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Wild boar

The wild boar known as the wild swine, Common wild pig, or wild pig,) is a suid native to much of the Palearctic, as well as introduced numbers in the Americas and Southeast Asia. Human intervention has spread it further, making the species one of the widest-ranging mammals in the world, as well as the most spread suiform, its wide range, high numbers, adaptability mean that it is classed as least concern by the IUCN and it has become an invasive species in part of its introduced range. The animal originated in Southeast Asia during the Early Pleistocene, outcompeted other suid species as it spread throughout the Old World; as of 1990, up to 16 subspecies are recognized, which are divided into four regional groupings based on skull height and lacrimal bone length. The species lives in matriarchal societies consisting of their young. Grown males are solitary outside the breeding season; the grey wolf, american alligator, bobcat, lynx and black bear, brown bear are the wild boar's main predators in the world, throughout most of its range, except in the Far East and the Lesser Sunda Islands, where it is replaced by the tiger, asiatic lion, Komodo dragon, respectively.

It has a long history of association with humans, having been the ancestor of most domestic pig breeds and a big-game animal for millennia. Boars have re-hybridized in recent decades with feral pigs; as true wild boars became extinct in Great Britain before the development of Modern English, the same terms are used for both true wild boar and pigs large or semi-wild ones. The English'boar' stems from the Old English bar, thought to be derived from the West Germanic *bairaz, of unknown origin. Boar is sometimes used to refer to males, may be used to refer to male domesticated pigs breeding males that have not been castrated.'Sow', the traditional name for a female, again comes from Old English and Germanic. The young may be called'piglets'; the animals' specific name scrofa is Latin for'sow'. In hunting terminology, boars are given different designations according to their age: MtDNA studies indicate that the wild boar originated from islands in Southeast Asia such as Indonesia and the Philippines, subsequently spread onto mainland Eurasia and North Africa.

The earliest fossil finds of the species come from both Europe and Asia, date back to the Early Pleistocene. By the late Villafranchian, S. scrofa displaced the related S. strozzii, a large swamp-adapted suid ancestral to the modern S. verrucosus throughout the Eurasian mainland, restricting it to insular Asia. Its closest wild relative is the bearded pig of Malacca and surrounding islands; as of 2005, 16 subspecies are recognised, which are divided into four regional groupings: Western: Includes S. s. scrofa, S. s. meridionalis, S. s. algira, S. s. attila, S. s. lybicus and S. s. nigripes. These subspecies are high-skulled, with thick underwool and poorly developed manes. Indian: Includes S. s. davidi and S. s. cristatus. These subspecies have sparse or absent underwool, with long manes and prominent bands on the snout and mouth. While S. s. cristatus is high-skulled, S. s. davidi is low-skulled. Eastern: Includes S. s. sibiricus, S. s. ussuricus, S. s. leucomystax, S. s. riukiuanus, S. s. taivanus and S. s. moupinensis.

These subspecies are characterised by a whitish streak extending from the corners of the mouth to the lower jaw. With the exception of S. s. ussuricus, most are high-skulled. The underwool is thick, except in S. s. moupinensis, the mane is absent. Indonesian: Represented by S. s. vittatus, it is characterised by its sparse body hair, lack of underwool long mane, a broad reddish band extending from the muzzle to the sides of the neck. It is the most basal of the four groups, having the smallest relative brain size, more primitive dentition and unspecialised cranial structure. With the exception of domestic pigs in Timor and Papua New Guinea, the wild boar is the ancestor of most pig breeds. Archaeological evidence suggests that pigs were domesticated from wild boar as early as 13,000–12,700 BCE in the Near East in the Tigris Basin being managed in the wild in a way similar to the way they are managed by some modern New Guineans. Remains of pigs have been dated to earlier than 11,400 BCE in Cyprus.

Those animals must have been introduced from the mainland, which suggests domestication in the adjacent mainland by then. There was a separate domestication in China, which took place about 8,000 years ago. DNA evidence from sub-fossil remains of teeth and jawbones of Neolithic pigs shows that the first domestic pigs in Europe had been brought from the Near East; this stimulated the domestication of local European wild boars, resulting in a third domestication event with the Near Eastern genes dying out in European pig stock. Modern domesticated pigs have involved complex exchanges, with European domesticated lines being exported in turn to the ancient Near East. Historical records indicate that Asian pigs were introduced into Europe during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Domestic pigs tend to have much more developed hindquarters than their wild boar ancestors, to the point where 70% of their body weight is concentrated in the posterior, the opposite of wild boar, where most of the muscles are concentrated

Vestigial Peter

"Vestigial Peter" is the second episode of the twelfth season and the 212th overall episode of the animated comedy series Family Guy. It aired on Fox in the United States and Canada on October 6, 2013, is written by Brian Scully and directed by Julius Wu. In the episode, Peter finds a strange lump on his neck that turns out to be a vestigial twin, who ends up winning over Peter's family and friends with his optimism and sense of wonder; when Lois tries getting Peter ready for church, she complains he keeps wearing the same old shirt, insists that he go to the mall afterward to get new clothes. Trying on a new shirt, the salesman points out a lump on Peter's neck and Lois insists on seeing Dr. Hartman. Dr. Hartman identifies it as a twin that never developed and extracts it from just beneath Peter's skin so that it can talk and react to people, as Peter names him Chip. Taking it home, he soon gets everyone to like him, but when Chip wants to live an active life, Peter tries to get him to slow down and Lois objects to him trying to stifle Chip.

Chip has sexual activity while in bed with Peter's boss Angela and gets on Peter's nerves. Peter goes back to Dr. Hartman and requests to have Chip removed despite possible risks to his own life; the operation is a success and they become separate people. Despite Peter's attempt to encourage Chip to go his own way, the family insists Chip stay with them. Chip endears him to the family further when he spends time with the family. Lois points out. After talking about his situation with his friends at the bar, Peter decides to get rid of him and tries to have him eaten by a dingo. While the attempt fails, Chip realizes he leaves. Peter breaks the news to the family and they go search for Chip, leaving Peter alone. Going to the basement, Peter falls down the stairs and breaks his leg due to him wearing high heels at the time. Chip makes a splint for his leg and drags him back upstairs. Peter is grateful for what Chip makes up with him. Chip decides to go out in the world and experience it for himself, sailing himself aloft on a balloon.

A narration states. Eric Thurm of The A. V. Club gave the episode a C+, saying "The volume of those jokes makes it hard to watch the rest of'Vestigial Peter,', too bad, because there’s a lot of decently funny and interesting stuff in this episode; the opening segment at the mall keeps cutting back to an establishing shot of the mall itself, which gives off the impression that the mall is some sort of weird, repetitive hellscape, well… Some of the humor in “Vestigial Peter” is in the main plot. Chip wins over Brian by appealing to his smug Prius ownership in a joke that seems like it slipped in from a better episode, the jokes about Peter and Chip’s shared biological functions are crass, but not directly offensive and raunchy in just the right way for Family Guy. With less transphobic crap and more Quantum Creep, “Vestigial Peter” would have been a solid episode of Family Guy for this season instead of something that appeals to the worst parts of the show’s fan base."The episode received a 2.5 rating and was watched by a total of 5.20 million people, this made it the second most watched show on Animation Domination that night beating American Dad! and Bob's Burgers but losing to The Simpsons with 6.42 million.

"Vestigial Peter" on IMDb "Vestigial Peter" at TV.com

Mupen64Plus

Mupen64Plus named Mupen64-64bit and Mupen64-amd64, is a free and open-source, cross-platform Nintendo 64 emulator, written in the programming languages C and C++. It allows users to play Nintendo 64 games on a computer by reading ROM images, either dumped from the read-only memory of a Nintendo 64 cartridge or created directly on the computer as homebrew. Mupen64, the forerunner to Mupen64Plus, was released December 2001 by Hacktarux. Mupen64 was designed to be cross-platform, the first release running on both Linux and Windows operating systems; as the emulator progressed, support was added for FreeBSD, AROS, OS X, but these ports were not maintained as much or as well as the Linux and Windows versions. On August 26, 2005, Mupen64 version 0.5 was released. It was the last version of Mupen64 by Hacktarux, although several branches of the project were made, one of, Mupen64Plus. In October 2007, Mupen64 was forked by Richard Goedeken, his work went through several releases before settling on the name Mupen64Plus.

Mupen64Plus aimed to provide a 64-bit recompiler and to fix bugs present in Mupen64 0.5. Over time, the emulator expanded and improved extant video plug-ins, provided extra features beyond the project's original scope. In late 2009, the Mupen64Plus project undertook a major re-design of the emulator's architecture. Like many N64 emulators, Mupen64Plus uses four modular plug-ins which adhere to a specification written by Project64 developer Zilmar; this specification was written in the late 1990s, when all of the Nintendo 64 emulators ran only under Windows. The plug-in architecture used graphical user interface specific code inside of each plug-in, which presents difficulties for programmers wishing to support many different operating systems. For this reason, the Mupen64Plus team presented a design proposal to modify the plugin application programming interface to place all of the user interface code in one software module and make other improvements to streamline the operation of a cross-platform N64 emulator.

This decision was controversial, but the proposed changes were implemented, the software has continued to evolve. December 14, 2009 saw the first beta release of Mupen64Plus with the revised API, version 1.99.1. Several other beta versions have been released since then. Mupen64Plus 2.0 is being developed. Its source can be downloaded from the project's git repository. Brandon Widdler of Digital Trends considers the emulator one of the best for the Nintendo 64 along with Project64, citing its cheat functions, dynamic recompilers for 32-bit and 64-bit machines, speed adjustment feature. Developed RetroArch/Libretro port. In June 2012, a fork for the BlackBerry Playbook was announced named Mupen64Plus-PB. In early 2013, Ouya announced the release of its console based on open-source Android technology built for game development. Ouya focuses on emulating and the first showcase session presented Super Mario 64 and Street Fighter 2 emulated on Mupen64Plus and SuperGNES, respectively. List of video game emulators 1964, an alternative Nintendo 64 emulator Project64, an alternative Nintendo 64 emulator Official website Download Mupen64Plus Download Mupen64Plus FZ