Charles Manners-Sutton was a bishop in the Church of England who served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1805 to 1828. Manners-Sutton was the fourth son of Lord George Manners-Sutton, third son of John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland, his younger brother was 1st Baron Manners, Lord Chancellor of Ireland. His father, Lord George, had assumed the additional surname of Sutton in 1762 on inheriting – from his elder brother Lord Robert – the estates of their maternal grandfather Robert Sutton, 2nd Baron Lexinton. Manners-Sutton was educated at the University of Cambridge, he married at age 23, eloped with, his cousin Mary Thoroton, daughter of Thomas Thoroton and his wife Mary Thoroton of Screveton Hall, Nottinghamshire, in 1778. In 1785, Manners-Sutton was appointed to the family living at Averham with Kelham, in Nottinghamshire, in 1791, became Dean of Peterborough, he was consecrated Bishop of Norwich in 1792, two years received the appointment of Dean of Windsor in commendam. In 1805 he was chosen to succeed John Moore as Archbishop of Canterbury.
During his primacy the old archiepiscopal palace at Croydon was sold and the country palace of Addington bought with the proceeds. He presided over the first meeting which issued in the foundation of the National Society, subsequently lent the scheme his strong support, he exerted himself to promote the establishment of the Indian episcopate. As Archbishop of Canterbury, Manners-Sutton appointed his cousin, Evelyn Levett Sutton, a chaplain to Lord Manners, as one of six preachers of Canterbury Cathedral in 1811. In 1819, he presided over the christening of the future Queen Victoria at Kensington Palace, he died at Lambeth on 21 July 1828, was buried 29 July at Addington, in a family vault. His only published works are two sermons, one preached before the Lords, the other before the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. In 1778 he married Mary, daughter of Thomas Thoroton of Screveton, Nottinghamshire, by whom he had a family of two sons and ten daughters, his son Charles Manners-Sutton served as Speaker of the House of Commons and was created Viscount Canterbury in 1835.
His grandson Henry Manners Chichester by his daughter Isabella was a prolific contributor to the Dictionary of National Biography. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Overton, John Henry. "Manners-Sutton, Charles". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 36. London: Smith, Elder & Co; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Manners-Sutton, Charles". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17. Cambridge University Press. P. 588
Lambeth is a district in Central London, England, in the London Borough of Lambeth. It is situated 1 mile south of Charing Cross; the population of the London Borough of Lambeth was 303,086 in 2011. The area experienced some slight growth in the medieval period as part of the manor of Lambeth Palace. By the Victorian era the area had seen significant development as London expanded, with dense industrial and residential buildings located adjacent to one another; the changes brought by World War II altered much of the fabric of Lambeth. Subsequent development in the late 20th and early 21st centuries has seen an increase in the number of high-rise buildings; the area is home to the International Maritime Organization. The origins of the name of Lambeth come from its first record in 1062 as Lambehitha, meaning'landing place for lambs', in 1255 as Lambeth. In the Domesday Book, Lambeth is called "Lanchei" in error; the name refers to a harbour where lambs were either shipped to. It is formed from the Old English'lamb' and'hythe'.
South Lambeth is recorded as Sutlamehethe in 1241 and North Lambeth is recorded in 1319 as North Lamhuth. The manor of Lambeth is recorded as being under ownership of the Archbishop of Canterbury from at least 1190; the Archbishops led the development of much of the manor, with Archbishop Hubert Walter creating the residence of Lambeth Palace in 1197. Lambeth and the palace were the site of two important 13th-century international treaties. Edward, the Black Prince lived in Lambeth in the 14th century in an estate that incorporated the land not belonging to the Archbishops, which included Kennington; as such, much of the freehold land of Lambeth to this day remains under Royal ownership as part of the estate of the Duchy of Cornwall. Lambeth was the site of the principal medieval London residence of the Dukes of Norfolk, but by 1680 the large house had been sold and ended up as a pottery manufacturer, creating some of the first examples of English delftware in the country; the road names, Norfolk Place and Norfolk Row reflect the legacy of the house today.
Lambeth Palace lies opposite the southern section of the Palace of Westminster on the Thames. The two were linked by a horse ferry across the river; until the mid-18th century the north of Lambeth was marshland, crossed by a number of roads raised against floods. The marshland in the area, known as Lambeth Marshe, was drained in the 18th century but is remembered in the Lower Marsh street name. With the opening of Westminster Bridge in 1750, followed by the Blackfriars Bridge, Vauxhall Bridge and Lambeth Bridge itself, a number of major thoroughfares were developed through Lambeth, such as Westminster Bridge Road, Kennington Road and Camberwell New Road; until the 18th century Lambeth was still rural in nature, being outside the boundaries of central London, although it had experienced growth in the form of taverns and entertainment venues, such as theatres and Bear pits. The subsequent growth in road and marine transport, along with the development of industry in the wake of the industrial revolution brought great change to the area.
The area grew with an ever-increasing population at this time, many of whom were poor. As a result, Lambeth opened a parish workhouse in 1726. In 1777 a parliamentary report recorded a parish workhouse in operation accommodating up to 270 inmates. On 18 December 1835 the Lambeth Poor Law Parish was formed, comprising the parish of St Mary, Lambeth, "including the district attached to the new churches of St John, Kennington, Norwood", its operation was overseen by an elected Board of twenty Guardians. Following in the tradition of earlier delftware manufacturers, the Royal Doulton Pottery company had their principle manufacturing site in Lambeth for several centuries; the Lambeth factory closed in 1956 and production was transferred to Staffordshire. However the Doulton offices, located on Black Prince Road still remain as they are a listed building, which includes the original decorative tiling. Between 1801 and 1831 the population of Lambeth trebled and in ten years alone between 1831 and 1841 it increased from 87,856 in to 105,883.
The railway first came to Lambeth in the 1840s, as construction began which extended the London and South Western Railway from its original station at Nine Elms to the new terminus at London Waterloo via the newly constructed Nine Elms to Waterloo Viaduct. With the massive urban development of London in the 19th century and with the opening of the large Waterloo railway station in 1848 the locality around the station and Lower Marsh became known as Waterloo, becoming an area distinct from Lambeth itself; the Lambeth Ragged school was built in 1851 to help educate the children of destitute facilities, although the widening of the London and South Western Railway in 1904 saw the building reduced in size. Part of the school building still is occupied by the Beaconsfield Gallery; the Beaufoy Institute was built in 1907 to provide technical education for the poor of the area, although this stopped being an educational institution at the end of the 20th century. Lambeth Walk and Lambeth High Street were the two principle commercial streets of Lambeth, but today are predominantly residential in nature.
Lambeth Walk was site of a market for many years, which by 1938 had 159 shops, including 11 butchers. The street and surrounding roads, like most of Lambeth were extensively damaged in the Second World War; this included the complete destruction of the Victorian Swimming Baths in 1945, when a V2 Rocket hit the street resulting in the deaths of 37 peopl
Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. On 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India. Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke and the King died in 1820, Victoria was raised under close supervision by her mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, she inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate children. The United Kingdom was an established constitutional monarchy, in which the sovereign held little direct political power. Victoria attempted to influence government policy and ministerial appointments. Victoria married her first cousin Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1840, their nine children married into royal and noble families across the continent, tying them together and earning her the sobriquet "the grandmother of Europe". After Albert's death in 1861, Victoria avoided public appearances.
As a result of her seclusion, republicanism temporarily gained strength, but in the latter half of her reign, her popularity recovered. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were times of public celebration, her reign of 63 years and seven months was longer than that of any of her predecessors and is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, political and military change within the United Kingdom, was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire, she was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover. Her son and successor, Edward VII, initiated the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the line of his father. Victoria's father was Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of the reigning King of the United Kingdom, George III; until 1817, Edward's niece, Princess Charlotte of Wales, was the only legitimate grandchild of George III. Her death in 1817 precipitated a succession crisis that brought pressure on the Duke of Kent and his unmarried brothers to marry and have children.
In 1818 he married Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, a widowed German princess with two children—Carl and Feodora —by her first marriage to the Prince of Leiningen. Her brother Leopold was Princess Charlotte's widower; the Duke and Duchess of Kent's only child, was born at 4.15 a.m. on 24 May 1819 at Kensington Palace in London. Victoria was christened by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Charles Manners-Sutton, on 24 June 1819 in the Cupola Room at Kensington Palace, she was baptised Alexandrina after one of her godparents, Emperor Alexander I of Russia, Victoria, after her mother. Additional names proposed by her parents—Georgina and Augusta—were dropped on the instructions of Kent's eldest brother, the Prince Regent. At birth, Victoria was fifth in the line of succession after the four eldest sons of George III: George, the Prince Regent; the Prince Regent had no surviving children, the Duke of York had no children. The Duke of Clarence and the Duke of Kent married on the same day in 1818, but both of Clarence's legitimate daughters died as infants.
The first of these was Princess Charlotte, born and died on 27 March 1819, two months before Victoria was born. Victoria's father died in January 1820. A week her grandfather died and was succeeded by his eldest son as George IV. Victoria was third in line to the throne after York and Clarence. Clarence's second daughter was Princess Elizabeth of Clarence who lived for twelve weeks from 10 December 1820 to 4 March 1821 and, while Elizabeth lived, Victoria was fourth in line; the Duke of York died in 1827. When George IV died in 1830, he was succeeded by his next surviving brother, Clarence, as William IV, Victoria became heir presumptive; the Regency Act 1830 made special provision for Victoria's mother to act as regent in case William died while Victoria was still a minor. King William distrusted the Duchess's capacity to be regent, in 1836 he declared in her presence that he wanted to live until Victoria's 18th birthday, so that a regency could be avoided. Victoria described her childhood as "rather melancholy".
Her mother was protective, Victoria was raised isolated from other children under the so-called "Kensington System", an elaborate set of rules and protocols devised by the Duchess and her ambitious and domineering comptroller, Sir John Conroy, rumoured to be the Duchess's lover. The system prevented the princess from meeting people whom her mother and Conroy deemed undesirable, was designed to render her weak and dependent upon them; the Duchess avoided the court because she was scandalised by the presence of King William's illegitimate children. Victoria shared a bedroom with her mother every night, studied with private tutors to a regular timetable, spent her play-hours with her dolls and her King Charles Spaniel, Dash, her lessons included French, German and Latin, but she spoke only English at home. In 1830, the Duchess of Kent and Conroy took Victoria across the centre of England to visit the Malvern Hills, stopping at towns and great country houses along the way. Similar journeys to oth
Yale Center for British Art
The Yale Center for British Art at Yale University in downtown New Haven, houses the largest and most comprehensive collection of British art outside the United Kingdom. The collection of paintings, drawings, rare books, manuscripts reflects the development of British art and culture from the Elizabethan period onward; the Center was established by a gift from Paul Mellon of his British art collection to Yale in 1966, together with an endowment for operations of the Center, funds for a building to house the works of art. The building was designed by Louis I. Kahn and constructed at the corner of York and Chapel Streets in New Haven, across the street from one of Kahn's earliest buildings, the Yale University Art Gallery, built in 1953; the Yale Center for British Art was completed after Kahn's death in 1974, opened to the public on April 15, 1977. The exterior is made of matte reflective glass. Kahn succeeded in creating intimate galleries, he wanted to allow in as much daylight as possible, with artificial illumination used only on dark days or in the evening.
The building’s design and sky-lit rooms combine to provide an environment for the works of art, simple and dignified. The Center is affiliated with the Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art in London, which awards grants and fellowships, publishes academic titles, sponsors Yale’s first credit-granting undergraduate study abroad program, Yale-in-London; the collection consists of nearly 2,000 paintings and 200 sculptures, with an emphasis on the period between William Hogarth's birth to J. M. W. Turner's death. Other artists represented include Thomas Gainsborough, George Stubbs, Joseph Wright, John Constable, Joshua Reynolds, Thomas Lawrence, Robert Polhill Bevan, Stanley Spencer, Barbara Hepworth, Ben Nicholson; the collection has works by artists from Europe and North America who lived and worked in Britain. These include Hans Holbein, Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck, Johann Zoffany, John Singleton Copley, Benjamin West, James McNeill Whistler; some areas of emphasis of the collection are small group portraits, known as "conversation pieces", including those by Hogarth, Gainsborough and Arthur Devis.
Other genres include marine paintings, represented by Charles Brooking. Sculptors represented include Louis-Francois Roubiliac, Joseph Nollekens, Francis Chantrey, Jacob Epstein, Henry Moore; the collection of 20,000 drawings and watercolors and 31,000 prints features British sporting art and figure drawings. It includes works by Hogarth, Paul Sandby, Thomas Rowlandson, William Blake, John Constable, Samuel Palmer, Richard Parkes Bonington, John Ruskin, J. M. W. Turner, Walter Sickert, Duncan Grant, Paul Nash, Edward Burra, Stanley Spencer, Augustus John, Gwen John, the Pre-Raphaelites; the Center's collection of rare books and manuscripts comprises 35,000 volumes, including maps, sporting books, archival material of British artists. It has some 1,300 leaves originating in illustrated incunabula; the collection includes a complete set of William Morris’s Kelmscott Press publications as well as a growing collection of contemporary artists’ books. The core of the collection of illustrated books is the material amassed by Major J. R. Abbey‚ one of the first collectors of British color-plate books, includes more than 2‚000 volumes describing British life‚ customs‚ scenery‚ and travel during the period 1770–1860.
The Center’s collection contains a significant number of early maps and atlases. The four-floor Center offers a year-round schedule of exhibitions and educational programs, including films, lectures, tours and family programs, it provides numerous opportunities for scholarly research, including residential fellowships. Academic resources of the Center include the reference library and photo archive, conservation laboratories, a study room for examining works on paper from the collection; the Center is open to the public free of charge six days a week, is a member of the North American Reciprocal Museums program. The Yale Center for British Art at "Great Buildings" and at Architecture Week Official website
Edward Blore was a 19th-century British landscape and architectural artist and antiquary. He was born in the son of the antiquarian writer Thomas Blore. Blore's background was in antiquarian draughtsmanship rather than architecture, in which he had no formal training, he designed a large palace for Count Vorontsov in Alupka and important ecclesiastical furnishings designed by him included organ cases for Winchester Cathedral and Peterborough Cathedral and the choir stalls in Westminster Abbey. Charles Locke Eastlake, writing in 1872, believed that he had been apprenticed to an engraver, but other sources dispute this, he illustrated his father's History of Rutland, over the next few years he made the drawings of York and Peterborough and measured drawings of Winchester for John Britton's English Cathedrals, drew architectural subjects for various county histories. In around 1822 Blore supplied the illustrations to Thomas Frognall Dibdin's Aedes Althorpianæ. In 1823 he toured Northern England, making drawings for a work called the Monumental Remains of Noble and Eminent Persons.
It was issued in parts with text by the Rev. Philip Bliss, completed in 1826. Blore engraved many of the plates himself. In 1826, he was appointed Surveyor of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey; the following year he was engaged to furnish plans for the chancel fittings of Peterborough Cathedral. Shortly afterwards he was employed to restore Lambeth Palace in a state of near ruin, his work there included the construction of a fire-proof room for the preservation of manuscripts and archives. Eastlake praised Blore's careful detail in his work at Westminster Abbey, adding "this was, in short, his great forte, he had studied and drawn detail so long and zealously that its design came quite to him, in this respect he was incomparably superior to his contemporaries". Blore is most notable for his completion of John Nash's design of Buckingham Palace, following Nash's dismissal, he completed the palace in a style similar to but plainer than that intended by Nash. In 1847, Blore returned to the palace and designed the great facade facing The Mall thus enclosing the central quadrangle.
He worked on St James's Palace in London, a large number of other designs in both England and Scotland, including restoring the Salisbury Tower at Windsor Castle. Blore was a personal friend of Sir Walter Scott, having been introduced by Daniel Terry, like Scott was interested in the baronial architecture of Scottish castles; this led to Prince Vorontsov's invitation to design his extensive Vorontsov's Palace in Alupka, Crimea. The Alupka palace was built between 1828 and 1846, in a mixture of styles ranging from Gothic Revival to Moorish Revival; the palace's guidebook describes the building as "Blore's tribute to Muslim architecture". The structure features two façades, contrasting "the starkness of Scottish Baronial on its landward side with Arabian fantasy facing the sea"; as a recognised establishment architect, Blore was involved in many projects related to the British Empire. Such designs were unusual and display a more adventurous side to Blore's work than can be seen from his work in London.
His East front, the public face, of Buckingham Palace was criticised from the moment of its completion as banal street architecture, a view shared by King George V who had the facade redesigned by Sir Aston Webb in 1913. Around 1840 Blore was responsible for alterations at Wythenshawe Hall, he was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1841. Blore died at home in 4 Manchester Square, London, on 4 September 1879, was buried in Highgate Cemetery, London; the architects Philip Charles Hardwick and Frederick Marrable and Henry Clutton were his pupils. William Mason worked for him before going to New Zealand. Bedford Modern School Buckingham Palace Cambridge University Press Pitt Building Chapel at College of St Mark and St John, London Crewe Hall Crom Castle, County Fermanagh, Ireland Goodrich Court, Herefordshire Great Moreton Hall, Cheshire Kingston Hall, Nottinghamshire 1842 – 1846 Lambeth Palace St James's Palace St John's Church, London St Peter's Church, London Trinity Hospital, Retford 1833 Vorontsov's Palace Warminster Town Hall 1832 Watt Library Westminster Abbey Choir and Screen List of ecclesiastical works by Edward Blore List of miscellaneous works by Edward Blore List of works by Edward Blore on palaces and large houses Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Stephen, Leslie, ed..
"Blore, Edward". Dictionary of National Biography. 5. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Eastlake, Charles Locke. A History of the Gothic Revival. London: Longmans, Green & Co. Sir Banister Fletcher: Banister Fletcher's A History of Architecture – Editor: Dan Cruickshank ISBN 0-7506-2267-9 Charlotte Gere and Michael Whiteway: Nineteenth-Century Design: From Pugin to Mackintosh ISBN 0-297-83068-6 The Alupka Palace Warminster Town Hall 1832
Bishop of London
The Bishop of London is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers 458 km2 of 17 boroughs of Greater London north of the River Thames and a small part of the County of Surrey; the see is in the City of London where the seat is St Paul's Cathedral, founded as a cathedral in 604 and was rebuilt from 1675 following the Great Fire of London. Third in seniority in the Church of England after the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, the bishop is one of five senior bishops who sit as of right as one of the 26 Lords Spiritual in the House of Lords; the other four senior bishops are the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Archbishop of York, the Bishop of Durham and the Bishop of Winchester. The bishop's residence is The Dean's Court, City of London. For over 1000 years, Fulham Palace was the residence and from the 18th century the bishop had chambers at London House next to the Bishop's Chapel in Aldersgate Street; the current Bishop of London is Sarah Mullally.
She was confirmed on 8 March 2018 after acting in post after her canonical election on 25 January 2018. The diocesan bishop of London has had direct episcopal oversight in the Two Cities area since the institution of the London area scheme in 1979. According to a 12th-century list, which may be recorded by Jocelyne of Furness, there had been 14 "archbishops" of London, claiming London's Christian community was founded in the 2nd century under the legendary King Lucius and his missionary saints Fagan, Deruvian and Medwin. None of, considered credible by modern historians but, although the surviving text is problematic, either Bishop Restitutus or Adelphius at the 314 Council of Arles seems to have come from Londinium. However, according to sources, there had been 16 Romano-British "bishops" of London; the location of Londinium's original cathedral is uncertain. The present structure of St Peter upon Cornhill was designed by Christopher Wren following the Great Fire in 1666 but it stands upon the highest point in the area of old Londinium and medieval legends tied it to the city's earliest Christian community.
In 1995, however, a large and ornate 4th-century church was discovered on Tower Hill, which seems to have mimicked St Ambrose's cathedral in the imperial capital at Milan on a still-larger scale. This possible cathedral was built between 350 and 400 out of stone taken from other buildings, including its veneer of black marble, it was burnt down in the early 5th century. Following the establishment of the archdiocese of Canterbury by the Gregorian mission, its leader St Augustine consecrated Mellitus as the first bishop to the Saxon kingdom of Essex. Bede records that Augustine's patron, King Æthelberht of Kent, built a cathedral for his nephew King Sæberht of Essex as part of this mission; this cathedral was dedicated to St Paul. Although it's not clear whether Lundenwic or Lundenburh was intended, it is assumed the church was located in the same place occupied by the present St Paul's Cathedral atop Ludgate Hill in London. Renaissance rumours that the cathedral had been erected over a Roman temple of the goddess Diana are no longer credited: during his rebuilding of the cathedral following the Great Fire of 1666, Christopher Wren reported discovering no trace of such a structure.
Because the bishop's diocese includes the royal palaces and the seat of government at Westminster, he has been regarded as the "King's bishop" and has had considerable influence with members of the Royal Family and leading politicians of the day. Since 1748 it has been customary to appoint the Bishop of London to the post of Dean of the Chapel Royal, which has the amusing effect of putting under the bishop's jurisdiction, as dean, several chapels which are geographically in the Diocese of London but, as royal peculiars, are outside the bishop's jurisdiction as bishop; the Bishop of London had responsibility for the church in the British colonies in North America, although after the American Revolution of 1776, all that remained under his jurisdiction were the islands of the British West Indies. The diocese was further reduced in 1846, when the counties of Essex and Hertfordshire were ceded to the Diocese of Rochester; the dates and names of these early bishops are uncertain. Diocese of London website Bishop of London refuses to ban gay Bishop from church service The papers of the Bishops of London covering 1423–1945 are held at Lambeth Palace Library
Sir George Beaumont, 7th Baronet
Sir George Howland Beaumont, 7th Baronet was a British art patron and amateur painter. He played a crucial part in the creation of London's National Gallery by making the first bequest of paintings to that institution. Born in Great Dunmow, Essex, he was the only surviving child of the landowner Sir George Beaumont, 6th Baronet, from whom he inherited the baronetcy in 1762 and Rachel daughter of Michael Howland of Stone Hall, Matching Green. Beaumont was educated at Eton College, where he was taught drawing by the landscape painter Alexander Cozens; the first paintings to enter Beaumont's collection were by artists he knew, but a Grand Tour which he undertook in 1782 with his wife Margaret widened his taste to include the Old Masters. On his return he began to assemble a collection of Old Master paintings despite his modest means, his first important acquisition was A Landscape with Hagar and the Angel by Claude Lorrain, this always remained his favourite painting, accompanying him on coach journeys in a specially-designed case.
In 1785 Lady Beaumont inherited the lease of 34 Grosvenor Square, which provided the Beaumonts with a much-needed escape from the tedium of Dunmow and introduced them to a more diverse social circle. This circle expanded when Beaumont became Tory MP for Beer Alston in Devon from 1790 to 1796, but his enthusiasm for politics was short-lived and he soon returned to his artistic pursuits. A picture gallery was added to the house in 1792 to accommodate their growing art collection. Despite the cool reception by critics of an early work, A View of Keswick, Beaumont became a frequent exhibitor at the Royal Academy from 1794 to 1825 earning a reputation as the leading amateur painter of his day; the Beaumonts went on frequent sketching tours of the Lake District and of North Wales, necessitated by Sir George's having caught a fever during his Grand Tour. For their Welsh excursions they rented Benarth, a house near Conwy, where they were visited by Uvedale Price among others. Price had a great influence on Beaumont's taste, awakening his interest in the Picturesque movement and in Flemish and Dutch painting and landscaping the grounds at Coleorton Hall, Beaumont's country house in Leicestershire.
Coleorton was to become Beaumont's main place of residence, was rebuilt to a design by George Dance the Younger from 1804 to 1808. A friend of the Lake Poets, with whom he considered himself a kindred spirit, Beaumont lent out the farm of the estate to William Wordsworth and his family in the winter of 1806, they were joined there by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, but Beaumont was unable to establish the same rapport with this poet as with Wordsworth, who proved a lifelong friend. The 1800s saw Beaumont being promoted to influential posts in what were committees of artistic taste: he sat on the monuments committee for St Paul's Cathedral from 1802 and was one of the founding directors of the British Institution. Despite his openness for romantic poetry, Beaumont was less receptive of new developments in painting. A staunch defender of the academic ethos of Sir Joshua Reynolds, he was one of J. M. W. Turner's most vehement critics denouncing his handling of colour; this oppressive stance on matters of taste was to earn him the epithet of "supreme Dictator on Works of Art" from his old friend Thomas Hearne.
Nonetheless, Beaumont did welcome some sympathetic artists, including the young John Constable, to study the Old Masters in his collection. The most famous fruit of Beaumont's patronage is the Constable's painting of the cenotaph erected to Reynolds in the grounds at Coleorton, he was a founding member of the British Institution in 1805, which in 1815 upset many British artists by a preface to the catalogue of their exhibition of Old Masters, implying rather too that British artists had a lot to learn from them. The publication in 1815–16 of a series of satirical "Catalogues Raisonnés" by Robert Smirke, ridiculed Beaumont for his conservatism, after which he retired from public life to Coleorton. A visit to Italy in 1821 in which he met Antonio Canova restored his morale, while there he bought the Taddei Tondo by Michelangelo, which he donated to the Royal Academy; this last stay in Italy convinced him of the need to educate British taste by establishing a public gallery of Old Masters. Upon his return Beaumont offered to give of 16 his paintings to Lord Liverpool's government on the condition that they buy the collection of John Julius Angerstein, that a suitable building be found to house these works of art.
Angerstein's collection came up for sale in 1824 and Parliament, spurred on by Beaumont's offer, bought 38 of his pictures. The National Gallery opened to the public in May 1824 in Angerstein's former house on Pall Mall, Beaumont's paintings entered its collection the following year. After suffering a brief illness, Sir George Beaumont died in Coleorton Hall on 7 February 1827, he was buried in Coleorton church. Some paintings by his own hand have entered the New Walk Museum and Art Gallery in Leicester, while the rest remain in the Beaumont family collection, his title was inherited by his cousin George Howland Willoughby Beaumont. D. Blayney Brown, Sir George, Grove Dictionary of Art. Owen, Felicity. "Beaumont, Sir George". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/1872. Leigh Rayment's list of baronets