click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

William Byrd II

William Byrd II was an American planter and author from Charles City County in colonial Virginia. He is considered the founder of Virginia. Byrd's life showed aspects of an emerging American identity, his education included the classics, apprenticeship with London global business agents, legal studies. He was admitted to the bar and served for years as Virginia Colony's official agent in London where he opposed increasing the power of royal governors. A member of the Royal Society, he was an early advocate of smallpox inoculation. In spite – or because – of his background, Byrd treated the enslaved people in his household appallingly and was a renowned philanderer, his exploits are captured in his diary, notable for its openness on matters of sex. Upon his return to Virginia, Byrd expanded his plantation holdings, was elected to the House of Burgesses, served on Virginia Governor's Council known as Virginia's Council of State, from 1709 until his death in 1744, he commanded county militias and led surveying expeditions along the Virginia-Carolina border and the Northern Neck.

His enterprises included promoting Swiss settlement in mountainous southwest Virginia and iron mining ventures in Germanna and Fredericksburg. William Byrd II was born in Colony of Virginia, his father, Colonel William Byrd I, had come from England to settle in Virginia. When he was seven years old, his father sent him to London for schooling, he was educated at Felsted School in Essex, for the law. While there, Byrd became engrained in London's society and politics. Not only did he study law, but in 1696, at age 22, he was elected by friends in the aristocracy as a Fellow in the Royal Society, he served as a representative of Virginia in London. He was a member of the King's Counsel for 37 years. Byrd returned to Richmond upon the death of his father in 1705, he had a large inheritance, was now required to run the estate. He lived in lordly estate on Westover Plantation. Upon Byrd's return to Virginia in 1705, he found that the colonies lacked the social vibrancy that he had found in England. Therefore, he began his search for a wife.

Lucy Parke was an obvious candidate for his affections. Not only was she wealthy. Byrd became ambitious after his father's death and sought the governorship of Virginia; when he was denied the position, William Byrd II returned once more to London on romantic endeavors. He was not only rejected by the elite women but by the British government. While Byrd considered himself an Englishman, the fact that he was born in the colonies kept other true Englishmen from considering him as such. Parliament sent Byrd back to Virginia, where he accepted his role as a mere Virginia delegate. However, he was chosen to commission the survey of the Virginia–North Carolina border. Lucy died of smallpox in 1715, Byrd remarried Maria Taylor eight years later. William Byrd II died on August 26, 1744, was buried at Westover Plantation in Charles City County. Byrd's son, William Byrd III, inherited the family land but chose to fight in the French and Indian War rather than spend much time in Richmond. After he squandered the Byrd fortune, William Byrd III parceled up the family estate and sold lots of 100 acres, in 1768.

Upon Byrd's return to Virginia in 1705, he found that the colonies lacked the social vibrancy that he had found in England. Therefore, he began his search for a wife. Lucy Parke was an obvious candidate for his affections. Not only was she wealthy. Lucy had reached the age of 18, her mother was concerned that she would not find a husband; this was due to the humiliation of the Colonel's many romantic affairs and his stinginess. When Byrd wrote a letter to the Parkes asking to court Lucy, they accepted. Byrd knew how to woo the young lady and wrote passionate letters to her, proclaiming his love with poetic phrases, e.g. "Fidelia, possess the empire of my heart". The two were soon wed. Soon after their wedding, Lucy found her husband to be incapable of the kind of closeness she desired. While she wanted an emotional and intellectual relationship, William was able only to provide sexual intimacy. In fact, like many men of the time, Byrd was sexually unfaithful in his marriage, his wife turned a blind eye to his affairs, only getting upset when his intimacy with others was demonstrated publicly.

Lucy and William quarreled over other matters about the running of the household. William wanted a patriarchal household; the two disagreed on whose power reigned over the various parts of the estate, their arguments were heated. Lucy refused to conform to the traditional role of the submissive wife and wished to assert her authority over enslaved people in their household. William rebuked her in front of others when she acted upon this inclination, undermining her authority. William required absolute sovereignty over the library. To him, the library was a intimate and personal place, one in which Lucy did not belong, he disliked her entering the library at all, he loathed her tendency to borrow books when he was away. The biggest arguments that William and Lucy had were over money. Luc

Around the World in 80 Days (1988 film)

Around the World in 80 Days is an Australian 48-minute direct-to-video animated film from Burbank Films Australia. It was released in 1988; the film is based on Jules Verne's classic French novel, Around the World in 80 Days, first published in 1873, was adapted by Leonard Lee. It featured original music by Simon Walker; the film imitated BRB Internacional's Spanish 1981 series, La vuelta al mundo de Willy Fog, in its use of anthropomorphic animals in the human roles. The copyright in this film is now owned by Pulse Distribution and Entertainment and administered by digital rights management firm NuTech Digital; the young French Passepartout arrives in London in 1872 to become Mr. Phileas Fogg's valet on the same day his master makes a bet that changes both of their lives. Mr. Fogg assures the members at his club that it is now possible to travel the world in 80 days or less, he bets a total of £200,000 that he will sail away, tour the world, return to that spot in eighty days or less. After accepting his wager, the club members bid him farewell and wish him luck on his long voyage across the world.

Passepartout takes an immediate liking for his new determined master, but so, the young valet isn't too enthusiastic about sailing away from London aboard a hot air balloon. One day before their departure, the Bank of England had been assaulted and robbed by a man whose physical appearance resembled that of Mr. Phileas Fogg. A detective named Fix investigates the crime and declares Phileas Fogg guilty of bank robbery, hiding behind the identity of a noble gentleman. Mr. Fogg and Passepartout fly on the balloon over France and the Swiss Alps. Sure that he will win his bet, Mr. Fogg has no second thoughts about spending whatever money he needs in order for his voyage to continue uninterrupted if it means the purchase of elephants. During a ride aboard an elephant from Bombay to Calcutta, Mr. Fogg and Passepartout come across a suttee procession, in which a young woman named Aouda is to be sacrificed by worshippers of Thuggee, they carry her away safely to live with a distant relative. More adventures and misadventures follow the two companions as they cross the Pacific Ocean and the United States watched and followed by Fix.

Upon returning to London on the 79th day of travel, Phileas Fogg is arrested by the detective and accused of robbery he is placed inside a cell. Fogg is stuck in the cell until it appears to be too late for him to present himself at the club in time to win the wager. Mr. Fix appears at the cell where Fogg is being kept and tells him that he has made a terrible mistake, that the man responsible for the robbery had just been captured. Mr. Fogg punches Mr. Fix on the nose and the detective falls to the ground unconscious. Fogg returns to his residence with Passepartout, resigned to the fact; when they believe all is lost, a local newspaper informs them that they were mistaken about the date, it is in fact one day earlier than they had thought because they crossed the International Date Line while circumnavigating the globe in an eastward direction. Fogg and Passepartout rush to the club; the club members cheer for Fogg's success and all had proven so. Mr. Fogg assures his friends that a trip around the world can be made in no more than sixty-six days, to the dismay of Passepartout who fears another adventurous trip around the world.

List of films in the public domain in the United States Around the World in Eighty Days Jules Verne Burbank Films Australia Around the World in 80 Days on IMDb Around the World in 80 Days at AllMovie

Akinyelure Patrick Ayo

Akinyelure Patrick Ayo is a Nigerian banker, elected to the Nigerian Senate for the Ondo Central district in Ondo State in the 9 April 2011 elections running on the Labour Party ticket. Akinyelure Patrick Ayo is an approved tax practitioner of the Chartered Institute of Taxation of Nigeria, he was Group Executive Chairman of the Allover Group, a microfinance lender, from 1994 to 2010. In January 2011 he denied that officials of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission had investigated him over the withdrawal of the bank's licence by the Central Bank of Nigeria. Patrick Ayo Akinyelure was Labour party candidate for the Ondo South Senatorial seat in April 2007. In July 2008 an Election Petition Tribunal in Akure nullified the election of Senator Gbenga Ogunniya of the People's Democratic Party based on Akinyelure's petition. Ogunniya succeeded in appealing this decision. In the 9 April 2011 elections, Akinyelure ran again and this time was elected with 113,292 votes, ahead of Gbenga Ogunniya of the PDP with 41,783 votes

SMS V191

SMS V191 was a S-138-class large torpedo boat of the Imperial German Navy. She was built by the AG Vulcan shipyard at Stettin between 1910 and 1911 and launched on 2 June 1911. V191 took part the First World War, she was present at the Battle of Heligoland Bight in August 1914. She was sunk when she struck a Russian mine in the Baltic on 17 December 1915 The Imperial German Navy ordered 12 large torpedo boats as part of the fiscal year 1910 shipbuilding programme, with one half-flotilla of six ships ordered from AG Vulcan and the other six ships from Germaniawerft; the two groups of torpedo boats were of similar layout but differed in detailed design, with a gradual evolution of design and increase in displacement with each year's orders. V191 was 73.9 metres long overall and 73.6 metres between perpendiculars, with a beam of 7.9 metres and a draught of 3.1 metres. The ship displaced 666 tonnes design and 775 tonnes deep load. Three coal-fired and one oil-fired water-tube boiler fed steam at a pressure of 18.5 standard atmospheres to two sets of direct-drive steam turbines.

The ship's machinery was rated at 18,000 PS giving a design speed of 32 knots, with members of the class reaching a speed of 33.5 knots during sea trials. 136 tons of coal and 67 tons of oil fuel were carried, giving an endurance of 2,360 nautical miles at 12 knots, 1,250 nautical miles at 17 knots or 480 nautical miles at 30 knots. The ship was armed with one on the Forecastle and one aft. Four single 50 cm torpedo tubes were fitted, with two on the ship's beam in the gap between the forecastle and the ship's bridge which were capable of firing straight ahead, one between the ship's two funnels, one aft of the funnels; the ship had a crew of men. V191 was laid down at AG Vulcan's Stettin shipyard as Yard number 309 and was launched on 2 June 1911 and completed on 28 September 1911. On 28 August 1914, the British Harwich Force,supported by light cruisers and battlecruisers of the Grand Fleet, carried out a raid towards Heligoland with the intention of destroying patrolling German torpedo boats.

The German defensive patrols around Heligoland consisted of one flotilla of 12 modern torpedo boats forming an outer patrol line about 25 nautical miles North and West of Heligoland, with an inner line of older torpedo boats of the 3rd Minesweeping Division at about 12 nautical miles. Four German light cruisers and another flotilla of torpedo boats was in the vicinity of Heligoland. V191, a member of the 1st Half Flotilla of I Torpedo Boat Flotilla, formed part of the outer screen of torpedo boats. At about 06:00 on 28 August, G194, another member of the outer screen reported spotting the periscope of a submarine; as a result, the 5th Torpedo Boat Flotilla was ordered out to hunt the hostile submarine. At 07:57 G194 was fired on by British warships, was soon retreating towards Heligoland, pursued by four British destroyers. V Flotilla and the old torpedo boats of the 3rd Minesweeping Division came under British fire, were only saved by the intervention of the German cruisers Stettin and Frauenlob, with the torpedo boats V1, D8 and T33 damaged.

V191 managed to avoid the British ships and returned to base. However, sister ship V187, leader of I Flotilla, ran into the midst of the Harwich force when trying to return to Heligoland and was sunk; the intervention of the supporting British forces resulted in the sinking of the German cruisers Mainz, Cöln and Ariadne. The British light cruiser Arethusa and destroyers Laurel and Liberty were badly damaged but safely returned to base. In August 1915 the Germans detached a large portion of the High Seas Fleet for operations in the Gulf of Riga in support of the advance of German troops, it was planned to enter the Gulf via the Irben Strait, defeating any Russian naval forces and mining the entrance to Moon Sound. The torpedo boats of I Flotilla, including V191 was deployed in support of these operations, with V191, G193 and G194 encountering and exchanging fire with the large Russian destroyer Novik and two smaller destroyers of the Emir Bukharski-class on 11 August. On 17 December 1915, V191 and the light cruiser Bremen were sunk in a minefield between Windau and Lyserot.

25 of V191's crew were killed. Gardiner, Robert. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5. Halpern, Paul G.. A Naval History of World War I. London: UCL Press. ISBN 1-85728-498-4. Gröner, Erich. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945: Band 2: Torpedoboote, Zerstörer, Minensuchboote, Minenräumboote. Koblenz: Bernard & Graef Verlag. ISBN 3-7637-4801-6. Massie, Robert K.. Castles of Steel: Britain and the Winning of the Great War at Sea. London: Vintage Books. ISBN 978-0-099-52378-9. Moore, John. Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I. London: Studio. ISBN 1-85170-378-0. Monograph No. 11: The Battle of the Heligoland Bight, August 28th, 1914. Naval Staff Monographs. III. Naval Staff and Staff Duties Division. 1921. Pp. 108–166. Rollmann, Heinrich. Der Krieg in der Ostsee: Zwieter Band: Das Kriegjahr 1915. Der Krieg zur See: 1914–1918. Berlin: Verlag von E. S. Mittler & Sohn

Tomáš Koubek

Tomáš Koubek is a Czech professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for FC Augsburg. Koubek made his league debut for Hradec Králové in a 2–1 win against Mladá Boleslav on 30 April 2011. In October 2016, his club ordered him to train with their women's team for stating "women belong at the stove" in reaction to a decision against him by a female assistant referee, Lucie Ratajova. On August 6, 2019, FC Augsburg announced the transfer of Koubek from Rennes for an undisclosed transfer fee, he signed a four-year contract with the club. In October 2015, Koubek was called up to the Czech Republic senior squad for a UEFA Euro 2016 qualifier against the Netherlands. Tomáš Koubek was part of the Czech Republic squad that competed at the 2016 UEFA European Championships. Stade Rennais Coupe de France: 2018–19Czech Republic China Cup bronze:2018Czech Republic U19 UEFA European Under-19 Championship runner-up2011 Tomáš Koubek at Soccerway Tomáš Koubek at L'Équipe Football Tomáš Koubek at FAČR Tomáš Koubek – Czech First League statistics at Fotbal DNES

Connie Kelly

Cornelius "Connie" Kelly is an Irish retired hurler who played as a right wing-forward for the Cork senior team. Kelly joined the team during the 1971 championship and was a regular member of the starting fifteen for just one season, he enjoyed little success that season. At club level Kelly won intermediate championship and junior championship medals with Coughduv. Kelly enjoyed much success. In 1970 he was in the forward line as Cloughduv faced Courcey Rovers in the junior championship decider. A 3-15 to 2-4 victory, with Kelly contributing 2-9, gave Cloughduv the victory and gave Kelly a junior championship medal. After just three seasons in the intermediate grade, Cloughduv reached the county decider in 1973. A 2-9 to 2-5 defeat of Blackrock gave Kelly an intermediate championship medal. Kelly first came to prominence on the inter-county scene as a member of the Cork minor hurling team in 1966, he made his debut in the provincial semi-final and collected a Munster medal following a 6-7 to 2-8 defeat of Galway.

Cork faced Wexford in the All-Ireland decider, however, a high-scoring 6-7 apiece draw was the result. The replay was much more conclusive with Wexford claiming a 4-1 to 1-8 victory. In 1967 Kelly missed Cork's provincial victory, however, he was back on the starting fifteen as Cork faced Wexford in the All-Ireland decider once again. A 2-15 to 5-3 victory gave Kelly an All-Ireland Minor Hurling Championship medal. Three years Kelly joined the Cork under-21 hurling team, he won a Munster medal as a non-playing substitute following a 3-11 to 2-7 defeat of Tipperary. Cork faced their old rivals Wexford in the subsequent All-Ireland decider, that game ended in a draw. In the replay Cork went into overdrive and Kelly won an All-Ireland medal following a 5-17 to 0-8 thrashing. In 1971 Kelly made his senior debut in a Munster semi-final defeat by Limerick, he scored seven points from the half-forward line, however, it turned out to be his only championship appearance for Cork. CloughduvCork Intermediate Hurling Championship: 1973 Cork Junior Hurling Championship: 1970CorkAll-Ireland Under-21 Hurling Championship: 1970 Munster Under-21 Hurling Championship: 1970 All-Ireland Minor Hurling Championship: 1967 Munster Minor Hurling Championship: 1966, 1967