and Leningrad. At Stalingrad, Nazis are put through meat grinder

Gleison Santos

Gleison Pinto dos Santos known as Santos is a Brazilian footballer who plays as a defender. Santos started his career at Comercial de Ribeirão Preto of Campeonato Paulista Série A2. In July 2002, Santos joined Atalanta of Serie A on loan, he was the unused member of the team, signed permanent deal in summer 2003. He made 6 appearances for Atalanta, but this time at Serie B. Santos made his league debut on 18 January 2004, he was loaned to Monza, of Serie C2. Santos made 10 appearances, one more at promotion play-offs, he earned a new contract that Monza bought half of the rights from Atalanta in 2005. He played 36 appearances in 2005–06 Serie C1, 4 more on promotion play-offs. On 20 June 2006, Monza got the full ownership of Santos, but sold Santos' half of the registration rights to U. C. AlbinoLeffe on 31 August 2006. Santos joined AlbinoLeffe on 31 August 2006 for €280,000 in co-ownership deal in 3-year contract. Santos chose no.3 shirt for the first team. He played 28 matches in 2006–07 Serie B, including 27 starts.

He was replaced by Mario Donadoni in the 5th minute of the round 13 match. Due to the injury, he missed 3 rounds. Santos missed the last 6 rounds of the league due to injury, he missed round 5 to 7, the match before the winter break and round 23. Santos played his only substitute appearance in round 24. In June 2007, Monza agreed to sell remain half to AlbinoLeffe for another €360,000, but in August 2007, Genoa bought half of the rights from AlbinoLeffe. Genoa signed Santos for €900,000 in co-ownership deal in August 2007. Santos picked no.33 shirt. However, after a season he was sold to Reggina. Santos only made 11 starts in 2007–08 Serie A, as the team had centre-backs likes Cesare Bovo and Alessandro Lucarelli in its 3–4–3 or 4–3–3 formation. Santos had to compete with Francesco Bega and Gaetano De Rosa for the third place of the centre-back, which the coach used Abdoulay Konko in the 3-men defense. Santos himself missed two months due to injury. Which he was injured in a friendly on 17 October and had an operation.

Santos received his first call-up since injury on 10 November, but wait until 2 December to return to the bench. Santos made his Serie A debut on 26 August 2006, losing to A. C. Milan 0–3, he returned to starting XI on 16 December. The coach did not put Bega into the bench. Santos played the next match, as Bovo was suspended, he formed the 3-men defense with Andrea Masiello and De Rosa, winning Parma 1–0. However, from round 14 to 38 Santos only started 10 times, the coach even used 4-men defense with Domenico Criscito as emergency centre-back instead of using neither Santos nor De Rosa. In July 2008 Santos signed with Reggina for €1 million from Genoa, made Santos was co-contracted between Genoa and Reggina. Genoa paid AlbinoLeffe €250,000 cash and Francesco Renzetti who tagged for €750,000 in order to acquire the 50% registration rights of Santos, but Renzetti was in fact acquired from Lucchese for €600,000 only, made Genoa had a €150,000 profit. Reggina did not need to pay Genoa cash in the deal however, as Genoa acquired Giandomenico Mesto and Francesco Modesto from Reggina.

Santos wore no.33 shirt in 2008–09 Serie A and in 2009–10 Serie B. Santos injured his achilles tendon in May 2009. In June 2009 Genoa re-acquired Renzetti for €250,000 and the remain 50% rights of Mesto for €3 million, while Santos' deal was renewed; the deal made. Santos played his last official game for Reggina on 20 February 2010, the second match of new coach Roberto Breda. Despite received call-up from Breda, Santos only able to appear once more as unused bench in round 39, he trained separately at the end of season. In June 2010 Genoa gave up the remain 50% registration rights to Reggina. Santos was re-affirmed to the squad. Santos played in pre-season friendlies in July under new coach Gianluca Atzori; however at the start of 2010–11 Serie B Santos' no.33 was taken by Vincenzo Camilleri and Santos changed to wear no.34. He soon transferred to Greece. On 7 August 2010 Santos was signed by Skoda Xanthi FC. In May 2013 he was on trial with Toronto FC. Profile

Powell-Cotton filmography

This is a filmography of the Powell-Cotton family, including films by Percy Powell-Cotton and Diana and Antoinette Powell-Cotton. N. Nigeria, Major P. H. G Powell-Cotton, French Congo, Major P. H. G. Powell-Cotton, Gorilla Drive, Major P. H. G Powell-Cotton, Crafts in the Cameroons, Major P. H. G. Powell-Cotton, Major P. H. G. Powell-Cotton, Osonigbe Juju House & Benin Brass Casting, Major P. H. G. Powell-Cotton, Some tribes of the Southern Sudan, Major P. H. G. Powell-Cotton, Sudan 1933 Lango people only, Major P. H. G. Powell-Cotton, Somaliland: Pot Making, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton, Italian Somaliland: Cattle Tending, Butter Making etc, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton, Somaliland: bread making, pillow making, bow-string making, Major P. H. G. Powell-Cotton and Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Somaliland: Beard plucking, Koran School, Major P. H. G. Powell-Cotton and Dr. D. Powell-Cotton, Italian Somaliland: Making a basket, Major P. H. G. Powell-Cotton and Dr. D. Powell-Cotton, Somaliland: Mat making, Major P. H. G. Powell-Cotton and Dr. D. Powell-Cotton, Somaliland: Skinning, Major P.

H. G. Powell-Cotton and Dr. D. Powell-Cotton, Morocco: Pot making, Major P. H. G. Powell-Cotton & Mrs H. B. Powell-Cotton, Angola: Dombondola Potter, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton and Miss A. Powell-Cotton, Angola: Scenes from a household, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton and Miss A. Powell-Cotton, Angola: Chokwe potter, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton and Miss A. Powell-Cotton, Angola: N’ganguela bark cloth making, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton and Miss A. Powell-Cotton, Angola: Kwanyama day & fishing, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton and Miss A. Powell-Cotton, Angola: Kwanyama skinning & dressing skins, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton and Miss A. Powell-Cotton, Angola: Kwanyama Mining & Smelting, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton and Miss A. Powell-Cotton, Angola: Kwanyama potter’s methods in building pots, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton and Miss A. Powell-Cotton, Angola: Kwanyama Efendula, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton and Miss A. Powell-Cotton Angola: Kwanyama Medicine woman initiation, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton and Miss A. Powell-Cotton, SW Africa & Angola, Major P. H. G. Powell Cotton & Mr C Powell Cotton Tanganyika: Serengeti Park, Major & Mrs. P.

H. G. Powell-Cotton ‘'Tanganyika: Two Potters and making beer strainers, Major & Mrs. P. H. G. Powell-Cotton British East Africa, Dr. D. Powell Cotton British East Africa, Dr. D. Powell Cotton Serengeti, British East Africa, Dr. D. Powell Cotton British East Africa, Dr. D. Powell Cotton South Africa: Kruger National Park, Mr C. Powell-Cotton & Dr. D. Powell-Cotton South Africa: The Victoria Falls, Mr C. Powell-Cotton & Dr. D. Powell-Cotton South Africa: Victoria Falls & Livingstone Game Park, Mr C. Powell-Cotton & Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Uganda: Scenes in Uganda, Mr C. Powell-Cotton & Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Uganda: Lake Edward Game Reserve, Mr C. Powell-Cotton & Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Uganda: The Murchinson Falls Park, Mr C. Powell-Cotton & Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Tanzania: Serengeti National Park, Mr C. Powell-Cotton & Dr. D. Powell-Cotton West Uganda: Q. E, National Park, Mr C. Powell-Cotton West Uganda: Queen Elizabeth National Park, Western Uganda, Mr C. Powell-Cotton & Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Animals of East Africa, Mr.

C. Powell-Cotton and Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Uganda: Some events in Lango District, Mr C Powell-Cotton West Uganda: Murchinson Falls National Park, Mr C Powell-Cotton & Dr D Powell-Cotton West Uganda: Game on the Headwaters of the Nile, Mr C Powell-Cotton & Dr D Powell-Cotton West Uganda: Murchison Falls, Mr C Powell-Cotton & Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Uganda: Kumam people, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Northern Province, Uganda: Country Shows, Mr. C. Powell-Cotton Uganda: Scenes from the Northern Province, Mr C. Powell-Cotton Uganda: Some Scenes in Lango District, Mr C. Powell-Cotton Some dances of Northern Uganda, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton and Mr. C. Powell-Cotton. Uganda: A Journey through Uganda, Mr C. Powell-Cotton Kenya: Wildlife in Kenya, Mr C.. Powell-Cotton and Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Kenya: Wildlife in Kenya Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Kenya: Tsavo National Park, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton and Mr C. Powell-Cotton Uganda: Two National Parks of Uganda, Mr C. Powell-Cotton and Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Some Animals of Northern Tanganyika, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Uganda/Tanzania: Animals of Kenya & Tanzania, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Kenya: Pelican Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Kenya: Flamingo Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Kenya: Birds of the Rift Valley, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton Kenya: Birds of the Rift Valley lakes and shores, Dr..

D. Powell-Cotton Kenya: animals and Birds of Kenya, Dr. D. Powell-Cotton

Nearside streetcar

The Nearside Car was a streetcar designed by in-house engineers of the Thomas E. Mitten management team, which ran the Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company. Nearside refers to the fact the car would pick up and discharge passengers on the “nearside” of an intersection rather than the “farside” as the previous generation of “conventional” cars did; the 1,500 cars that the PRT ordered from the J. G. Brill Company in South Philadelphia was the largest single order of streetcars in North American history; the cars were designed as “muzzle loaders” with only double front doors for passenger entry and exit. Most of the fleet would have center exit doors cut into them making them Peter Witt cars; the cars were in service in Philadelphia from 1911 to 1955, when they were scrapped in favor of the more modern PCC streetcar. Nearside cars were purchased by the International Railway Company of Buffalo, NY and in Chicago by the Chicago Surface Lines, both properties were managed by Mitten

The Lullaby Trust

The Lullaby Trust is a British charitable organisation aiming to prevent unexpected deaths in infancy and promote infant health. The Lullaby Trust funds research, supports families whose babies have died and unexpectedly, disseminates information on infant health, baby care and sudden infant deaths to health professionals and the general public, works with professionals to improve investigations when a baby dies. Sudden Infant Death is the sudden and unexpected death of a baby or toddler, unexplained. Deaths that remain unexplained after a post mortem examination are classified as SIDS, it has been known in the past as Cot Death, however this term is misleading as evidence shows that not all cases of SIDS occurred when a baby was in a cot, so the term has been abandoned. Over a third of a century ago – in 1971 – a meeting was convened in Cambridge as a result of one grandmother's search to find out why her baby grandson had died and unexpectedly; this gathering led to the founding of the world's first organisation devoted to research and support in the field of infant deaths.

Since The Lullaby Trust teamed up with the Department of Health to launch the campaign to reduce the risk of sudden infant death in 1991, the UK sudden infant death rate has fallen by 75%, has been hailed one of the most successful public health campaigns estimated to have saved more than 20,000 lives. The Lullaby Trust has gone on to become one of the world's leading authorities on sudden infant death, the UK's largest funder of medical research into sudden infant death, the main source of support for bereaved families and a major information provider. Helpline for parents and health professionals and bereaved families. A wide range of publications and resources on reducing the risk of Sudden infant death syndrome and safe baby care, available from the website. A network of trained befrienders to support bereaved families. A phone card to enable bereaved parents to call our Helpline free of charge. A busy programme of training and Family Days Out throughout the UK; the Care of Next Infant Scheme, with the NHS, to support bereaved families during and after the birth of their subsequent children.

The CONI Plus Scheme offers help to families who may have reason to be anxious about the birth of their child. For example, if they are close relatives of a baby that has suffered a sudden infant death, have lost a baby to causes other than sudden infant death or have a baby who has experienced an apparent life-threatening event. A website called "Bubbalicious"; the Lullaby Trust operates throughout England and Northern Ireland. As well as the team in head office there are eight Regional Development Officers who promote The Lullaby Trust's campaigns across the country. Events to raise money for The Lullaby Trust range from skydives to marathons and cycles. An example of a fundraising event is the Mile in Memory walk, undertaken to honour the life of someone special to the supporter. In 2012, the event took place in over 65 different venues. In 2012, British Independent Record label, Audio Antihero, released a benefit compilation album titled Some. Alternate. Universe to raise money for The Lullaby Trust.

The album featured artists like Jeffrey Lewis, Nosferatu D2, Jonah Matranga, Benjamin Shaw, Eddie Argos, Jack Hayter, Still Corners, Fighting Kites, Johnny Foreigner, Paul Hawkins & The Awkward Silences. The Lullaby Trust website Bubbalicious website

Craig Dickenson

Craig Dickenson is the head coach for the Saskatchewan Roughriders of the Canadian Football League. He has coached professional football since 2000 and won a Grey Cup championship with the Calgary Stampeders in 2008 and with the Edmonton Eskimos in 2015, he played college football as a kicker for the Montana Grizzlies. He is the older brother of the head coach for the Calgary Stampeders. Dickenson interviewed for the Roughriders' vacant head coaching position following the departure of Chris Jones, was subsequently promoted on January 25, 2019; the Riders finished 2019 with an improved record of 13-5, winning the West Division for the first time in a decade. Saskatchewan Roughriders profile Edmonton Eskimos profile Winnipeg Blue Bombers profile page