The Wii Remote known colloquially as the Wiimote, is the primary game controller for Nintendo's Wii home video game console. An essential capability of the Wii Remote is its motion sensing capability, which allows the user to interact with and manipulate items on screen via gesture recognition and pointing, using accelerometer and optical sensor technology, it is expandable by adding attachments. The attachment bundled with the Wii console is the Nunchuk, which complements the Wii Remote by providing functions similar to those in gamepad controllers; some other attachments include the Classic Controller, Wii Zapper, the Wii Wheel used for the Mario Kart Wii racing video game. There is an F1 wheel which comes with the F1 Game; the controller was revealed at both E3 2005 and E3 2006 and the Tokyo Game Show on September 14, 2005, with the name "Wii Remote" announced April 27, 2006. It received much attention due to its unique features, not supported by other gaming controllers; the Wii's successor console, the Wii U, supports the Wii Remote and its peripherals in games where use of the features of the Wii U GamePad is not mandated.
The Wii Remote was succeeded by the more advanced Joy-Con controllers of the Nintendo Switch. Development of a motion-enabled controller began when development of the Wii console started in 2001. In that year, Nintendo licensed a number of motion-sensing patents from Gyration Inc. a company that produces wireless motion-sensing computer mice. Gyration had pitched their idea and patents of a motion controller to Sony and Microsoft, who both declined. Nintendo commissioned Gyration to create a one-handed controller for it, which became the "Gyropod", a more traditional gamepad which allowed its right half to break away for motion-control. At this point, Gyration brought in a separate design firm, Bridge Design, to help pitch its concept to Nintendo. Under requirement to "roughly preserve the existing Game Cube button layout", it experimented with different forms "through sketches and interviewing various hardcore gamers". By "late 2004, early 2005", Nintendo had come up with the Wii Remote's less traditional "wand shape", the design of the Nunchuk attachment.
Nintendo had decided upon using a motion sensor, infrared pointer, the layout of the buttons, by the end of 2005 the controller was ready for mass production. During development of the Wii Remote, video game designer Shigeru Miyamoto brought in mobile phones and controllers for automotive navigation systems for inspiration producing a prototype that resembled a cell phone. Another design featured both an analog stick and a touchscreen, but Nintendo rejected the idea of a touchscreen on the controller, "since the portable console and living-room console would have been the same". Coincidentally, this idea would be implemented on the Wii U's GamePad controller, as well as the Nintendo Switch. Sources indicate that the Wii Remote was in development as a controller for the Nintendo GameCube, rather than the Wii. Video game developer Factor 5 stated that during development of launch title Star Wars Rogue Squadron II: Rogue Leader, it had an early prototype of a motion-sensing controller. Video game journalist Matt Casamassina, from gaming website IGN, stated that he believed that Nintendo had planned to release the Wii Remote for the GameCube, noting that "Nintendo said that it hoped that GCN could enjoy a longer life cycle with the addition of top-secret peripherals that would forever enhance the gameplay experience."
He suggested that Nintendo may have wanted to release the Wii Remote with a new system, instead of onto the GameCube, as " Revolution addresses one of the GameCube's biggest drawbacks, that it was/is perceived as a toy." Images of the GameCube prototype of the Wii Remote, including the Nunchuck, were found online in October 2018 when one of the prototypes was made available through an online auction. As the Wii gained in popularity, reports surfaced of counterfeit Wii Remotes entering circulation. Although these devices may provide the same functionality as official Wii Remotes, the build quality is inferior and components such as the rumble pack and speaker are noticeably different, it is unclear if current and future accessories will operate with counterfeit units due to the differences in internal components. The Wii Remote assumes a one-handed remote control-based design instead of the traditional gamepad controllers of previous gaming consoles; this was done to make motion sensitivity more intuitive, as a remote design is fitted for pointing, in part to help the console appeal to a broader audience that includes non-gamers.
The body of the Wii Remote is 160 mm long, 36.2 mm wide, 30.8 mm thick. The Wii Remote model number is RVL-003, a reference to the project codename "Revolution"; the controller communicates wirelessly with the console via short-range Bluetooth radio, with which it is possible to operate up to four controllers at a distance of up to 10 meters from the console. The Wii Remote communicates with the Sensor Bar by infrared, providing pointing functionality over a distance of up to five meters from Wii Remote to Sensor Bar; the controller can be used in either hand. It is possible to play a single-player game with a Wii Remote in each hand, as in the Shooting Range game contained in Wii Play. At E3 2006, a few minor changes were made to the controller from the design presented at the Game Developer's Conference
The Battle of Gqokli Hill was conducted in about April 1818, a part of the Mfecane, between Shaka of the Zulu nation and Zwide of the Ndwandwe, in Shaka's territory just south of present-day Ulundi. This was to be Shaka's first major battle against the dominant power in southeastern Africa, the Ndwandwe Paramountcy, led by nKosi Zwide; the Ndwandwe king, who had assassinated the nKosi of the Mthethwa Paramountcy, the year before, was trying to absorb or exterminate the surviving members of that kingdom, including the then-small Zulu clan under their new chief, Shaka. In spite of being outnumbered, masterful strategy and tactics won the battle for Shaka. To delay the Ndwandwe invasion army, under command of Zwide's eldest son and heir, Shaka posted forces along the drifts of the White Umfolozi River to delay the enemy while the river was still high. Meanwhile, he laid waste to the area on the south side the river, moved most of his clan's noncombatants and cattle into hiding in the Nkandla Forest, on the southern extremities of Zulu land.
He placed the bulk of his troops around the top of Gqokli hill, with a reserve and all his supplies out of sight in a depression at the top of the hill. To Nomahlanja, it seemed like a much smaller force of Zulus at the top of the hill and he anticipated it would be an easy massacre, "Like butchering cattle in a kraal," his is reputed to have said. Before the Ndwandwe army was across the river and surrounding his hilltop position, Shaka dispatched about 700 from his small army, with a fraction of the clan's cattle herd, to make a display about ten kilometers south of Gqokli and tempt Nomahlanjana to split his force to capture them; the Ndwandwe general, thinking he was seeing the entire Zulu herd and half their army, obliged by sending four regiments off to chase the cattle down. By about nine o'clock in the morning, once all eight of the remaining Ndwandwe regiments were arrayed at the bottom of Gqokli Hill, Nomahlanjana gave the signal for the attack. In the first charge up the slopes, it became apparent that the Ndwandwe superiority in numbers would be a hindrance, for the converging formations began to crowd into each other, making it difficult to throw their spears effectively.
And when Shaka ordered a counter-attack, his men, who had no throwing spears but were armed with the new, stabbing assegai, charged downhill and routed the packed mob of Ndwandwes. Nomahlanjana, no fool, saw that his overconfidence was premature, he reasoned that the problem presented by the Zulu's central hilltop position, the congestion that caused in his own forces, needed more thoughtful, flexible tactics. As many as five attacks were made during the day, each one trying a different technique, but all failed to overwhelm the perceptibly small band of Zulus. The Ndwandwe commander was aware that his men, who had drunk all of their carried water, were becoming thirsty and exhausted in the hot, dry weather, they were starting to slip away in increasing numbers to make their way back to the nearest water, the Umfolozi river, about two kilometers from the battlefield. Shaka's men, by contrast and thanks to his foresight, had plenty of water and first aid supplies in the depression on top of the summit, so were not nearly so taxed by the weather.
Shaka had earlier arranged for the decoy force to the south to signal him with smoke when the 4,000 Ndwandwes on the cattle raiding expedition were heading back. Just after the fourth Ndwandwe attack had been repulsed, Shaka saw the smoke signal to the south; that meant he had little time left to destroy Nomahlanjana's main army before it was reinforced. Both sides had suffered casualties during the day, the Ndwandwes in greater proportion than the Zulus, but Nomahlanjana calculated, based on the thinning ranks of the four Zulu regiments he could see on the hill, that he still had a vastly superior force. He concluded that the Zulus must be getting as hot and thirsty as his own men, he decided to make one, decisive attack. He moved 1,500 of his warriors, including his crack amaNkayia brigade, to the north of the hill in a gigantic attack column, about twenty men wide and seventy-five ranks deep. There were only, from what he could see, about 500 Zulus left on this side of the hill, he would lead this charge in person and roll over the remnant of the Zulu force.
He left the remainder of his regiments in an arc to the south of the hill as a pinning force to keep Shaka from reinforcing his threatened flank. But Shaka could see well what was coming and felt that the time was ripe for him to spring his trap. All day long he had been fighting off the Ndwandwe assaults with just four of his six regiments, keeping his own elite brigade, consisting of the uFasimba and iziChwe regiments, out of sight and fresh in the hilltop depression; as the Ndwandwe shock column charged up the hill and into the waiting amaWombe regiment, Shaka launched his reserves in two encircling wings enveloping the Ndwandwe column. These men had not expected such a large force to come out of nowhere, and they were thrown into a panic. This enveloping ploy on the part of Shaka was the first trial of a maneuver that would thereafter become the signature tactic of the Zulu army, the Impondo Zenkomo, or "beast's horns". In several minutes all of the surprised and demoralized Ndwandwes in
Pierce Manning Butler Young was a Major General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and a post-war politician and four-term United States Congressman from Georgia. Young was born at Spartanburg, South Carolina on November 15, 1836, his father, Dr. R. M. Young, was a son of Capt. William Young, a soldier in the American Revolution under George Washington; when Pierce was a small boy, his father moved to Bartow County and enlisted private tutors for his children. At the age of thirteen, Young entered the Georgia Military Institute in Marietta, graduated in 1856, he subsequently studied law. In 1857, he was appointed to the United States Military Academy but resigned only two months before graduation due to Georgia's secession. Returning home in early 1861, he was appointed Second Lieutenant in the 1st Georgia Infantry regiment, but declined that commission for the same rank in the artillery. In July, he was promoted to First Lieutenant and was attached to the staff of General Braxton Bragg at Pensacola, Florida.
He was at the same time aide-de-camp to Gen. W. H. T. Walker. In July, Young was appointed adjutant of the Georgia Legion, better known as Cobb's Legion, was promoted to Major in September and to Lieutenant Colonel in November, commanding the cavalry portion of the legion. Young's cavalry was attached to Wade Hampton's brigade of J. E. B. Stuart's cavalry division in the Army of Northern Virginia in 1862, he was distinguished for "remarkable gallantry,". Promoted to Colonel, he rendered brilliant service at the Battle of Brandy Station and participated in the cavalry operations of the Gettysburg Campaign. In early August, he was wounded in another fight near Brandy Station. In October, he was promoted to Brigadier General and assigned command of Hampton's old brigade, consisting of the 1st and 2nd South Carolina cavalry regiments, the Cobb Legion, Jeff Davis Legion and Phillips' Legion, he was engaged during the Bristoe and Mine Run Campaigns, where on October 12, 1863, by adroit maneuvering, he compelled an enemy division to recross the Rappahannock River.
An admiring Stuart reported, "The defeat of an expedition which might have proved so embarrassing entitles the officers who effected it to the award of distinguished skill and generalship."In 1864, Young played a prominent part in the Overland Campaign in Virginia, when Hampton assumed command of the cavalry after Stuart's death at Yellow Tavern, he temporarily took Hampton's place as division commander. In November, Young was sent to Augusta to gather reinforcements and aid in the defense of that city, threatened by William T. Sherman. Promoted to Major General in December, he was engaged in the defense of Savannah and the 1865 campaign in the Carolinas under General Hampton until the close of the war. After the war, he lived as a planter, he was elected as a Democrat for four terms. Young was defeated by the Grange-backed candidate William Harrell Felton. Young was appointed United States commissioner to the Paris Exposition in 1878, he served as consul-general at St. Petersburg, Russia and as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Guatemala and Honduras by appointment of President Grover Cleveland.
Young died on July 6, 1896, in New York City, with interment in Oak Hill Cemetery, Georgia List of American Civil War generals Eicher, John H. and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1. Evans, Clement A. ed. Confederate Military History: A Library of Confederate States History. 12 vols. Atlanta: Confederate Publishing Company, 1899. OCLC 833588. Retrieved January 20, 2011. Volume: 6. Derry, J. T.. Holland, Lynwood Mathis. "Pierce M. B. Young: The Warwick of the South". Athens, GA: The University of Georgia Press, 1964. OCLC 1382650 Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4. Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9. United States Congress. "Pierce M. B. Young". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-02-13 Pierce M. B. Young at The Political Graveyard Pierce Manning Butler Young historical marker
Arie Johannes Lamme spelled Ary was a Dutch painter, lithographer, art dealer and museum director. He specialized in historical works, his father was the art dealer Arnoldus Lamme. He studied with his father went to Paris at the age of seventeen, where he studied with his cousins and Hendrik Scheffer. In 1845, while in Paris, he won a gold medal for his interior portraits. Two years he and his father worked for the city of Rotterdam, evaluating paintings, bequeathed to the city by Frans Jacob Otto Boijmans, a noted art collector; those paintings formed the basis of the collection at the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Lamme was named the first Director in 1849. He was involved in the creation of the Museum Fodor and became an honorary board member there. In 1863, he compiled a catalog of the Fodor's holdings; that same year, King William III named him a Ridder in the Order of the Oak Crown. In 1870, he was named Honorary Director, he was succeeded by his son, Dirk Arie Lamme and retired to an estate he had purchased in Berg en Dal.
Media related to Arie Johannes Lamme at Wikimedia Commons Arcadja Auctions: More works by Lamme
The Brisbane and District Women's Rugby League is one of the main Women's rugby league competitions in Australia. The Brisbane and District Women's Rugby League started in 2004 Beerwah Women's Rugby League Club Browns Plains Bears Women's Rugby League Club Burleigh Bears Burpengary Women's Rugby League Club Cannon Hill Stars Women's Rugby League Club Carina Tigers Women's Rugby League Club Northern Suburbs Women's Rugby League Club Normanby Rugby League Football Club Pine Rivers Women's Rugby League Club Southern Suburbs Women's Rugby League Club Sunshine Coast Sirens Springfield Panthers Women's Rugby League Club Souths Logan Women's Rugby League Club Swifts RLFC Toowoomba Fillies Waterford RLFC Wests Inala FC Wynnum Manly Women's Rugby League Club Souths Logan Women's Rugby League Club - 2012 Souths Logan Women's Rugby League Club - 2013 Beerwah 28 beat Aspley 4 - 2014 Aspley Broncos - 2013 Rugby league in Queensland Queensland Women's Rugby League New South Wales Women's Rugby League Western Australian Women's Rugby League Official website Brisbane and District Women's Rugby League on Facebook
Thomas A. Curran, was an Australian-born American actor on the stage and in motion pictures. Between 1915 and 1941 he appeared in 60 films, the last of, Citizen Kane, in which he played the uncredited role of Theodore Roosevelt in the "News on the March" newsreel sequence. Thomas A. Curran was born May 1879, in Australia, he studied acting in the United States, where he made his stage debut in 1897. After returning to Australia for a few years, he returned to the U. S. in 1912 or 1913 and worked in vaudeville and repertory theatre. He acted in the original productions of Excuse Me written by Rupert Hughes and Oh! Oh! Delphine. Curran was signed to a three-year contract by the Thanhouser Company in 1915 and made 22 films, including The World and the Woman with Jeanne Eagels and Inspiration, the first non-pornographic American film to show full female nudity. In his years he moved to California and made his living playing bit parts and small roles in studio films, his last film appearance was as Teddy Roosevelt in the "News on the March" sequence in Citizen Kane.
The film had not yet been released when Curran, aged 61, died in Hollywood January 24, 1941. Thomas A. Curran on IMDb