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17th Robert Awards

The 17th Robert Awards ceremony was held in 2000 in Copenhagen, Denmark. Organized by the Danish Film Academy, the awards honoured the best in Danish and foreign film of 1999. Den eneste eneSusanne Bier Kim Fupz Aakeson – Den eneste ene Niels Olsen – Den eneste ene Sidse Babett Knudsen – Den eneste ene Jesper AsholtMifunes sidste sang Sofie Gråbøl – Den eneste ene Dirk Brüel – The Magnetist's Fifth Winter Karl Juliusson – The Magnetist's Fifth Winter Katja Watkins – The Magnetist's Fifth Winter John Janne Kindahl – The Magnetist's Fifth Winter Hummer Højmark – I Kina spiser de hunde Niels Arild – The Magnetist's Fifth Winter Jacob Marlow & Emil Sparre-Ulrich – Bleeder Valdis Oskarsdottir – Mifunes sidste sang Søren Hyldgaard & Jesper Winge Leisner – Den eneste ene Jeg er levende – Jørgen Leth Solen er så rød – Jens Arentzen All About My Mother by Pedro Almodóvar & Life Is Beautiful by Roberto Benigni The Straight StoryDavid Lynch 2000 Bodil Awards Official website

Banu Ukhaidhir

The Banu'l-Ukhaidhir was a dynasty that ruled in Najd and al-Yamamah from 867 to at least the mid-eleventh century. An Alid dynasty, they were descendants of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah and his grandson Al-Hasan, at least one contemporary traveler describes them as having been Shi'ites of the Zaydi persuasion, their capital was known as al-Khidhrimah, which lay near the present-day city of Al-Kharj in Saudi Arabia. The founder of the dynasty was Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Ukhaidhir ibn Ibrahim ibn Musa al-Djawn ibn Abd Allah al-Kāmil ibn Al-Hasan al-Mu'thannā bin Al-Hassan al-mujtaba bin Ali al Murtaza bin Abi Talib. Muhammad's brother Isma'il had launched a rebellion in the Tihamah in 865 against the Abbasid government and temporarily occupied the city of Mecca. After Isma'il's death the following year, Muhammad began stirring up trouble along the road running between the Hejaz and Iraq, but was defeated by the road's governor Abu'l-Saj Dewdad. Fleeing from the government forces, he made his way in al-Yamamah and established himself there in 867.

Al-Yamamah at the time was nominally part of the Abbasid Caliphate, but the central government had neglected the area for years due to its remoteness. With the exception of the occasional raid by government forces, the tribes there were self-governing; when Muhammad arrived in al-Yamamah, he gained the support of the Banu Hanifa, the largest tribe in the area, created an independent amirate. It is not known how much of al-Yamamah was ruled by his descendants. Descriptions of the extent of the amirate by medieval Muslim historians vary; the early rule of the Banu'l-Ukhaidhir was characterized by a sustained economic depression. Thousands of people are recorded as having emigrated from al-Yamamah to various provinces of the caliphate in order to escape the turmoil. Muhammad has been blamed for this period of hardship due to his oppressive rule, although it has been noted that reports of mass emigration from al-Yamamah began years before his arrival. Muhammad was succeeded as amir by his son Yusuf, himself succeeded by his son Isma'il.

Isma'il established an alliance with the powerful Qarmatians of neighboring Al-Hasa. He participated in the capture of Kufa in 925 and was given command of the town by the Qarmatian leader Abu Tahir. Relations between the two sides, subsequently soured, in 928 Isma'il and several members of his family were killed in a battle with the Qarmatians. Isma'il was succeeded by his son al-Hasan, at this point the amirate subordinate to the Qarmatians. After the rule of al-Hasan's son Ahmad, the history of the Banu'l-Ukhaidhir becomes obscure; when the traveler Nasir-i Khusraw arrived in al-Yamamah in 1051, the Banu'l-Ukhaidhir were still ruling there, but at some point after this the Banu Kilab took over the country. Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Ukhaidhir Yusuf ibn Muhammad Isma'il ibn Yusuf Al-Hasan ibn Yusuf Ahmad ibn al-Hasan Abu'l-Muqallid Ja'far Descendants of Abu'l-Muqallid Ja'farAfter Ahmad, the list of rulers becomes uncertain, but amirs were descendants of his son Abu'l-Muqallid Ja'far. Alids List of Shi'a Muslim dynasties Abdullah.

Al-Yamama in the Early Islamic Era. Reading, UK: Ithaca Press, 2002. ISBN 0-86372-400-0 Al-Juhany, Uwaidah M. Najd Before the Salafi Reform Movement: Social and Religious Conditions During the Three Centuries Preceding the Rise of the Saudi State. Reading, UK: Ithaca Press, 2002. ISBN 0-86372-401-9 Madelung, W. "Banu Saj." Encyclopaedia Iranica. Ed. Ehsan Yarshater. Columbia University. Retrieved 21 August 2011. Madelung, W. "Al-Ukhaydir." The Encyclopedia of Islam, Volume X. New Ed. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2000. ISBN 90-04-11211-1 Al-Mas'udi, Ali ibn al-Husain. Les Prairies D'Or, Tome Septieme. Trans. C. Barbier de Meynard. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1873. Al-Tabari, Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir; the History of al-Tabari. Ed. Ehsan Yar-Shater. 40 vols. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1985-2007