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William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham

William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, was a British statesman of the Whig group who served as Prime Minister of Great Britain in the middle of the 18th century. Historians call him Pitt of Chatham, or William Pitt the Elder, to distinguish him from his son, William Pitt the Younger, a prime minister. Pitt was known as The Great Commoner, because of his long-standing refusal to accept a title until 1766. Pitt was a member of the British cabinet and its informal leader from 1756 to 1761, during the Seven Years' War, he again led the ministry, holding the official title of Lord Privy Seal, between 1766 and 1768. Much of his power came from his brilliant oratory, he was out of power for most of his career and became well known for his attacks on the government, such as those on Walpole's corruption in the 1730s, Hanoverian subsidies in the 1740s, peace with France in the 1760s, the uncompromising policy towards the American colonies in the 1770s. Pitt is best known as the wartime political leader of Britain in the Seven Years' War for his single-minded devotion to victory over France, a victory which solidified Britain's dominance over world affairs.

He is known for his popular appeal, his opposition to corruption in government, his support for the colonial position in the run-up to the American War of Independence, his advocacy of British greatness and colonialism, his antagonism toward Britain's chief enemies and rivals for colonial power and France. Marie Peters argues his statesmanship was based on a clear and distinct appreciation of the value of the Empire; the British parliamentary historian P. D. G. Thomas argues that Pitt's power was based not on his family connections but on the extraordinary parliamentary skills by which he dominated the House of Commons, he displayed a commanding manner, brilliant rhetoric, sharp debating skills that cleverly utilised broad literary and historical knowledge. Scholars rank him among all British prime ministers. Pitt was the grandson of Thomas Pitt, the governor of Madras, known as "Diamond" Pitt for having discovered a diamond of extraordinary size and sold it to the Duke of Orléans for around £135,000.

This transaction, as well as other trading deals in India, established the Pitt family fortune. After returning home the Governor was able to raise his family to a position of wealth and political influence: in 1691 he purchased the property of Boconnoc in Cornwall, which gave him control of a seat in Parliament, he made further land purchases and became one of the dominant political figures in the West Country, controlling seats such as the rotten borough of Old Sarum. William's father was Robert Pitt, the eldest son of Governor Pitt, who served as a Tory Member of Parliament from 1705 to 1727, his mother was Harriet Villiers, the daughter of Edward Villiers-FitzGerald and the Irish heiress Katherine FitzGerald. Both William's paternal uncles Thomas and John were MPs, while his aunt Lucy married the leading Whig politician and soldier General James Stanhope. From 1717 to 1721 Stanhope served as effective First Minister in the Stanhope–Sunderland Ministry and was a useful political contact for the Pitt family until the collapse of the South Sea Bubble, a disaster which engulfed the government.

William Pitt was born at Golden Square, Westminster, on 15 November 1708. His older brother Thomas Pitt had been born in 1704. There were five sisters: Harriet, Ann and Mary. From 1719 William was educated at Eton College along with his brother. William disliked Eton claiming that "a public school might suit a boy of turbulent disposition but would not do where there was any gentleness", it was at school. Governor Pitt died in 1726, the family estate at Boconnoc passed to William's father; when he died the following year, Boconnoc was inherited by William's elder brother, Thomas Pitt of Boconnoc. In January 1727, William was entered as a gentleman commoner at Oxford. There is evidence, if not a minutely accurate classical scholar. Demosthenes was his favourite author. William diligently cultivated the faculty of expression by the practice of translation and re-translation. In these years he became a close friend of George Lyttelton, who would become a leading politician. In 1728 a violent attack of gout compelled him to leave Oxford University without finishing his degree.

He chose to travel abroad, from 1728 attending Utrecht University in the Dutch Republic, gaining a knowledge of Hugo Grotius and other writers on international law and diplomacy. It is not known, he had recovered from the attack of gout, but the disease proved intractable, he continued to be subject to attacks of growing intensity at frequent intervals until his death. On Pitt's return it was necessary as the younger son, to choose a profession, he had at one point been considered to join the Church, but instead opted for a military career. Having chosen the army, he obtained, through the assistance of his friends, a cornet's commission in the dragoons with the King's Own Regiment of Horse. George II never forgot the jibes of "the terrible cornet of horse", it was reported that the £1,000 cost of the commission had been supplied by Robert Walpole, the prime minister, out of Treasury funds in an attempt to secure the support of Pitt's brother Thomas in Parliament. Alternatively the fee may have been waived by the commanding officer of the regiment, Lord Cobham, w

Everardo Elizondo

Everardo Elizondo Almaguer is a Mexican economist who has worked for private and academic institutions. By senatorial appointment, he served as deputy governor of the Bank of Mexico —the country's central bank— from 1998 to 2008, he was born in Nuevo León. After earning a bachelor's degree with honors in Economics from the Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon, he graduated with both a master's degree and a Ph. D. in the same discipline at the University of Wisconsin–Madison in the United States. He completed an International Tax Program diploma from Harvard Law School in 1972, his professional career started in Monterrey, in the Department of Economic Studies of Compañía General de Acceptaciones, a private financial institution which became Grupo Financiero Serfin. From there he moved to Grupo Alfa, a leader of the Mexican industry in the 1970s, where he served for eight years as director-general for Economic Studies. Afterwards he led during nine years a private consultancy: Index, Economía Applicada.

He briefly collaborated as a consultant with the Nuevo León State Government during Sócrates Rizzo's administration. In 1992 he joined Grupo Financiero Bancomer as director of Economic Research. In 1998 president Ernesto Zedillo invited him to be a member of the Board of Governors of the Bank of Mexico — the central bank— to take the position left by Francisco Gil Díaz as deputy governor. In 2000 the Senate approved his nomination by President Vicente Fox to undertake a full eight-year period, which ended the last day of December 2008. Elizondo was a founder and head of the Graduate School of Economics at the Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon, which became the Postgraduate Studies Division in Economics, he has lectured several courses there and, since 2009, at the Graduate School of Public Administration of the Monterrey Institute of Technology. From 1982 to 1983 he visited the Institute for Latin American Studies at the University of Texas at Austin as a research fellow, he has worked as an economics and finance columnist for more than 35 years, writing a weekly column, published at El Norte and Reforma, makes eventual contributions to El Economista, academic books and periodicals.

He has been a member of the board of directors of several Mexican institutions, such as Universidad Mexicana del Noreste, Grupo Senda, Farmacias Benavides and Grupo Financiero Banorte, where he is an independent advisor since 1 January 2010. He is a frequent public speaker in Mexico and abroad

Confederate Private Monument

For the statue of Sam Davis dedicated in 1909 in Nashville, see Sam Davis Statue. The Confederate Private Monument is a bronze sculpture of a private of the Confederate States Army in Centennial Park, Tennessee, United States. Designed by George Julian Zolnay, it was commissioned by the Frank Cheatham Bivouac of the United Confederate Veterans in 1903, laid with Masonic honors in 1907, dedicated in 1909, it was vandalized in June 2019. The monument consists of a statue of a Confederate private in a uniform with a rifle. According to the Smithsonian Institution, the private is Sam Davis; the Smithsonian adds, "The butt of the rifle rests on the rocky stone ledge on which Davis is seated. He faces forward with his proper left hand resting between his knees. Davis is seated on a rough-cut stone atop a tapering base." The monument includes a plaque with the names of 540 members of the Frank Cheatham Bivouac. Theodore Cooley, a member of the Frank Cheatham Bivouac of the United Confederate Veterans, suggested commissioning a monument in 1902.

By 1903, he assembled a group of Confederate veterans to work on the project, they hired sculptor George Julian Zolnay, who had designed many other Confederate sculptures, to do it. When Cooley died, Major B. M. Hord became the chairman of the committee; the monument cost $4,000 to build. Zolnay donated $500. By 1907, the cornerstone was "laid with Masonic honors by the Grand Lodge of the State." The monument includes a plaque with the names of 540 members of the Frank Cheatham Bivouac. The monument was dedicated in Centennial Park on June 19, 1909. Henry Watterson gave a speech that celebrated Tennessee for having the courage to leave the Union and stated "Greece had its Marathon. Zolnay gave a speech in front of the crowd highlighting that his wife was a Southerner, Judge S. F. Wilson gave another speech about the fighting spirit of the private soldier in the CSA, it was "unveiled in the presence of an immense crowd of people," to the sound of "Dixie". In a speech, Henry Watterson combined a veneration of Southern glory with a consecration of the dead to the reconciliation of the living.

Although he emphasized divine will, he differed from other United Confederate Veteran speakers in that he depicted God sacrificing the men of both sections to a new Union. Through veneration of things memorable and courageous, he aroused feelings of pride and loyalty to the new Union. In appealing to things memorable, he transferred elements of the Gospels to Southern history to heighten the sense of divine destiny in reconciliation, he recounted the magnificence and courage of Tennesseeans to highlight their conduct in war and their conciliatory spirit in peace. The statue was vandalized with red paint on June 17, 2019; the vandal painted "THEY WERE RACISTS" on the plaque with the names of the 540 Confederate veterans. At the time when the monument was installed, Tennessee had legal racial segregation in public schools and other facilities. African Americans were forbidden to use the public pool at Centennial Park. Twenty-first century opponents of maintaining Confederate monuments have noted the white supremacy of such post-Reconstruction history as part of the context of the installation of the monuments and say they should be removed from public places

Austrian Black and Tan Hound

The Austrian Black and Tan Hound is a breed of dog originating in Austria. There is no known history of the Austrian Black and Tan Hound until after the middle of the 19th century; this large sized hound was used for tracking wounded game, most hare, in high altitudes. Colouring in this breed is important. Two fawn marks above the eyes must be present; the coat is smooth and short. The long tail is bent and the ears are medium in length and lie flat with rounded tips. Males are 50 -- 56 centimetres, they weigh 15 to 22 kg. It has a keen sense of smell, it is an elegant runner, used in all sorts of game. It has a lovely voice, makes a great pet due to its good-natured personality, it is not a dog wanting to be in a city. A suitable home will be in a rural area where the dog will have lots of space to run unrestricted by a leash, it loves to work. It needs daily exercise; the breed will only require bathing only when necessary. Nails need to be trimmed and ears need to be cleaned every day to avoid ear infections.

There are no genetic diseases known to affect this breed, healthy, lives up to 12 to 14 years of age. Brandlbracke is a compound word, stemming from "Brand" which refers to the fawn markings and "Bracke", a type of hunting dog. Vieräugl is the Austro-Bavarian diminutive of "Vierauge", meaning: somebody our something having four eyes, it refers to the distinctive fawn markings above the eyes

Mamady Keïta

Mamady Keïta is a master drummer from the West African nation of Guinea. He specializes in the goblet-shaped hand drum called djembe, he is the founder of the Tam Tam Mandingue school of drumming. He is a member of the Manding ethnic group. Mamady Keita is a direct descendant of the great king Sundiata Keita. Keïta was born in the small village of Balandougou, Guinea, in the northeastern prefecture of Siguiri, near the border of Mali. By age 5 Mamady Keita had developed his own technique of tone, slap and learned the rhythms of his village and was playing Djembe in all of the ceremonies and festivals. Technically, his actual initiation to the djembe started at the early age of seven, under Karinkadjan Kondé, elder master djembefola of Balandugu, who initiated him to the secrets of the djembe. Keïta was educated in the traditions of his village, learning the history and music of the Malinke people. At the age of twelve, he became a member of the first regional federal ballet of Siguiri after Balanka Sidiki, a recruiter for the group, came to Balandugu looking for performers.

At the time, Guinea was governed by Sékou Touré, who put special emphasis on Guinean culture through live performances and a system of local and national competitions that recruited the greatest artists of the land. During the National Festival in 1964, Keïta aged fourteen, along with fifty other percussionists and numerous other artists, was selected by Guinea's Minister of Culture to form Le Ballet National Djoliba, intended to serve as a showcase for Touré's revolution in Guinea. After nine months of training, he was one of only five percussionists retained, he was appointed lead soloist of Ballet Djoliba in 1965 and, in 1979, became its artistic director. He stayed with Ballet Djoliba until 1986. In 1988, Keïta moved to Belgium where he worked as a teacher. In 1991, he opened his first school Tam Tam Mandingue percussion school in Brussels, to be followed by additional schools in Europe, the US, Asia, each run by a school director certified by Keïta for his/her playing skill and teaching abilities.

Since Keîta has worked as a performer with his group Sewa Kan and recorded a number of CDs. He teaches internationally, running international workshops in Europe, the US, Australia, as well as an annual camp in Africa, he has published a large body of djembe teaching materials on CD and DVD, as well as an instructional book. He resides in Mexico. 1989: Mamady Keïta & Sewa Kan, Fonti Musicali 1992: Mamady Keïta, Fonti Musicali, 1992 1995: Mamady Keïta, Mögöbalu, Fonti Musicali 1996: Mamady Keïta, Fonti Musicali 1998: Mamady Keïta & Sewa Kan, Afö, Fonti Musicali 2000: Mamady Keïta, Balandugu Kan, Fonti Musicali 2001: Mamady Keïta, Mamady Lèè, Fonti Musicali 2002: Mamady Keïta, Agiatè, Fonti Musicali 2004: Mamady Keïta, Djembe Master, Nocturne 2004: Mamady Keïta, Sila Laka, Fonti Musicali 2005: Mamady Keïta & Sewa Kan, Live @ Couleur Cafe, Fenix Music & ZigZag World 2007: Mamady Keïta, Mandeng Djara, Fonti Musicali 2010: Mamady Keïta & Sewa Kan, ZigZag World & CristalRecords 1967: Africa Dance.

1987: La Vie Platinee. Directed by Claude Cadiou. 1991: Djembefola. Directed by Laurent Chevallier. 1998: Mögöbalu. Directed by Laurent Chevallier. 2003: Djembe Kan. Directed by Monette Marino. Publisher: Tam Tam Mandingue USA. 2005: Mamady Keïta and Sewa Kan: Live @ Couleur Café. Publisher: Fenix Music. 2010: Hakili. Directed by Thierry Villeneuve. Publisher: ZigZag World & CristalRecords. 2012: Messengers of Tradition. Publisher: Tam Tam Mandingue USA. 1998: Rythmes Traditionnels du Mandeng—Debutant 1998: Rythmes Traditionnels du Mandeng—Moyens 1998: Rythmes Traditionnels du Mandeng—AvancesDjembe and dunun instructional VHS tapes, re-released in on DVD in 2011. Publisher: Djembefola Productions. 2004: Guinée: Les Rythmes du Mandeng, Volume 1. Publisher: Fonti Musicali. 2004: Guinée: Les Rythmes du Mandeng, Volume 2. Publisher: Fonti Musicali. 2004: Guinée: Les Rythmes du Mandeng, Volume 3. Publisher: Fonti Musicali. Djembe and dunun instructional DVDs for beginner and advanced levels. 2009: Guinée: Les Rythmes du Mandeng, Volume 4—Solos, techniques No. 1.

Publisher: Fonti Musicali. Djembe and dunun instructional DVD, focussed on soloing technique. 2004: Djembe Rhythms No. 1: Diansa 2004: Djembe Rhythms No. 2: Djabara 2004: Djembe Rhythms No. 3: Garangedon 2004: Djembe Rhythms No. 4: Kotedjuga 2004: Djembe Rhythms No. 5: Soli Rapide 2004: Djembe Rhythms No. 6: Soko 2004: Djembe Rhythms No. 7: Kuku 2004: Djembe Rhythms No. 8: Mendiani 2004: Djembe Rhythms No. 9: Soli des Manian 2004: Djembe Rhythms No. 10: Yankadi 2004: Djembe Rhythms No. 11: Soboninkun 2004: Djembe Rhythms No. 12: WassolonkaDjembe and dunun instructional CDs. Each presents a Solo Original. 2016 Anta! Available in Club TTM Billmeier, Uschi. A Life for the Djembé—Traditional Rhythms of the Malinké. Kirchhasel-Uhlstädt: Arun-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-935581-52-3. Notation for over sixty traditional rhythms. Includes historical information about the djembe, biographical notes, a CD with demonstrations of 21 rhythms. Keita, Mamady. Nankama. BookBaby. Notation for 25 traditional rhythms and 47 rhythms

Kill Katie Malone

Kill Katie Malone is a 2010 American horror film directed by Carlos Ramos Jr. and starring Masiela Lusha from The George Lopez Show and Dean Cain. The screenplay was written by Mark Onspaugh. In the opener, who owns the box holding Katie Malone's spirit, discovers the spirit threatening the life of his spouse; when he goes to save her, he is violently thrown from the room. Cut to some time Jim Duncan at the fictional college of Mission University notices the box for sale on uBid and is intrigued by it, he wants to buy it, but he doesn't have enough money and finagles the extra money he needs from his best friends Ginger Matheson and Kyle "Dixie" Canning, which makes them part owners of the box. However, now that Robert no longer owns the box, Katie is free to threaten him one last time at the bus station before vanishing from his life; when Jim receives the box and opens it, a strange sound comes from it. Jim asks Ginger and Dixie to make wishes. Half Ginger asks for a red rose, but Dixie just wants his money back.

When she gets her rose, Ginger accuses Dixie of trying to scare her. However, when a teacher accuses Dixie of plagiarism, he makes an off-the-cuff "wish" that she would leave him alone; that night, the teacher experiences a paranormal presence that forces her to bite off her own tongue. In class the next day and Ginger make amends as Ginger discovers her roommate Misty has been borrowing her clothes without permission. After they learn about the teacher's horrific death, ruled a murder and Ginger wonder if Katie was responsible. In art class, Misty loses her arm to a paper slider. Dixie and Ginger are convinced the box is responsible for the murders. After a poltergeist attack in their dorm room, Jim discovers writing on the wall in a strange language, he tries to contact the previous owner of the box but is reminded of his commitment to help Ellen set up her sorority's haunted house. Tyler, Ellen's boyfriend, threatens him; as Tyler heads home, he encounters a ghostly girl in period dress. When he refuses to leave her alone, her banshee scream disintegrates him.

Jim contacts Amy, who asks him if he opened the box and released Katie. When Ellen asks Jim if he has seen Tyler, Jim tries to endear himself to her. While jogging, Ellen is ripped apart under a bridge. Jim realizes the situation is out of control and learns that the strange message left for him on the wall translates from Gaelic as "a family or death". After researching Katie Malone, he learns she was an Irish immigrant, forced into slavery and beloved by the daughter of her last owner. After she fails to protect Katie from her father, the child's ghost now protects Katie into the afterlife. Meeting with Ginger and Dixie, he opts to lay Katie to rest by freeing her from the box. Jim and Ginger soon have a date; the daughter's wrathful spirit terrifies Jim, Ginger mistakenly believes Jim is not fond of her. She throws him out of the apartment. Back at his room, Jim is contacted by Amy, she realizes the daughter's vengeful spirit will now kill him and his friends unless he sells the box, which has returned to his room, back to her.

At the campus Halloween party, Ginger recognizes the daughter's ghost, who attacks the party and throws their classmates around the hall. Dixie and Ginger escape through the basement. Ginger flees into the hall, Jim drives the daughter's ghost into the box. In the tag scene, Amy now has the box and swears to never open it, but Robert angrily attempts to wrestle it from her. A strange sound fills the room, Amy's bedroom door slams shut as father and daughter fear the worst. Masiela Lusha as Ginger Stephen Colletti as Jim Jonathan'Lil J' McDaniel as Kyle "Dixie" Canning Dean Cain as Robert Nick Hogan as Tyler Cassandra Jean as Ellen Fernanda Romero as Misty Sylvia Panacione as Katie Malone Katy Townsend as Amy Exteriors consisted of locations in Los Angeles and San Gabriel, all in California. Carlos Ramos Jr. told Fangoria: "We shot all over LA, an old prison in Whittier, an awesome high-school in the Mission District and a graveyard for priests, super creepy." Critical response to Kill Katie Malone has been negative.

Scott Foy of Dread Central gives it two out of five stars and called it "one of those not good, not bad horror movies that's only good for a few laughs." Paul Pritchard of DVD Verdict wrote that the film "offers little to justify its existence." Rich Rosell of DVD Talk rated it two out of five stars and wrote that the films fails to live up to the promise of "a predictably comfortable dumb-fun horror". Kill Katie Malone on IMDb