William Chambers (architect)

Sir William Chambers was a Scottish-Swedish architect, based in London. Among his best-known works are Somerset House and the pagoda at Kew. Chambers was a founder member of the Royal Academy. William Chambers was born on 23 February 1723 in Sweden, to a Scottish merchant father. Between 1740 and 1749 he was employed by the Swedish East India Company making three voyages to China where he studied Chinese architecture and decoration. Returning to Europe, he spent five years in Italy. In 1755, he moved to London, where he established an architectural practice. Through a recommendation of the John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute in 1757 he was appointed architectural tutor to the Prince of Wales George III, in 1766 along with Robert Adam, Architect to the King, he worked for Augusta, Dowager Princess of Wales making fanciful garden buildings at Kew, in 1757 he published a book of Chinese designs which had a significant influence on contemporary taste. He developed his Chinese interests further with his Dissertation on Oriental Gardening, a fanciful elaboration of contemporary English ideas about the naturalistic style of gardening in China.

His more serious and academic Treatise on Civil Architecture published in 1759 proved influential on builders. It dealt with the use of the classical orders, gave suggestions for decorative elements, rather than dealing with construction and planning, it included ideas from the works of many 16th- and 17th-century Italian architects still little known in Britain. His influence was transmitted through a host of younger architects trained as pupils in his office, including Thomas Hardwick, who helped him build Somerset House and who wrote his biography, he was the major rival of Adam in British Neoclassicism. Chambers was more international in outlook and was influenced by continental neoclassicism when designing for British clients. A second visit to Paris in 1774 confirmed the French cast to his sober and conservative refined blend of Neoclassicism and Palladian conventions. From around 1758 to the mid-1770s, Chambers concentrated on building houses for the nobility, beginning with one for Lord Bessborough at Roehampton.

In 1766 Chambers was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. From 1761 he held the unofficial post of Joint Architect to the King, he was promoted to his first official post in the Office of Works and was from 1769–82 Comptroller of the King's Works, his final promotion put him in charge, from 1782 being Surveyor-General and Comptroller a post he kept until his death; when a scheme to unite a number of government offices on the site of Somerset House in the Strand was projected, his position did not give him automatic authority over the construction. His initial plans for a great oval courtyard, connected to three smaller, narrow rectangular courts, were soon modified into a simpler rectilinear scheme. On 10 December 1768 the Royal Academy was founded. Chambers played an important role in the events that led to the Academy's foundation, the Minutes of the General Assembly of the Royal Academy of 14 December 1768 record'That some time towards the latter end of November 1768, Mr Chambers waited upon the King and informed him that many artists of reputation together with himself are desirous of establishing a Society that should more promote the Arts of Design'.

He was appointed the Academy's first Treasurer. Chambers died in London in 1796, he is buried in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey. His tombstone is inscribed: Sir William Chambers, Knight of the Polar Star, Surveyor General of His Majesty's Works, F. R. S. F. A. S. R. S. Died March 8th, 1796. Aged 74. One of Chambers friends, James Maule, wrote in his journal in August 1771: I visited the Stock Exchange and met John Wilson. I met several Swedes at sir William Chambers. I spent the Sunday with sir William Chambers at Hampton Court; the orientalist Jakob Jonas Björnståhl wrote after a visit at Chambers house in London in 1775: He counts himself a Swede and speaks the language just like a Swede. He honours our Nation. Designs of Chinese Buildings, Dresses and Utensils. To, annexed, a Description of their Temples, Gardens, &c. 1757 Desseins des edifices, habits, machines, et ustenciles des Chinois. 1772 Roehampton Villa, now called Parkstead House, for 2nd Earl of Bessborough. Designed two garden temples, similar to those at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Within Kew Gardens, some of his buildings are lost, those remaining being t

Royal Cornwall Hospital

The Royal Cornwall Hospital and still known as the Treliske Hospital, is a medium-sized teaching hospital in Treliske, on the outskirts of Truro, England. The hospital provides training services for the University of Exeter Medical School, it is managed by the Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS Trust. The new hospital at Treliske, which included 180 beds and six wards, was opened by Princess Alexandra on 12 July 1968. Services were transferred from the Royal Cornwall Infirmary to the Royal Cornwall Hospital in the mid-1990s; the Trelawny Wing, named after Sir Jonathan Trelawny, was built at a cost of £27 million and opened in 1998. The work, which took six years of planning and development, marked the completion of the conversion of the Royal Cornwall Hospital into the main district general hospital for Cornwall; the wing ensured facilities in Cornwall were equal to those found in any of the other district general hospitals in the country. David Cameron's younger daughter was born in the Princess Alexandra Maternity Unit, named after the princess who opened the hospital, while Cameron and his wife Samantha were on holiday in Cornwall in August 2010.

Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS Trust Healthcare in Cornwall List of hospitals in England Official website

Digital Film Academy

The Digital Film Academy is a for-profit art and design college located in Manhattan, New York, founded in 2001. DFA was established in 2001 by a film-maker Patrick DiRenna in the historic Film Center Building in Manhattan. DiRenna was inspired by the evolution of digital cameras which he saw as a democratization of the filmmaking. Digital Film Academy provides year long conservatory programs in digital filmmaking, both at a beginner level and an advanced level; as of 2018, the school has over 200 students every year which includes both American students and international students.. The school is authorized to enroll veterans as students under the GI Bill. DFA was named as Best Film School in NYC by Village Voice. Students can only be directly admitted into the Advanced Year Program by submitting a portfolio of previous work. DFA offers both part-time programs; the institute offers one year and advanced digital film making course and awards the students a professional certificate in advanced digital filmmaking upon completion of all classes.

The core classes include screenwriting, cinematography, sound recording, production management, pre-production, video editing, sound editing & design and applied post production. The elective classes include After Effects, Maya 3d animation, Web TV production, D. I. T. Documentary film, color correction, steadicam. Chadwick Boseman, actor Phuttiphong Aroonpheng, Director of Manta Ray, Venice Film Festival winner 2018 Brad Bailey, Student Oscar winner 2017 for documentary'Hale' Jamal Solomon, Director of Photography of movie'Angelfish' starring Princess Nokia Ranvir Shorey, Indian actor known for classic movies like Mithya and Sonchiriya. Official website