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Winnebago County, Wisconsin

Winnebago County is a county in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 166,994, its county seat is Oshkosh. It was named for the historic Winnebago people, a federally recognized Native American tribe now known as the Ho-Chunk Nation. Chief Oshkosh was a leader in the area. Winnebago County comprises the Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Combined Statistical Area; the region was occupied by several Native American tribes in the period of European encounter, including the Sauk, Fox and Ojibwa. French traders from what is now Canada had early interaction with them, as did French Jesuit missionaries, who sought to convert them to Catholicism. European and American settlement encroached on their traditional territories, the United States negotiated treaties in the mid-19th century to keep pushing the Indians to the west. Winnebago County was created in 1840 by European Americans and organized in 1848; the name Winnebago is of Algonquin origin, with variations used by the Fox and Potowatomi to refer to the Fox River below Lake Winnebago, which sometimes got muddy and full of fish.

It means'people dwelling by the fetid or ill-smelling water', which may refer to a sulfur spring. The county seat, was incorporated as a city in 1853, when it had a population of nearly 2,800. Chief Oshkosh was the namesake for the county seat. A leader of the Menominee in the region, he was successful in gaining authorization from the federal government for 2500 of his people to remain in Wisconsin, at a time when the government was pushing for their removal west of the Mississippi River. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 579 square miles, of which 434 square miles is land and 144 square miles is water. Waupaca County - northwest Outagamie County - northeast Calumet County - east Fond du Lac County - south Green Lake County - southwest Waushara County - west Wittman Regional Airport serves the county and surrounding communities. Brennand Airport in the Town of Clayton is a major recreational aircraft hub year-round. Commercial airline service for Winnebago County is provided by Appleton International Airport in the neighboring Outagamie County.

As of the census of 2000, there were 156,763 people, 61,157 households, 39,568 families residing in the county. The population density was 357 per square mile. There were 64,721 housing units at an average density of 148 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 94.92% White, 1.12% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 1.84% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, 0.92% from two or more races. 1.96 % of the population were Latino of any race. 52.4 % were of 5.7 % Polish ancestry. 94.6 % spoke 2.5 % Spanish and 1.0 % Hmong as their first language. There were 61,157 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.30% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.99. By age, 23.80% of the population was under 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 12.50% were 65 or older.

The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 99.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.80 males. In 2017, there were 1,833 births, giving a general fertility rate of 56.5 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the 15th lowest rate out of all 72 Wisconsin counties. Additionally, there were 123 reported induced abortions performed on women of Winnebago County residence in 2017. Winnebago County is governed by the 36-member Winnebago County Board of Supervisors. Supervisors are elected to the board in a nonpartisan election held the first Tuesday of April in numbered years and serve two-year terms; the board has several committees. It meets on the third Tuesday of each month at the Winnebago County Courthouse in Oshkosh. Winnebago County has become a swing county in recent decades, it has voted for the winning presidential candidate in every election since 1980, except in 1992 when it supported George Bush. Appleton Menasha Neenah Omro Oshkosh Fox Crossing Winneconne Butte des Morts Eureka Waukau Winchester Delhi Menasha Minden National Register of Historic Places listings in Winnebago County, Wisconsin Commemorative Biographical Record of the Fox River Valley Counties of Brown and Winnebago.

Chicago: J. H. Beers, 1895. Lawson, Publius V. History, Winnebago County, Wisconsin: Its Cities, Resources, People. Chicago: C. F. Cooper, 1908. Winnebago County official website Winnebago County map from the Wisconsin Department of Transportation

Alicia Alonzo

Germelina Viana Hernandez, better known by her stage name Alicia Alonzo, is a Filipina actress in movies and television in the Philippines. She is the sister of action star Anthony Alonzo, she was a flight stewardess of Philippine Air Lines whose fate took a dramatic turn when her younger brother, actor Anthony Alonzo†, saw an advertisement by Lea Productions searching for a new star. She joined showbiz from 1967 in Kapag Puso'y Sinugatan, Together Again, So Happy Together, Kwatang: A Star Is Born and Karate Kid, she appeared in more than 140 movies and television shows up to date including Donata, Marahas Ang Daigdig, Kamay Na Gumagapang, Kutong Lupa, Roberta, among others. In 1980's, Alonzo appeared in Uhaw Sa Kalayaan, Bakit Bughaw Ang Langit? starring Nora Aunor and Dennis Roldan, Santa Claus Is Coming To Town! with Robert Arevalo, Liza Lorena and Raoul Aragon, Condemned starring Nora Aunor, Dan Alvaro, Gina Alajar and Sonny Parsons, Sa Dibdib Ng Sierra Madre, Saan Nagtatago Ang Pag-ibig? starring Vilma Santos, Ricky Davao and Gloria Romero, Tamis Ng Unang Halik with Kristina Paner and Cris Villanueva.

She did movies in 1990's Sagot Ng Puso with Sheryl Cruz and Romnick Sarmenta, Alyas Boy Kano and Soltera with Maricel Soriano. She was cast in a classic Philippine TV series Anna Liza played by Julie Vega aired from 1980 to 1986, she appeared in TV series like Ikaw Lang Ang Mamahalin, Lupin, Mula Sa Puso and Maalaala Mo Kaya series. Her parents are Lourdes Viana, she is the mother of actor JonJon Hernandez, with former actor Ross Rival. 1984 Nominated FAMAS Award Best Supporting Actress Bago Kumalat Ang Kamandag 1983 Won Metro Manila Film Festival Best Supporting Actress Bago Kumalat Ang Kamandag 1983 Nominated FAMAS Award Best Supporting Actress Bambang 1982 Nominated Gawad Urian Award Best Supporting Actress Playgirl 1978 Nominated FAMAS Award Best Actress Tahan Na Empoy, Tahan 1978 Nominated Gawad Urian Award Best Actress Tahan Na Empoy, Tahan 1973 Nominated FAMAS Award Best Supporting Actress Villa Miranda Alicia Alonzo on IMDb

Sophie NĂ©lisse

Sophie Nélisse is a Canadian actress. She is known for her Genie Award–winning performance in Monsieur Lazhar, as Liesel Meminger in the film adaptation of the best-selling novel The Book Thief written by Markus Zusak, her sister Isabelle Nélisse is an actress, best known for her roles in Mama and HBO's controversial film The Tale. Nélisse was born in Windsor, Ontario, on March 27, 2000, she is of French-Canadian descent. Her mother, Pauline Belhumeur, left her job as a schoolteacher in 2013 to act as a talent manager for both Sophie and her younger sister, actress Isabelle Nélisse. Nélisse is fluent in both English, her family moved to Quebec when she was four. She spent her early years training in gymnastics, aiming for the 2016 Olympics, signed to a talent agency to make money to pay for the training, but after getting the part in The Book Thief she shifted her focus to acting. Additionally, Nélisse formed and still maintains a close friendship with her co-star from The Book Thief, Nico Liersch.

Besides her Genie Award for Monsieur Lazhar, she won a Jutra Award for her performance and a Young Artist Award nomination as Best Leading Young Actress in an International Feature Film. She held a recurring role the Québec sitcom Les Parent and she starred in the title role of the 2015 film The Great Gilly Hopkins. In May 2016, Nélisse was present on the red carpet at Cannes Film Festival for the first time to present Canadian thriller movie Mean Dreams. In 2016, Nélisse was one of four actors selected by the Toronto International Film Festival, alongside Grace Glowicki, Jared Abrahamson, Mylène Mackay for its "Rising Stars" programme, described as an "intensive professional development programme immerses participants in a series of public events and industry meetings during the Festival." In June 2018, it was announced that she would be the face of Caroline Néron's Fall 2018 jewelry line. After graduating high school in June 2017, Nélisse confirmed she wouldn't be enrolling in post-secondary education for the time being due to commitments shooting Close in London and Morocco.

In a L'actualité series about "Being 18 years old in 2018", Nélisse spoke about entering adulthood in the era of the Weinstein effect, deplored that when she announced she was looking for "more mature roles", she was offered multiple roles where her characters would be raped and that scenarios she receives always include sexual elements. One of these instances was when she turned down the sexually-charged lead role in Fugueuse, in which Ludivine Reding was cast as Fanny, the titular teenage runaway who ends up a sex trafficking victim. Sophie Nélisse on IMDb Isabelle Nélisse on IMDb


Heliox is a breathing gas composed of a mixture of helium and oxygen. Heliox is a medical treatment for patients with difficulty breathing; the mixture generates less resistance than atmospheric air when passing through the airways of the lungs, thus requires less effort by a patient to breathe in and out of the lungs. Heliox has been used medically since the 1930s, although the medical community adopted it to alleviate symptoms of upper airway obstruction, its range of medical uses has since expanded mostly because of the low density of the gas. Heliox is used in saturation diving and sometimes during the deep phase of technical dives. In medicine heliox may refer to a mixture of 21% O2 and 79% He, although other combinations are available. Heliox generates less airway resistance than air and thereby requires less mechanical energy to ventilate the lungs. "Work of Breathing" is reduced. It does this by two mechanisms: increased tendency to laminar flow. Heliox has a similar viscosity to air but a lower density.

Flow of gas through the airway comprises transitional flow and turbulent flow. The tendency for each type of flow is described by the Reynolds number. Heliox's low density produces a lower Reynolds number and hence higher probability of laminar flow for any given airway. Laminar flow tends to generate less resistance than turbulent flow. In the small airways where flow is laminar, resistance is proportional to gas viscosity and is not related to density and so heliox has little effect; the Hagen–Poiseuille equation describes laminar resistance. In the large airways where flow is turbulent, resistance is proportional to density, so heliox has a significant effect. Heliox has been used medically since the early 1930s, it was the mainstay of treatment in acute asthma before the advent of bronchodilators. Heliox is used in conditions of large airway narrowing. There is some use of heliox in conditions of the medium airways. A recent trial has suggested that lower fractions of helium – thus allowing a higher fraction of oxygen – might have the same beneficial effect on upper airway obstruction.

Patients with these conditions may suffer a range of symptoms including dyspnea, hypoxemia and a weakening of the respiratory muscles due to exhaustion, which can lead to respiratory failure and require intubation and mechanical ventilation. Heliox may reduce all these effects. Heliox has found utility in the weaning of patients off mechanical ventilation, in the nebulization of inhalable drugs for the elderly. Research has indicated advantages in using helium–oxygen mixtures in delivery of anaesthesia. Owing to the expense of helium, heliox is most to be used in deep commercial diving, it is sometimes used by diving enthusiasts those using rebreathers, which conserve the breathing gas at depth much better than open circuit scuba. The proportion of oxygen in a diving mix depends on the maximum depth of the dive plan, but it is hypoxic and 10%; each mix is custom made and is created using gas blending techniques, which involve the use of booster pumps to achieve typical diving cylinder pressures of 200 bar from lower pressure banks of oxygen and helium cylinders.

Because sound travels faster in heliox than in air, voice formants are raised, making divers' speech high-pitched and hard to understand to people not used to it. Surface personnel employ a piece of communications equipment called a "helium de-scrambler," which electronically lowers the pitch of the diver's voice as it is relayed through the communications gear, making it easier to understand. Trimix is a less expensive alternative to heliox for deep diving. Trimix is used in commercial diving and in technical diving. In 2015, the United States Navy Experimental Diving Unit showed that decompression from bounce dives using trimix is not more efficient than dives on heliox. Argox – Gas mixture used by scuba divers for dry-suit inflation Nitrox – Breathing gas, mixture of nitrogen and oxygen Hydreliox – breathing gas mixture of helium and hydrogen Hydrox – Breathing gas mixture experimentally used for deep diving Trimix – Breathing gas consisting of oxygen and nitrogen


Frizzled-7 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FZD7 gene. Members of the'frizzled' gene family encode 7-transmembrane domain proteins that are receptors for Wnt signaling proteins; the FZD7 protein contains an N-terminal signal sequence, 10 cysteine residues typical of the cysteine-rich extracellular domain of Fz family members, 7 putative transmembrane domains, an intracellular C-terminal tail with a PDZ domain-binding motif. FZD7 gene expression may downregulate APC function and enhance beta-catenin-mediated signals in poorly differentiated human esophageal carcinomas. FZD7 has been shown to interact with DLG4. Frizzled "Frizzled Receptors: FZD7". IUPHAR Database of Receptors and Ion Channels. International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology; this article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, in the public domain

Arno (ship)

The Arno, was a 1,825 ton, iron sailing ship with a length of 270.7 feet, breadth of 39 feet and depth of 22.5 feet. She was built by Charles Connell & Company, Scotland, for the Nourse Line, named after the Arno River in central Italy, which flows past Florence and Pisa to the Mediterranean Sea, launched on 19 January 1893, she was used for the transportation of Indian indentured labourers to the colonies. Details of some of these voyages are as follows: In 1896 she was grounded at West Hartlepool, inward bound under tow from Bremen. Arno was sold to Norwegian owners in 1910. On 10 October 1913 she was not seen or heard from again. Indian Indenture Ships to Fiji Perry, F. W.. Nourse Line. World Ship Society. ISBN 978-0-905617-62-6. Lubbock, Basil. Coolie ships and oil sailors. Brown, Son & Ferguson. ISBN 978-0-85174-111-6. Indian Immigrant Ship List