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Wikimedia Foundation

The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. is an American non-profit and charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California. It is known for participating in the Wikimedia movement, it hosts sites like Wikipedia. The foundation was founded in 2003 by Jimmy Wales as a way to fund Wikipedia and its sibling projects through non-profit means; as of 2017, the foundation employs over 300 people, with annual revenues in excess of US$109.9 million. María Sefidari is chair of the board. Katherine Maher has been the executive director since March 2016; the Wikimedia Foundation has the stated goal of developing and maintaining open content, wiki-based projects and providing the full contents of those projects to the public free of charge. Another main objective of the Wikimedia Foundation is political advocacy; the Wikimedia Foundation was granted section 501 status by the U. S. Internal Revenue Code as a public charity in 2005, its National Taxonomy of Exempt Entities code is B60. The foundation's by-laws declare a statement of purpose of collecting and developing educational content and to disseminate it and globally.

In 2001, Jimmy Wales, an Internet entrepreneur, Larry Sanger, an online community organizer and philosophy professor, founded Wikipedia as an Internet encyclopedia to supplement Nupedia. The project was funded by Bomis, Jimmy Wales's for-profit business; as Wikipedia's popularity increased, revenues to fund the project stalled. Since Wikipedia was depleting Bomis's resources and Sanger thought of a charity model to fund the project; the Wikimedia Foundation was incorporated in Florida on June 20, 2003. It applied to the United States Patent and Trademark Office to trademark Wikipedia on September 14, 2004; the mark was granted registration status on January 10, 2006. Trademark protection was accorded by Japan on December 16, 2004, and, in the European Union, on January 20, 2005. There were plans to license the use of the Wikipedia trademark for some products, such as books or DVDs; the name "Wikimedia", a compound of wiki and media, was coined by American author Sheldon Rampton in a post to the English mailing list in March 2003, three months after Wiktionary became the second wiki-based project hosted on Wales' platform.

In April 2005, the U. S. Internal Revenue Service approved the foundation as an educational foundation in the category "Adult, Continuing education", meaning all contributions to the foundation are tax-deductible for U. S. federal income tax purposes. On December 11, 2006, the foundation's board noted that the corporation could not become the membership organization planned but never implemented due to an inability to meet the registration requirements of Florida statutory law. Accordingly, the by-laws were amended to remove all reference to membership activities; the decision to change the bylaws was passed by the board unanimously. On September 25, 2007, the foundation's board gave notice that the operations would be moving to the San Francisco Bay Area. Major considerations cited for choosing San Francisco were proximity to like-minded organizations and potential partners, a better talent pool, as well as cheaper and more convenient international travel than is available from St. Petersburg, Florida.

The move from Florida was completed by 31 January 2008 with the headquarters on Stillman Street in San Francisco. In 2009, the Wikimedia Foundation's headquarters moved to New Montgomery Street. Lila Tretikov was appointed executive director of the Wikimedia Foundation in May 2014, she resigned in March 2016. Former chief communications officer Katherine Maher was appointed the interim executive director, a position made permanent in June 2016. In October 2017, the headquarters moved to San Francisco's One Montgomery Tower, they appointed Janeen Uzzell as Chief Operating Officer in early 2019. Content on most Wikimedia project websites is licensed for redistribution under v3.0 of the Attribution and Share-alike Creative Commons licenses. This content is sourced from contributing volunteers and from resources with few or no copyright restrictions, such as copyleft material and works in the public domain; the foundation operates eleven wikis that follow the free content model with their main goal being the dissemination of knowledge.

These include, by launch date: Several additional projects exist to provide infrastructure or coordination of the free knowledge projects. For instance, Outreach gives guidelines for best practices on encouraging the use of Wikimedia sites; these include: Wikimedia movement affiliates are independent, but formally recognized, groups of people intended to work together to support and contribute to the Wikimedia movement. The Wikimedia Foundation's Board of Trustees has approved three active models for movement affiliates: chapters, thematic organizations, user groups. Movement affiliates are intended to organize and engage in activities to support and contribute to the Wikimedia movement, such as regional conferences, edit-a-thons, public relations, public policy advocacy, GLAM engagement, Wikimania. Recognition of a chapter and thematic organization is approved by the foundation's board. Recommendations on recognition of chapters and thematic organizations are made to the foundation's board by an Affiliations Committee, composed of Wikimedia community volunteers.

The Affiliations Committee approves the recognition of individual user groups. While movement affiliates are formally recognized by the Wikimedia Foundation, they are independent of the Wikimedia Foundation, with no legal control of nor responsibility for the Wikimedia projects; the foundation began recognizing chapters in 2004. In 2010, development on additional

Tubilandu Ndimbi

Albert Tubilandu Ndimbi is a Congolese football goalkeeper who played for Zaire in the 1974 FIFA World Cup. He played for AS Vita Club, he appeared in his team's second match in the 1974 World Cup against Yugoslavia. Zaire was 3–0 down, they substituted goalkeeper Kazadi with Tubilandu in the 21st minute; this was the first instance of a goalkeeper substitution in the World Cup for any other reason than injury. Tubilandu's first task was to put the ball off the net after Ivan Buljan's free kick was headed in by Josip Katalinski. Yugoslavia were 6–0 up by half time, they won 9–0; as late as 1985, Tubilandu was still playing for Zaire, appearing in a 1986 African Cup of Nations qualifying match versus the Republic of the Congo in Brazzaville. Tubilandu hailed from the Kinshasa commune of Matete, he retired from football in 1989. FIFA profile

Plaza cinema, Mumbai

Plaza is a single-screen cinema hall in the Dadar locality of Mumbai, Maharashtra. It was bought by Sakharam Govindji Keni from a Parsi owner and is given on lease to V Shantaram in the 1930s. A 2005 Times of India reports informs that V. Shantaram trust sold their rights to run the cinema to Himani & Co. and that Kiran Shantaram, V. Shantaram's son and a trustee of the V. Shantaram trust was the general manager of the cinema, it considers the Cinema a legend. The cinema has a capacity of 880 seats. Kiran Shantaram is the head of the Asian Film Foundation, it was one of the three cinema halls. It is an important theatre for the screening of Marathi cinema. According to Marathi film critic Amit Bhandari it "is not a mere theatre but the reflection of aspirations of more than three generations of actors... Marathi theatre has given stalwart character artistes to both Hindi movies. From Neelu Phule, Shreeram Lagu, Bhakti Barve, Nana Patekar, Reema Lagu, to Laxmikant Berde, Makarand Anaspure and many others — they have all stood outside the Shivaji Mandir drama theatre gates and looked across the street at Plaza hoping to see their faces smiling down from the hoardings..."

It was one of the 13 places where 1993 bomb blasts occurred in Mumbai on 12 March 1993. 10 persons died and 37 were injured. This blast occurred at 3.13 PM. The Nana Patekar, Raaj Kumar movie Tirangaa was playing at the hall; the movie started at 3.00 pm a little. There were 881 spectators in the hall. Shantaram recalled that had the bomb gone off during the change over there would have been hundreds of casualties