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William Wilberforce

William Wilberforce was a British politician, a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade. A native of Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, he began his political career in 1780 becoming an independent Member of Parliament for Yorkshire. In 1785, he became an evangelical Christian, which resulted in major changes to his lifestyle and a lifelong concern for reform. In 1787, he came into contact with Thomas Clarkson and a group of anti-slave-trade activists, including Granville Sharp, Hannah More and Charles Middleton, they persuaded Wilberforce to take on the cause of abolition, he soon became one of the leading English abolitionists. He headed the parliamentary campaign against the British slave trade for twenty years until the passage of the Slave Trade Act of 1807. Wilberforce was convinced of the importance of religion and education, he championed causes and campaigns such as the Society for the Suppression of Vice, British missionary work in India, the creation of a free colony in Sierra Leone, the foundation of the Church Mission Society, the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

His underlying conservatism led him to support politically and controversial legislation, resulted in criticism that he was ignoring injustices at home while campaigning for the enslaved abroad. In years, Wilberforce supported the campaign for the complete abolition of slavery, continued his involvement after 1826, when he resigned from Parliament because of his failing health; that campaign led to the Slavery Abolition Act 1833, which abolished slavery in most of the British Empire. Wilberforce died just three days after hearing that the passage of the Act through Parliament was assured, he was buried in Westminster Abbey, close to his friend William Pitt the Younger. Wilberforce was born in a house on the High Street of Hull, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, on 24 August 1759, the only son of Robert Wilberforce, a wealthy merchant, his wife, Elizabeth Bird, his grandfather, had made the family fortune in the maritime trade with Baltic countries, had twice been elected mayor of Hull.

Wilberforce was a small and delicate child with poor eyesight. In 1767, he began attending Hull Grammar School, which at the time was headed by a young, dynamic headmaster, Joseph Milner, to become a lifelong friend. Wilberforce profited from the supportive atmosphere at the school, until the death of his father in 1768 caused changes in his living arrangements. With his mother struggling to cope, the nine-year-old Wilberforce was sent to a prosperous uncle and aunt with houses in both St James' Place and Wimbledon, at that time a village 7 miles south-west of London, he attended an "indifferent" boarding school in Putney for two years. He spent his holidays in Wimbledon, where he grew fond of his relatives, he became interested in evangelical Christianity due to his relatives' influence that of his aunt Hannah, sister of the wealthy Christian merchant John Thornton, a philanthropist and a supporter of the leading Methodist preacher George Whitefield. Wilberforce's staunchly Church of England mother and grandfather, alarmed at these nonconformist influences and at his leanings towards evangelicalism, brought the 12-year-old boy back to Hull in 1771.

Wilberforce was heartbroken at being separated from his uncle. His family opposed a return to Hull Grammar School because the headmaster had become a Methodist, Wilberforce therefore continued his education at nearby Pocklington School from 1771 to 1776. Influenced by Methodist scruples, he resisted Hull's lively social life, but, as his religious fervour diminished, he embraced theatre-going, attended balls, played cards. In October 1776, at the age of 17, Wilberforce went up to Cambridge; the deaths of his grandfather and uncle in 1777 had left him independently wealthy and as a result he had little inclination or need to apply himself to serious study. Instead he immersed himself in the social round of student life and pursued a hedonistic lifestyle, enjoying cards and late-night drinking sessions – although he found the excesses of some of his fellow students distasteful. Witty, generous and an excellent conversationalist, Wilberforce was a popular figure, he made many friends including the more studious future Prime Minister William Pitt.

Despite his lifestyle and lack of interest in studying, he managed to pass his examinations and was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1781 and an Master of Arts degree in 1788. Wilberforce began to consider a political career while still at university, during the winter of 1779–1780, he and Pitt watched House of Commons debates from the gallery. Pitt set on a political career, encouraged Wilberforce to join him in obtaining a parliamentary seat. In September 1780, at the age of twenty-one and while still a student, Wilberforce was elected Member of Parliament for Kingston upon Hull, spending over £8,000, as was the custom of the time, to ensure he received the necessary votes. Free from financial pressures, Wilberforce sat as an independent, resolving to be "no party man". Criticised at times for inconsistency, he supported both Tory and Whig governments according to his conscience, working with the party in power, voting on specific measures according to their merits. Wilberforce attended Parliament but he maintained a lively social life, becoming an habitué of gentlemen's gambling clubs such as Goostree's and Boodle's in Pall Mall, London.

The writer and socialite Madame de Staël described him as the "wittiest man in England" and, according to Georgiana, Duchess of Devons

USS Norwich (1861)

USS Norwich, a wooden, screw steamer built at Norwich, Connecticut in 1861, was purchased by the Union Navy at New York City 26 September 1861 from J. M. Huntington & Co.. Norwich got underway 2 January 1862 for Port Royal, South Carolina where she joined the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, she was stationed off Savannah and blockaded that important port during the following two months. On 10 March 1863, she and USS Uncas escorted troop transports up St. Johns River and shelled Confederate positions defending Jacksonville, clearing the way for Union Army landings. After destroying much of the city, Union forces evacuated the Jacksonville area late in the month. On 19 August, a boat expedition from Norwich and USS Hale destroyed a Confederate signal station near Jacksonville. Early in February 1864, Major General Quincy A. Gillmore advised Rear Admiral John A. Dahlgren of his intention "... to throw a force into Florida on the west bank of St. Johns River." He requested the support of three naval gunboats for the operation.

Dahlgren promptly detailed steamers Ottawa and Norwich to convoy the Army troops to Jacksonville and ordered screw steamer USS Dai Ching and side wheelers USS Mahaska and USS Water Witch up the St. Johns; the Admiral himself went to Florida to take a personal hand in directing his forces to "... keep open the communications by the river and give any assistance to the troops which operations may need." With the gunboats deployed according to Dahlgren's instructions, the soldiers, under Brigadier General Truman Seymour, landed at Jacksonville, moved inland, captured fieldpieces and took a large quantity of cotton. On 7 February, Norwich trapped blockade runner St. Mary's in Me Girt's Creek, above Jacksonville where she was scuttled and her cargo of cotton destroyed to prevent capture. A strong Confederate counterattack commenced on 20 February and compelled the Union troops to fall back on Jacksonville where the gunboats stood by to defend the city. Naval howitzers were put ashore in battery, manned by seamen.

Commander George Balch, senior naval officer present, reported: "I had abundant reasons to believe that to the naval force must our troops be indebted for protection against a superior force flushed with victory." Seymour expressed his appreciation for Balch's quick action "... at a moment when it appeared probable that the vigorous assistance of the force under your command would be necessary." Norwich continued to perform blockade duty along the coast and in the rivers of Florida and Georgia through the end of the Civil War. She decommissioned at Philadelphia 30 June 1865 and was sold at public auction there 10 August 1865. Redocumented 14 October 1865, as SS Norwich she remained in merchant service until lost at sea on 17 February 1873. American Civil War United States Navy List of United States Navy ships This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. USS Norwich

Imperial Main Headquarters

The Imperial Main Headquarters was an organization within the military administration of the Russian Empire, tasked with carrying out the personal military commands from His Imperial Majesty. The Main Headquarters was established in early 1813 during the War of the Sixth Coalition against France, in connection with the arrival of Alexander I at the front, it was tasked with accompanying the emperor on campaigns, the management of the imperial retinue, presenting reports on the military situation in the absence of the War Ministry. From 1826 until 1839 the role of commander of the Imperial Main Headquarters was combined with that of the commander of the Special Corps of Gendarmes, it became an independent position. In 1832, within the Chancellery of the War Ministry was established the Military Campaign Chancellery of His Imperial Majesty; that organization was the main body of the headquarters. Two years it was made a independent organization, from 1856 until 1867 the roles of the commanders of the headquarters and of the Military Campaign Chancellery were combined.

From 1867 the latter position was abolished and from 1855 until 1881 within the headquarters there was a personal chancellery of the Tsarevich. Commander of Main Headquarters once again became the overall head. In 1883 the Military Campaign Chancellery and the Directorate of the Imperial Main Headquarters were combined in to the Chancellery of the Imperial Main Headquarters, which itself in 1904 was renamed into the Military Campaign Chancellery of His Imperial Majesty, in 1908—the Military Campaign Chancellery of His Imperial Majesty within the Imperial Main Headquarters. From 1908 until 1909, a separate Naval Campaign Chancellery of His Imperial Majesty existed within the organization; the Imperial Main Headquarters was dissolved in 1917 during the Russian Revolution. Examples of rank insignia to the dress uniform of Adjutant generals, 1894-1917 Military Campaign Chancellery Naval Campaign Chancellery Chancellery of Appeals Personal Convoy of His Imperial Majesty

Ancestor (novel)

Ancestor is a science fiction thriller novel by American writer Scott Sigler. The novel was released in podcast format in 2006, with it being released in print via Dragon Moon Press in 2007. Ancestor was re-released by Crown Publishing in 2010. Ancestor follows PJ Colding as he and his crew are tasked with transporting a team of scientists to a remote snow-covered landscape to finish their project: to recreate the ancestor of all humanity in order to provide life-saving organs that would be compatible with all people; as a snow storm threatens to trap them on the island, the scientists succeed beyond their wildest expectations. The result, might just bring humanity to extinction. Critical reception for the 2010 re-release of Ancestor has been positive, with Nerdist writing "It’s like Michael Crichton and Stephen King had a fabulous, bouncing baby"; the Guardian criticized the prose and characterisation as "rudimentary" but praised the pacing and denouement. BookReporter praised the novel, citing its characters as a highlight.

Of the 2009 print release, wrote "I can see how this format was appealing for the more imaginative podcast format – but avid readers who enjoy fast-paced and exciting sci-fi thrillers will be disappointed by the print version of this effort."


Walidrogi is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Tarnów Opolski, within Opole County, Opole Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. It is located in the historic Upper Silesia region 3 kilometres north-west of Tarnów Opolski and 12 km south-east of the regional capital Opole; the settlement was established in 1773 at the behest of the Prussian government under King Frederick the Great, who had conquered the lands in the First Silesian War of 1740–42. It was named after the Prussian minister von der Schulenburg. Before 1945, the area was part of Germany. Like several other townships around Opole, it is bilingual in Polish and German

Jimmy Nievez

Jimmy Nievez, born in 1969, is a disc jockey of New York City and San Juan, Puerto Rico. And Program Director from San Juan, Puerto Rico, his most recent accomplishments were as Program Director of two of Uno Radio Group's most important radio stations and SalSoul. At Fidelity, an adult contemporary station, Nievez was able to bring the station the luster it had lost; this earned him the respect of his superiors and the chance to Program their most difficult and important station, SalSoul. His career started in the mid-1980s. After several years of disc jockeying in numerous radio stations, Nieves became one of the original disc jockeys of Cosmos 94 FM, Tu Emisora Radioactiva; the first radio station targeting Underground Rap followers, known today as the music phenomenon reggaeton. Cosmos was the first radio chain in Puerto Rico, covering the entire island. In 1998, Jimmy was offered the opportunity to be part of a new radio station in New York, Caliente 105.9. Nieves was co-host alongside Danny Cruz.

An afternoon drive talk show. At Caliente, he was in charge of creating the station's identity. In New York City, television became an integral part of his resume, as he co-hosted a variety and entertainment show called "Sabado Al Mediodia", which became the top rated local Spanish television program on Univision's New York affiliate, WXTV-41. Nievez was given the opportunity to host Jimmy y Boquita En La Manana on WEMG in Boston, with Dominican comedian Rosemery Almonte. Boquita achieving the highest ratings in the station's history. Following his success in Boston, came yet another chance at hosting a morning talk show in the Big Apple and his third DJ gig in a brand new project. At Rumba 107.1 FM, Nieves hosted "Wassup NY", while still working with "Boquita". He returned to Puerto Rico to work again in La Perrera. An afternoon drive talk show on Cadena Salsoul. Nieves was called, for a third time, to host a show in NYC once again. Alongside Dominican entertainer Frederick Martinez, "El Pacha", El Jangueo at WCAA, became the biggest hit at New York's only reggaeton station.

Today He leaves the stages and the lights to become one of the most important executives in the radio of Puerto Rico. He is the director of Uno Radio Group, he has been interviewed on television shows such as "Despierta America" and "Escandalo TV", has appeared in mayor local Latino events such as the Puerto Rican Day Parade and Dominican Day Parade. He has himself interviewed many major Latino celebrities and personalities including Ricky Martin, Celia Cruz, Rubén Blades, Alejandro Fernández and Daddy Yankee, he was born in New York City to Puerto Rican parents. At the age of ten Jimmy's family moved to Puerto Rico where he grew up and lived most of his youth years. At age 14, he started working at different radio stations in the southern coast of Puerto Rico, soon he was doing everything from production, to board operator, DJ-ing, he gained experience as a Program Director of WENA, in Yauco, Puerto Rico. It was this experience at WENA which became evident in his success at Uno Radio Group, he got the opportunity to host his first morning show on WRIO FM in Ponce City.

From there on, Jimmy garnered enough experience to take him to the radio big leagues in NYC. Jimmy Nieves La Kalle 105.9 FM Arbitron Bajo Fuego El Jangueo List of Puerto Ricans