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Wicklow Mountains

The Wicklow Mountains form the largest continuous upland area in the Republic of Ireland. They occupy the whole centre of County Wicklow and stretch outside its borders into the counties of Dublin and Carlow. Where the mountains extend into County Dublin, they are known locally as the Dublin Mountains; the highest peak is Lugnaquilla at 925 metres. The mountains are composed of granite surrounded by an envelope of mica-schist and much older rocks such as quartzite, they were pushed up during the Caledonian orogeny at the start of the Devonian period and form part of the Leinster Chain, the largest continuous area of granite in Ireland and Britain. The mountains owe much of their present topography to the effects of the last ice age, which deepened the valleys and created corrie and ribbon lakes. Copper and lead have been the main metals mined in the mountains and a brief gold rush occurred in the 18th century. Several major river systems have their source in the mountains, such as the Liffey, Dargle and Avoca rivers.

Powerscourt Waterfall is the tallest in Ireland at 121 metres. A number of these rivers have been harnessed to create reservoirs for drinking water for Dublin and its surroundings; the Wicklow Mountains experience a temperate oceanic climate with mild, damp summers and cool, wet winters. The dominant habitat of the uplands consists of blanket bog and upland grassland; the uplands support a number of bird species, including peregrine falcon. The valleys are a mixture of deciduous woodland; the mountains have been inhabited since Neolithic times and a number of typical monuments, in particular a series of passage tombs, survive to the present day. The monastery at Glendalough, founded in the late 6th century by Saint Kevin, was an important centre of the Early Church in Ireland. Following the Norman invasion in the 12th century, the Wicklow Mountains became a stronghold and hiding place for Irish clans opposed to English rule; the O'Byrne and O'Toole families carried out a campaign of harassment against the settlers for five centuries.

The mountains harboured rebels during the 1798 Rising. Rebel activity died out after the construction of the Wicklow Military Road at the start of the 19th century and the mountains began to attract tourists to the ruins at Glendalough and to admire the mountain scenery; the Wicklow Mountains continue to be a major attraction for recreation. The entire upland area is designated as a Special Area of Conservation and as a Special Protection Area under European Union law; the Wicklow Mountains National Park was established in 1991 to conserve the local biodiversity and landscape. The Wicklow Mountains take their name from County Wicklow which in turn takes its name from Wicklow town; the origin of the name is from Wykinlo. The Irish name for Wicklow, Cill Mhantáin, means "Church of Mantan", named after an apostle of Saint Patrick. Wicklow was not established as a county until 1606. During the medieval period, prior to the establishment of County Wicklow, the English administration in Dublin referred to the region as the Leinster Mountains.

An early name for the whole area of the Wicklow Mountains was Cualu Cuala. The Irish name for Great Sugar Loaf mountain is Ó Cualann. There are historic names for various territories in the mountains held by local clans: the north part of Wicklow and south Dublin was known as Cualann or Fir Chualann, anglicized'Fercullen', while the Glen of Imaal takes its name from the territory of Uí Máil. A sept of the O'Byrne family called the Gaval Rannall possessed the area around Glenmalure, known as Gaval-Rannall or Ranelagh; the mountains were formerly known as Sliabh Ruadh or the Red Mountains. The Wicklow Mountains are the largest area of continuous high ground in Ireland, having an unbroken area of over 500 km2 above 300 metres, they occupy the centre of County Wicklow and extend into Counties Dublin and Wexford. The general direction of the mountain ranges is from north-east to south-west, they are formed into several distinct groups: that of Kippure in the north, on the boundary of Dublin and Wicklow.

To the east, separated from the rest of the range by the Vartry Plateau, is the group comprising the Great Sugar Loaf, Little Sugar Loaf and Bray Head. Lugnaquilla is the highest peak in the Wicklow Mountains at 925 metres and the 13th highest in Ireland, it is the highest peak in Leinster and is the only Irish Munro to be found outside of Munster. Kippure stands at 757 metres. There are a total of 39 peaks over 600 metres in the Wicklow Mountains. There are only three passes through the mountains under 600 metres with the Sally Gap and the Wicklow Gap being the highest road passes in the country; the Wicklow Mountains are composed of granite surrounded by an envelope of mica-schist and much older rocks such as quartzite. The oldest rocks are the quartzites of the Bray Group that include Bray Head and the Little Sugar Loaf and Great Sugar Loaf mountains; these metamorphosed from sandstone deposited in the deep waters of the primeval Iapetus Ocean during the Cambrian period. Layers of sediment continued to form slates and shales along the ocean floor mixed with volcanic rock pushed up as Iapetus began to shrink by the process of subduction during the Ordovician period.


Ultravox discography

This is the discography of the British new wave band Ultravox. While active from 1975 to 1996, the band released a number of LPs and CDs, although more discs were released after their demise. An anthology disc was planned, according to their official web page. BBC Radio 1 Live In Concert 1981 Monument Future Picture Return to Eden: Live at the Roundhouse Three into One The Collection Slow Motion If I Was: The Very Best of Midge Ure & Ultravox Rare, Vol. 1 Rare, Vol. 2 Premium Gold Collection The Voice: The Best of Ultravox Dancing With Tears in My Eyes Extended Ultravox Original Gold The Island Years The Very Best of Midge Ure & Ultravox The Best of Ultravox Finest The Very Best of Ultravox The Island Years, re-issues of the first three albums, a bonus disc, Rare Retro, with live tracks and rarities Extended Retro Live EP Moments from Eden Live John Foxx-era videosDangerous Rhythm The Wild, The Beautiful & The Damned Wide Boys Midge Ure-era videos Sleepwalk Passing Strangers Vienna All Stood Still The Thin Wall The Voice Reap The Wild Wind Hymn Visions In Blue We Came To Dance One Small Day Dancing With Tears In My Eyes Lament Love's Great Adventure Same Old Story All Fall Down Monument:: "Monument", "Reap The Wild Wind", "Visions In Blue", "The Voice", "Vienna", "Passing Strangers", "Mine For Life", "Hymn", "The Song".

The Collection: "Passing Strangers", "Vienna", "All Stood Still", "The Thin Wall", "The Voice", "Reap The Wild Wind", "Hymn", "Visions In Blue", "We Came To Dance", "One Small Day", "Dancing With Tears In My Eyes", "Lament", "Love's Great Adventure". The Very Best Of Discography Compiled by Vladimir Kruglov

Sarah Spencer

Sarah Spencer is an American singer and pianist. Spencer began writing and recording at age 11, she became excited by the possibilities of simultaneous musical parts, experimented with different genres, including orchestral music. This new direction was encouraged by lessons with Shannon Riley. Over the next two years, Spencer was in the studio with increasing frequency, she collaborated with other musicians from around the world, singing and co-writing with established artists such as Nigel Jenkins, David Ricard and regular collaborator, Paul Weston. At 14, Spencer caught the attention of vocal coach Louise Ryan who began classical training and collaborating with her on vocal arrangements; that year, she recorded "Father’s Song" for Cinderella, The Movie with songwriter/producer Al Steele. Spencer began appearing in local magazines, television shows and amongst the winners of state competitions; the media focus led to her being cast in a VH1 reality show following the lives of musical teen prodigies.

Spencer's next professional leap came at age 16. Guitarist/composer Steve Morse was well known as an instrumentalist, but not as a collaborator with vocalists. All this changed. Morse was impressed with Spencer's musicality, they began working together on a collaboration entitled Angelfire; the album, of the same name, was released on June 2010 on Radiant Records. The album features Dave LaRue and Van Romaine of the Steve Morse Band on bass and drums, respectively. Angelfire has a acoustic sound. Spencer and Morse took Angelfire to the stage in January 2010, again in February, opening for the Steve Morse Band. A preview edition of the album was available for concert-goers. Spencer is working on her solo material. 2010 Angelfire Official website MySpace page Angelfire's official website


Pouilly-Fumé is an appellation d'origine contrôlée for the dry sauvignon blanc white wine produced around Pouilly-sur-Loire, in the Nièvre département. Another white wine produced in the same area but with a different grape variety is called Pouilly-sur-Loire. Pouilly-Fumé is made purely from sauvignon blanc, a type of vine whose clusters are formed of small ovoid grapes, pressed against each other and resembling small bird eggs. At maturity, these grapes are coated with a grey bloom, the color of smoke — which explains why Pouilly winegrowers talk of "white smoke" to describe the type of vine or the wines made from it. “Fumé” refers to the smoky bouquet, bestowed by the terroir vineyards of Pouilly-sur-Loire. The vineyards of Pouilly-Fumé date back to the fifth century; the area was a Gallo-Roman estate dating back to the early days of the Roman Empire. The name derives from the Latin Pauliacum super fluvium ligerim, reflecting the Roman road which passed through this locaility. Benedictine monks commenced development of Pouilly-Fumé in the Middle Ages.

Sacramental wine is traditionally white, less prone to staining, the Benedictines developed the vineyards without seeking profitability. The fiefdom and vineyards of Pouilly were transferred to the Benedictines of La Charité-sur-Loire for the sum of "3100 sous and a silver mark" towards the end of the eleventh century. A plot of about 4 hectares overlooking the River Loire has retained the appellation Loge aux Moines, in memory of that era; the repurchase of Boisgibault lands in 1383 by Jean III de Sancerre demonstrates the proximity that has always existed between this vineyard and that of Sancerre, their respective white wine production. Despite floods and low water, transport of Pouilly wines via the Loire was efficient and fast, due to the location of the vineyard; this wine was always exported by water navigation after the opening of the Canal de Briare in 1642. After the French Revolution of 1789, peasants were able to become owners of land and vineyards possessions of the nobility and clergy.

At the end of the nineteenth century, growers were faced with phylloxera. The vineyard was devastated and many cultivaters had to redeploy. After many unsuccessful attempts at treatment, the vines were uprooted in the early twentieth century and only part of the vineyard was replanted after grafting onto American rootstock. Pouilly-Fumé has been an Appellation d'origine contrôlée since 1937. Today a large part of the production is sold abroad to Great Britain; the following vineyard communes are to be found in the Nièvre, to the east of the Loire: Pouilly-sur-Loire, Saint-Andelain, Tracy-sur-Loire, Saint-Laurent-l'Abbaye, Mesves-sur-Loire, Saint-Martin-sur-Nohain, Garchy. The terrain is undulating because of the Loire which has created a valley; the soil consists of three major types: hard limestone and flint clay. The climate is temperate with a slight tendency to continental; the Nièvre vineyard is spread over 1,200 hectares, with 120 winemakers annually producing 70,400 hectolitres. This varietal Sauvignon is similar to those of the vineyards of Sancerre.

It should not be confused with a chardonnay wine from the south of Burgundy. Mastrojanni Michel: Les Vins de France. Solar Editions, Paris 1992 - 1994 - 1998 Pouilly-Fumé AOC. official site 2 Rives pour vous Article on the "Syndicat Viticole de l'Aire AOC de Pouilly"

Chalfont St Peter A.F.C.

Chalfont St Peter Association Football Club is a football club based in Chalfont St Peter, near High Wycombe, England. They are members of the Isthmian League South Central Division and play at Mill Meadow; the club was established in 1926 and played in local leagues. In 1948 they joined Division Two of the Great Western Combination and were runners-up in their first season, earning promotion to Division One, they were Division One runners-up in 1955–56, but left the league at the end of the 1957–58 season to join the Parthenon League, where Chalfont National played. Two seasons the club left to join the London League. In 1962 Chalfont St Peter joined the Spartan League; when it merged with the Metropolitan–London League to form the London Spartan League in 1975, the club were placed in to Division Two. After winning Division Two in 1975–76, the club switched to Division Two of the Athenian League, although at the end of the 1976–77 season the league was reduced to a single division, they won the League Cup in 1976–77 and 1982–83, were Athenian League runners-up in 1983–84.

However, the league folded at the end of the season and the club joined Division Two North of the Isthmian League. They were transferred to Division One South in 1986, were champions of the division in 1987–88, earning promotion to Division One. Chalfont St Peter remained in Division One until the end of the 1993–94 season, when they were relegated to Division Two, they were relegated to Division Three at the end of the 1999–2000 after finishing bottom of Division Two. In 2002 Division Three became Division Two following league reorganisation. In 2006 the division was abolished and the club joined the Premier Division of the Spartan South Midlands League, they were Premier Division runners-up and won the league's Challenge Trophy in 2007–08 with a 2–0 win against Brimsdown Rovers, before finishing as runners-up again in 2009–10. They went on to win both the Challenge Trophy and Premier Division in 2010–11, earning promotion to Division One Central of the Southern League. At the end of the 2017–18 season the club were transferred to the South Central Division of the Isthmian League.

The club played at Gold Hill Common, before moving to Mill Meadow on Gravel Hill in 1949. A stand was built in 1956, a small amount of terracing built behind one goal, which had cover installed; the ground has a capacity of 4,500, of which 220 is seated and 120 covered. Isthmian League Division Two champions 1987–88 Athenian League League Cup winners 1976–77, 1982–83 Spartan League Division Two champions 1975–76 Spartan South Midlands League Premier Division champions 2010–11 Challenge Trophy winners 2007–08, 2010–11 Berks & Bucks Intermediate Cup Winners 1952–53, 1984–85 Berks & Bucks Benevolent Cup Winners 1964–65 Wycombe Senior Cup Winners 2006–07 Highest league position: 11th in Isthmian League Division One, 1989–90, 1990–91 Best FA Cup best performance: Third qualifying round, 1985–86, 1998–99, 2012–13, 2014–15 Best FA Trophy best performance: Third qualifying round, 1989–90, 1991–92 Best FA Vase best performance: Semi-finals, 2008–09 Record attendance: 2,550 vs Watford, friendly match, 1985 Most goals, Eddie Sedgwick Biggest victory: 10–1 vs Kentish Town, Spartan South Midlands League Premier Division, 23 December 2008 Heaviest defeat: 0–13 vs Lewes, Isthmian League Division Three, 7 November 2000 Chalfont St Peter A.

F. C. Players Official website

Cowra Japanese Garden and Cultural Centre

The Cowra Japanese Garden and Cultural Centre is located in the town of Cowra, in the Central West region of New South Wales, Australia. The 5 ha garden was established to recognize and develop the historic and ongoing relationship between the people of Cowra Shire and the people of Japan; the garden was designed by Ken Nakajima in the style of the Edo period as a kaiyū-shiki or strolling garden. The rocky hillside, manicured hedges, waterfalls and lakes provide a serene environment for a variety of aquatic birds. Special features of the garden include a Bonshō, a traditional Edo cottage, an authentic open air tea house, a Bonsai house. In 1960 the Japanese Government decided to bring all their war dead from other parts of Australia to be re-buried at Cowra, which featured a cemetery for the remains of 231 Japanese soldiers killed during the 1944 Cowra breakout from the nearby prisoner of war camp; the Japanese War Cemetery was maintained after World War II by members of the Cowra Returned and Services League of Australia, ceded to Japan in 1963.

In 1971 Cowra Tourism Development decided to celebrate this link to Japan, proposed a Japanese garden for the town. The Japanese government agreed to support this development as a sign of thanks for the respectful treatment of their war dead, with the development receiving money from the Australian government and private entities; the Cowra Japanese Garden and Cultural Centre opened in 1979, the second stage opened in 1986. An annual Sakura Matsuri is held in the gardens during September and celebrates the arrival of spring; the garden hosts Girl's Day and Boy's Day festivals, tea ceremonies and workshops on traditional Japanese crafts, including calligraphy and Ikebana, as well as garden talks. Mayfield Garden, another garden in Central West NSW Cowra Japanese Garden and Cultural Centre